OPS 0855

OPS 0855
OPS 0855
MOL Launch.jpg
Launch of OPS 0855 with OV4-1, OV1-6 and Gemini B
Operator US Air Force
Major contractors Martin Marietta
Mission type Technology
Launch date 3 November 1966
13:50 GMT
Carrier rocket Titan IIIC
Launch site CCAFS LC-40
Mission duration Planned: 75 days
Achieved: 30 days
Orbital decay 9 January 1967
COSPAR ID 1966-099A
Mass 9,680 kilograms (21,300 lb)
Orbital elements
Regime Low Earth
Inclination 32.82°
Apoapsis 298 kilometres (185 mi)
Periapsis 305 kilometres (190 mi)

OPS 0855, also designated OV4-3, was a boilerplate Manned Orbital Laboratory spacecraft launched in 1966. It was flown to demonstrate the launch configuration for future MOL missions. A number of research payloads, designated Manifold were carried aboard it, which were intended to operate for 75 days, however the spacecraft ceased operations after just 30. It was built from a decommissioned HGM-25A Titan I first stage oxidiser tank, bolted to a Transtage. It was part of the MOL and Orbiting Vehicle projects.

The Manifold experimental package consisted of two micrometeoroid detection payloads, a transmitter beacon designated ORBIS-Low, a cell growth experiment, a prototype hydrogen fuel cell, a thermal control experiment, a propellent transfer and monitoring system to investigate fluid dynamics in zero gravity, a prototype attitude control system, an experiment to investigate the reflection of light in space, and an experiment into heat transfer. The spacecraft was painted to allow it to be used as a target for an optical tracking and observation experiment from the ground.[1][2]

OPS 0855 was the primary payload of Titan IIIC 3C-9,[3] which was launched from LC-40 at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on 3 November 1966.[4] The Gemini B prototype was flown on the same rocket, and was released onto a suborbital trajectory during launch. The adaptor connecting the Gemini spacecraft to OPS 0855 contained three additional spacecraft, two OV4-1 satellites, and OV1-6. These were released into low Earth orbit.

OPS 0855 entered an orbit with an apogee of 298 kilometres (185 mi), a perigee of 305 kilometres (190 mi), and 32.82 degrees of inclination.[2] It received the COSPAR International Designator 1966-099A, and remained in orbit until its decay on 9 January 1967.[5] No further MOL missions were flown, following the cancellation of the project in June 1969.

References

  1. ^ Heyman, Jos (2005-04-12). "OV". Directory of U.S. Military Rockets and Missiles. Designation Systems. http://www.designation-systems.net/dusrm/app3/ov.html. Retrieved 2009-05-17. 
  2. ^ a b Krebs, Gunter. "OV4 3". Gunter's Space Page. http://space.skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/ov4-3.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-17. 
  3. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. http://www.planet4589.org/space/log/launchlog.txt. Retrieved 2009-05-17. 
  4. ^ Wade, Mark. "OV4". Encyclopedia Astronautica. http://www.astronautix.com/craft/ov4.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-17. 
  5. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. http://www.planet4589.org/space/log/satcat.txt. Retrieved 2009-05-17. 



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • OPS 0855 — Lancement d OPS 0855 avec OV4 1, OV1 6 et Gemini B Caractéristiques Organisation US Air Force Domai …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Manned Orbital Laboratory — Dessin d artiste du MOL avec une capsule Gemini Lancement test du MOL, le 3 novembre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Manned Orbiting Laboratory — A 1967 conceptual drawing of the Gemini B reentry capsule separating from the MOL at the end of a mission Station statistics Crew …   Wikipedia

  • Discoverer 16 — Operator US Air Force/NRO Major contractors Lockheed Bus KH 2 Corona Agena B Mission type Optical reconnaissance L …   Wikipedia

  • Discoverer 17 — Operator US Air Force/NRO Major contractors Lockheed Bus KH 2 Corona Agena B Mission type Optical reconnaissance L …   Wikipedia

  • Discoverer 18 — Operator US Air Force/NRO Major contractors Lockheed Bus KH 2 Corona Agena B Mission type Optical reconnaissance L …   Wikipedia

  • Discoverer 20 — Operator US Air Force/NRO Major contractors Lockheed Bus KH 5 Argon Agena B Mission type Optical reconnaissance Launch date …   Wikipedia

  • Discoverer 22 — Operator US Air Force/NRO Major contractors Lockheed Bus KH 2 Corona Agena B Mission type Optical reconnaissance L …   Wikipedia

  • Discoverer 23 — Operator US Air Force/NRO Major contractors Lockheed Bus KH 5 Argon Agena B Mission type Optical reconnaissance Launch date …   Wikipedia

  • Discoverer 24 — Operator US Air Force/NRO Major contractors Lockheed Bus KH 5 Argon Agena B Mission type Optical reconnaissance Launch date …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”