Los Angeles Music Center

Los Angeles Music Center
Music Center
Background
Location: 135 North Grand Ave
Downtown Los Angeles, CA
Visitors: 1.3 million per year
Established: 1964
Resident Companies: Center Theatre Group, Los Angeles Philharmonic, L.A. Opera, Los Angeles Master Chorale
Venues Ahmanson Theatre, Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Mark Taper Forum, Walt Disney Concert Hall
Performances: orchestra, opera, drama, musical, chorale, lecture, dance, family, participatory
Also Called: The Music Center, The Los Angeles Music Center, The Music Center, Los Angeles, The Performing Arts Center of Los Angeles County
Information
Website: musiccenter.org
Email: general@musiccenter.org
Phone: 213.972.7211
Tours: 213.972.4399

The Music Center (officially named the Performing Arts Center of Los Angeles County) is one of the three largest performing arts centers in the nation.[1] Located in downtown Los Angeles, the Music Center is home to the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Ahmanson Theater, Mark Taper Forum and Walt Disney Concert Hall. (REDCAT, the Roy and Edna Disney/CalArts Theater, is located below Walt Disney Concert Hall but is only loosely associated with 'The Music Center.') Each year, the Music Center welcomes more than 1.3 million people to performances by its four internationally renowned performing arts companies: Los Angeles Philharmonic, Center Theatre Group (CTG), L.A. Opera and Los Angeles Master Chorale.

Contents

History

Origin

In March 1955, Dorothy Chandler, wife of Los Angeles Times publisher Norman Chandler, began fundraising toward a permanent home for the Philharmonic. Ultimately Mrs. Chandler raised almost $20 million in private donations; the County provided the site and raised the remaining $14 million using mortgage revenue bonds.

The rest of the complex was completed in April 1967. The additional venues, the Mark Taper Forum and Ahmanson Theatre, were dedicated on April 19 and 12, 1967, respectively.[2][3]

When the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion opened its doors on December 6, 1964, the twenty-eight year old Zubin Mehta led the Los Angeles Philharmonic in a program that included violinist Jascha Heifetz and performances of Strauss' Fan Fare and Beethoven's Violin Concerto in D Major. The Mark Taper Forum, "scandalizing the power structure of Los Angeles," according to its artistic director Gordon Davidson, with its provocative opening production of John Whiting's The Devils. The Ahmanson Theatre opened with a performance of the Man of La Mancha by the Civic Light Opera. The first dramatic season at the Ahmanson featured Ingrid Bergman in O'Neill's More Stately Mansions, signaling its intent to marry big-name playwrights with big-name stars.

Over the last thirty-eight years the Music Center has seen the American debuts of Simon Rattle and Esa-Pekka Salonen, the world premieres of The Shadow Box, Zoot Suit, Children of a Lesser God, and Angels in America at the Taper, and performances by Jessica Tandy, Hume Cronyn, Katharine Hepburn, and Maggie Smith at the Ahmanson. The Philharmonic and L.A. Master Chorale joined forces to provide the accompaniment to Eisenstein's restored silent film classic Alexander Nevsky. While the Civic Light Opera's last season at the Music Center was in 1987, the Los Angeles Music Center Opera was formed in 1986. Its productions have included Wagner's Tristan and Isolde directed by Jonathan Miller and designed by David Hockney.

Peace on Earth

On Sunday afternoon, May 4, 1969, "Peace on Earth" by Jacques Lipchitz was dedicated. His sculpture portrays a dove descending to earth with the spirit of peace, symbolized by the Madonna standing inside a tear shaped canopy, supported by a base of reclining lambs. Lawrence E. Deutsch and Lloyd Rigler donated $250,000 to commission a work for the fountain.

The architects of the Music Center, Welton Becket and Associates, opposed placing sculpture in the plaza between the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion and the Mark Taper Forum. However after a two year search, the Art Committee of the Music Center commissioned Lipchitz. Today, no work of public art in Los Angeles is more photographed.[4]

The Dance Door

The Dance Door, a bronze sculpture, was created in 1978 by Robert Graham and donated to the Music Center in 1982 by Frederick and Marcia Weisman. Dance Door consists of an ornamented life-size bronze door, hinged on a bronze frame and locked in an open position. The door itself is hollow centered and composed of approximately 7 welded case panels on each side. Abstracted figures of dancers are cast in low relief on the door panels.[5]

Construction of Walt Disney Concert Hall

On October 23, 2003 the Music Center opened the Frank Gehry-designed Walt Disney Concert Hall, expanding the campus to 11 acres (45,000 m2). The 2,265-seat Concert Hall is home to the Los Angeles Philharmonic and the Los Angeles Master Chorale. Walt Disney Concert Hall includes the 266-seat Roy and Edna Disney/CalArts Theater (REDCAT) and outdoor program areas including the W. M. Keck Foundation Children’s Amphitheatre, seating 250-300 and the Nadine and Ed Carson amphitheatre seating 120.[6]

Walt Disney Concert Hall designed by Frank Gehry

Current Governance and Administration

The Music Center is governed by a Board of Directors chaired by John Emerson (2003). Center President and Chief Operating Officer is Stephen D. Rountree (2002). The County of Los Angeles owns the Music Center and provides funding for its maintenance, operations, grounds-keeping, security and ushers. Revenue from the operation of the Center garage offsets these expenses. The Music Center and the four performing arts companies are responsible for the productions presented in the theatres. The Music Center maintains and operates the buildings and the grounds and oversees occupancy of the theatres, restaurant facilities and the Music Center Archives.

Performing Arts Venues

The four main venues of the complex (which also includes some smaller theaters and outdoor amphitheaters) are:

Resident companies

The complex has four resident companies:

Education

Since its inception in 1979, Music Center and Family Programs has served more than 16 million and currently serves nearly 1 million students and teachers each year. The Music Center believes the arts enhance the lives of all people and are crucial to the development of every child. The Music Center-designed curriculum materials are included in art textbooks published by McGraw Hill in use across the country.

Education and Family Programs events include World City, Pillow Theatre, Performing Books, the Chandler Children’s Festival, the Family Festival, the Very Special Arts Festival, the Spotlight Awards, and the Bravo Awards.

Active Arts

Launched in July 2004 and designed to expand the public’s experience associated with the performing arts, Active Arts at the Music Center extends beyond the more formal experience associated with performing arts centers. Active Arts programs engage people from diverse backgrounds and experiences and establishes an ongoing series of admission-free or low-cost recreational art-making events that encourage people to sing, dance, play music and tell stories together just for the sheer enjoyment and love of it.

Active Arts programs cut across cross-cultural boundaries and encourage people to participate for the sole purpose of art-making and include Dance Downtown, Drum Downtown, A Taste of Dance, Get Your Chops Back, Friday Night Sing-Along and Jingle Bell Sing.

Dance at the Music Center

Over the past five years, the Music Center has developed an ambitious dance presentation program, which has established a distinguished reputation – locally, nationally, and internationally. The endeavor began in 2000 with the Music Center’s sold-out presentation of the Bolshoi Ballet in its historic production of Prokofiev’s Romeo and Juliet as well as new interpretation of Don Quixote.

Since then, the Music Center has presented a broad array of ensembles, including New York City Ballet, San Francisco Ballet, American Ballet Theatre, Dance Theatre of Harlem, Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater, Ballet Nacional de Cuba, Beijing Modern Dance Company, Merce Cunningham Dance Company, Kirov Ballet of the Mariinsky Theatre, Nuevo Ballet Español, Miami City Ballet and Eifman Ballet of St. Petersburg.

Membership groups

The Music Center has a number of organized membership groups:

  • The Blue Ribbon, founded by Mrs. Chandler in 1968, has a membership of more than 625 women who champion the performing arts and make substantial financial contributions to the Center's community programs and its resident companies annually.
  • Club 100, founded in 1976, is a group of dynamic professional and civic-minded women who promote the Center's goals through education, advocacy and fundraising. Club 100 sponsors the annual BRAVO Awards which recognize exemplary arts educators.
  • The Fraternity of Friends, founded in 1978, consists of businessmen and entertainment industry leaders who share an interest in the performing arts and the well-being of the Music Center.
  • Center Dance Association (CDA) is dedicated to promoting educational programming related to dance, expanding dance audiences in Los Angeles and creating special events related to dance for the enjoyment and further education of its membership.

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Grimes, T. Historic American Building Survey, Music Center.
  3. ^ Hunt, W. Total Design: Architecture of Welton Becket. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1972.
  4. ^ Several, M. Public Art in LA April, 1998.
  5. ^ Wharton, G. A Survey of Important Sculptures in Los Angeles County. Sculpture Conservation Studio, Inc.
  6. ^ Borda, D. Symphony: Frank Gehry's Walt Disney Concert Hall. Harry N. Abrams, Inc.

External links

Coordinates: 34°03′29″N 118°14′49″W / 34.058°N 118.247°W / 34.058; -118.247


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