Dmitry Gorchakov

Dmitry Gorchakov
Dmitry Gorchakov
Born January 12, 1758(1758-01-12)
Kostroma, Russian Empire
Died December 11, 1824(1824-12-11) (aged 66)
Moscow, Russian Empire

Prince Dmitry Petrovich Gorchakov (Russian: князь Дми́трий Петро́вич Горчако́в; January 12 [O.S. January 1] 1758, Kostroma, Russian Empire – December 11 1824 [O.S. November 19], Moscow, Russian Empire) was a Russian writer, dramatist and poet, best known for his satyrical verses and three comical operas, staged in the end of XVIII century.[1]


Prince Dmitry Gorchakov was born in Kostromskaya gubernia, the only son of Prince Pyotr I. Gorchakov, member of an empoverished Russian aristocratic family, the Chernigov's line of Ryurikovichs. He’s got a high quality home education, in 1768 joined the army, took part in Wallachian and Crimean campaigns but in 1782 (for reasons that remained unclear), retired to engage himself in agricultural activities in his Tula estate. It was in the early 1780s that he first started to write poetry.

In 1790 Prince Gorchakov rejoined the Russian army as a volunteer, took part in the battle at Izmail, was seriously wounded and has been highly praized for courage by Aleksandr Suvorov himself. In 1807 Gorchakov was made an honorary Russian Academy member. In 1807-1910 he served as a Governorate procurator in Pskov and Tavria, then as a high-ranked administrative official in the Moldovan army. In 1811 he became the member of an influential group known as Beseda (the Lovers of the Russian Word Meetings). The In 1813 Gorchakov was appointed a vice-Governor of Kostroma, in 1816 he retired and moved to Moscow where he lived up until his death in 1824. Prince Dmitry Gorchakov was buried in the Danilov monastery in Moscow.[1]


Dmitry Gorchakov was best known for his comedy plays King for a Day (Калиф на час, Moscow, 1786), The Happy Tonya (Счастливая тоня,[2] Moscow, 1786) and Baba Yaga (Баба-Яга, Kaluga, 1788). Based on Arab and Russian folklore, but featuring 'modern' characters (with 'character' names like podyachy Bribetakin), these works parodied ways of Russian petty officials, denouncing corruption, bribery and theft.[3] Among his major influences were Derzhavin and also Nikolai Nikolev, a close friend. It was the latter's anti-tyranny tragedy Sorena and Zamir that inspired Gorchakove to write in the late 1880s his pro-democracy, American-based tragedy which remained both untitled and unpublished. Another unpublished "comedy in verse", The Carefree One (Беспечный) was staged in 1799 in Saint Petersburgh. His "Russian life novelet" Plamir and Raida came out in 1796.

A keen analyst of the European political affairs, Gorchakov was regarded in the early 1800s as the leading Russian satirist. Some of his poems were published in the Drug Prosveschenya magazine (in 1804-1806), more of the others circulated privately as hand-written manuscripts, best-known of which was The Epistle to Prince S.N.Dolgorukov which in many ways (notably by bringing to mind the famous Tchatsky's monologue) pre-empted Woe from Wit, Griboyedov's 1823 classic. Young Aleksander Pushkin was much impressed by Prince Gorchakov’s works. In his 1815 poem Gorodok (Small Town) he mentioned him and his satires ("I love your needle-sharp verse..."). Tellingly, in 1828 amidst the The Gabrieliad scandal, Pushkin tried to ascribe his "dirty" poem to Prince Gorchakov, then four years dead, trying to exploit the latter's reputation as the early 1800s Russia's major volnodumetz ("a free-thinking man").[1]

The first ever attempt to collect Gorchakov's legacy was made in 1890 by his grand-daughter Princess Yelena Gorchakova who published The Works of D.P.Gorchakov (Сочинения Д.П. Горчакова). This volume was far from comprehensive, though: none of the earlier publications were included. Large part of Gorchakov's legacy has been lost: a bulk of his unpublished material along with numerous rough copies has perished in the fire that destroyed his country house, while some of poems he did publish remained anonymous.[3]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dmitry Milyutin — D.A. Milyutin Count Dmitry Alekseyevich Milyutin (June 28, 1816, Moscow – January 25, 1912, Simeiz near Yalta) was Minister of War (1861–81) and the last Field Marshal of Imperial Russia (1898). He was responsible for sweeping military reforms… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Gorchakov — chancellor Alexander M. Gorchakov …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Mikhailovich Gorchakov — (16 July 1798ndash 11 March 1883) was a Russian statesman from the Gorchakov princely family. He has an enduring reputation as one of the most influential and respected diplomats of the nineteenth century. From 1867 to 1883 he was state… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Russian language playwrights — The Moscow Art Theatre. This is a list of authors who have written dramatic works in the Russian language. For the plain text list, see Category:Russian dramatists and playwrights. See also: List of Russian language writers, List of Russian… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Russian people — The Millennium of Russia monument in Veliky Novgorod, featuring the statues and reliefs of the most celebrated people in the first 1000 years of Russian history …   Wikipedia

  • List of Russians — This is a list of people associated with Imperial Russia, the Soviet Union, and Russia of today. For a long time Russia has been a multinational country, and many people of different ethnicity contributed to its culture, to its glory, and to its… …   Wikipedia

  • Political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union — Soviet Union …   Wikipedia

  • Ambassador of Russia to Austria — This is a list of Ambassadors to Austria of the Russian Empire, Soviet Union and the Russian Federation:ru icon cite web title = Послы России в Австрии publisher = Embassy of Russia in Vienna url =… …   Wikipedia

  • Военная галерея — Г. Чернецов, 1827 …   Википедия

  • Alexander II of Russia — Alexander II Alexander II by Sergei Lvovich Levitsky 1870 (The Di Rocco Wieler Private Collection, Toronto, Canada) Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias Reign …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”