List of Minnesota wild flowers

List of Minnesota wild flowers

The List of Minnesota wild flowers lists all of the wild flowers native to Minnesota. Common names follow Minnesota DNR conventions. Where several species of plants share part of a common name, they have been grouped together under that name; this is for indexing purposes and does not always indicate a taxonomic relationship.

Contents: Top · 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


  • Alexanders
    • Golden alexanders Zizia aurea
    • Heart-leaved alexanders Zizia aptera
  • Anemone
  • Asters
    • Aromatic aster Aster oblongifolius
    • Awl aster Aster pilosus var. pilosus
    • Bog aster Aster borealis
    • Crooked aster Aster prenanthoides
    • Drummond's aster Aster drummondii
    • Eastern panicled aster Aster lanceolatus
    • Flat-topped aster Aster pubentior
    • Flat-topped aster Aster umbellatus
    • Heath aster Aster ericoides
    • Heart-leaved aster Aster cordifolius
    • Large-leaved aster Aster macrophyllus
    • Lindley's aster Aster ciliolatus
    • Long aster Aster x longulus
    • Modest aster Aster modestus
    • New England aster Aster novae-angliae
    • New England aster and Heath aster hybrid Aster x amethystinus
    • Ontario aster Aster ontarionis
    • Red-stemmed aster Aster firmus
    • Red-stemmed aster Aster puniceus
    • Short's aster Aster shortii (threatened)
    • Sickle-shaped aster Aster falcatus commutatus
    • Side-flowering aster Aster lateriflorus
    • Silky aster Aster sericeus
    • Skyblue aster Aster oolentangiensis
    • Smooth aster Aster laevis
    • Tail-leaved aster Aster sagittifolius
    • Veiny lined aster Aster praealtus
    • Western panicled aster Aster hesperius
  • Autumn sneezeweed Helenium autumnale



  • Canada mayflower Maianthemum canadense
  • Cinquefoil
    • Bushy cinquefoil Potentilla paradoxa
    • Marsh cinquefoil Potentilla palustris
    • Pennsylvania cinquefoil Potentilla pensylvanica
    • Rough cinquefoil Potentilla norvegica
    • Shrubby cinquefoil Potentilla fruticosa
    • Slender cinquefoil Potentilla flabelliformis
    • Spreading cinquefoil Potentilla effusa
    • Tall cinquefoil Potentilla arguta
  • Wild Columbine Aquilegia canadensis
  • Coneflowers
  • Coralroot
  • Cottongrass
    • Chamisso's cottongrass Eriophorum chamissonis
    • Delicate cottongrass Eriophorum tenellum
    • Green-keeled cottongrass Eriophorum viridicarinatum
    • Slender cottongrass Eriophorum gracile
    • Tall cottongrass Eriophorum polystachion
    • Tawny cottongrass Eriophorum virginicum
    • Tussock cottongrass Eriophorum vaginatum var. spissum
  • Cow parsnip Heracleum maximum
  • Culver's root Veronicastrum virginicum


  • Dogbane
    • Clasping dogbane Apocynum sibiricum
    • Hemp dogbane, also known as American Hemp, Apocynum cannabinum
    • Intermediate dogbane Apocynum x floribundum
    • Spreading dogbane Apocynum androsaemifolium



  • False Solomon's Seal
    • Common false Solomon's seal Smilacina racemosa
    • Starry false Solomon's seal Smilacina stellata
    • Three-leaved false Solomon's seal Smilacina trifolia
  • Fireweed Epilobium angustifolium
  • Flodman's thistle Cirsium flodmanii


  • Gaywings Polygala paucifolia
  • Gentians
    • Billington's gentian Gentiana x billingtonii
    • Bottle gentian Gentiana andrewsii
    • Downy gentian Gentiana puberulenta
    • Great Lakes gentian Gentiana rubricaulis
    • Greater fringed gentian Gentianopsis crinita
    • Horse gentian Triosteum aurantiacum
    • Lesser fringed gentian Gentianopsis procera
    • Northern gentian Gentiana affinis (special concern)
    • Spurred gentian Halenia deflexa
    • Stiff gentian Gentianella quinquefolia var. occidentalis
    • Yellowish gentian Gentiana flavida
  • Giant Hyssop
    • Blue giant hyssop Agastache foeniculum
    • Purple giant hyssop Agastache scrophulariaefolia
    • Yellow giant hyssop Agastache nepetoides
  • Goldenrod
    • Canada goldenrod Solidago canadensis
    • Early goldenrod Solidago juncea
    • Giant goldenrod Solidago gigantea
    • Gray goldenrod Solidago nemoralis
    • Hairy goldenrod Solidago hispida
    • Missouri goldenrod Solidago missouriensis
    • Riddell's goldenrod Solidago riddellii
    • Stiff goldenrod Solidago rigida
    • Soft goldenrod Solidago mollis (special concern)
    • Upland white aster Solidago ptarmicoides
    • Zigzag goldenrod Solidago flexicaulis
  • Ground plum Astragalus crassicarpus
  • Gumweed Grindelia squarrosa


  • Harebell Campanula rotundifolia
  • Hepatica
  • Honeysuckle
    • Bush honeysuckle Diervilla lonicera
    • Fly honeysuckle Lonicera canadensis
    • Grape honeysuckle Lonicera reticulata
    • Hairy honeysuckle Lonicera hirsuta
    • Mountain fly honeysuckle Lonicera villosa
    • Swamp fly honeysuckle Lonicera oblongifolia
    • Wild honeysuckle Lonicera dioica


  • Indian paintbrush
    • Downy paintbrush Castilleja sessiliflora
    • Indian paintbrush Castilleja coccinea
    • Northern paintbrush Castilleja septentrionalis (endangered)
  • Indian pipe Monotropa uniflora




  • Marsh marigold
  • Milk vetch
    • Alpine milk vetch Astragalus alpinus (endangered)
    • Canada milk vetch Astragalus canadensis
    • Cooper's milk vetch Astragalus neglectus
    • Field milk vetch Astragalus agrestis
    • Loose-flowered milkvetch Astragalus tenellus
    • Lotus milk vetch Astragalus lotiflorus
    • Missouri milk vetch Astragalus missouriensis (special concern)
    • Prairie milk vetch Astragalus adsurgens
    • Racemose milk vetch Astragalus racemosus (possibly non-native)
    • Slender milk vetch Astragalus flexuosus (special concern)
  • Milkweeds
    • Clasping milkweed Asclepias amplexicaulis (special concern)
    • Common milkweed Asclepias syriaca
    • Green milkweed Asclepias viridiflora
    • Narrow-leaved milkweed Asclepias stenophylla (endangered)
    • Oval-leaved milkweed Asclepias ovalifolia
    • Poke milkweed Asclepias exaltata
    • Prairie milkweed Asclepias hirtella (threatened)
    • Purple milkweed Asclepias purpurascens
    • Showy milkweed Asclepias speciosa
    • Sullivant's milkweed Asclepias sullivantii (threatened)
    • Swamp milkweed Asclepias incarnata var. incarnata
    • Whorled milkweed Asclepias verticillata
    • Woolly milkweed Asclepias lanuginosa
  • Miterwort


  • Orchids
    • Hooker's orchid Platanthera hookeri
    • Intermediate bog orchid Platanthera x media
    • Large round-leaved orchid Platanthera orbiculata
    • Long-bracted orchid Ceologlossum viride var. varescens
    • Ragged fringed orchid Platanthera lacera
    • Ram's head orchid Cypripedium arietinum (threatened)
    • Small green wood orchid Platanthera clavellata (special concern)
    • Small northern bog orchid Platanthera obtusata
    • Small purple fringed orchid Platanthera psycodes
    • Tall northern bog orchid Platanthera hyperborea
    • Tall white bog orchid Platanthera dilatata
    • Tubercled rein orchid Platanthera flava var. herbiola (endangered)
    • Western prairie fringed orchid Platanthera praeclara (threatened)
  • Ox-eye Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra


  • Pasqueflower Anemone patens var. multifida
  • Pearly everlasting Anaphalis margaritacea
  • Phlox
  • Pitcher plant Sarracenia purpurea var. purpurea
  • Prairie clover
    • White prairie clover Dalea candida
    • Western white prairie clover Dalea candida var. oligophylla
    • Foxtail dalea Dalea leporina
    • Purple prairie clover Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    • Silky prairie clover Dalea villosa var. villosa
  • Prairie larkspur Delphinium carolinianum var. virescens
  • Prairie smoke Geum triflorum
  • Prairie turnip Pediomelum esculentum
  • Puccoon
    • Hoary puccoon Lithospermum canescens
    • Hairy puccoon Lithospermum carolinense var. croceum
    • Narrow-leaved puccoon Lithospermum incisum
  • Pyrolas (also known as shinleaves)



  • Silverleaf scurfpea Pediomelum argophyllum
  • Spiderwort
    • Bracted spiderwort Tradescantia bracteata
    • Ohio spiderwort Tradescantia ohiensis
    • Western spiderwort Tradescantia occidentalis
  • Starflower Trientalis borealis
  • Strawberry
    • Common strawberry Fragaria virginiana
    • Wood strawberry Fragaria vesca var. americana
  • Sunflowers
    • Bright sunflower Helianthus x laetiflorus
    • Common sunflower Helianthus annuus
    • Giant sunflower Helianthus giganteus
    • Hairy sunflower Helianthus hirsutus
    • Maximilian's sunflower Helianthus maximiliani
    • Nuttall's sunflower Helianthus nuttallii ssp. rydbergii (special concern)
    • Prairie sunflower Helianthus petiolaris var. petiolaris
    • Sawtooth sunflower Helianthus grosseserratus
    • Stiff sunflower Helianthus pauciflorus
    • Tickseed sunflower Bidens aristosa
    • Western sunflower Helianthus occidentalis var. occidentalis
    • Woodland sunflower Helianthus strumosus





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