- Ngoma, Zambia
Ngoma, Zambia is the only settlement in the south of Kafue National Park. It is a short way south of Itezhi-Tezhi Dam. Ngoma is the home of the head warden for the south half of the park, and for around 200 game wardens and their families employed by ZAWA (Zambian Wildlife Authority). There is a small information centre about the local wildlife, and in the village is Ngoma Basic School.
Ngoma lodge shut down many years ago, when poaching killed most of the animals in the area. The numbers of animals are now at least stable, if not increasing, thanks to the efforts of the underpaid game wardens, and the lodge may one day re-open.
Ngoma has a limited electricity supply. This electricity is hooked up to some homes, but the main use is to power the water pump. Ngoma has a borehole so the water does not need boiling or purifying. It can be obtained by a manual pump at any time or by taps spaced around the village when the electricity is working.
The roads to Ngoma and Itezhi-Tezhi are awful; once they were well graded in gravel but now they have many potholes. To add to the inevitable bumpiness there are huge swarms of tsetse flies that have very painful bites and spread sleeping sickness, and will attack at any opportunity. There is an airstrip just south of Ngoma to save this unpleasant journey.
Ngoma is frequented by a large herd of impala, as well as many bushbuck and frequently elephants. There are groups of vervet monkeys living in the trees above the village and leopards sometimes walk through the village at night.
Close by, there are many other species of animal, including puku, reedbuck, waterbuck, sable and roan antelope, eland, hartebeest, wildebeest, kudu, zebra, warthog, lion, serval, wild cat, hyena, jackal and, at night, springhare and porcupine. Birdlife in the village is impressive, with fish eagles[disambiguation needed ] and bateleurs flying over frequently, and many species of kingfisher and hornbill living around the local river.
The river that flows past Ngoma is the Nkala. In the dry season it has a well defined course and can dry up complelety, but in the wet season it spreads out over the surrounding plains. Crocodiles live in the river, although it doesn't get deep enough for hippos. Hippos can be found in Lake Itezhi-Tezhi though.
In the local area there are three hills. They are over 1100m above sea level, but the plains around Ngoma are at around 1000m so they are not realistically very high. From Ngoma it is possible to see and walk to Nakalombwe Hill, and behind Ngoma across the river is Nkala Hill. A little way off there is a hill known as the Screaming Chicken Hill. It is possible that this name comes from a tribal ritual, although this is just speculation.
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