- Sable Antelope
name = Sable Antelope
status = LR/cd | status_system = IUCN2.3
trend = down
image_width = 270px
image_caption = Sable Bull (Kafue, Zambia)
phylum = Chordata
genus = "
species = "H. niger"
binomial = "Hippotragus niger"
binomial_authority = Harris,
The Sable Antelope ("Hippotragus niger") is an
antelopewhich inhabits wooded savannah in East Africasouth of Kenya, and in Southern Africa.
There are three
* "H. n. niger" which is considered low risk conservation dependent
* "H. n. varani" (
Giant Sable Antelope) of central Angolawhich is classified as critically endangered
* "H. n. kirkii" (Zambian Sable Antelope) of central
Angolaand western Zambiaand is classified as vulnerable
The Sable Antelope stands 120 to 140 centimetres at the shoulder and weigh 200 to 270 kilograms, males being larger than females. Female Sable Antelope are chestnut to dark brown darkening as they mature while males are very distinctively black. Both sexes have a white underbelly, white cheeks and a white chin. They have a shaggy mane on the back of their neck. Sable antelope have ringed horns which arch backward, in females these can reach a meter, but in males they can reach over one and a half meters.
Ecology and behavior
Sable Antelope live in wooded savannah where they eat mid-length
grassand leaves. They are diurnal but are less active during the heat of the day. Sable Antelope form herds of ten to thirty females and calves led by a single male. Sable Antelope males will fight among themselves; they drop to their knees and use their horns.
*The sable antelope was one of the national emblems of
*The sable antelope was also introduced into
Texasas game in private ranches.
*ARKive - [http://www.arkive.org/species/GES/mammals/Hippotragus_niger/ images and movies of the sable antelope "(Hippotragus niger)"]
*Sable Behavior [http://wildlife-nature.com/sabletxt.htm]
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