- Infanta Mariana Victoria of Portugal
Infanta Mariana Victoria Spouse Infante Gabriel of Spain Infante Pedro Carlos of Spain and Portugal Full name Maria Ana Victoria Josefa House House of Bourbon
House of Braganza
Father Peter III of Portugal Mother Maria I of Portugal Born 15 December 1768
Royal Palace of Queluz, Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves
Died 2 November 1788(aged 19)
Casita del Infante, El Escorial, Kingdom of Spain
Religion Roman Catholicism
Mariana Victoria of Portugal (or of Braganza; alternatively Maria Ana Vitória; full name: Maria Ana Vitória Josefa of Braganza; Portuguese pronunciation: [mɐɾiˈɐnɐ] or [mɐˈɾiɐ ˈɐnɐ viˈtɔɾiɐ ʒuˈzɛfɐ]; 15 December 1768 – 2 November 1788) was a Portuguese Infanta (princess), the third child and eldest daughter of Queen Maria I of Portugal and King Peter III of Portugal.
Mariana Victoria was born at the Royal Palace of Queluz, in the town of Queluz near Lisbon. She was named after her maternal grandmother, Mariana Victoria of Spain, Infanta of Spain and eldest daughter of Philip V of Spain and his second wife Elisabeth Farnese.
The fifth child of her parents, she was their second daughter, her oldest sister Infanta Maria Isabel dying in 1777 aged 11. Her grandmother Mariana went to Spain in 1777 to discuss an alliance with her brother Charles III of Spain. During her stay there, she helped to bring about the marriage of her grand daughter Mariana Victoria and the favourite son of the King of Spain.
She married Infante Gabriel of Spain, her mother's first cousin. They married by proxy on 12 April 1785 at the Ducal Palace of Vila Viçosa. The couple met for the first time at the Royal Palace of Aranjuez on 23 May and had an official ceremony.
The royal couple had three children, of whom two died young. At the birth of her last child, Infante Carlos, she and her husband were in residence at Gabriel's private residence, the Casita del Infante at El Escorial. While there, Gabriel caught Smallpox and died at the Casita aged only 36. His wife also succumbed to the illness and died on 2 November; Infante Carlos himself died a week after his mother.
Upon her early death, her children (effectively the survivor, her son Infante Pedro Carlos of Spain and Portugal) was recognized by their Portuguese grandmother as Infante of Portugal, in addition to that of Spain from their paternal side. The same took place with Pedro Carlos' only son Infante don Sebastian of Portugal and Spain.
Mariana died in at the Casita del Infante at the age of 19. She and her husband were the founders of the House of Bourbon-Braganza which is among the Spanish nobility represented by the Dukes of Marchena, of Durcal, of Hernani and Ansola.
Mariana Victoria was buried at the Royal Monastery of El Escorial with her husband and her two young children.
- Infante Pedro Carlos Antonio Rafael Jose Javier Francisco Juan Nepomuceno Tomas de Villanueva Marcos Marcelino Vicente Ferrer Raymundo of Spain (Royal Palace of Aranjuez, 18 June 1786 – Rio de Janeiro, 4 July 1812), married Infanta Teresa, Princess of Beira; had issue;
- Infanta Maria Carlota Josefa Joaquina Ana Rafaela Antonieta Francisca de Asis Agustina Madalena Francisca de Paula Clotilde Lutgarda Te of Spain (Casita del Infante, 4 November – Casita del Infante, 11 November 1787).
- Infante Carlos José Antonio of Spain (Casita del Infante, 28 October – Casita del Infante 9 November 1788).
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 15 December, 1768 – 12 April, 1785 Her Royal Highness Infanta Mariana Victoria of Portugal
- 12 April 1785 – November 2, 1788 Her Royal Highness Infanta Mariana Victoria of Spain
1st Generation 2nd Generation 3rd GenerationLeonor, Queen of Denmark • Infanta Maria 4th Generation 5th GenerationConstance, Queen of Castile and León • Maria, Lady of Menezes and Orduña • Isabel, Lady of Penela • Infanta Constança • Beatriz, Lady of Lemos 6th GenerationMaria, Queen of Castile and León • Infanta Isabel • Leonor, Queen of Aragon 7th GenerationMaria, Marchioness of Tortosa • Beatriz, Countess of Alburquerque 8th GenerationBeatriz I • Infanta Branca • Isabel, Duchess of Burgundy • Infanta Branca 9th Generation 10th GenerationLeonor, Queen of Portugal and the Algarve • Isabel, Duchess of Braganza • Infanta Catarina • Saint Joana, Princess of Portugal 11th Generation 12th Generation 13th GenerationIsabella Clara Eugenia, Co-Sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands* • Catherine Michelle, Duchess of Savoy* • Infanta Maria* 14th GenerationAnna, Queen of France* • Infanta Maria* Maria Anna, Holy Roman Empress* • Infanta Margarita Francisca* 15th Generation 16th Generation 17th Generation 18th Generation 19th GenerationInfanta Maria Isabel • Mariana Vitória, Infanta of Spain • Infanta Maria Clementina 20th Generation 21st GenerationMaria II • Januária Maria, Princess Imperial of Brazil** • Infanta Paula Mariana** • Infanta Francisca** • Infanta Maria Amélia** • Maria das Neves, Duchess of San Jaime • Maria Teresa, Archduchess of Austria • Maria Josepha, Duchess in Bavaria • Adelgundes, Duchess of Guimarães • Maria Ana, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg • Maria Antónia, Duchess of Parma 22nd GenerationInfanta Maria*** • Maria Ana, Crown Princess of Saxony*** • Antónia, Princess of Hohenzollern*** • Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil** • Infanta Maria da Glória*** • Leopoldina, Princess Ludwig August of Saxe-Coburg-Kohary** • Maria Teresa, Princess Karl Ludwig of Thurn und Taxis • Isabel Maria, Princess of Thurn und Taxis • Infanta Maria Benedita • Infanta Mafalda • Maria Anna, Hereditary Princess of Thurn und Taxis • Infanta Filippa Maria • Maria Antónia, Mrs. Chanler • Maria Adelaide, Mrs. van Uden 23rd Generationnone 24th GenerationInfanta Maria Ana*** • Infanta Maria Francisca*also an infanta of Spain, **also an imperial princess of Brazil, ***also a princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess in Saxony Infantas of Spain by marriage 1st generation 2nd generationnone 3rd generation 4th generationnone 5th generationnone 6th generationnone 7th generation 8th generation 9th generation 10th generation 11th generation 12th generation 13th generationPrincess Mercedes of the Two Sicilies · Princess Alicia of Parma 14th generation 15th generation*also an Infanta in her own right
**did not have a royal or noble title by birth but was admitted as Infanta
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