Downstate New York

Downstate New York
  New York metropolitan area (Downstate)
  New York City exurbs which are rural in character but arguably still within the New York City sphere of influence (Downstate)
  Usually considered part of Upstate New York
  Western New York, also included in Upstate New York
  North Country and Adirondacks, often referred to as the "true" upstate by natives

Downstate New York is a term denoting the southeastern portion of New York State, United States, in contrast to Upstate New York. The term "Downstate New York" has significantly less currency than its counterpart term "Upstate New York", and the Downstate region is often not regarded as one cohesive unit but rather thought of as being divided into the units which make it up - New York City, Long Island, and the northern suburbs of New York City (consisting of Westchester County, Rockland County, etc.) The term is used by the SUNY system in the name of their southernmost medical school, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, located in Flatbush, Brooklyn, though it is seldom used in other contexts.

The Downstate region contains the largest population concentration in the state, unlike Upstate, an area which forms the vast majority of the state's land area yet has a smaller population. The two regions differ culturally and socially in terms of demographics, economy, and social patterns.


The New York State Department of Transportation defines its "downstate region" as including Dutchess and Orange counties, and areas east and south.[1]

As usual with regions, there is no definitive or permanent boundary between Upstate and Downstate New York, though the map on the right sums up common attitudes of New Yorkers regarding the location of the borderline. In general, the differing definitions of Upstate and Downstate are largely relative. Persons living further upstate generally consider the border with downstate to be further north than those who live downstate, and vice versa. As urban sprawl progressively converts previously rural communities into exurbs, many people increasingly consider neighboring Putnam County to be part of the Downstate region, as well as the southern portions of Orange County, Sullivan County, and Dutchess County. These transitional areas are colored orange on the map.

See also


  1. ^ "Downstate Region", New York State Dept of Transportation. Retrieved 19 February 2010

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