- Mark Latham
Mark Latham Opposition Leader of Australia
2 December 2003 – 18 January 2005
Preceded by Simon Crean Succeeded by Kim Beazley Constituency Werriwa Personal details Born 28 February 1961
Ashcroft, New South Wales
Political party Australian Labor Party Spouse(s) Janine Lacey Alma mater University of Sydney Religion Agnostic
Mark William Latham (born 28 February 1961), an author and former Australian politician, was leader of the Federal Parliamentary Australian Labor Party and Leader of the Opposition from December 2003 to January 2005.
Latham captured national attention and, initially, high levels of public approval with his policies and unconventional approach, but also attracted controversy surrounding his past. In the October 2004 federal election, Latham was defeated by then-incumbent Prime Minister John Howard. Deteriorating relations with his party and ill health saw him resign as Leader on 18 January 2005.
In September 2005, Latham released The Latham Diaries, in which he attacked many of his former colleagues and members of the media, as well as condemning the general state of political life in Australia. He has since published A Conga Line of Suckholes, a regular column in the Australian Financial Review and an essay for The Monthly.
- 1 Early career
- 2 Member of Parliament
- 3 Leader of the Opposition
- 4 Publications
- 5 Post-political life
- 6 Quotations
- 7 References
- 8 Further reading
- 9 External links
Latham was born in Ashcroft, a suburb of south-western Sydney in New South Wales. He was educated at the Hurlstone Agricultural High School, where he was dux, and at the University of Sydney, where he graduated with a degree in economics. He worked at the Green Valley Hotel for 2 years. He was also a research assistant to the former Labor prime minister Gough Whitlam, which included working on the latter's book The Whitlam Government.
In 1987 he was elected to the City Council of Liverpool, in Sydney's south-west, and was mayor from 1991 to 1994. Latham played rugby union with the Liverpool Bulls club and had a stint as its president. He has also been a fan of St George Dragons rugby league club since 1968.
Latham's term as mayor saw radical changes introduced to the council, with large spending on public works, to be paid for by a combination of loans and efficiencies achieved from outsourcing many council services. The public works, including libraries, a pedestrian mall and public art, have been highly praised in accounts of the period.
In an article in Quarterly Essay (issue 15), journalist Margaret Simons, who conducted an extensive investigation of the period, concluded that there were real issues in the financial management of the council. These mostly related to the drafting of the outsourcing agreements. Simons also said most of the allegations come from council members who were sacked for incompetence by the state government.
On 1 June 2004, Latham told Parliament that during his time as mayor he had reduced Liverpool's debt-servicing ratio from 17 to 10 percent, which he said was less than half of western Sydney's average. He also said Liverpool had adopted a debt-retirement strategy that he claimed would have made it debt free by 2005, but which was not implemented by his successors. Councillor Colin Harrington, whom Latham defeated during the mayoral elections of 1991, later said these figures were not accurate. He said the average debt-servicing ratio for western Sydney was 12.1 percent and he said the council's financial staff could find no significant reference to the debt-retirement strategy.
Member of Parliament
In January 1994 Latham was elected at a by-election to the House of Representatives for the Sydney seat of Werriwa, which had been Gough Whitlam's seat from 1952 to 1978. He was elected to the Opposition front bench after Labor lost the 1996 election, and became shadow minister for education. After the 1998 election he resigned from the front bench following a policy dispute with the opposition leader, Kim Beazley. The two became political enemies following this incident.
The views expressed in Civilising Global Capital(see below) alienated him from many Labor traditionalists, but his aggressive parliamentary style won him many admirers. He once referred to Prime Minister John Howard as an "arselicker" and to the Liberal Party frontbench as a "conga line of suckholes". He also described U.S. President George W. Bush as "the most incompetent and dangerous president in living memory".
On politics, Latham commented in 2002: "I'm a hater. Part of the tribalness of politics is to really dislike the other side with intensity. And the more I see of them the more I hate them. I hate their negativity. I hate their narrowness. I hate the way, for instance, John Howard tries to appeal to suburban values when I know that he hasn't got any real answers to the problems and challenges we face. I hate the phoniness of that".
Leader of the Opposition
Latham was a strong supporter of Kim Beazley's successor Simon Crean, defending the beleaguered leader against his critics within the party. He called Crean's principal frontbench detractors, Stephen Smith, Stephen Conroy and Wayne Swan "the three roosters". When Crean resigned the Labor leadership, Latham contested the ballot for leader against Beazley. On 2 December 2003, less than 10 years after entering Parliament, Latham won the vote for the leadership by 47 votes to 45. Kevin Rudd and Julia Gillard were early contenders for the leadership, but both withdrew in favour of Beazley and Latham respectively. At age 42, Latham became the youngest leader of the federal parliamentary Labor Party since its first leader Chris Watson, who became leader at age 33 in 1901. In his first press conference as leader, Latham championed his belief in a Ladder of opportunity that would bring prosperity to all Australians.
The Howard government targeted Latham's brash personality and his colourful past. Howard characterised him as "Mr Flip-Flop", referring to a character in a children's book. Peter Costello attempted to damage Latham's economic credentials by referring to the experimental economic ideas that he had put forward as shadow treasurer, such as abolishing negative gearing and replacing the GST with a Progressive Expenditure Tax. Frequent references were made to Latham's temper; he was alleged to have broken a taxi-driver's arm in a scuffle arising from a fare dispute. However, Latham was uncharacteristically calm in the face of these attacks, surprising many members of the media.
On winning the leadership, Latham moved swiftly to heal the rifts in the Labor Party and to moderate his abrasive image. He appointed his predecessor, Simon Crean, as shadow treasurer, while also retaining a number of Kim Beazley's supporters in senior positions. In July 2004 Beazley himself was re-elected to the ALP front bench as Shadow Minister for Defence.
Latham gave a promise not to use the kind of "crude" language he had employed in the past. He and the party's foreign affairs spokesperson, Kevin Rudd, met the United States ambassador, Tom Schieffer, to stress Labor's continuing support for the Australian–American alliance.
In January 2004 the Labor Party national conference was held in Sydney. During the conference Latham received very positive media coverage and introduced his plans for early childhood literacy. He introduced an unusual campaign style, choosing to focus on "values" issues, such as reading to children and economic relief for middle-class Australia, which he termed with the political slogan ease the squeeze.
Latham also put forward plans to reform the education and health systems. In contrast to the intense stagecrafting of Latham's image at the conference, he boosted his profile by means of loosely organised "town hall"-style direct meetings around the country. By March, Labor had taken the lead over the Coalition in the opinion polls, and Latham had a higher personal approval rating than any opposition leader since Bob Hawke in 1983. Commentators began to discuss the serious possibility that Latham could be Prime Minister by the end of the year.
In March, following the Spanish elections at which the pro-American People's Party government was defeated, Latham sparked a new controversy by committing a Labor government to withdrawing Australian troops from Iraq by Christmas. At that time, Australia had about 850 troops in Iraq, mostly involved in patrol work and in training members of the new Iraqi defence forces. Howard accused Latham of a "cut and run" approach and said "it’s not the Australian way not to stay the distance".
2004 election campaign
Until March 2004, Labor under Latham's leadership held a strong lead in national opinion polls. Latham's commitment to withdraw from Iraq caused a sharp drop in Labor's lead, but following the revelations of prisoner abuse in the Abu Ghraib prison, Labor's lead increased again, suggesting that support for involvement in Iraq had declined, undermining Howard's position.
In June 2004, Labor's "troops home by Christmas" policy came under fire from U.S. President George W. Bush who, at a White House press conference during Howard's visit to Washington DC, described it as "disastrous". Bush's comments raised controversy in Australia over whether Bush was interfering in Australia's domestic political affairs, whether the election of a Latham government would endanger the U.S. alliance, and whether the comments were made with Howard's prior knowledge.
Shortly afterwards, Latham announced the recruitment of Peter Garrett, president of the Australian Conservation Foundation and former lead singer with the rock band Midnight Oil, as a Labor candidate in Kingsford Smith, a safe Sydney electorate being vacated by the retiring former minister Laurie Brereton. Garrett revealed that he had been approached months before by senior ALP figures, including John Faulkner and Kim Beazley, and had taken this long to make up his mind.
Most commentators regarded his recruitment as a high-risk tactic, seeing the potential advantage to Labor of Garrett's popularity among young people as being offset by the possibility that his record of radical and anti-American statements in the past would offend moderate voters.
The second coup scored by Latham was the announcement that he would abolish the generous superannuation schemes available to members of parliament; his plan was quickly adopted by the Howard government in the face of a rising wave of public support.
Other announced policies and initiatives included: the introduction of federal government parenting classes for those parents deemed to be failing to adequately discipline their children; a ban on food and drink advertising during children's television viewing hours; the introduction of a national youth mentoring program; the government distribution of free story books to the families of newborn children; a federal ban on plastic shopping bags; and the introduction of legislation to prohibit vilification on the basis of religious beliefs or sexual orientation, similar to laws adopted in the state of Victoria that some critics said had led to a restriction of free speech. Some of these initiatives prompted Howard to criticise Latham as a "behavioural policeman".
In July 2004, Latham again became the centre of controversy when it was alleged on a commercial television network that he had punched a political rival during his time on Liverpool Council. Latham strongly denied the accusation. On 6 July 2004, he called a press conference and denounced the government for maintaining what he called a "dirt unit," which he said was gathering personal material about him, including details of his first marriage. The government denied that any such unit existed, but some observers speculated that Liberal Party researchers had accumulated more potentially embarrassing material about Latham, which would be used during the election campaign (a threat which never eventuated), in addition to claims that Latham was an inexperienced economic manager.
Between March and August, Latham's position in the opinion polls gradually declined, leading to renewed speculation that Howard would call an early election. During August, Labor claimed a tactical victory over the government on the issue of the Australia – United States Free Trade Agreement and there were allegations in a Senate inquiry that Howard had lied about the "Children Overboard Affair" during the 2001 election campaign. By mid-August, Labor was again ahead in all three national opinion polls. On 18 August, however, Latham was admitted to a Sydney hospital, where he was diagnosed with pancreatitis.
The election was held on 9 October 2004. Although opinion polls showed the ALP leading the government at various stages of the six-week campaign, the government was re-elected with an increased majority. This was despite Latham being generally credited with a strong performance and a victory in the sole campaign debate. In the days after the election, Latham was criticised for releasing many key policies too late, a case in point being Labor's policy regarding conservation of Tasmanian old growth forests.
Among those critical of Latham were journalists Tom Allard and Mark Metherell, who said "the flurry of releases meant Mr Latham went off message from Labor's core strengths of health and education." Labor's party president, Carmen Lawrence, blamed the unexpected severity of the defeat on an effective Coalition "scare campaign" focused on Latham's limited economic management experience, and the alleged threat of a rise in interest rates under Labor, which was not effectively countered, reportedly in an attempt by Tim Gartrell to conserve funds for later in the campaign (where, in previous years, Labor had been outspent by the Liberals).
Gartrell also apparently failed to anticipate the interest rates scare campaign. The inability of his campaign to counter the Liberal campaign would later be cited by Latham himself, in the Latham Diaries, as a key reason for the election loss. Latham wrote that he had told his wife Janine that "I've tried to carry the whole show on my shoulders: my family, my community, my party. But now I'm stuffed. I have collapsed under the weight of those fucking ads". Michael Costello, a former chief of staff to Kim Beazley, said: "This is a complete train wreck. We now face at least two terms before we can win government again. We face at least three years with John Howard pretty much in control of the Senate."
On the morning of 8 October, the day before the election, a television crew filmed Latham and Howard shaking hands as they crossed paths outside an Australian Broadcasting Corporation radio studio in Sydney. The footage showed Latham appearing to draw Howard towards him and tower over his shorter opponent. The incident received wide media coverage and, while Latham claimed to have been attempting to get revenge for Howard squeezing his wife's hand too hard at a press function, it was variously reported as being "aggressive", "bullying" and "intimidating" on the part of Latham. The Liberal Party campaign director, Brian Loughnane, later said this incident generated more feedback to Liberal headquarters than anything else during the six-week campaign, and that it "brought together all the doubts and hesitations that people had about Mark Latham". Latham disputes the impact of this incident, however, having described it as a "Tory gee-up: we got close to each other, sure, but otherwise it was a regulation man's handshake. It's silly to say it cost us votes – my numbers spiked in the last night of our polling." According to Latham's account of events, Latham came in close to Howard for the handshake to prevent Howard shaking with his arm rather than his wrist.
Latham became the first Labor opposition leader since Frank Tudor in 1917 to fail to make a net gain in seats from the government at his first election. Some commentators, including Kim Beazley, said Latham's leadership had rescued Labor from a much heavier defeat. Beazley said polling a year before the election indicated the ALP would lose "25–30 seats" in the House of Representatives. Instead the party lost a net four seats in the lower house, a swing of 0.21% and there was a 1.1% swing to the ALP in the Senate.
Labor's defeat led to media criticisms of Latham's personal style and policy priorities, and also to a crisis in confidence in his leadership within the Labor caucus. Several prominent members of the front-bench, notably John Faulkner, Lindsay Tanner and Bob McMullan, chose not to recontest front-bench positions. McMullan made it clear he was unhappy with Latham's leadership style and gave an interview suggesting there would be a leadership challenge early in 2005. The national secretary of the Australian Workers' Union, Bill Shorten, was also highly critical of Latham.
In December, after Latham was incorrectly reported to have blamed Labor's state premiers for the defeat, an unnamed Labor frontbencher predicted a leadership challenge within the next few months, saying Latham's supporters had lost confidence in him. Latham also had a heated public confrontation with the Labor deputy leader in the Senate, Stephen Conroy, renewing speculation there would be a challenge to Latham's leadership in the new year.
Latham was helped by the fact that there was no obvious successor to the leadership. The most likely candidates, Kevin Rudd, Wayne Swan and Stephen Smith, accepted senior positions on Latham's frontbench and pledged loyalty to him. The leaders of the Socialist Left faction, and the centre-left under Martin Ferguson and Julia Gillard, also maintained their support for him. There was little support for a return to Beazley, and neither Tanner nor McMullan were seen as viable leadership candidates. In the longer run, however, many commentators doubted Latham would survive until the 2007 election after such a heavy defeat.
The final crisis for Latham's leadership erupted in the aftermath of the December tsunami. With both Latham and his deputy leader, Jenny Macklin, on leave, the acting opposition leader, Senator Chris Evans, issued statements in the aftermath of the tsunami. Latham was criticised for not issuing a statement as leader personally, particularly at a time when John Howard expressed national sympathy over the disaster, pledged $1 billion in aid to Indonesia and declared a national day of mourning. Latham rejected the criticism of his non-appearance after the tragedy, saying "none of my verbiage could make any practical difference – bring back the dead, reverse the waves, organise the relief effort". Macklin issued a statement on the disaster on 30 December before also choosing to take leave.
Several days later, Latham said he had been ordered to rest as a result of a recurrence of his pancreatitis. It was subsequently alleged that during the period of his illness he had been seen in a resort resting with his family. Latham's colleagues in turn became increasingly angry over his failure to communicate with them or to release a full statement about his health. Opinion polls in January showed a sharp decline in Latham's support and a preference for the return of Beazley as Labor leader.
Departure from politics
On 18 January 2005 citing life-threatening illness and family concerns, Latham announced his resignation from the Labor Party leadership and from Parliament. He strongly criticised the media for invading his family's privacy during his illness. Latham had been federal Labor leader for 13 months, the shortest tenure since Billy Hughes was expelled from the party in 1916. Latham was only the second federal Labor leader, after Matthew Charlton in 1928, to leave politics without ever having held ministerial office.
Political journalist Mungo MacCallum wrote: "Latham became leader too early in his career, he lacked the skills needed to deal with the webs of intrigue within his own party, he refused to massage the media and the advisers he did listen to were out of their depth against Howard's praetorian guard. But he had many qualities that were not only desirable and attractive but are in short supply in today's ALP. In other circumstances he could have developed into a formidable leader, even prime minister. As it is, he remains one of the great what-ifs."
Whilst Latham wrote Civilising Global Capital while he was an MP, most of his works have been written after his parliamentary career.
Civilising Global Capital
Whilst on the backbench of Parliament in the late 1990s, Latham published Civilising Global Capital: New Thinking for Australian Labor (Allen and Unwin, 1998), in which he argued that Labor needed to abandon many of its traditional policies and embrace the aspirational values (home ownership, higher education) of the upwardly-mobile skilled working class and small business class. His policies as the leader of the Labor Party were largely derived from the stance taken in this book, which ideologically is described as 'the third way'.
Latham's biography Loner: Inside a Labor Tragedy, by Bernard Lagan, was launched on 29 June 2005 by Senator John Faulkner, published by Allen & Unwin. The book caused furore within Labor ranks. Most of this was due to material contained within a single email written by Latham in the last page of the book. Of Kim Beazley's return to the leadership, Latham said: "Labor got the leader it truly deserves – it is well suited to a conservative stand-for-nothing type of leader". Latham also criticised state Labor premiers Bob Carr, Peter Beattie and Geoff Gallop, calling them "A-grade arseholes". Union leader Bill Shorten remarked that Latham had displayed "all the attributes of a dog except loyalty".
Of his election loss, Latham wrote: "I had my shot at being prime minister. It didn't work out on several fronts. But life goes on, potentially in a splendid way, spending so much time with my family. After suffering testicular cancer, the greatest gift in my life has been the ability to have children with Janine. I would be a fool to waste it".
The Latham Diaries
Soon after his retirement, Latham announced his decision to publish a selection of diary entries spanning almost a decade. Following a bidding war, it was announced that Melbourne University Press (MUP) would publish the Diaries in late September. MUP later awarded the exclusivity rights for extracts to News Ltd and the exclusivity for the first interview to the ABC television program Enough Rope, which was due to be broadcast at 9.30pm on Monday 19 September 2005.
Meanwhile, excerpts of the Diaries were published by The Australian from 15 September ahead of their publication in book form on 19 September. The excerpts published include attacks by Latham on the ALP, his successor Kim Beazley, frontbencher Kevin Rudd and former Labor prime ministers Paul Keating and Gough Whitlam.
Due to the publicity the Diaries were now generating, the extensive amount of published extracts, and concerns that Latham had recorded other interviews, in particular with another ABC program, Lateline, Enough Rope pushed to have the interview broadcast four days early on Thursday 15 September at 8.30pm with a simultaneous broadcast on some ABC radio stations. However, when the time came to broadcast, the ABC announced that the interview would not be shown due to a legal injunction sought by News Limited (owner of The Australian), which had the rights to publish extracts from the Diaries. Reports on the night said any broadcast by the ABC was a breach of confidentiality between News and the book's publisher, MUP, the newspaper publisher having signed to an A$80,000 deal to publish excerpts of the book in the weekend newspapers. However, at 10.30pm, the ABC aired the Denton interview after the Supreme Court of New South Wales lifted the injunction. Justice Harry Palmer said the publication of large parts of the book in News Limited newspapers largely destroyed the value of the material. Due to the last-minute changes, the edition of ABC's Lateline program scheduled for 10.30pm featuring another interview with Latham (also subject to the short-lived injunction) was aired the following night.
The Diaries represent a remarkable and unprecedented statement by a former leader of a major political party. In the book, Latham is scathing about Australia's political system: "It takes committed people ... and turns them into one-dimensional robots ... The only good news is that the public is on to them. The electorate has worked out the artificiality of it all. They can see through the spin doctors, the publicity stunts, the polling and the tricks of marginal-seat campaigning. This is why people now talk about politics with a cool anger. They have a clear feeling that the system is far from genuine. That the robots, in fact, are tin men".
A Conga Line of Suckholes
No Exit The ALP
In November 2010, Latham contributed an essay in The Monthly titled No Exit The ALP. In it, Latham again criticised the ALP, writing that "for all the heightened rhetoric, for the seemingly endless creation of summits, committees and policy review processes, the lasting impression from the Rudd years is one of emptiness". Latham also remarked that "Without a guiding philosophy of politics, Rudd’s prime ministership was an exercise in populism. He avoided tough decisions and mastered the art of media manipulation as a way of extending his honeymoon", before concluding that Labor had "lost its way". Latham's suggested solution is that Labor again champions great causes, writing that:
- Having studied the literature and, at one time, been part of these debates, I can identify just three credible ideas that have been advanced for the renewal of the social democratic project. Each seeks to move beyond economic issues, beyond the material realm of politics, to stake out new ground. The first tries to reclaim social capital, the rebuilding of mutualism and community, as a Labor icon. The second positions Labor as an anti-establishment party, breaking down the entrenched centres of power in society. The third champions a crusade on climate change, an uncompromising attempt to roll back the materialism of western society in favour of environmental values.
Latham finishes his essay by writing about the difficulties of each approach.
Apology from Jeff Kennett
Jeff Kennett, a former Liberal premier of Victoria who became a national depression awareness advocate for beyondblue, weighed into the debate. Kennett said Latham's erratic behaviour, which contributed to his political downfall, was symptomatic of a bipolar disorder – extreme mood swings caused by depression. Latham contacted Kennett, saying the statement offended and hurt him and his family, and demanded an apology, which Kennett quickly gave through The Age newspaper in Melbourne.
Melbourne University Lecture
Latham gave his first public lecture since the release of the Diaries, titled "Ten Reasons Why Young Idealistic People Should Forget About Organised Politics", on 27 September 2005, at Melbourne University. The reserved-seating lecture was filled to capacity, an extraordinary occurrence. During the lecture he argued that organised politics is ineffective at achieving real social change, due to public apathy, the rise of conservatism and the inward-focused structure of the major parties, and instead encouraged youth to focus on more grassroots, community-based programs. He also claimed politics has a detrimental impact on health, happiness and family life, largely blaming the "arrogant" and "incompetent" media, as well as internal party struggles.
Incident at Hungry Jack's
On 19 January 2006, Latham was eating with his two sons at a Hungry Jack's restaurant in Campbelltown, New South Wales when he was photographed by Ross Schultz, a photographer from The Daily Telegraph. Schultz alleged that Latham snatched the camera and smashed it, without destroying the electronic media that contained the photographs. It was reported that Latham called Schultz a paedophile, presumably because he thought Schultz had taken pictures of his sons. The Telegraph subsequently announced plans for upcoming publication of the photographic images in the following Saturday's edition and that it would be seeking $12,000 from Latham to replace the equipment. The following day, Latham appeared to drive towards a Channel 7 television cameraman at his Sydney home. The photographer was unhurt but Seven's head of news in Sydney, Chris Willis, said the footage clearly showed Latham's car veer toward the cameraman as he stood on the side of the road. In February 2006, Latham was charged with assault, malicious damage and theft in relation to the incident. Latham did not appear in Campbelltown Local Court to face the charges, on 22 March, instead giving a lecture to political science students at the Australian National University. When asked by a student how he could blame everyone else but himself, Latham replied: "I'm sorry I didn't come in here and expose myself as a miserable arsewipe". On 26 April, The Sydney Morning Herald reported that Latham again chose not to appear in Campbelltown Local Court in relation to 19 January incident. The case was adjourned to 24 May. On 6 June, The Sydney Morning Herald reported that Latham escaped having a criminal conviction for malicious damage to the camera being used by Schultz recorded against him, but had been placed on a good behaviour bond for two years. After pleading guilty to malicious damage, he had the charges of assault and theft dropped. He was also required to pay $6,763.70 in compensation for the damaged camera.
2007 federal election
He commented on the 2007 federal election campaign with an article in the Australian Financial Review, in which he said Australia was having a "Seinfeld election, a show about nothing". Latham wrote that no matter which party won, Australia would have a conservative economic policy and a decentralised, productivity-based industrial relations system. Australian public life had reached the "zenith of policy convergence". "Many people in the Labor movement are expecting Labor in power to be far more progressive than its stated election promises. I expect a Labor administration to be even more timid, more conservative," he wrote.
2010 federal election
In 2010, Latham was a guest reporter for television show 60 Minutes where he reported on the federal election campaign. It was here that during a report he confronted Julia Gillard. Latham pushed his way through the crowd and confronted Gillard and her partner, Tim Mathieson, saying: "I understand you have made a complaint about me working for Channel 9". Gillard replied "I don't know anything about that, Mark, if you want to work with Channel 9 that's a matter for you", before Latham suggested that Kevin Rudd had been behind the leaks against her during the campaign.
He also caused a stir when on television he urged voters to issue a protest vote by leaving the ballot paper blank on election day. "They say that voting in Australia is compulsory, but it's not compulsory to fill out the ballot paper. You can put it in the ballot box, totally blank. That's what I'll be doing on Saturday and I urge you to do the same. It's the ultimate protest vote." he said on 60 Minutes. Following that interview, he continued to attack Gillard as well as journalist Laurie Oakes.
New Political Correctness speech to House of Representatives, 26 August 2002
“ I grieve for the rise of the new political correctness — the hypocritical demand of the conservative establishment in this country for civility in political debate. Imagine the hide of these people—the old money interests, the conservative think tanks, the Tory MPs and their fellow travellers in the commercial media. They have spent the last 20 years hopping into the unemployed, Aboriginal communities, newly arrived migrants and anyone else at the bottom of the social ladder, and now they want civility. ... For the establishment, civility is a way of preserving the social pecking order. It helps the ruling class to avoid public scrutiny and accountability. It tells working people to accept their lot in life, without challenging the power and privilege of the Tory elite. ... ”
- ^ "Compass: What Our Leaders Believe Sunday 3 October 2004". Abc.net.au. 3 October 2004. http://www.abc.net.au/compass/s1201238.htm. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- ^ "Latham quits". abc.net.au. 18 January 2005. http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/200501/s1284113.htm. Retrieved 2010-06-30.
- ^ Mark Latham (18 September 2010). "League is the game they play in Heaven". The Spectator. http://www.spectator.co.uk/print/australia/6273863/league-is-the-game-they-play-in-heaven.thtml.
- ^ Lyle Allan (1994), 'Immigration and the Werriwa By-Election,' in People and Place, Vol.2, No.1, pp.53–56
- ^ "Bush gushes, PM blushes in war office". Smh.com.au. 12 February 2003. http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2003/02/11/1044927598634.html. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- ^ "Australia | A fair dinkum Labor hero". Economist.com. 4 December 2003. http://www.economist.com/displayStory.cfm?story_id=2267198. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- ^ AAP. "The Bulletin publishes for the last time". Bulletin.ninemsn.com.au. http://bulletin.ninemsn.com.au/bulletin/EdDesk.nsf/All/E5D0425446FA0C07CA256BDE0016BE7C. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- ^ "Muscle man measures up". Melbourne: Theage.com.au. 15 August 2003. http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2003/08/14/1060588522942.html. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- ^ "PM attacks Latham's pull-out plan". abc.net.au. 24 March 2004. http://abc.gov.au/news/stories/2004/03/24/1072806.htm. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
- ^ "IRAQ: Bush bullies Latham". greenleft.org.au. 23 June 2004. http://www.greenleft.org.au/node/29847. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
- ^ "Latham backs Garrett for safe seat". smh.com.au. 7 June 2004. http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2004/06/07/1086460209918.html. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
- ^ Latham Diaries, pp. 336–41, 372
- ^ Latham Diaries, pp. 336–41
- ^ Latham Diaries, p. 339
- ^ Latham Diaries, p. 369
- ^ Bob Birrell, Ernest Healy and Lyle Allan (2005), 'Labor's Shrinking Constituency.' in People and Place, Vol. 13, No. 2, Page 50
- ^ "Risky strategy ends in disaster for Labor". Smh.com.au. 10 October 2004. http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2004/10/09/1097261866624.html. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- ^ "Labor a party without hope, says Latham". Melbourne: Theage.com.au. 28 June 2005. http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/labor-a-party-without-hope-says-latham/2005/06/28/1119724632858.html. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- ^ Grattan, Michelle; Schubert, Misha (30 June 2005). "Latham fallout spreads". Melbourne: Theage.com.au. http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/latham-fallout-spreads/2005/06/29/1119724694127.html. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- ^ "Enough rope with Andrew Denton – episode 95: Mark Latham (19/09/2005)". Abc.net.au. 19 September 2005. http://www.abc.net.au/tv/enoughrope/transcripts/s1463685.htm. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- ^ "Labor braces for Latham diary storm. 15/09/2005. ABC News Online". Abc.net.au. 15 September 2005. http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/200509/s1460584.htm. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- ^ "Mediawatch: Latham strikes! (again) (19/09/2005)". Abc.net.au. 19 September 2005. http://www.abc.net.au/mediawatch/transcripts/s1463149.htm. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- ^ The Latham Diaries, Melbourne University Press, 2005, pp 92–93.
- ^ "A Conga Line of Suckholes". Mup.unimelb.edu.au. http://www.mup.unimelb.edu.au/catalogue/0-522-85305-6.html. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- ^ The Monthly (November 2010). "No Exit The ALP". news.com.au. http://www.themonthly.com.au/monthly-essays-mark-latham-no-exit-alp-2858.
- ^ "Kennett apologises to Latham over bi-polar claim – National –". Melbourne: Theage.com.au. 30 June 2005. http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/kennett-apologises-to-latham-over-bipolar-claim/2005/06/30/1119724740371.html?oneclick=true. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- ^ "Mark Latham – Public Lecture". Mup.unimelb.edu.au. http://www.mup.unimelb.edu.au/publicity/lathamlecture.html. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- ^ a b Latham clashes with TV crew | NEWS.com.au[dead link]
- ^ "Latham assault case adjourned – National –". Melbourne: Theage.com.au. 22 March 2006. http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/latham-assault-case-adjourned/2006/03/22/1142703432720.html. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- ^ "Latham a no show at assault hearing – National –". Smh.com.au. 26 April 2006. http://www.smh.com.au/news/national/latham-a-no-show-at-assault-hearing/2006/04/26/1145861387590.html. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- ^ "Latham escapes criminal conviction – National –". Smh.com.au. 6 June 2006. http://www.smh.com.au/news/national/latham-escapes-criminal-conviction/2006/06/06/1149359717691.html. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- ^ Latham put on two-year bond | NEWS.com.au[dead link]
- ^ "Latham flees suburbia – National –". Smh.com.au. 13 August 2006. http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2006/08/12/1154803143129.html. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- ^ Grattan, Michelle; Schubert, Misha (10 November 2007). "Labor holds big lead in online poll – Federal Election 2007 News –". Melbourne: Theage.com.au. http://www.theage.com.au/news/federal-election-2007-news/labor-holds-big-lead-in-online-poll/2007/11/09/1194329514605.html. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- ^ The Sunday Times (7 August 2010). "Stalking 'reporter' Mark Latham confronts Julia Gillard". News Limited. http://www.perthnow.com.au/news/stalking-reporter-mark-latham-confronts-julia-gillard/story-e6frg12c-1225902497295.
- ^ Jamie Duncan (15 August 2010). "Latham's lash at leaders airs on Nine". smh.com.au. http://news.smh.com.au/breaking-news-national/lathams-lash-at-leaders-airs-on-nine-20100815-1255r.html.
- ^ "Story transcripts: Latham at Large". sixtyminutes.ninemsn.com. 12 August 2010. http://sixtyminutes.ninemsn.com.au/stories/7944020/latham-at-large.
- ^ The Daily Telegraph (10 August 2010). "Mark Latham comes out swinging at veteran journalist Laurie Oakes". news.com.au. http://www.news.com.au/features/federal-election/mark-latham-comes-out-swinging-at-veteran-journalist-laurie-oakes/story-e6frfllr-1225903210311.
- ^ "New Political Correctness speech by Mark Latham to House of Representatives 26 August 2002 (Transcript)". Parlinfoweb.aph.gov.au. http://parlinfoweb.aph.gov.au/piweb/TranslateWIPILink.aspx?Folder=HANSARDR&Criteria=DOC_DATE:26. Retrieved 2010-09-11.
- ^ "New Political Correctness". Australianpolitics.com. http://www.australianpolitics.com/news/2002/08/02-08-26.shtml. Retrieved 2010-09-11.
- Duffy, Michael (2004), Latham and Abbott. The lives and rivalry of the two finest politicians of their generation, Random House Australia, Milsons Point (NSW). ISBN 1 74051 318 5
- Lagan, Bernard (2005), Loner. Inside a Labor Tragedy, Allen and Unwin, Crows Nest, New South Wales. ISBN 1 74114 515 5
- Latham, Mark (1998), Civilising global capital : new thinking for Australian Labor , Allen and Unwin, St Leonards, New South Wales. ISBN 1864486686
- Latham, Mark (2001), What did you learn today? : creating an education revolution, Allen and Unwin, Crows Nest, New South Wales. ISBN 1865084786
- Latham, Mark (2002), Wedge politics and the culture war in Australia, Menzies Centre for Australian Studies, King's College, University of London, London, England. ISBN 1855071231
- Latham, Mark (2003), From the Suburbs: Building a Nation from Our Neighbourhoods, Pluto Press, Annandale, New South Wales. ISBN 1864031891
- Latham, Mark (2005), The Latham Diaries, Melbourne University Press, Carlton, Victoria. ISBN 0522852157
- Latham, Mark (2006), A conga line of suckholes : Mark Latham's book of quotations, Melbourne University Publishing, Carlton, Victoria. ISBN 0522853056
- McGregor, Craig (2004), Australian Son: Inside Mark Latham, Pluto Press, North Melbourne Victoria. ISBN 186403288X
- Abraham, Matt (9 July 2004). Howard's toughest interview of the year. Crikey.com.au
- Allard, Tom; & Metherell, Mark (11 October 2004). Late release of policy cost Latham the Lodge. The Sydney Morning Herald.
- A fair dinkum Labor hero (4 December 2003). The Economist.
- Ill health ends Latham's career. NEWS.com.au.
- Latham quits (18 January 2005). ABC News Online.
- Mark Latham's concession of the 2004 Australian election
- Latham diaries have 'fantastic bile'
- First part of two part expose of Latham's personal life in Sydney Morning Herald
- Second part of two part expose of Latham's personal life in Sydney Morning Herald
- Labor's rebranded leader (BBC)
- August 2002%3BSEQ_NUM:99%3B New Political Correctness speech by Mark Latham to House of Representatives 26 August 2002 (Transcript)Text
Parliament of Australia Preceded by
Member for Werriwa
Party political offices Preceded by
Leader of the Australian Labor Party
Federal Parliamentary Leaders of the Australian Labor Party
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.