- Yarmouth, Maine
:"There are other places named
official_name = Yarmouth, Maine
settlement_type = Town
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of Maine
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Cumberland
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 59.0
area_land_km2 = 34.5
area_water_km2 = 24.5
area_total_sq_mi = 22.8
area_land_sq_mi = 13.3
area_water_sq_mi = 9.4
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 8360
population_density_km2 = 242.0
population_density_sq_mi = 626.7
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_m = 13
elevation_ft = 43
latd = 43 |latm = 47 |lats = 58 |latNS = N
longd = 70 |longm = 10 |longs = 51 |longEW = W
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 22.8 square miles (59.0 km²), of which, 13.3 square miles (34.6 km²) of it is land and 9.4 square miles (24.4 km²) of it (41.44%) is water.
Yarmouth is nearly square in form, and is dissected by the
Royal River. Cousins Riverseparates it from Freeport to the north-east, and the latter with Pownal bound it to the east, North Yarmouthto the north, Cumberland to the west and Casco Bayto the south. Also included as part of the town are Cousins Island, Lane's Island, Great and Little Mosier, Littlejohn and Crab islands.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 8,360 people, 3,432 households, and 2,306 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 626.7 people per square mile (242.0/km²). There were 3,704 housing units at an average density of 277.7/sq mi (107.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.49% White, 0.37% Black or African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.59% of the population.
There were 3,432 households out of which 33% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the town the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $58,030, and the median income for a family was $73,234. Males had a median income of $48,456 versus $34,075 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $34,317. About 4.0% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.
Traces of human occupation in the Yarmouth area date to about 2,000 BC. During the years prior to the arrival of the Europeans, many Native American cultures are believed to have existed in the area. [http://www.yarmouth.me.us Yarmouth Historical Society] , via the Yarmouth/North Yarmouth Community Guide, "Portland Press Herald", Summer 2007]
When settlers arrived at Yarmouth's site in 1640, they found a fort already built. The fort had for some time been occupied by George Felt, who had in turn purchased it from John Phillips, a Welshman. In 1646, William Royall purchased a farm on the river which has ever-since borne his last name (minus the second "L"). This stream and its vicinity were called by the Indians "Wescustogo" - a name preserved, until the early 2000s, by an inn of the same name on Princes Point Road at its intersection with Lafayette Street. John Cousins had arrived a year or more earlier than Royall, occupying the neck of land between the branches of the stream which has since been called Cousin's River, and owning the island now bearing his name.
In 1674, the first
sawmillwas built at the Royal River's first falls. [http://www.yarmouth.me.us Yarmouth Historical Society] , via the Yarmouth/North Yarmouth Community Guide, "Portland Press Herald", Summer 2007]
By 1676, approximately sixty-five people lived in Westcustogo. Soon after, however, conflicts forged by
King Philip's Warcaused them to abandon their homes and move south. [http://www.yarmouth.me.us Yarmouth Historical Society] , via the Yarmouth/North Yarmouth Community Guide, "Portland Press Herald", Summer 2007]
Some settlers returned to their dwellings in 1679, and within twelve months the region became incorporated as North Yarmouth, the eighth town of the
provinceof Maine. Around the same time, saw and grist mills at the first falls were rebuilt. [http://www.yarmouth.me.us Yarmouth Historical Society] , via the Yarmouth/North Yarmouth Community Guide, "Portland Press Herald", Summer 2007]
In 1688, while the inhabitants on the eastern side of the river were building a garrison, they were attacked by Indians, and attempted a defense. They continued the contest until nightfall, when the Indians retired. It was not long before they appeared again, in such force that the thirty-six families of the settlement were forced to flee, abandoning their homes for a second time.
The unrest kept the area deserted for many years, but by 1715 settlers revisited their homes, by which point they found their fields and the sites of their habitations covered by a young growth of trees. In 1722, a "Committee for the Resettlement of North Yarmouth" was formed in Boston,
Massachusetts. North Yarmouth held its first town meeting on May 14 1733. The structural frame of the first meeting housewas raised in 1729, and nine years later the first school was built.
Once resettlement began, the town's population began to grow rapidly. By 1764, 1,098 individuals lived in 154 houses. By 1810, the population was 3,295. During a time of peace, settlement began to relocate along the coast and inland. [http://www.yarmouth.me.us Yarmouth Historical Society] , via the Yarmouth/North Yarmouth Community Guide, "Portland Press Herald", Summer 2007]
The town's Main Street gradually became divided into the Upper Village and Lower Falls, the split roughly located around the present-day Route 1 overpass.
Among the new proprietors at the time were descendants of the Plymouth
pilgrims. Until after the year 1756 the Indians were again very troublesome. In 1725, William and Matthew Scales and Joseph Felt were killed, and the wife and children of the latter was carried into captivity. A grandson of Felt, Joseph Weare, became a noted scout, pursuing the Native Americans at every opportunity. In August 1746, a party of thirty-two Indians secreted themselves near the lower falls for the apparent purpose of surprising Weare's garrison, in the process killing Philip Greely, who came upon them. This was the last act of resistance by the indigenous people to occur within the limits of the town.
Yarmouth constituted the eastern part of North Yarmouth until 1849, when it was set off and incorporated as an independent town. The split occurred due to bickering between the inland, farming-based contingent and the coastal maritime-oriented community. Unable to resolve this difference, the two halves of the town separated into present-day Yarmouth and North Yarmouth. [http://www.yarmouth.me.us Yarmouth Historical Society] , via the Yarmouth/North Yarmouth Community Guide, "Portland Press Herald", Summer 2007]
By 1850, Yarmouth's population was 2,144, and very little changed over the hundred years that followed.
18th- and 19th-century business relied heavily upon a variety of natural resources. Once lumber was cut and sent to market, the land was farmed.
Tannerieswere built near brooks; potteries and brickyards put to use the natural clay in the area; and mills flourished along the Royal River, providing services such as iron-forging and fulling cloth. [http://www.yarmouth.me.us Yarmouth Historical Society] , via the Yarmouth/North Yarmouth Community Guide, "Portland Press Herald", Summer 2007]
Maritime activities were important from the beginning of the third settlement. Lumber from inland areas was shipped out from the harbor. Vessels were being built by 1740, and by 1818 shipbuilding in the area was in full swing, though Yarmouth's industry peaked in the 1870s, and declined rapidly shortly thereafter. The final large sailing vessel was built in 1890. [http://www.yarmouth.me.us Yarmouth Historical Society] , via the Yarmouth/North Yarmouth Community Guide, "Portland Press Herald", Summer 2007] Almost three hundred vessels were launched by Yarmouth's shipyards in the century between 1790 and 1890."Images of America: Yarmouth", Hall, Alan M., Arcadia (2002)]
Rapid growth was experienced again around 1948 when U.S. 1 was constructed. Two years later, there were 2,699 inhabitants of the town. Interstate 295 was built through the harbor in 1961, and the town grew from 4,854 residents in 1970 to 8,300 thirty-five years later.
19th- and 20th-century business that existed on Main Street in Yarmouth's Lower Falls section included Coombs (now Goffs
hardware store); Rufus York's general store(located in the brick building now occupied by Runge's Oriental Rug store at the western corner of Main and Portland Streets; later William H. Rowe's, then Melville Merrill's, and finally Frank Bucknam's drugstores); James Parsons' grocery store(located next to the then- post office); Cornelius Shaw's Cash Market; Leon Doughty's stove and hardware store, L.A. Doughty & Co. (located across from Shaws' but eventually moved onto Shaws' side of the street, into the building occupied today by Goffs, when his business expanded) ; William Freeman's hairdressing salon (located above Doughty's); Cyrus Curtis' "Saturday Evening Post" publishers; and Susan Kinghorn's millineryshop (located at the eastern corner of Main and Portland Streets)."Images of America: Yarmouth", Hall, Alan M., Arcadia (2002)]
Businesses in the Upper Village and the area around the intersection of Main and Elm Street, which officially became known as Yarmouthville in 1882, included William Marston's
dry goodsstore; L.R. Cook's drugstore; J.O. Durgan's daguerreotypesalon (located just to the west of the Yarmouth Crossing on the northern side of the street; later Gad Hitchcock's coffin and casket showroom); Coombs Bros. (Albert and George) candyand grocery store (located at the corner of Main and South Streets); Elmer Ring's "washerette" (he also ran a hardware store, a heating and plumbing service, and a coal yard); Harold "Snap" Moxcey's barbershop; John A. Griffin's hardware store; Andy's Handy Store (original proprietor Leland "Andy" Anderson's business, which he set up in 1935, still exists today; formerly a nail mill, then Arthur and Harry Storer's hardware store, Storer Bros.); Sam York's grocery store; George Jefford's harness shop; Isaac Johnson's barbershop (located above Jefford's); Adelaide Abbott's millinery shop; Jeremiah Mitchell's tavern(a site now occupied by Latchstring Park); and Joel Brooks' pottery.
The section of town between the Upper Village and Lower Falls was known as Brickyard Hollow, named for John Collins' brickyard. A post office also existed, to the east of the present-day
American LegionHall."Images of America: Yarmouth", Hall, Alan M., Arcadia (2002)]
"Herbie" is an
elmtree that has been standing by East Main Street (Route 88) since 1775. [ [http://www.sjcme.edu/magazine/summer07/elm.php "Will elm trees make their way back?" - St. "Joseph's College Magazine"] ] At 110 feet in height, it is believed to be, as of 1997, [According to the plaque on its trunk.] the oldest"Images of America: Yarmouth", Hall, Alan M., Arcadia (2002)] and tallest of its kind in New England. [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1016/is_1_106/ai_61535152/pg_3 The National Register of Big Trees: 2000-01] ] The tree, which stands in the front yard of a private residence, also has a 19-foot circumference and (until mid-2008) a 93-foot crown spread. [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1016/is_1_106/ai_61535152/pg_3 The National Register of Big Trees: 2000-01] ]
A plaque on its trunk states:
This tree is hereby designated
a historic landmark to be
honored and preserved for
Elm Research Insitute
Harrisville, N.H. 03450
May 1 1834, the town gave Herbie some company by planting rows of elms along East Elm Street. Most of them, however, succumbed to Dutch elm disease."Images of America: Yarmouth", Hall, Alan M., Arcadia (2002)]
Modern-day Yarmouth is mostly residential in character, with commercial development scattered throughout the town, particularly along Route 1 and Main Street (State Route 115). Yarmouth is home of
DeLorme, the large map-making company, with its headquarters located on Route 1 to the north of the town.
The town has four schools: two elementary (William H. Rowe School, built 1955, and rebuilt in 2003, Yarmouth Elementary School, built 1968 and named Yarmouth Intermediate School until 1992); one middle school (Harrison Middle School, built 1992); and one high school (Yarmouth High School, built 1961), as well as North Yarmouth Academy (commonly abbreviated to "N.Y.A."), a private college preparatory school established in 1814. On
October 17, 1998, the academy's ice arena was renamed the "Travis Roy Arena" [ [http://www.nya.org/arena/arenahome.asp Travis Roy Arena at NYA.org] ] in honor of Travis Roy, an alumnusof NYA, who was rendered a quadriplegicafter an injury he sustained while playing for Boston University men's ice hockeyteam in 1995.
Yarmouth's two elementary schools are unique in that the William H. Rowe School caters to students in kindergarten and the first grade, while Yarmouth Elementary educates second through fourth graders. Yarmouth High School was named #297 in the 1,000 Best High Schools in the US by "Newsweek" in 2005 and #289 in 2006.
Interstate 295 runs elevated through Yarmouth and has two exits (15 and 17) in the town. US Route 1 and State Route 115 also run through the town. The town also has two railroad junctions: Royal Junction (midway along Greely Road) and Yarmouth Junction (to the west of East Elm Street). The two railroads passing through the town are
Guilford Rail System's Maine Central Railroadand the St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad(formerly Grand Trunk Railway).
The Beth Condon Memorial Pathway is a pedestrian and bicycle path that originates on the western side of the Portland Street and Route 1 intersection. It runs parallel to Route 1, connects to the Royal River walkway, and finishes at Forest Falls Drive. [ [http://www.yarmouthcommunityservices.org/spaces.html The Yarmouth Community Services website] ] It is named after a Yarmouth High School
sophomorewho was killed by a drunk driver in August 1993. [ [http://fc.yarmouth.k12.me.us/~sara_petrovek/local Local ] ]
There are nine churches in Yarmouth. Six of these are located on Main Street. They are (from east to west): the First
Universalist, the First Parish Congregational, St. Jude's, the Maine Conference United, Sacred Heart, and the First Baptist. The other three are White Pine Community, St. Bartholomew's Episcopal, and Nazarene.
Yarmouth news is reported regularly in a number of different newspapers including the "
Portland Press Herald", "The Notes", and "The Falmouth Forecaster" (Northern Edition).
The town is home to one radio station:
WYAR, which broadcasts from Cousins Island.
The Yarmouth Clam Festival
Established in 1965, the Yarmouth Clam Festival is an annual three-day event which takes place in the town during the third weekend in July, attracting around 120,000 people. The festival features a parade, food, carnival rides, crafts, a clam-shucking contest, a five-mile run, and a world-class bike race.
Charles Augustus Aiken- served as a pastor of the Congregationalist Church here from 1854 through 1859. cite book | title = "Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896" | publisher = Marquis Who's Who | location = Chicago | year = 1963]
Travis Roy, motivational speaker and author of the memoir " Eleven Seconds".
* Leon Gorman, grandson of Leon Leonwood Bean, founder of
James B. Longley, Jr., former member of the U.S. House of Representatives
Hanley Denning, founder of Safe Passage who was killed in a car accident on January 18, 2007, in Guatemala City.
Pat LaMarche, Green Party candidate for Maine Governor, 2006, Green Party Vice-Presidential candidate 2004
Richard G. Woodbury, a Maine state legislator
Eric Weinrich, professional ice hockeyplayer who attended NYA and now lives in Yarmouth.
* [http://www.yarmouth.me.us Official website]
* [http://my.mainetoday.com/town.html?town=Yarmouth Yarmouth news on MyMaineToday.com]
* [http://district.yarmouth.k12.me.us/Pages/index Yarmouth School District]
* [http://hs.yarmouth.k12.me.us/Pages/index Yarmouth High School Homepage]
* [http://hms.yarmouth.k12.me.us/Pages/index Harrison Middle School Homepage]
* [http://yes.yarmouth.k12.me.us/Pages/index Yarmouth Elementary School Homepage]
* [http://rowe.yarmouth.k12.me.us/Pages/index William H. Rowe School Homepage]
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