- Palma de Mallorca Airport
Palma de Mallorca Airport
Aeroport de Palma de Mallorca
Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca
IATA: PMI – ICAO: LEPA Summary Airport type Public and military Operator Aena Location Palma de Mallorca, Spain Hub for Elevation AMSL 7 m / 24 ft Coordinates Coordinates: Map Runways Direction Length Surface m ft 06L/24R 3,270 10,728 Asphalt 06R/24L 3,000 9,842 Asphalt Statistics (2010) Passengers 21,117,270 Passenger change 09-10 0.4% Aircraft Movements 174,631 Movements change 09-10 1.6% Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA
Spanish AIP, AENA
Palma de Mallorca Airport (IATA: PMI, ICAO: LEPA) (Catalan: Aeroport de Palma de Mallorca, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca) is an airport located 8 km (5.0 mi) east of Palma, Majorca, adjacent to the village of Can Pastilla. Also known as Son Sant Joan Airport or Aeroport de Son Sant Joan, it is the third largest airport in Spain, after Madrid's Barajas Airport and Barcelona Airport. During the summer months it is one of the busiest airports in Europe, and was used by 21.1 million passengers in 2010. The airport is the main base for the Spanish carrier Air Europa and also a focus airport for German carrier Air Berlin.
Palma de Mallorca Airport occupies an area of 6.3 km2 (2.4 sq mi). Due to rapid growth of passenger numbers, additional infrastructure was added to the two terminals A (1965) and B (1972). This main terminal was designed by local architect Pere Nicolau Bonet and was officially opened on 12 April 1997. The airport now consists of four modules: Module A, Module B, Module C and Module D. The airport can handle 25 million passengers per year, with a capacity to dispatch 12,000 passengers per hour. Future plans include an increase of the passenger capacity to 32 million passengers in 2010 and to 38 million passengers in 2015.
The history of Palma de Mallorca airport began in the 1920s, when seaplanes were used for postal services to the other Balearic Islands. A flat field next to Son Sant Joan was then used in the 1930s for flight routes to other parts of Spain. A private aerodome was also set up.
In 1954, Palma de Mallorca's runway was extended and asphalted, and also had brand new taxiways and aprons added near it. This made the airport able to serve more airlines and more types of aircraft.
The increase in traffic in 1958 led to a new terminal being constructed, and turned the airbase into a large civilian airport. A new large apron was also built. The new airport opened to domestic and international traffic on 7 July 1960. Just two weeks later, expansion to the aerodome was planned, including the extension of the runway and taxiway. At the end of the year, more plans were made, including a power plant, a communications centre and fire and rescue facilities.
After reaching 1 million passengers for the first time in 1962, in 1965, a new terminal was constructed, and air navigation services were completed at the end of the following year. Also in 1965, a smaller terminal which today is terminal B was planned to be built, due to passenger numbers increasing rapidly, reaching 2 million in 1965. A second runway was also to be built. It was to be built parallel to the existing one, and work began on it in 1970. Two years later, terminal B went into service, and the second runway opened in 1974.
In 1980, the airport carried 7 million passengers. However, this increased to nearly 10 million in 1986. This yet again led to a new terminal to be constructed, which is today's current terminal, which is terminal A. Construction started in mid 1993 and was designed by the Majorcan architect Pere Nicolau Bonet. during the construction in 1995, passenger numbers exceeded 15 million. The new terminal finally opened in 1997.
There are four modules at the airport. Module A, Module B, Module C and Module D.
Located in the north of the airport. It has 28 gates of which 8 have airbridges. This is the only Module that has double airbridges attached to gates. The Pier is mainly used by flights to non-Schengen destinations including the UK and Ireland.
The smallest Module located in the north east. It has 8 gates of which none have airbridges. Air Nostrum is the only airline to use this Module.
The largest of the Modules located in the east. It has 33 gates of which 9 have airbridges. It is used by Air Berlin, Niki and Condor along with EasyJet flights to Schengen destinations. The majority of airbridges have airberlin.com written on them.
The southern area of the Module was worked on and reopened in May 2011. The refurbishment and expansion is so that the Module can handle lots more flights, and to improve ways to get into the pier as it is the longest walk from security control. There will also be a further 8 gates with airbridges, but there will still be 33 in total. 
Located in the south. It has 19 gates of which 10 have airbridges. All odd numbered gates are gates with a bus transfer. The majority of airbridges have airberlin.com written on them. Because of the closure of the southern area of Module C, this, it is used mainly for flights to Europe.
Airlines and destinations
Note: The list of airlines that use modules is based on the module that they usually use.
Airlines Destinations Module Adria Airways Seasonal Charter: Ljubljana D Aer Lingus Seasonal: Cork, Dublin A Air Algérie Algiers A Air Berlin Alicante, Almeria, Amsterdam, Asturias, Basel/Mulhouse, Barcelona, Berlin-Tegel, Bilbao, Bremen, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Düsseldorf, Faro, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hanover, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Leipzig/Halle, Madrid, Málaga, Minorca, Munich, Münster/Osnabrück, Nuremberg, Paderborn/Lippstadt, Porto, Saarbrücken, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Stuttgart, Valencia, Zürich, Zweibrücken
Seasonal: Copenhagen, Dresden, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Memmingen, Weeze
C Air Europa Seasonal: Aberdeen, Belfast-International, Dublin [begins 29 May], Leeds/Bradford [begins 3 May] A Air Europa Albacete, Alicante, Badajoz, Barcelona, Bilbao, Bordeaux, Cologne/Bonn, Granada, Lisbon, Madrid, Málaga, Nuremberg, Paris-Orly, Rome-Fiumicino, Seville, Valencia, Valladolid, Zaragoza D Air Méditerranée Lyon, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly, Strasbourg D AlbaStar Bologna, Milan-Malpensa, Milan Orio-al-Serio, Verona D Aviogenex Seasonal: Belgrade D Arkefly Seasonal: Amsterdam D Bmibaby East Midlands
Seasonal: Belfast-City [begins 27 May 2012], Birmingham
A BMI Seasonal Charter: Aberdeen A British Airways operated by BA CityFlyer Seasonal: Birmingham, London-City, Manchester
Charter: Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow, London-Stansted
A Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels D Bulgaria Air Sofia A City Airline Gothenburg-Landvetter D Cimber Sterling Aalborg, Billund, Copenhagen D Condor Frankfurt
Seasonal: Berlin-Schönefeld, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Hanover, Leipzig/Halle, Munich, Paderborn/Lippstadt, Stuttgart
C Darwin Airline Bern, Geneva A EasyJet Bristol, Edinburgh, Glasgow-International, Liverpool, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, London-Southend [begins 1 May 2012], London-Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne,
A EasyJet Berlin-Schönefeld, Dortmund, Milan-Malpensa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino C EasyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva C Edelweiss Air Zurich C Enter Air Katowice, Poznan, Warsaw D Europe Airpost Seasonal: Dublin A Europe Airpost Paris-Charles de Gaulle D Finnair Helsinki D Flybe Scheduled Seasonal: Exeter, Southampton
Chartered Seasonal: Edinburgh, Inverness, Isle of Man
A Germanwings Cologne/Bonn
Seasonal: Dortmund, Hanover, Stuttgart
D Helvetic Airways Seasonal: Berne D Holidays Czech Airlines Seasonal: Cork [begins 26 May], Dublin A Iberia Madrid D Iberia operated by Air Nostrum Albacete, Badajoz, Burgos, Huesca, Ibiza, La Rioja, Lleida, Lyon, Melilla, Minorca, Nantes, Nice, Nîmes, San Sebastian, Valencia, Valladolid, Zaragoza A Jat Airways Seasonal: Belgrade D Jet2 Seasonal: Belfast-International, Blackpool, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow-International, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne A Jetairfly Brussels, Brussels South-Charleroi [begins 31 March], Liège, Ostend D Lufthansa Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Frankfurt, Munich D Luxair Luxembourg D Malév Hungarian Airlines Seasonal: Budapest D Meridiana Fly Rome-Fiumicino D Monarch Scheduled: London-Gatwick, Manchester
Scheduled Seasonal: Birmingham, London-Luton
Chartered Seasonal: Aberdeen, Bristol, Cork [begins 19 May], Durham, Edinburgh, East Midlands, Glasgow, Newcastle upon Tyne
A Neos Bologna, Milan-Malpensa, Verona D Niki Graz, Lisbon, Salzburg, Vienna
Seasonal: Innsbruck, Linz, Rostock-Laage, Zweibrücken
C Norwegian Air Shuttle Aalborg, Copenhagen, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda D Onur Air Istanbul-Atatürk, İzmir D Orbest Orizonia Airlines Aberdeen
Seasonal: Dublin, Shannon
A Orbest Orizonia Airlines Asturias, Oporto, Valladolid D Ryanair London-Stansted
Seasonal: Birmingham, Bournemouth, Bristol, Dublin, Edinburgh, East Midlands, Glasgow-Prestwick, Leeds/Bradford, Liverpool, Manchester, Shannon
A Ryanair Barcelona, Girona, Madrid, Seville, Valencia
Seasonal: Alicante, Bergamo-Orio al Serio, Billund, Bratislava, Bremen, Brussels South-Charleroi, Eindhoven, Hahn, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden [begins March 2012], Lübeck, Memmingen, Reus, Rygge, Stockholm-Skavsta, Weeze
D S7 Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo D SAS Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen
Seasonal: Bergen [begins 29 June 2012], Oslo-Gardermoen, Stavanger [begins 29 June 2012], Stockholm-Arlanda
D Sky Work Airlines Seasonal: Berne A Small Planet Airlines Chartered seasonal: Milan-Malpensa, Vilnius D Spanair Alicante, Belgrade, Barcelona, Madrid, Málaga, Nador, Valencia D Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich D Swiss operated by Swiss European Airlines Geneva D TAROM Seasonal: Bucharest-Henri Coanda D Thomas Cook Airlines Belfast-International, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Doncaster/Sheffield, Durham, Edinburgh, East Midlands, Exeter, Glasgow-International, Leeds/Bradford, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, London-Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
A Thomas Cook Airlines Belgium Brussels D Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia Aalborg, Bergen, Billund, Borlänge, Copenhagen, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Helsinki, Karlstad, Malmo, Orebro, Oslo-Gardermoen, Oulu, Stockholm-Arlanda C Thomson Airways Birmingham, Doncaster/Sheffield, East Midlands, Glasgow-International, London-Gatwick, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Seasonal: Aberdeen, Belfast-International, Bournemouth, Bristol, Cardiff, Derry, Dublin, Durham, Edinburgh, Exeter, Humberside, London-Luton, London-Stansted, Norwich, Southampton, Shannon
A Transavia Seasonal: Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Groningen, Zweibrücken C Transavia France Nantes C Travel Service Debrecen D Travel Service operated by Smart Wings Seasonal: Brno, Ostrava, Prague D TUIfly Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hanover, Munich, Nuremberg, Stuttgart, Zweibrücken D TUIfly Nordic Copenhagen, Malmö-Sturup, Norrköping, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda D VIM Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo D Vueling Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bilbao, Madrid, Paris-Orly, Rome-Fiumicino, Toulouse, Venice D Wizz Air Budapest, Cluj-Napoca A XL Airways Germany Zweibrücken D
In addition to those listed above, there are also numerous charter flights.
Following a decline in passenger numbers at the airport following the September 11 attacks in 2001, numbers rose steadily between 2002 and 2007 when traffic peaked at 23.2 million passengers, however from 2007 there has been a decline in passenger numbers with 21.1 million using the airport in 2010.
Passengers Aircraft Movements Cargo (tonnes) 1999 19,127,773 168,533 2000 19,424,243 176,997 25,156 2001 19,206,964 169,603 23,068 2002 17,832,558 160,329 20,412 2003 19,185,919 168,988 19,935 2004 20,416,083 177,859 20,408 2005 21,240,736 182,028 21,025 2006 22,408,427 190,304 22,443 2007 23,227,983 197,354 22,833 2008 22,832,865 193,357 21,395 2009 21,203,028 177,492 17,086 2010 21,117,270 174,631 17,289 Source: Aena Statistics 
Accidents and Incidents
- On 4 January 1991, Douglas DC-3 EC-EQH of Aeromarket Express overran the runway on a cargo flight to Menorca Airport and was damaged beyond repair.
- On 8 March 1993, Douglas C-47A EC-FAH of ARM crashed on take-off while on a cargo flight to Madrid-Barajas Airport. Both crew were killed.
- On 12 April 2002 Tadair Flight 306 operated by a Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner EC-GKR a cargo flight from Madrid-Barajas Airport to Palma de Mallorca. Flight 306 crashed on landing on runway 24L, killing both pilots.
- Aena (Aeropuertos Españoles y Navegación Aérea)
- ^ a b c d e AENA passenger statistics and aircraft movements
- ^ a b Spanish AIP (AENA)
- ^ Palma de Mallorca airport history in the early 90's
- ^ Lufthansa and Iberia establish routes
- ^ Palma de Mallorca Airport expansion
- ^ Terminal A opening
- ^ Module C Refurbishment
- ^ "EC-EQH Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19910104-1. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
- ^ "EC-FAH Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19930308-1. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
- ^ http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20020412-0
- Palma de Mallorca Airport official website
- Current weather for LEPA at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for PMI at Aviation Safety Network
- Palma de Mallorca Airport travel guide from Wikitravel
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.