Honeysuckle

Honeysuckle

Taxobox
name = Honeysuckle


image_width = 240px
image_caption = "Lonicera ciliosa"
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Dipsacales
familia = Caprifoliaceae
genus = "Lonicera"
genus_authority = L.
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = See text - Selected Species

Honeysuckles ("Lonicera"; syn. "Caprifolium" Mill.) are arching shrubs or twining vines in the family Caprifoliaceae, native to the Northern Hemisphere. There are about 180 species of honeysuckle. Widely known species include "Lonicera periclymenum" (European Honeysuckle or Woodbine), "Lonicera japonica" (Japanese Honeysuckle, White Honeysuckle, or Chinese Honeysuckle) and "Lonicera sempervirens" (Coral Honeysuckle, Trumpet Honeysuckle, or Woodbine Honeysuckle). Hummingbirds are attracted to these plants.

The leaves are opposite, simple oval, 1–10 cm long; most are deciduous but some are evergreen. Many of the species have sweetly-scented, bell-shaped flowers that produce a sweet, edible nectar. Breaking of the Honeysuckle's stem will release this powerful sweet odor. The fruit is a red, blue or black berry containing several seeds; in most species the berries are mildly poisonous, but a few (notably "Lonicera caerulea") have edible berries. The plant is eaten by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species - see list of Lepidoptera that feed on honeysuckles.

Cultivation and uses

Wood cuttings from the species "Lonicera tartarica", native to Eurasia, are sold as cat toys. The wood contains nepetalactone, which is the active ingredient found in catnip. Many breeds of cats react to the scent of the wood and will paw, lick or rub against it.

Honeysuckles grow best in partial sun to partial shade.

"Lonicera japonica" and "Lonicera maackii" (Amur Honeysuckle or Bush Honeysuckle) are considered invasive weeds in the United States and in New Zealand. Honeysuckle can be controlled by cutting, flaming, or burning the plant to root level and repeating on two-week increments until nutrient reserves in the roots are depleted. Honeysuckle can also be controlled through annual applications of glyphosate, or thorough grubbing if high labor and soil destruction are not of concern.

Honeysuckle is also edible; removing the blossom, one may suck at the sweet nectar in the center.

Cordage made from honeysuckle was used in the construction of Seahenge.

Honeysuckle flowers can be used to flavor wine, syrup, sorbet, and other sweet dishes.

Another name for honeysuckle is woodbine; and eglantine is used in Milton's "L'Allegro".

elected species

Honeysuckle in popular culture

*In the book "The Sound and the Fury" by William Faulkner, the smell of honeysuckle is mentioned often to imply sexual activity on the part of the character Caddy.
*Honeysuckle is mentioned in Joe Bonamassa's song "Mountain Time" [ [http://www.jbonamassa.com :: Joe Bonamassa:: ] ] .
*Honeysuckle Vines are mentioned in Jimmy Buffett's song "Tin Cup Chalice."
*Honeysuckle is mentioned in Sammy Kershaw's song "Don't Go Near The Water."
*Honeysuckle is mentioned as Mrs Dietrich's (Barbara Stanwyck's) perfume in "Double Indemnity."
*The British actress Honeysuckle Weeks was named after the honeysuckle flowers, which were in bloom at the time of her birth.
*In the video game series ".hack//G.U.", Haseo receives a weapon called the Lit Honeysuckle.
*In Japan, a honeysuckle represents "devoted affection," commonly referring to young fated lovers.
* [http://www.lamaisondelola.com La Maison de Lola] has a character named Ms Honeysuckle
*In the 2005 Disney film, Sky High, honeysuckle is shown as a decoration in the character Layla's locker.
*In August Strindberg's play, Miss Julie, the valet Jean mentions to the eponymous heroine that honeysuckles grew over the Turkish Pavilion which he saw in her fathers garden when he was a boy.
*Honeysuckle Rose is a 1935 solo piano jazz tune by Fats Waller and a 1980 Willie Nelson film.
* The heavy metal band Lamb of God mentions honeysuckle in their song "In Defense of our Good Name"
* Honeysuckle is mentioned in Robert Frost's poem "To Earthward," as well as the O.A.R. song "Earthward" which quotes the poem.

References

External links

* [http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/cgi-bin/nph-readbtree.pl/feout?FAMILY_XREF=&GENUS_XREF=Lonicera&SPECIES_XREF=&TAXON_NAME_XREF=&RANK=species Flora Europaea: "Lonicera"]
* [http://www.efloras.org/browse.aspx?flora_id=3&start_taxon_id=118877 Flora of China: "Lonicera" species list]


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Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Honeysuckle — Hon ey*suc kle, n. [Cf. AS. hunis[=u]ge privet. See {Honey}, and {Suck}.] (Bot.) One of several species of flowering plants, much admired for their beauty, and some for their fragrance. [1913 Webster] Note: The honeysuckles are properly species… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • honeysuckle — (n.) mid 13c., from O.E. hunigsuge, meaning perhaps honeysuckle, clover, or privet, lit. honey suck, + dim. suffix le. So called because honey can be sucked from it. In Middle English sometimes a confused rendering of L. locusta, taken as the… …   Etymology dictionary

  • honeysuckle — [hun′ē suk΄əl] n. [ME honisocle, dim. (see LE) < OE hunigsuce (Brit dial. honeysuck) < hunig, HONEY + sucan, to SUCK] 1. any of a genus (Lonicera) of plants of the honeysuckle family, with small, fragrant flowers of red, yellow, or white 2 …   English World dictionary

  • Honeysuckle — (engl. hónnĭ ßöckl), s. Geißblattornament …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • honeysuckle — ► NOUN ▪ a climbing shrub with fragrant yellow and pink flowers …   English terms dictionary

  • honeysuckle — honeysuckled, adj. /hun ee suk euhl/, n. any upright or climbing shrub of the genus Diervilla, esp. D. lonicera, cultivated for its fragrant white, yellow, or red tubular flowers. [1225 75; ME honiesoukel, equiv. to honisouke (OE hunigsuce; see… …   Universalium

  • honeysuckle —    The name of this plant was used to some extent as a term of endearment in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Examples of its use occur in The Knight of the Burning Pestle, by Beaumont and Fletcher. Another is in The Fancies Chaste and… …   A dictionary of epithets and terms of address

  • honeysuckle — UK [ˈhʌnɪˌsʌk(ə)l] / US noun [countable] Word forms honeysuckle : singular honeysuckle plural honeysuckles a climbing plant with yellow or pink flowers that smell very sweet …   English dictionary

  • honeysuckle —    The strong scent of honeysuckle and the way it twines round the stems of other plants are the likely reasons why it symbolizes erotic love. When it coils tightly round a growing plant, the latter develops spiralling grooves and swellings;… …   A Dictionary of English folklore

  • honeysuckle — noun Etymology: Middle English honysoukel clover, alteration of honysouke, from Old English hunisūce, from hunig honey + sūcan to suck Date: 1548 any of a genus (Lonicera of the family Caprifoliaceae, the honeysuckle family) of shrubs with… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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