Discoverer 23

Discoverer 23
Discoverer 23
Operator US Air Force/NRO
Major contractors Lockheed
Bus KH-5 Argon
Agena-B
Mission type Optical reconnaissance
Launch date 8 April 1961
19:21 UTC
Carrier rocket Thor DM-21 Agena-B 307
Launch site Vandenberg LC-75-3-5
Orbital decay 16 April 1962
COSPAR ID 1961 Lambda 1
Mass 1,150 kilograms (2,500 lb)
Orbital elements
Regime Low Earth
Inclination 82.3°
Apoapsis 624 kilometres (388 mi)
Periapsis 294 kilometres (183 mi)
Orbital period 93.8 minutes
The launch of Discoverer 23

Discoverer 23, also known as Corona 9016A, was an American area survey optical reconnaissance satellite which was launched in 1961. It was a KH-5 Argon satellite, based around an Agena-B.[1] It was the second KH-5 mission to be launched, and the second to end in failure.

The launch of Discoverer 23 occurred at 19:21 UTC on 8 April 1961. A Thor DM-21 Agena-B rocket was used, flying from Launch Complex 75-3-5 at the Vandenberg Air Force Base.[2] Upon successfully reaching orbit, it was assigned the Harvard designation 1961 Lambda 1.

Discoverer 23 was operated in a low Earth orbit, with a perigee of 294 kilometres (183 mi), an apogee of 624 kilometres (388 mi), 82.3 degrees of inclination, and a period of 93.77 minutes.[3] The satellite had a mass of 1,150 kilograms (2,500 lb),[4] and was equipped with a frame camera with a focal length of 76 millimetres (3.0 in), which had a maximum resolution of 140 metres (460 ft).[5] Images were recorded onto 127-millimetre (5.0 in) film, and ejected aboard a Satellite Return Vehicle, SRV-521. Due to a problem with Discoverer 23's attitude control system, the SRV ended up boosting itself into a higher orbit rather than deorbiting.[4] Discoverer 23 decayed from orbit on 16 April 1962, followed by the SRV on 23 May 1962.[3][4]


References

  1. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "KH-5 Argon (Agena-B based)". Gunter's Space Page. http://space.skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/kh-5_ab.htm. Retrieved 22 June 2010. 
  2. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. http://planet4589.org/space/log/launchlog.txt. Retrieved 22 June 2010. 
  3. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. http://planet4589.org/space/log/satcat.txt. Retrieved 22 June 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c Wade, Mark. "KH-5". Encyclopedia Astronautica. http://www.astronautix.com/craft/kh5.htm. Retrieved 22 June 2010. 
  5. ^ "Corona". Mission and Spacecraft Library. NASA. http://msl.jpl.nasa.gov/programs/corona.html. Retrieved 22 June 2010. 



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