Diethylenetriamine

Diethylenetriamine
Diethylenetriamine
Identifiers
CAS number 111-40-0 YesY
ChemSpider 13835401 YesY
UNII 03K6SX4V2J YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:30629 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL303429 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C4H13N3
Molar mass 103.17 g mol−1
Density 0.955 g/cm3
Melting point

-35 °C, 238 K, -31 °F

Boiling point

206 °C, 479 K, 403 °F

 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Diethylenetriamine (abbreviated DETA) is an organic compound with the formula HN(CH2CH2NH2)2. This colourless hygroscopic liquid is soluble in water and polar organic solvents, but not simple hydrocarbons. Diethylenetriamine is structural analogue of diethylene glycol. Its chemical properties resemble those for ethylene diamine, and it has similar uses. It is a weak base and its aqueous solution is alkaline. DETA is a byproduct of the production of ethylenediamine from ethylene dichloride.[1]

Reactions and uses

In coordination chemistry, it serves as a tridentate ligand forming complexes such as Co(dien)(NO2)3.[2]

Like some related amines, it is used in oil industry for the extraction of acid gas.

Like ethylenediamine, DETA can also be used to sensitize nitromethane, making a liquid explosive compound similar to PLX. This compound is cap sensitive with an explosive velocity of around 6200 m/s and is discussed in patent #3,713,915. Mixed with unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine it was used as Hydyne, a propellent for liquid-fuel rockets.

See also

References

  1. ^ Karsten Eller, Erhard Henkes, Roland Rossbacher, Hartmut Höke "Amines, Aliphatic" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2005 Wiley-VCH Verlag, Weinheim. DOE: 10.1002/14356007.a02 001
  2. ^ Philip H. Crayton "Inner Complexes of Cobalt(III) with Diethylenetriamine" Inorganic Syntheses, 1963, Volume 7, pages 207–213. doi:10.1002/9780470132388.ch56

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Diéthylènetriamine — Structure de la diéthylènetriamine Général Synonymes 2,2 iminodi(éthylamine) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • diethylenetriamine — dietilentriaminas statusas T sritis chemija formulė (H₂NCH₂CH₂)₂NH atitikmenys: angl. diethylenetriamine rus. диэтилентриамин ryšiai: sinonimas – bis(2 aminoetil)aminas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • diethylenetriamine — noun A colourless hygroscopic liquid, an analogue of diethylene glycol …   Wiktionary

  • diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid — An important chelating agent used in therapy ( e.g., in therapy for lead poisoning), and in metal containing diagnostic agents for magnetic resonance imaging and nuclear scanning. * * * …   Medical dictionary

  • 111-40-0 — Diéthylènetriamine Diéthylènetriamine Structure de la diéthylènetriamine Général Synonymes 2,2 iminodi(éthylamine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • DETA — Diéthylènetriamine Diéthylènetriamine Structure de la diéthylènetriamine Général Synonymes 2,2 iminodi(éthylamine) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • DPTA — diethylenetriamine penta acetic acid …   Medical dictionary

  • DPTA — • diethylenetriamine penta acetic acid …   Dictionary of medical acronyms & abbreviations

  • Ethylenediamine — Ethylenediamine …   Wikipedia

  • PMDTA — IUPAC name N,N,N ,N ,N Pentamethyldiethylenetriamine …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”