Tool (band)

Tool (band)

Infobox musical artist
Name = Tool

Img_capt = Tool performing live in 2006. Visible from left to right are: Adam Jones, Maynard James Keenan and Justin Chancellor.
Img_size = 250
Landscape = yes
Background = group_or_band
Alias =
Origin = Los Angeles, California, United States
Years_active = 1990–present
Label = Tool Dissectional
Volcano II
Associated_acts = A Perfect Circle, Children of the Anachronistic Dynasty, Green Jellÿ, Peach, Pigmy Love Circus, Puscifer, Tapeworm, TexA.N.S., VOLTO!, Melvins
URL = []
Current_members = Danny Carey
Justin Chancellor
Maynard James Keenan
Adam Jones
Past_members = Paul D'Amour

Tool is an American rock band that was formed in 1990 in Los Angeles, California. The band has sold over 13 million records worldwide, and consists of drummer Danny Carey, bassist Justin Chancellor, guitarist Adam Jones, and vocalist Maynard James Keenan. Tool has hosted worldwide tours and produced albums which have performed well on international music charts.cite web | url= | title=Tool Biography | | accessdate=2006-04-28 | last= Erlewine | first= Stephen Thomas | coauthors = G. Prato]

The band emerged with a heavy metal sound on their first LP at a time when the genre was dominated by thrash metal, and later reached the top of the alternative metal movement with the release of their second LP, "Ænima", in 1996. Their efforts to unify musical experimentation, visual arts, and a message of personal evolution continued with "Lateralus" (2001) and their most recent album, "10,000 Days" (2006), gaining the band critical acclaim and success around the world. Due to Tool's incorporation of visual arts and relatively long and complex releases, the band is generally described as a style-transcending act and part of progressive rock and art rock. The relationship between the band and today's music industry is ambivalent,cite web | date=2001-05-23 | url= | work=Exclaim! | title=Tool - Stepping Out From the Shadows | accessdate=2006-09-17 | last=Sokal | first=Roman ] at times marked by censorship and the band members' insistence on privacy.cite journal
last = Gennaro
first = Loraine
title =Angry Jung Men!
journal = Livewire Magazine
volume = 7
issue = 3
year = 1997
accessdate = 2007-04-08


Early years (1988–1992)

During the 1980s, each of the future members of Tool moved to Los Angeles. Both Paul D'Amour and Adam Jones wanted to enter the film industry, while Maynard James Keenan found employment remodeling pet stores after having studied visual arts in Michigan. Danny Carey performed as a drummer for Wild Blue Yonder, Green Jellÿ, and Carole King, and played in the Los Angeles area with Pigmy Love Circus. [cite news
url =
title = Tool Drummer Goes to Circus
author = Adem Tepedelen
work = Rolling Stone
date = 2004-04-30
accessdate = 2008-01-18

Keenan and Jones met through a common friend in 1989.Kitts, pp. 1965–1969.] After Keenan played a tape recording for Jones of his previous band project, Jones was so impressed by his voice that he eventually talked his friend into forming their own band. They started jamming together and were on the lookout for a drummer and a bass player. Danny Carey happened to live above Keenan and was introduced to Jones by Tom Morello, an old high school friend of Jones and former bandmate of Electric Sheep.Newquist, pp. 11–15.] Carey began playing in their sessions because he "felt kinda sorry for them", as other invited musicians were not showing up. [Akhtar, C3.] Tool's lineup was completed when a friend of Jones introduced them to bassist D'Amour.cite journal
date= 1994-05-31
title=A Sober Look At Tool
] Early on, the band fabricated the story that they formed because of the pseudophilosophy "lachrymology". [cite web | url= | title=Let Not My Tears Fall Unnoticed: Being the Secret Joys of a Lachrymist | | accessdate=2007-05-06 | first=Blair MacKenzie | last=Blake] Although "lachrymology" was also explained to be an inspiration for the band's name, Keenan later explained their intentions differently: "Tool is exactly what it sounds like: It's a big dick. It's a wrench.... we are... your tool; use us as a catalyst in your process of finding out whatever it is you need to find out, or whatever it is you're trying to achieve." [cite journal | url= | title=Tool Rules | journal=Ray Gun | accessdate=2006-08-27 | month=April | year=1994 | issue=15 | author=Zappa, Moon Unit | format=transcription] hardware" in Tool's imagery. [cite news
url =
title = Over the weekend
work = Buffalo News
date = 1997-07-07
accessdate = 2008-02-02
format = fee required
quote = Tool adds its own '90s twist to the genre with unpublishable lyrics, occult tendencies and a love of grotesque imagery -- burning eyeballs, phallic hardware, crippled people.
] ] After only a few gigs, the band was approached by record companies, and only three months into their career they signed a record deal with Zoo Entertainment. In March 1992, Zoo published the band's first effort, "Opiate". Described by the band as "slam and bang" heavy metal [Akhtar, E8.] and the "hardest sounding" six songs they had written to that point,cite journal
last = Gennaro
first = Loraine
title = Tool Guitarist Adam Jones is a Master of Many Trades
journal = Guitar School
volume = 03
pages = 16
year = 1994
accessdate = 2006-04-07
] the EP included the singles "Hush" and "Opiate". The band's first music video, "Hush", promoted their dissenting views about the then-prominent Parents Music Resource Center and its advocacy of the censorship of music. The video featured the band members naked with their genitalia covered by parental advisory stickers and their mouths covered by duct tape.cite video
url =
people = Roncon, Theresa (Interviewer)
title = Tool Muchmusic spotlight
medium = TV
publisher = MuchMusic
location = Canada
date = February, 1997
] The band began touring with Rollins Band, Skitzo, Fishbone, and Rage Against the Machine to positive responses which Janiss Garza of "RIP Magazine" summarized in September 1992 as a "buzz" and "a strong start". [cite journal
url =
title = Fresh Blood
journal = RIP magazine
first = Janiss
last = Garza
year = 1992
volume = 9
accessdate = 2007-06-04

"Undertow" (1993–1995)

The following year, at a time when post-Nirvana alternative rock was at its height, Tool released their first full-length album, "Undertow" (1993). It expressed more diverse dynamics than "Opiate" and included songs the band had chosen not to publish on their previous release, when they had opted for a heavier sound. The band began touring again as planned, with an exception in May 1993. Tool was scheduled to play the Garden Pavilion in Hollywood but learned at the last minute that the Garden Pavilion belonged to L. Ron Hubbard's Church of Scientology, which the band felt clashed with "the band's ethics about how a person should not follow a belief system that constricts their development as a human being". Keenan "spent most of the show baa-ing like a sheep at the audience".cite web | url= | title=33 Things You Should Know About Tool | work=Blender | accessdate=2006-09-18 | first=Jon | last=Dolan | year=2006 | month=August ]

Tool later played several very successful concerts during the Lollapalooza road show, and were moved from the second stage to the main stage by their manager and the festival co-founder Ted Gardner. [cite news | url= | year=1997 | title=Nobody's Tool | work=Alternative Press | accessdate=2007-04-08 | first=Jason | last=Pettigrew] At the last concert of Lollapalooza in Tool's hometown Los Angeles, comedian Bill Hicks introduced the band. Hicks had become a friend of the band members and an influence on them after being mentioned in "Undertow"'s liner notes. [cite journal | url= | title=Hard rockers hail comic genius Bill Hicks. | journal=High Times | accessdate=2006-09-18 | last=Garza| first=Janiss | year=1997 | month=April ] He jokingly asked the audience of 60,000 people to stand still and help him look for a lost contact lens.cite web
title=Question & Answer with Kevin Booth
work=Fade to Black presents: It's Only a Ride: Bill Hicks
] The boost in popularity gained from these concerts led "Undertow" to be certified gold by the RIAA in September 1993 and to achieve platinum status in 1995, [cite journal | title =Tool Tool fact kit | journal =Circus | month = January | year=1997 | url =| accessdate =2007-12-05] despite being sold with a censored album cover by distributors such as Wal-Mart.cite journal | last =Griffin | first =J.R. | title =TOOL on Videos, Censorship, Art, And Why You Should Never Let A Guy Named Maynard Put You In A Cage | journal=Axcess | year =1994 | accessdate =2007-05-13 | url= | pages=52 ] [Sherry, p. 176.] The single "Sober" became a hit single by March 1994 and won the band Billboard's "Best Video By A New Artist" award for the accompanying stop motion music video.

With the release of Tool's follow-up single "Prison Sex", the band again became the target of censorship. The song's lyrics and video dealt with child abuse, which sparked controversial reactions; Keenan's lyrics begin with: "It took so long to remember just what happened. I was so young and vestal then, you know it hurt me, but I'm breathing so I guess I'm still alive." The video was created primarily by guitarist Adam Jones, who saw it as his "surrealistic interpretation" of the subject matter.cite journal | last=Jenison | first=David | url= | title=Tool | accessdate=2007-11-10 | year=1994 | month = December | journal=HYPNO] And while some contemporary journalists again praised the video and described the lyrics as "metaphoric", the American branch of MuchMusic asked Keenan to represent the band in a hearing. It deemed the respective music video too graphic and obscene, and MTV stopped airing it after a few viewings.

In September 1995, the band entered the studios to record their second album. At that time Tool experienced its only lineup change to date, with bassist D'Amour leaving the band amicably to pursue other projects. Justin Chancellor, a member of former tourmates Peach, eventually replaced D'Amour, having been chosen over competitors such as Kyuss' Scott Reeder, Filter's Frank Cavanaugh, Pigmy Love Circus's E. Shepherd Stevenson and ZAUM's Marco Fox. [cite journal
url =
title = Sink or Swim - A Conversation With Tool's Justin Chancellor
journal = Gavin Magazine
first = Rob
last = Fiend
month = October | year = 1996
accessdate =2007-05-09

"Ænima" (1996–2000)

After Paul D'Amour left Tool, Justin Chancellor came on board, recording of the already-begun "Ænima" continued. The band enlisted the help of producer David Bottrill, who had produced some of King Crimson's albums while Jones collaborated with Cam de Leon to create "Ænima"'s Grammy-nominated artwork. The album was released in October 1996.

The album was dedicated to satirist Bill Hicks, who had died two and a half years earlier. The band intended to raise awareness about Hicks's material and ideas, because they felt that Tool and Hicks "were resonating similar concepts".cite news
title = Another Dead Hero
first= Andy
work = The Austin Chronicle
date = May, 1997
accessdate = 2007-05-29
] In particular, "Ænima"'s final track "Third Eye" is preceded by a clip of Hicks' performances, and both the lenticular casing of the "Ænima" CD packaging as well as the chorus of the title track "Ænema" make reference to a sketch off Hicks's "Arizona Bay", where he contemplates the idea of Los Angeles falling into the Pacific Ocean. [cite web
url =
title = Dead 10 years, Hicks still makes us laugh
first= John
last= Zwick
work = University of Colorado at Denver Advocate
date = 2004-02-25
accessdate = 2007-04-09

The first single, "Stinkfist", obtained limited and imperfect airplay: It was shortened by radio programmers, MTV (U.S.) renamed the music video of "Stinkfist" to "Track #1" due to offensive connotations,cite web | url= | title=The "Track #1" Fiasco | accessdate=2006-03-06 | first=Kabir | last=Akhtar | publisher =] and the lyrics of the song were altered. [McIver, p. 137.] Responding to fan complaints about censorship, Matt Pinfield of MTV's "120 Minutes" expressed regret on air by waving his fist in front of his face while introducing the video and explaining the name change.

A tour began in October 1996, only two weeks after "Ænima"'s release. Following numerous appearances in the United States and Europe, Tool headed for Australia and New Zealand in late March 1997. April 1 of that year saw the first of several April Fools' pranks related to the band. Kabir Akhtar, webmaster of the band's semi-official fanpage, The Tool Page, wrote that "at least three of the band are listed in critical condition" after a tour bus accident on a highway.cite web | url= | title=Tool News: April Fools 1997 | accessdate=2007-03-29 | first=Kabir | last=Akhtar | publisher =] This hoax gained wide attention and was eventually exposed on radio and MTV. Akhtar later posted an apology, claiming that The Tool Page "will not indulge itself in such outlandish pranks in the future"—a claim that would be belied by later April Fools' pranks. The tour continued the next day as originally announced.

Eventually returning to the United States, Tool appeared at Lollapalooza '97 in July, this time as a headliner, where they gained critical praise from "The New York Times":

Notwithstanding a decline in popularity of alternative rock music during the mid-90s in the United States, "Ænima" eventually matched Tool's successful debut in sales. [cite journal | url= | month= August | year= 1997 | title=Never Wanted To Be Rock Stars But They Are | journal=Circus | accessdate=2006-06-25 | first=Edward | volume = 8 | last=Fruchtman ] The progressive-influenced "Ænima" landed the band at the head of the alternative metal genre: It featured the Grammy Award-winning "Ænema" [cite web | url =
title = 40th Grammy Awards
work =
year = 1998
accessdate = 2007-05-26
] and appeared on several "Best Albums of 1996" lists,cite web
title=Tool - Aenima
] with notable examples being those of "Kerrang!" [cite web |url= |title=Kerrang! End of Year Lists |accessdate=2007-07-27 |work=Kerrang! ] and "Terrorizer". [cite web |url= |title=Terrorizer End of Year Lists |accessdate=2007-07-27 |work=Terrorizer ]

A legal battle that began the same year interfered with the band's working on another release. Volcano Records—the successor of Tool's by-then defunct label Zoo Entertainment—alleged contract violations by Tool and filed suit. According to Volcano, Tool had violated their contract when the band looked at offers from other record labels. After Tool filed a countersuit stating that Volcano had failed to use a renewal option in their contract, the parties settled out of court. At the end of 1998, Tool agreed to a new contract, a three-record joint venture deal. [Akhtar, C15.] In 2000, the band dismissed their long-time manager Ted Gardner, who then sued the band over his commission on this lucrative agreement. [cite web
title=Tool Gets Sued By Manager For $5 Million
first=Carrie | last=Borzillo-Vrenna

During this time, Keenan joined the band A Perfect Circle which was founded by long-time Tool guitar tech Billy Howerdel, while Jones joined The Melvins' Buzz Osborne and Carey drummed with Dead Kennedys' Jello Biafra on other side projects.cite journal | title=Home Improvement | month= August | year= 2001 | accessdate=2007-05-12 | journal=Classic Rock | first=Rosanna | last=Slater | url=] Although there were rumors that Tool were breaking up, [cite web
url =
title = Breslin hosts heavier sound
first= Scott | last=Kline
work = The State News
date = 2002-10-17
accessdate = 2007-04-09
cite news
url =
title = Innovative band playing Beaumont tonight wins new regard from critic
work = The Beaumont Enterprise
date = 2002-11-15
accessdate = 2008-01-26
format = fee required
] Chancellor, Jones and Carey were working on new material while waiting for Keenan to return. [cite news
url =
title = Rock band Tool is all about music, not image
author = Alan K. Stout
work = The Times Leader
date = 2001-09-21
accessdate = 2008-01-26
quote = Chancellor says Tool, through it all, never stopped working on new music. He says he, Jones and Carey were in the studio every day, experimenting with new sounds and musical ideas.
] In 2000, the "Salival" box set (CD/VHS or CD/DVD) was released, effectively putting an end to the rumors. The CD contained one new original track, a cover of Led Zeppelin's "No Quarter", a live version of Peach's "You Lied", and revised versions of old songs. The VHS and the DVD each contained four music videos, plus a bonus music video for "Hush" on the DVD. Although "Salival" did not yield any singles, the hidden track "Maynard's Dick" (which dates back to the "Opiate" era) briefly found its way to FM radio when several DJs chose to play it on air under the title "Maynard's Dead". [Akhtar, H26.]

"Lateralus" (2001–2005)

In January 2001, Tool announced a new album, "Systema Encéphale", along with a 12-song tracklist containing titles such as "Riverchrist", "Numbereft", "Encephatalis", "Musick", and "Coeliacus".cite web | url= | title=Old News. January - March 2001 | | accessdate=2006-03-06 | first=Kabir |last=Akhtar ] File-sharing networks such as Napster were flooded with bogus files bearing the titles' names. At the time, Tool members were outspokenly critical of file-sharing networks in general due to the negative impact on artists that are dependent on success in record sales to continue their career. Keenan had this to say during an interview with "NY Rock" in 2000, "I think there are a lot of other industries out there that might deserve being destroyed. The ones who get hurt by MP3s are not so much companies or the business, but the artists, people who are trying to write songs." [cite web | url= | title=Interview with Maynard James Keenan of A Perfect Circle | work=NY Rock | accessdate=2006-04-28 | month = September | year=2000 | author=Gabriella]

A month later, the band revealed that the new album was actually titled "Lateralus" and that the name "Systema Encéphale" and the tracklist had been a ruse.cite web | url= | title=Tool Tinker With Album Title, Set Track List | work=MTV News | publisher = | accessdate=2006-03-06 | first=Joe | last=D'Angelo] "Lateralus" and the corresponding tours would take Tool a step further toward art rockcite web
title=Lateralus review | year=2001 | accessdate=2007-06-18 | publisher=E! Online
] cite web | url= | title=Tool Stretch Out And Slow Down In Show With King Crimson | | accessdate=2007-07-19 | year=2001 | first=Laura |last=Bond] cite web | first=Milano | last= Brett| year=2006| title=Power Tool: Maynard James Keenan and band craft epic art-metal | format=HTML | work=Boston Herald | url= | accessdate=2006-05-27] and progressive rockcite web | url= | year=2001| title=Lateralus Review | work=AllMusic | accessdate=2006-04-28 | first=Rob | last=Theakston] cite web | url= | year=2001| title=Lateralus Review | work=Rolling Stone | accessdate=2006-04-24 | first=David |last=Fricke ] [DeRogatis, p. 562.] territory. "Rolling Stone" wrote in an attempt to summarize the album that "Drums, bass and guitars move in jarring cycles of hyperhowl and near-silent death march... The prolonged running times of most of "Lateralus"' thirteen tracks are misleading; the entire album rolls and stomps with suitelike purpose." Joshua Klein of "The A.V. Club" in turn expressed his opinion that "Lateralus", with its 79 minutes and relatively complex and long songs—topped by the ten-and-a-half minute music video for "Parabola"—posed a challenge to fans and music programming alike. [cite web | url= | title=Lateralus review | work=The A.V. Club | date=2002-03-29 | accessdate=2007-05-25 | first=Joshua | last=Klein]

The album became a worldwide success, reaching #1 on the U.S. "Billboard" 200 albums chart in its debut week. [cite web | url= | title=Discography Tool Laterlaus | accessdate=2006-04-29 |] Tool received their second Grammy Award for the best metal performance of 2001 for the song "Schism". [cite web
url =
title = Grammy Award Winners
publisher = The Recording Academy
accessdate = 2007-04-28
] During the band's acceptance speech, drummer Carey stated that he would like to thank his parents (for putting up with him) and Satan, and bassist Chancellor concluded: "I want to thank my dad for doing my mom." [cite web | url= | title=Alicia Keys Takes Five, 'O Brother' Gets Most At 44th Grammy Awards | work=MTV News | | accessdate=2006-08-07 | year=2002 | first=Joe | last=D'Angelo]

Extensive touring throughout 2001 and 2002 supported "Lateralus" and included a personal highlight for the band: a 10-show joint mini-tour with King Crimson in August 2001. Comparisons between the two were made, MTV describing the bands as "the once and future kings of progressive rock". Keenan stated of the minitour: "For me, being on stage with King Crimson is like Lenny Kravitz playing with Led Zeppelin, or Britney Spears onstage with Debbie Gibson."

Although the end of the tour in November 2002 seemed to signal the start of another dormancy for the band, they did not become completely inactive. While Keenan recorded and toured with A Perfect Circle, the other band members released an interview and a recording of new material, both exclusive to the fan club. On April 1, 2005, the official Tool website announced that "Maynard has found Jesus" and would be abandoning the recording of the new Tool album temporarily and possibly permanently. [cite news
url =
title = Tool mesmerizes crowd
author = Travis Hay
work = Seattle Post-Intelligencer
date = 2006-05-03
accessdate = 2008-01-18
] Brian Welch (formerly of the band Korn), who made the same news some months earlier, was delighted. Kurt Loder of MTV contacted Keenan via email to ask for a confirmation and received a nonchalant confirmation. When Loder asked again, Keenan's response was simply "heh heh." [cite web | url=
title = Maynard And Jesus Split: The Conclusion | first = Chris | last=Harris
work= MTV News | date = 2005-04-07 | accessdate = 2007-02-14
] However, on April 7 the official site explained, "Good news, April fools fans. The writing and recording is back under way." [cite web | url= | title=Tool: News | | accessdate=2007-03-30 | year=2005 | first=Blair MacKenzie |last=Blake]

The writing and recording proceeded for the follow-up to "Lateralus"; meanwhile, a "Lateralus" vinyl edition and two DVD singles were released, and the band's official website received a new splash intro by artist Joshua Davis. [cite web|title=Joshua Davis - Projects - Web - Tool|url=|format=FLASH|accessdate=2007-04-02|] The "double vinyl four-picture disc" edition of "Lateralus" was first released as a limited autographed edition exclusively available to fan club members and publicly released on August 23, 2005. On December 20, 2005, the two DVDs were released, one containing the single "Schism" and the other "Parabola", a remix by Lustmord, and the music video with commentary by David Yow and Jello Biafra, respectively.

"10,000 Days" (2006–present)

Fifteen years into the band's career, Tool had acquired what Dan Epstein of "Revolver" described as a devoted "cult" following,cite journal
last = Epstein
first = Dan
title = Do What You Wilt
journal = Revolver
month = April | year = 2006
] and as details about the band's next album emerged, such as the influence of "Lateralus" tourmates Fantômas and Meshuggah,cite web | url= | title=Tool Hammer Away At New Album | work=MTV News | accessdate=2006-04-06 | first=Jon | last=Wiederhorn |] rumors surrounding new Tool again surfaced.cite web | url= | title=Is anyone listening? | | accessdate=2006-05-06 | year=2006| first=Patrick | last=Donovan] The main controversy was the album title. After rumored titles such as "Teleincision" had been dismissed, a news item on the official Tool website announced that the new album's name was "10,000 Days".

Nevertheless, speculation continued: it was alleged that "10,000 Days" was merely a "decoy" album to fool audiences until the day of release, which eventually proved false when a leaked copy of the album was distributed via filesharing networks a week prior to its official release. [cite web
title =Tool Planning Summer Tour Around Keenan's Wine Harvest
date = 2006-05-11
url =
accessdate =2007-06-15
first= Chris | last=Harris
] The album opener, "Vicarious", premiered on U.S. radio stations on April 17. The record followed on May 2, 2006 in the U.S. and debuted at the top spots of various international charts. "10,000 Days" sold 564,000 copies in its opening week in the U.S. and was number one on the "Billboard" 200 charts, doubling the sales of Pearl Jam's self-titled album, its closest competitor. [cite web
title=Tool, Pearl Jam Claim Billboard Chart In The Name Of Rock (May 10, 2006)
] However, "10,000 Days" was received less favorably by critics than its predecessor "Lateralus" had been. [Metacritic calculated an average score of 68 for "10,000 Days" compared to 75 for "Lateralus". cite web
year= 2006
title=Tool: 10,000 Days (2006): Reviews
cite web
year= 2001
title=Tool: Lateralus (2001): Reviews

After the release of "10,000 Days", a tour kicked off at Coachella on April 30, 2006. The touring schedule was similar to the "Lateralus" tour of 2001; supporting acts were Isis and Mastodon. During a short break early the next year, after touring Australia and New Zealand, drummer Danny Carey suffered a biceps tear during a skirmish with his girlfriend's dog, casting uncertainty on the band's upcoming concerts in North America. [cite web
year= 2007
title=TOOL : NEWS - TOOL Newsletter February 2007, e.v
] Carey underwent surgery on February 21, and several gigs had to be postponed. Back on tour by April, Tool appeared on June 15 as a headliner at the Bonnaroo Music Festival with a guest appearance from Rage Against the Machine's Tom Morello on "Lateralus". [cite web
first =Jonathan | last=Cohen
title =Tool, All-Star Zeppelin Jam Highlight Bonnaroo Day One
date = 2007-06-16
url =
accessdate =2007-06-17

Meanwhile, "Vicarious" was a nominee for Best Hard Rock Performance and "10,000 Days" won Best Recording Package at the 49th Grammy Awards.cite web
title=Awards Winners List
work=49th Annual Grammy Awards
] The music video for "Vicarious" was released on DVD on December 18.

In an interview conducted in May 2007, Justin Chancellor stated that the band would probably continue their tour until early 2008 and then "take some time off". He qualified this statement by adding that the band has already written new material and would surely release another album at some point down the road.cite web
last =Pulsifer
first =Eric
title =Tool returns to Bossier on Thursday
date =2007-05-15
url =
accessdate =2007-06-07
] A possible project until a next album is to make a "band movie", a possibility the band has reportedly considered for a long time. The ideas range from "a narrative story in a surreal fashion with as much money and special effects as possible" to "pockets of all of that or something that's live or the band playing".cite web
title =Tool movie in the works?
date = 2007-06-12
url =
accessdate =2007-06-15
first= John | last=Benson
] Although Carey stated that the necessary know-how was at hand due to the many relations to artists working in the movie business, Jones dismissed the idea saying, "It's just talk right now." [cite web
title =Tool movie in the works?
publisher =The Rock Radio
date = 2007-06-13
url =
accessdate =2007-06-15
work= The Rock Radio online
] According to "Rolling Stone", after the 50th Grammy Awards, while attending a Sony BMG after party at the Beverly Hills Hotel, Keenan promised another Tool album." [Scaggs, Austin (2008-02-11). " [ Smoking Section at the Grammys: Wilco, Foo Fighters, Tool, More] ". "Rolling Stone". Retrieved on 2008-02-11.]

As of September 5, 2008, Tool have three songs featured on the Guitar Hero World Tour setlist; "Parabola", "Schism" and "Vicarious". Guitar Hero World Tour will also sport a venue inspired by the band's art style that has pervaded their music videos, shows, and album art.

Musical style and influences

Tool has gained critical praise from the "International Herald Tribune"'s C.B. Liddell for their complex and ever-evolving sound. [cite web | url= | date= 2007-01-12 | title=In Sight/Music & Arts Tool frontman: 'I have not smashed up 1 hotel room' | work=International Herald Tribune/The Asahi Shimbun | accessdate=2007-05-25|first=C.B. | last=Liddell ] Describing their general sound, Allmusic refers to them as "grinding, post-Jane's Addiction heavy metal", and "The New York Times" sees similarities to "Led Zeppelin's heaving, battering guitar riffs and Middle Eastern modes". [cite web | url= | year=1997 | title=Lollapalooza's Recycled Hormones: Rebellion by the Numbers | work=The New York Times | accessdate=2006-04-28|first=Jon | last=Pareles] Their 2001 work "Lateralus" was compared by Allmusic to Pink Floyd's "Meddle" (1971), but thirty years later and altered by "Tool's impulse to cram every inch of infinity with hard guitar meat and absolute dread".

Musical style

A component of Tool's song repertoire relies on the use of odd meter time signatures. For instance, bassist Justin Chancellor describes the time signature employed on "Lateralus's" first single, "Schism", as 6.5/8, and that it later "goes into all kinds of other times".cite journal |last=Scott Shiraki & E.E. Bradman |first= |year=2001 |month=05 |title=Handy Man: How Justin Chancellor Frames Tool's Metal Madness |journal=Bass Player |url= |accessdate=2007-05-02 |format=DOC] "Lateralus", the album's title track, also displays shifting rhythms, as does "10,000 Days'" "Wings for Marie (Pt 1)" and "10,000 Days (Wings Pt 2)".cite journal |last=Micallef |first=Ken |year=2006 |month=07 |title=10,000 Days... and beyond |journal=Modern Drummer |url= |accessdate=2007-05-02 ]

Beyond this aspect of the band's sound, each band member experiments within his musical scope. "Bass Player" magazine described Chancellor's bass playing as a "thick midrange tone, guitar-style techniques, and elastic versatility". As an example of this, the magazine mentioned the use of a wah effect by hammering "the notes with the left hand and using the bass's tone controls to get a tone sweep", such as on the song "The Patient" ("Lateralus" 2001).

Completing the band's rhythm section, drummer Danny Carey uses polyrhythms, tabla-style techniques, and the incorporation of custom electronic drum pads to trigger samples, such as prerecorded tabla and octoban sounds.

Maynard James Keenan's ability as a vocalist has been characterized more subjectively by the "Seattle Post-Intelligencer": After his performance during an Alice in Chains reunion concert in 2005, freelancer Travis Hay saw him as "a natural fit at replacing Layne Staley". [cite web | url= | date= 2005-02-21 | title=Alice in Chains owns stage in tsunami-relief show full of surprises | work=Seattle Post-Intelligencer | accessdate=2007-05-25 | first=Travis | last=Hay] Regarding his role in A Perfect Circle and Tool, "The New York Times" wrote that "both groups rely on Mr. Keenan's ability to dignify emotions like lust, anger and disgust, the honey in his voice adding a touch of profundity".cite web | url= | year=2002 | title=Self-Confidence, and a Tattoo | work=The New York Times | accessdate=2007-05-02 | first=Ann | last=Powers]

According to "Guitar Player" magazine, Adam Jones does not rely on any one particular guitar-playing technique but rather combines many techniques.cite web | url= | year=2001 | title=Mysterious Ways | month= June | work=Guitar Player | accessdate=2007-05-02 | first=Jon | last=Wiederhorn ] For example, Allmusic wrote that he "alternately utiliz [es] power chords, scratchy noise, chiming arpeggios, and a quiet minimalism" in "Sober".cite web | url= | year=| title=Sober Song Review | | accessdate=2007-05-02 | first=Steve | last=Huey] Additionally, the band uses forms of instrumental experimentation, like the use of a "pipe bomb microphone" (a guitar pickup mounted inside a brass cylinder) and a talk box guitar solo on "Jambi". [cite web | last =Forlenza | first =Jeff | title =The Making of Tool's "10,000 Days" | publisher =Mix | date = 2006-07-01| url = | accessdate =2007-05-09 ]

The band puts an emphasis on the sound of their songs and attempts to reduce the effect lyrics can have on the perception of songs by not releasing song lyrics with any album. Lyrical arrangements are often given special attention, such as in "Lateralus". The number of syllables per line in the lyrics to "Lateralus" correspond to an arrangement of the fibonacci numberscite web | first = Christopher W. | last=diCarlo | title = Interview with Maynard James Keenan | url= | accessdate = 2007-05-04 | ] and in "Jambi" the metrical foot iamb is used.cite web | first = Blair MacKenzie | last= Blake | | title = Tool Newsletter, July 2006 | url= | accessdate = 2006-08-03 ] The lyrics on "Ænima" and "Lateralus" focused on philosophy and spirituality—specific subjects range from organized religion in "Opiate", to evolution and Jungian psychology in "Forty-Six & 2" and transcendence in "Lateralus".cite web | title =TOOL: New Album Title Revealed? | publisher | date = 2006-03-03 | url = | accessdate =2007-05-09 ] On "10,000 Days", Keenan wanted to explore issues more personal to him: the album name and title track refer to the twenty-seven years during which his mother suffered from complications of a stroke until her death in 2003.cite web | first = Evan | last=Serpick | work= Rolling Stone | title = 10,000 Days Review | url= | year= 2006 | accessdate = 2007-05-04 ]


The band has named the Melvins [cite news | url= | year=1997 | title=Nobody's Tool | work=Alternative Press | accessdate=2007-04-08 | first=Jason | last=Pettigrew] and Meshuggah among those that influenced their development, but the most-publicized influence are progressive rock pioneers King Crimson. [cite web | url= | year=2001| title=Augustember 2001 E.V. | work=Tool Newsletter | accessdate=2006-04-28 | | first=Blair MacKenzie | last=Blake] However, longtime King Crimson member Robert Fripp has downplayed any influence his band had on Tool. In an interview with Tool, he touched briefly on how the two bands relate to each other:

He also stated:

In turn, Maloof and Newquists attribute to Tool an influence on modern metal in its own right in their book "The New Metal Masters". Sean Richardson of "The Boston Phoenix" sees System of a Down, Deftones, and Godsmack as examples of Tool's "towering influence" on the genre. [cite web | first= Sean | last=Richardson | title =Perfect circles - Tool connect on Lateralus | work =The Boston Phoenix | date =2001-05-10 | url = | accessdate =2007-05-25 ] Moreover, Keenan's unique style of singing has been repeatedly seen as influencing artists such as Pete Loeffler of Chevelle. [cite web | last =Assar | first =Vijith | title =Lucky 'Thirteen': Keenan bolsters potence | work =The Cavalier Daily | date = 2003-09-30 | url = | accessdate =2007-05-09 ] [cite web | last =Rich | first =Robert | title =Chevelle to play in Austin, remains unique despite criticism | work =The Daily Texan | date = 2007-05-09 | url = | accessdate =2007-05-09 ]

Visual arts

Part of Tool's work as a band is to incorporate influences of other works of art in their music videos, live shows, and album packaging. In particular, Adam Jones doubles as the band's art director and director of their music videos.cite web | first = Jonathan | last=Drew | title = MUSIC MEETS ART Name the band Tool's fave artist | work = The Associated Press | url= | date = 2006-05-11 | accessdate = 2007-05-26 ] Another expression of this is an official website "dedicated to the arts and influences" on the band, [] .

Music videos

:"See also: Tool discography"The band has released eight music videos but made personal appearances in only the first two, which the band states is to prevent people from "latching onto the personalities involved rather than listening to the music." With the exception of "Hush" and Vicarious, all of Tool's music videos feature stop motion animation to some extent. The videos are created primarily by Adam Jones, often in collaboration with artists such as Chet Zar,cite web | last =Sandberg | first =Marian | title =Tool Time | work =Live Design | date = 2006-11-01 | url = | accessdate =2007-05-09 ] Alex Grey, and Osseus Labyrint. [cite web | url= | work=Tool: News | | accessdate=2007-03-30 | title=OSSEUS LABYRINT a laboratory of random mutuations... | date=2002-10-17 | first=Blair MacKenzie | last=Blake ]

The "Sober" music video in particular attracted much attention. Jones explained that it doesn't contain a storyline, but that his intentions were to summon personal emotions with its imagery. "Rolling Stone" described this imagery by stating that, in the video, "evil little men dwell in a dark dungeon with meat coursing through pipes in the wall" and called it a "groundbreaking", "epic" clip.cite news | first = Greg | last=Heller | title = Weird Album Title for Tool | | url= | date = 2001-01-12 | accessdate = 2007-04-09 ] "Billboard" voted it "Best Video By A New Artist".

The video for "Vicarious" was released on DVD on December 18, 2007. [cite web | first = Blair MacKenzie | last=Blake | title = Tool: A WORKING STILL FROM VICARIOUS | url= | | year = 2007 | month = October | accessdate = 2007-10-24 ] The video is also notable because it is the first Tool video to be produced entirely through the use of CGI.

Album artwork

Adam Jones is responsible for most of the band's artwork concepts. Their first album, "Undertow", featured a ribcage sculpture by Jones on its cover and photos contributed by the band members. Later albums included artwork by collaborating artists: "Ænima" [Akhtar, G4.] and "Salival" [cite web | url = | title=Salival Figure | work=Happypencil Store | ] featured works by Cam de Leon; "Lateralus" [cite web | url= | title= High Art: Alex Grey and the Chapel of Sacred Mirrors | work=PopMatters | accessdate=2007-06-12 | date= 2002-05-08 | first=Michael | last=Stephens] and "10,000 Days" were created with the help of Alex Grey. The releases garnered positive critical reception, with a music journalist of the Associated Press attributing to the band a reputation for innovative album packaging.

Both "Ænima" [Akhtar, D11.] and "10,000 Days" were nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Recording Package, but while the former failed to win in 1997, the latter did win in 2006. As art director, Adam Jones created packaging for "10,000 Days" that features a pair of stereoscopic lenses for viewing 3-D artwork and photos. Jones has been a lifelong fan of stereoscopic photography and expressed a desire for the packaging to be unique and to reflect the '70s artwork he appreciates.cite web | publisher = | title = Tool Guitarist Wins Grammy For 'Best Recording Package' | url= | date = 2007-02-11 | accessdate = 2007-04-09 ]

Live shows

Following their first tours in the early nineties, Tool has performed as a headline act in world tours and major festivals such as Lollapalooza (1997), Coachella (1999 and 2006), Download Festival (2006), Roskilde (2006), Big Day Out (2007), and Bonnaroo (2007). They have been joined on stage by numerous artists such as Buzz Osborne and Scott Reeder on several occasions; Tom Morello and Zack de la Rocha during their 1991 tour; Tricky, Robert Fripp, Mike Patton, Dave Lombardo, Brann Dailor of Mastodon, and experimental arts duo Osseus Labyrintcite web | year=2002 | url= || title=Tool, The Melvins, Osseus Labyrint - April 24, 2002 - Sydney, Australia @ Sydney Entertainment Centre | accessdate=2007-05-25 | first=Kev | last=Truong ] during their 2001–02 "Lateralus" tour; and Kirk Hammett, Phil Campbell, Serj Tankian, and Tom Morello during their 2006–07 tour. They have covered songs by Led Zeppelin, Ted Nugent,Akhtar, D9.] Peach, Kyuss, and the Ramones. [cite web | last =Rothman | first =Robin A. | title =Tool Take Radio City—"Rockers salute the Ramones during epic set" | work =Rolling Stone | date =2002-08-14 | url = | accessdate =2007-05-10 ]

Live shows on Tool's headline tour incorporate an unorthodox stage setting and video display.cite web | year=2001 | url= | work=The Flat Hat| title=Tool thrills audience | accessdate=2007-04-07 | first=Keith P. | last=McManus ] Singer Maynard James Keenan lines up in the back with drummer Danny Carey on an elevated platform, while guitarist Adam Jones and bassist Justin Chancellor stand in the front toward the side edges of the stage.cite web | date=2001-10-06 | url = | work=The New York Times| title=Flailing Wildly to Escape the Darkness | accessdate=2007-06-09 | first=Jon | last=Pareles ] Keenan, despite being the vocalist, is known to face the backdrop rather than the audience. [cite news
url =
title = Tool
work = Rolling Stone
date = 1996-11-21
accessdate = 2008-01-07
cite news
url =
title = The circle is unbroken
author = Andy Musial
work = The Buffalo News
date = 1997-07-24
accessdate = 2008-01-07
format = fee required
quote = ...Keenan wasn't facing the audience the whole time.
cite news
url =
title = Tool in need of some repair
author = Matt Dentler
work = The Daily Texan
date = 2002-07-29
accessdate = 2008-01-07
quote = Lead singer Maynard James Keenan, as is customary for the enigmatic frontman, loomed in the background with his back facing the audience for most of the show.
cite news
url =
title = TOOL Concert 101
author = Gavin Engler
work = Law Society Gazette
year = 1993
accessdate = 2008-01-27
quote = Keenan... wore an all-black leather outfit, had his face painted black and stood on a spinning platform some distance from the front stage; he never seemed to look at the crowd.
] No followspots or live cameras are used;cite web |date=2006-10-16 | url= | work=Projection, Light and Staging News| title=700 Clips for 10,000 Days | accessdate=2007-04-07 | first=Rob | last=Ludwig ] instead, the band employs extensive backlighting to direct the focus away from the band members and toward large screens in the back and the crowd. Breckinridge Haggerty, the band's live video director, explains that the resulting dark spaces on stage "are... for Maynard. A lot of the songs are a personal journey for him... and he feels more comfortable in the shadows."The big screens are used to play back "looped clips that aren’t tracked to a song like a music video. The band has never used any sort of timecode. They’ve always made sure the video can change on-the-fly, in a way that can be improvised... The show is never the same twice." During the "10,000 Days" tour, the video material consisted of over six hours of material, created by Adam Jones, his wife Camella Grace, Chet Zar, Meats Meier and Breckinridge Haggerty. Some of the material created by Chet Zar has been released on his DVD "Disturb the Normal".cite web | year=2006 | url= | work=Disturb the Normal description| title=What is it? | accessdate=2007-04-07 | first=Chet | last=Zar ]


tudio albums

* "Undertow" (1993, Zoo/BMG/Volcano: USA, 2× platinum)
* "Ænima" (1996, Zoo/BMG/Volcano: USA, 3× platinum)
* "Lateralus" (2001, Volcano II/Tool Dissectional: USA, 2× platinum)
* "10,000 Days" (2006, Volcano II/Tool Dissectional: USA, platinum)


* "Tool" a.k.a. "72826" demo (1991, Toolshed)
* "Opiate" EP (1992, Zoo/BMG/Volcano: USA, platinum)
* "Salival" box set (2000, Volcano II/Tool Dissectional: USA)


*cite web| url= | title=The Tool FAQ | publisher=The Tool Page | date = 2001-07-16 | first=Kabir | last=Akhtar
*cite book | last = DeRogatis | first = Jim | authorlink = Jim DeRogatis| title = Turn on Your Mind: Four Decades of Great Psychedelic Rock | publisher = Hal Leonard Corporation | year = 2003 | isbn = 0634055488
*cite web | url= | title=Tool | | work = Allmusic | accessdate=2006-04-28 | authorlink = Stephen Thomas Erlewine | last= Erlewine | first= Stephen Thomas | coauthors = Greg Prato
*cite book | last=McIver | title = Nu-Metal: The Next Generation of Rock and Punk | first=Joel | authorlink = Joel McIver | publisher = Omnibus Press | year = 2002 | isbn = 978-0711992092
*cite book | last = Newquist | title = The New Metal Masters | first = Harvey P. | coauthors = Rich Maloof | publisher = Backbeat Books | year = 2004 | isbn = 978-0879308049
*cite book | last = Sherry | first = James | coauthors = Neil Aldis | publisher = Chronicle Books | title = Heavy Metal Thunder: Kick-Ass Cover Art from Kick-Ass Albums | year = 2006 | isbn = 0811853535
*cite web | date=2001-05-23 | url= | work=Exclaim! | title=Tool - Stepping Out From the Shadows | last=Sokal | first=Roman


External links

* [] - Official Website
* [] - The Collective Unconscious - Official Fan Site
* [] - "Dedicated to the art and influences"
* [] - Official Myspace of Maynard Keenan
* [] - Official Myspace of Adam Jones
* [] - Official Website of Danny Carey
* on LyricWiki

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