Mont-Louis Solar Furnace

Mont-Louis Solar Furnace

The Mont-Louis Solar Furnace is an experimental solar furnace - a solar thermal energy facility that was built in 1949. It was the first facility of its kind in the world, and was a precursor of the Odeillo Solar Furnace. It provides a thermal power of 50 kW.

Contents

History

The French chemist Félix Trombe and his team made an initial demonstration of a mirror of DCA in Meudon in 1946 to show the possibility of reaching high temperatures very quickly using highly concentrated sunlight. The goal was to melt ore and extract very pure substances to make new and more effective refractory materials.[1]

In order to do further experiments, the first solar furnace was built in Mont-Louis in the Pyrénées-Orientales in 1949.[2]

Development and cooperation

The Mont-Louis Solar Furnace is engaged in a process of technology transfer to the countries of the south; the city of Safi in Morocco is participating in this process. The aim is to install in villages, solar ovens that will cook pots, plates for eating bread, building materials, and melt any metal to make pots or tools.[3]

Education

The centre gives demonstrations of its work. A guide takes visitors to the heart of the facility to explain the operation and use of the solar furnace. Applications of simple scientific and educational experiments complement the visit, for example: the concentration of the solar rays to produce temperatures between 2000 °C and 3500 °C, the ignition of wood, melting of metal, and ceramic cooking. The visit concludes with an overview of technologies that use solar energy: solar thermal, solar forge, solar cells, solar cookers.[4]

Notes and references

  1. ^ http://www.mont-louis.net/four.htm
  2. ^ http://four-solaire.fr/historique.htm
  3. ^ http://www.reseauculturel.fr/articles.asp?lng=FR&id=5011
  4. ^ http://www.capcir-pyrenees.com/articles.asp?id=5506

External links

See also

  • Odeillo

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mont-Louis — Citadel of Mont Louis …   Wikipedia

  • Solar furnace — For the cooking apparatus see Solar cooker. For electricity generation see Solar updraft tower. A solar furnace is a structure used to harness the rays of the sun in order to produce high temperatures, usually for industry. This is achieved using …   Wikipedia

  • Cerdanya — Coat of arms of Cerdagne. Cerdanya (Catalan pronunciation: [sərˈðaɲə], Latin: Ceretania, French: Cerdagne, Spanish: Cerdaña) is a natural comarca and h …   Wikipedia

  • Château Royal de Collioure — Château Royal de Collioure …   Wikipedia

  • Martin-du-Canigou — Saint Martin du Canigou …   Wikipedia

  • Canigou — Canigou, December 2004 Elevation 2,784 m (9,134 ft) …   Wikipedia

  • Fort de Salses — Moat and ramparts …   Wikipedia

  • Musée d'Art Moderne de Céret — Established 1950 Location Céret, France Type Art museum …   Wikipedia

  • Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via — Church of St. Martin in Odeillo …   Wikipedia

  • Félix Trombe — (* 19. März 1906 in Nogent sur Marne; † 1985 in Ganties) war ein französischer Ingenieur und anerkannter Höhlenforscher. Er war einer der Pioniere auf dem Gebiet der Nutzung der Sonnenenergie. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Lebenslauf 2 Sein Werk 3… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”