- Street food
Street food is food obtainable from a streetside vendor, often from a makeshift or portable stall. While some street foods are regional, many are not, having spread beyond their region of origin. The food and green groceries sold in
farmers' marketsmay also fall into this category, including the food exhibited and sold in various gatherig fairs, such as agricultural showand state fair. Most street food is both finger and fast food. Food and green groceries are available on the street for a fraction of the cost of a restaurant meal and a supermarket. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, 2.5 billion people eat street food every day. cite web
title = Spotlight: School Children, Street Food and Micronutrient Deficiencies in Tanzania
publisher = Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
location = Rome, Italy
month = February | year = 2007
url = http://www.fao.org/AG/magazine/0702sp1.htm
accessdate = 2008-02-20 ]
cleanlinessand freshness often discourage people from eating street food. Lack of refrigerationis often construed as a lack of cleanliness or hygiene; on the other hand, street food often uses particularly fresh ingredients for this very reason.Fact|date=August 2007
Street food is intimately connected with
take-out, junk food, snacks, and fast food; it is distinguished by its local flavor and by being purchased on the sidewalk, without entering any building. Both take-out and fast food are often sold from counters inside buildings. Increasingly the line is blurred, as restaurants such as McDonald'sbegin to offer window counters.
With the increasing pace of globalization and tourism, the safety of street food has become one of the major concerns of
public health, and a focus for governments and scientists to raise public awarenesses.cite web
last = Mukhola
first = Murembiwa Stanley
title = Guidelines for an Environmental Education Training Programme for Street Food Vendors in Polokwane City
url = http://etd.rau.ac.za/theses/submitted/etd-03132007-140510/restricted/last.pdf
accessdate = 2007-11-23
format=PDF] ,cite web
last = Mukhola
first = Murembiwa Stanley
title = The thesis contents
url = http://etd.rau.ac.za/theses/submitted/etd-03132007-140510/restricted/Thesis.pdf
accessdate = 2007-11-23
format=PDF] ,cite journal
last = Lues
first = Jan F. R. "et al."
title = Assessing food safety and associated food handling practices in street food vending
journal = International Journal of Environmental Health Research
volume = 16
issue = 5
pages = 319–328
year = 2006
doi = 10.1080/09603120600869141
accessdate = 2007-11-23 ] ,cite web
last = Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
title = The informal food sector
url = http://www.informalfood.unibo.it/DT6202E_SF.pdf
accessdate = 2007-11-23
format=PDF] FSA hence provides comprehensive guidances of
food safetyfor the vendors, traders and retailors of the street food sector.cite web
last = Food Standards Agency
title = Safer food, better business
url = http://www.food.gov.uk/foodindustry/regulation/hygleg/hyglegresources/sfbb/
accessdate = 2007-11-24 ] Other effective ways of curbing the safety of street foods are through
mystery shoppingprograms, through training and rewarding programs to market stallers, through regulatory governing and membership management programs, or through technical testing programs.cite web
last = Sydney Market Limited
title = Retailers Support Program
url = http://www.sydneymarkets.com.au/b-retailers_support.php
accessdate = 2007-11-25 ] ,cite web
Queen Victoria Market
title = Food Safety Supervisor Course
url = http://www.qvm.com.au/cooking_class.php?id=107
accessdate = 2007-11-25 ] ,cite web
Green City Market
title = Producer Rules & Regulations
url = http://www.chicagogreencitymarket.org/farmer_rules_public.asp
accessdate = 2007-11-25 ] ,cite web
last = Adelaide Showgrounds Farmers Market
title = How To Become A Stallholder
url = http://www.asfm.org.au/26.0.html
accessdate = 2007-11-27 ] ,cite web
last = Brisbane Markets Limited
title = Chemical residue and microbial testing program for Australia's fresh produce industry
url = http://www.brisbanemarkets.com.au/files/BMA%20Fresh%20Source%20June%20Web.pdf
accessdate = 2007-11-27
South Africa, boereworsand other braaifood are available in the street. In townships, ethnic foods are available.
Cape Town, a popular street food is the Gatsby, a baguettefilled with meat(often bologna sausage), salad, cheeseand chips. It is said to have originated from a single restaurant, and has become popular throughout Cape Town.
Another popular food is
bunny chow. It is a scooped out loaf with curryor atcharinside and with the scooped out bread placed on top. A legend states that Indian golf caddiesinvented it during apartheid, as they were not allowed to use cutlery.
Injerabread is the method of eating several types of street foods. Tibs Wat, a spicy stew is placed on a plate with a folded piece of injera and fried Neeka stalks.
Street food in
Ghanais mainly based upon local cuisine. Street food is available from travelling pedestrian vendors, street stalls, and ubiquitous "chop bars". Street breakfasts across the country usually consist of omelettes and bread served with tea. Traditional African dishes, such as fufu, kenkey, banku, fried yams, and bushmeatare popular across the country; regional varieties use local foods, such as tilapiain Ashanti Regionand fresh seafood along the coastline. African-style Chinese food is very common, consisting of fried riceserved with noodles, segments of fried chicken, and often baked beans. Coconuts are a popular street food served from barrows, as are bananas. Kebabs made from beefand pepper are also widely available from travelling vendors.
In the evenings, many street food vendors offer
omelettes instead of usual daytime fare. Beverages are rarely sold by food vendors except at breakfast, and the most common street beverages, purchased from separate drinks vendors, are small plastic bags filled with purified water (fizzy drinks in West Africa are only available from permanent shops and not temporary vendors, as the drinks are sold in glass bottles which must be returned to the shop for recycling and refilling). As is the case in many members of the Commonwealth of Nations, Ghanaian law prohibits the sale of alcoholic beverages except within licensed establishments, and as such alcoholic drinks are not sold by street vendors.
Typical street food includes: grilled
corn on the cob, merguez, and snails.
Sweet pastries are the most common street food, as well as the ubiquitous tuna baguette.
Street eaters in those parts also enjoy various
Malaysia, Singapore, and India, putu mayam, a cold coconut/rice-noodle concoction, is eaten for breakfast or a snack.
China's cuisine is extremely diverse. In Sichuanstreet cooking, a variety of "xiǎochī" (Chinese: 小吃) such as grilled riceballs and pan-fried noodles are sold, but restaurants are quickly replacing street vendingref|sichuan. Beijing's Wangfujingdistrict has a "Snack Street." Islamicfood, stemming either from the western Uyghurs or the Hui minority, is another form of street food in China, especially thinly cut kebabs cooked over a barbecuepit. Sweets are also sold as street foods in China.
One of the most popular street food sold in Northern China is
chuanra form of kebab.
Hong Kongnotable foods include skewered beef, curry fish balls, stuffed peppers and mushrooms, and dim sum. Street side food vendors are called "gaai bin dong" (Chinese: 街邊檔, literally 'street side stalls'). Street food in Hong Kong can grow into a substantial business with the stalls only barely 'mobile' in the traditional street food sense (see dai pai dong).
North Indian street food is Chaat-- a generic name for a tangy and spicy mix, whose ingredients can be quite varied. The tangy flavor is usually imparted by the use of lemon, pomegranateseeds, Black salt, tamarind, and various chutneys. Chaat can be prepared with fruit, with popular ones including guava, banana, apple, melon, etc. It could instead be made using small crisp pancakes made from fried flour, called "paapri", along with yogurt. Potatoes sauteed with black cuminpowder constitute another variant.
Other items are
Pani Puri(also known as "gol gappa"s or "phuchka"s) and Bhelpuri. Panipuri are hollow crisp balls made from dough, and filled as-you-eat with a spicy concoction of water and potatoes, topped by a choice of sweet or spicy chutney. Aaloo TikkiThese are patties made up of mashed potatoes and masala deep fried in oil. They are served typically with a curry called Chholey (chick peas). They are popular in winter in North India. Chaapis a version of potato patties dipped in flour batter and deep fried. They are served along with onion and beet slices. They are referred to by this name in the Eastern part of the country. One can obtain "chaap" on local trains travelling to and from Kolkatta. The word "chaap" is probably a corruption of "chop". Poori-Subzie(or Bhaajee)This is available mostly in North India, especially in Uttar Pradesh. The curry (subzie) consists usually of potatoes in gravy. Sometimes, especially in the southern part of the country the potatoes do not have gravy and the poories are exclusively made up of refined flour (maida). Chai-faenThis term refers to tea with a roasted biscuit called "faen", possibly a corruption of "fan" which the shape of the biscuit resembles. The biscuit is also called "khaaree biscuit" in other parts of the country. This is available in North India, especially in Uttar Pradesh in cities like Agra and Mathura. Vada pavis an example of West Indian street food. Masala chai,: a spiced tea, is also for sale. A syrup-covered deep-friedsweet is sold in the North as jalebiand the South as jangiri. It is generally very cheap and easily available throughout India. Mumbai, Maharashtra, is the place where Vada pavoriginated. Pav bhaji, is another such concoction. It acquired the status of restaurant food but had humble beginnings as street food. It has retained its original roadside availability despite this. Another peculiar concoction is pav-sample which is found at several places in Maharashtra. The 'sample' refers usually to Sambarand the dish is simply pav (white bread) to be had with the curry called Sambar which is well known in India. Sambar being widely used for several other dishes as well, it was perhaps used in experimentation with pav. An extra dish of sambar is referred to as 'sample'. Although widely used in Maharashtra in roadside eateries, sambar is not native to the local culture. 'Sample' could also mean a plate of curry called 'Usal', which is a water based preparation of cooked sprouted lentils. Occasionally the term 'sample' could mean anything that goes conveniently with pav (usually implying a liquid nature). Kerala, situated in the South, has "thattukada"s: a covered cart or van with stoves and utensils. They offer "thattu dosa" — a light rice-flour crepe fried in coconut oil and served with coconutchutney. The menu at a thattukada includes omelettes, spicy pork fry, and parottas (like naan, but beaten and mixed with oil). Tamilnaduhas its "thalluvandi"s similar to Kerala's "thattukada"s popularly called "Kaiyendhi Bhavans", a subtle irony to the famous bhavan hotels like Saravana Bhavanetc. Karnatakahas its own food items such as idli, masala dosa, vada, chakkuli, ragi rotti, jolada rotti etc.
In Indian cities, street vendors also sell drinks including
Lassi(yogurt drink sold plain/salty, sweet, or fruit flavored), Sherbet and Jaljeera. Additionally, hole-in-the-wall kebabshops can be found in major cities.
Street foods are common in
Indonesia. They are commonly sold by hawkers peddling their goods on bicycles or carts, known as "pedagang kaki lima". The art of food being sold varies from mixed rice, fried rice, soups, satay, cakesor even Indonesian beverages, such as " Es kacang hijau".
Japan, udon, soba, and ramen noodles are ubiquitous, as highlighted in the film " Tampopo". Takoyaki(octopus dumplings), nikumanand Castella(a kind of sponge cake) are also famous as street food in Japan. Sweet cakes, such as taiyakiand imagawayakiare also popular.
Gun-mandu (dumpling), fried
squid, fried shrimpand fried wontonare among the street foods found in villages outside of Seoulin South Korea. Vendors will fire up their woks or large pots of frying oil in the evenings in anticipation of the pedestrian traffic going to and from local clubs. These Korean street foods, as well as others such as Tteokbokki, Odeng, and Korean toast sandwichesare still popular in Seoul and larger cities.
Sometimes original street food concepts become full-fledged franchises as seen in the cases of Sukbong Toast, Isaac Toast and Toastoa, large Korean toast sandwich franchise chains based in Seoul.
There some common items which are available all over
Pakistansuch as Bun Kebab (Local version of hamburger) served with halal shami kebaband usual condiments, also Gunnay ka Rus (Sugar cane juice). Other foods are Pahata roll which is either beef or chicken stuffed in a fried oil bread - onions, tomato, and raita (yogurt) are also added. Jalebiis a popular sweet dish served throughout Pakistan. Chaatis a staple, usually extremely loaded with spices. KarachiCorn or maize along with chick peas are sold all over the city by moving vendors. They are mixed with sand on a hot plate and then sifted through. Chicken corn soup with or without eggs, pathan soup (more traditional chicken soup) are the regular delicacies.In Karachi PeshawarChiras are the local delicacy, which are quails cooked on charcoal fire and eaten whole.
The most common
Philippinesstreet foods include fried squidballs, fishballs, " kikiam" — a type of processed chicken, which are served on a stick, with a variety of dipping sauces.
Roadside stands also serve
barbecued pork, chickenand offal, such as pig's blood (colloquially, "Betamax" after its rectangular shape), chicken heads ("helmet"), chicken feet ("adidas") pig's ears and chicken intestines ("isaw"). Among more esoteric foods are " balut" and "penoy" (duck eggs; with fetus and without, respectively), "tokneneng" and "quek-quek" (battered, deep-fried chickenand quaileggs) and deep-fried day-old-chick.
"Palamig" (literally, coolers) are sold, such as traditional offerings like "
halo-halo" to fruit juices. "Sorbetes" (or, colloquially, "dirty ice cream") and locally-produced ice creamin exotic flavors such as mango, cheeseand yam.
Also, in addition to everything, the "now" famous Calamares (battered squid pieces deep-fried in cooking oil [a lot cheaper than the traditionally available] ) is also widely consumed all throughout the country. It's gaining its popularity mainly and can be attributed to because of its cheap price.
Taiwan's street food is well-known in Chinese culture, especially that from the area of Tainan.
Influences include the (
Min Nan) flavor brought by the emigrants during the Ming loyalist rule era and Japanese tastes in the Japanese colonial period, to 1949, when the Nationalist retreated to the island with people from every other province of the mainland.
Bubble/Boba Milk Tea originated on the streets of Taiwan.
Popular Taiwanese street food includes fried stinky tofu, oyster pancakes, rice cakes made with pork blood, and various other rice and noodle dishes.
Street food in
Thailandincludes noodle dishes, among them are Pad Thai, Rad Naa, flat noodles with beef, pork, or chicken and vegetables, topped with a light gravy, and Rad Naa's twin, Pad See Iw, the same flat noodles dry-fried(no gravy) with a dark soy sauce, vegetables, meat, and chili. Other dishes include Tom Yum Kung (a soup), Khao Pad (fried rice), various kinds of satay, various curries. Japanese chikuwaand German sausages have also appeared in Bangkok. Canal food has been sold from boats on Thailand's rivers and canals for over two centuries, but since the early 20th century King Rama V's modernizations have caused a shift towards land-based stallsref|bangkok. In modern Bangkokparlance, a housewife who feeds her family with street food vendor is known as a "plastic-bag housewife."
Many Thai people will eat 4 or 5 meals a day, and often these will be taken with friends or family at streetside dining carts. In some areas of Thailand, an inconspicuous car-park or roadside area may be empty by day, but turn into a bustling food district as the sun goes down, when local street vendors arrive with their carts. This is the case in virtually every provincial capital.
Falafelis the king of street food in the Middle East. Shawarma is popular as well, and is usually made of chickenor lamb. Ful, a dish made from fava beans, is common in many Arabcountries. In Syriaand Lebanon, pastries made with a soft dough are sold, either open like a mini-pizza or filled, and are termed "fatayir", "man'oushe", or "basbouse" depending on the type. Toppings or fillings include zaatar, chili, spinach, meat, sausage meat, cheese, and olives. Fruit juice counters in Syria and Egyptprovide fresh juice from all seasonal fruit as well as sugar-cane.
Sweets such as
knafeh, made from cheese and pastry, and madlu'e, made from sweet cheese curds on a rich biscuit dough, are also sold from counters, drenched in syrup, and eaten on the street in Syria and Israel. "Cheese sweets" are a specialty of Hamain central Syria.
Israel, street eaters enjoy sabikh, a pitastuffed with hard-boiled egg, eggplant, tahini, and a mangopaste similar in taste to chutneyor atchar. It was introduced by Iraqi Jews. Bourekasare common, being sold out of carts in front of bakeries. The most common street food is Falafel.
In springtime in
Syria, whole green almonds are sold from carts on the street. In summer, prickly pears and whole fresh pistachios are sold. Pavement vendors, as well as drink sellers in traditional costume with their goods in a pot strapped to their back, sell mulberryand liquoricejuice.
The most common street food in
Australiais the "sausage sizzle", usually consisting of a thin sausage or sandwich steak cooked on a barbecueand served on a slice of bread with optional fried onions and tomato or barbecue sauce. The stalls are usually run by local sporting or charity groups as fundraisers.A pie floateris a meal served at pie carts in Adelaideand elsewhere in South Australia. It was once more widely available in other parts of Australia, but its popularity waned. It consists of an Australian meat piecovered with tomato sauce, sitting in a plate of green pea soup.
People can buy
soft serveand other ice creams from vans which drive around the streets. The vans alert potential customers with a tinkling tune, for example " Greensleeves" or "The Entertainer".
Barbados, fishcakes are a common street food. Fishcakes are made with bits of saltfish, seasoned and mixed with flour and then deep fried. Fishcakes are sold at most community events such as school fairs and concerts and can also be found at fish fries such as those in Baxter's Road in the capital city of Bridgetown or the Friday evening event in the southern fishing town of Oistins. Fishcakes are commonly eaten with saltbread, a thick, round bread- the sandwich is called a 'bread-and-two' and can be found at most village shops throughout the island.
Fried foods are common in the
Dominican Republic. Empanadas are a very typical snack, made of fried flour, though empanadas made out of cassavaflour, called "catibias", are also common. Fillings include cheese, chicken, beef, and vegetables, or a combination of these. "Yaniqueques" are sold at many empanada stands. "Yaniqueques" (from Johnny Cakes) are essentially round flour shaped cakes which are fried and usually eaten with salt and/or ketchup. Other vendors sell plantainfritters and fried or boiled salami. Hamburgers are sold at stands called "chimis", which also offer sandwiches called "chimichurris", though these bear little to no resemblance to the South American sauce of the same name. "Chimis" occasionally also offer hot dogs and other sandwich varieties. Corn on the cobcan be bought on the street, usually sold by traveling vendors who move around on a tricycle. Sweets vendors who sell treats such as candied coconut and " dulce de leche" sell their goods at major intersections in cities and sometimes have their own stands.
The most common
Jamaicanstreet food is jerk chickenor pork and can be found everywhere on the island. Jerk is marinade that is a blended primarily from a combination of scotch bonnet peppers, onions, scallions, thyme and allspice (there are numerous combinations which a jerk can be composed of). Once marinated, it is often barbecued on converted steel drumor whatever else locals can construct as a grill/smoker. It is often accompanied with breadfruitand/or festival, a sweetened fried dough.
The popular beef patties in a sweet bread called "coco bread" is the most popular street food. Bun and cheese is also eaten regularly.
Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobagothere are many rotiand shark & bakestands that provide quick foods like roti, dahl puri, fried bake, and the most popular, Doubles.
Roti is a thin flat bread originating from India that is fluffy on the inside and crispy and flaky on the outside. It is cooked on a flat iron plate called a tawah (<
Hindi tawa)or plateenand served with curried chicken, porkor beef.
Dahl puri is similar to the roti but is softer and pliable and has crushed dahl
lentils cooked with saffronand placed in the centre of the doughbefore it is rolled out and cooked. This is also served with either curried chicken, pork or beef.
Fried bake is made by frying flattened balls of dough that becomes fluffy and increases in height as it is fried. It can be served with fried ripe
plantains, any meat or gravy. At the shark & bake stands fried bakes filled with well-seasoned sharkfillets and dressed with many different condiments including pepper, garlicand chadon benican also be found.
Doubles is made with two flat breads called
baras(from Hindi bara, "big") that are filled with channa(from Hindi " chick peas") and topped with pepper, cucumber chutney, mangochutney, coconutchutney or bandania/chadon beni. It can be eaten either wrapped up as an easy to eat sandwich, or open it up and eat each bara separately.
Haitistreet vendors sell various local dishes such as legume (vegetable stew famous for the lone crab leg protruding from the center) as well as Conge.
There are many national street foods in
Europe, but some foods have transcended borders. A good example of this is shawarma, brought to Europe by Araband Turkish immigrants. The Quartier Latinin Parisis packed with shawarma vendors.
Zagreb] Street food in the Balkans, like the rest of Balkan cuisine, is heavily influenced by the cuisine of the Ottoman Empire. Different variations of the burek, a filled flaky pastry, is common throughout the Turkeyand the Balkans. Cevapi, a sort of kebab, is popular throughout the region comprised by the former Yugoslavia, and Romaniawhere it is called Mititei.
Netherlandsand Belgium, French friesare popular and are frequently served with sauces such as mayonnaiseor ketchup.The combination mayonnaise, ketchupand onionsis called "speciaal" (special) and mayonnaiseplus peanutbuttersauce is called "oorlog" (war).
;French friesIn Belgium, a thicker variety of fries is used, called "friet" or "frieten". In the Netherlands, they are thinner and generally referred to as "patat" (potato) or sometimes "friet" (fried) or "patat friet" (fried potato). Some shops also sell "Vlaamse friet", but this is less common than "patat". The Dutch version is more similar to the version known in most of the world than the Belgian version is.
;The NetherlandsIn the Netherlands, street foods are usually sold by a small store which is a mix of a cafe/bar and a fast-food restaurant, known as a "snackbar" or "cafetaria". In these stores, while "patat" forms the main portion of the food sold, many other things are also sold, including all types of fried meat and cheese snacks. Often, the assortment includes things such as hamburgers, ice cream, sandwiches, and occasionally even
pizza, falafeland shoarma.
There are also street vendors selling salted herring served with raw onion, bread rolls come optionally.
At festivals and especially on the eve of 31 December around the country, a kind of donut called oliebollen, "oily balls", is eaten throughout the country. Oliebollen are particularly popular for old and new year's night.
;BelgiumIn Belgium, "friet" or "frieten" are mainly sold by street vendors (see picture), known as a "frietkot".
In Belgium, Liège-style
waffles (Dutch: "Wafel" or French: "Gaufre") are served warm as a street snack, similar to what is known in other countries as "Belgian Waffles". The pancakeis also popular here, being sold fluffier than the French crêpeor the Russian blin.
France, sandwiches are a common street food. Most of them are baguette breadsandwiches with different kinds of fillings such as "Jambon/Beurre" (ham / butter), "Jambon/Fromage" (Ham with cheese) or "Poulet/Crudités" (Chicken with vegetables).In France, crêpes are another street food. They are sold on the street cheaply and are filling portions: a crêpe complètecontaining ham, shredded cheese, and an egg provides a filling lunch. Sweet crêpe, containing Nutellaand bananaor Grand Marnierand sugaris also a snack.
During the winter, roasted
chestnuts can be bought.
Germany, with its high Turkish population, has a number of Turkish street foods beyond the pan-European shawarma. Döneris similar to shawarma and extremely common in Berlin, particularly in the Kreuzbergdistrict. More traditionally, there is Fleischkäseand various types of sausage, as well as the recent hybrid curry-sausage, Currywurst. French fries("Pommes" in German, derived from French but pronounced according to German orthographic rules) are very popular, served with ketchupand/or mayonnaise, and sometimes with sausage. Beeris sold at all sidewalk snack stands, which usually feature a wide selection of beers and often small bottles of whiskeyand vodkaas well.There is an increasing number of North African stalls that sell shawarma, falafel and halumi.
Street food is not particularly common in Hungary, although
gyrosshops are becoming more common. Rétes(strudel) is fairly common, and lángos(a deep fried bread) is usually available at markets and during celebrations. In general, Hungarians looking for quick food will stop to sit down and eat, even if only at a Chinese buffetor a "főzelékfaló" (vegetable puréebar).
The most notable Italian street food is
pizza, sold in take-aways. Take-away pizza (or "pizza a taglio") is quite different from pizzeriapizza. Unlike the round pizza normally found in restaurants - which originated in Naples as a street food itself, it is generally made on large square trays, and square or rectangular portions are sold. It usually has quite a thick base, again unlike the traditional Italian restaurant pizza.
Toppings include margherite, mushrooms, Italian sausage, ham, and vegetables. In
Siena, the local form of takeaway pizza is quite different from elsewhere: it generally has an extremely fine dough, and often this is folded over the topping.
Other street foods are the Genoese Focaccia di Recco, a double layer of thin dough filled with quark cheese and baked, Farinata, a thin, baked chickpea-flour batter, topped with salt, pepper and olive oil, often served with Focaccia (a thin bread, also with salt and olive oil), Florentine Trippa and Lampredotto, ox stomach cooked in a seasoned broth and served in a bread roll, Roman "Supplì", rice balls filled with cheese and/or various fillings, covered in egg and breadcrumbs and deep fried, similar to Sicilian Arancini, where the usual filling is a meat sauce with green peas.
Naples, fried food stalls, known as "friggitorie", sell filled, deep-fried pastries and other foods. In Palermo, a street food would be "Pani ca meusa" (bread rolls with sliced, cooked pork spleen), and "Panelle", deep-fried chickpea flour batter. In central Italy "porchetta" is common, a spicy roasted pork meat (from the whole, boned animal), usually served in a bread roll.
Vendors sell watermelons during the summer months, as well as roasted chestnuts ("caldarroste") stalls during the winter, and especially before Christmas.
Rosticcerie, while most often selling food to be eaten at home, also sometimes have a counter for immediate consumption of their goods, the most common of which are roast chicken, roast potatoes, fried
polentaand other accompaniments.
Substantial immigration from Turkey and the Middle East has also gained
Shawarma, as well as other middle-eastern traditional dishes, an increasing popularity. Gelato(icecream) is of a very high standard.
Pastizzi are small, ricotta cheese or pea-paste filled puff-pastry squares that can be bought from vendors in practically every village in
Malta. "Pastizzi", or its singular form "pastizz" is also a derogatory term in colloquial Maltese which refers to female genitalia, probably due to the similarity in shape of these local delicacies to the notorious body part. Ricotta pastizzi (Pastizzi tal-irkotta) are diamond shaped with a hole in the middle where the ricotta stuffing can be seen whilst pea pastizzi (Pastizzi tal-pizelli) are of the same shape but are more like an envelope of puff pastry with no discernible holes. The shops selling these pastries are called "Pastizzeriji" and they occasionally sell items such as pies, pizza slices, sausage rolls, baked rice, baked maccaroni (timpana) and sometimes arancini.
Another local street food found in such pastizzerias is the "Qassatat". This is a ball-shaped pie crust with an open top, filled with the same two basic fillings of ricotta or peas, and sometimes a tuna and spinach mixture.
Imqaretare deep fried pastries filled with a mashed date mixture.
Hamburgers, hot dogs and other such products being sold from vans, replace perennial Maltese favorites such as
Ħobż biż-żejt, bigillaand timpana.
Ħobż biż-żejtis another popular street food, usually bought from the inside of shops rather than stalls. This is the local sandwich, a local flat-bun called a "ftira" or a rounder one called "hbejza" are filled with various ingredients available at the counter displays. The basic Ħobż biż-żejtrecipe consists of filling the bread with oil and kunserva (tomato paste), tuna-fish, pickles and other delicacies which vary from shop to shop. These shops usually serve tea with milk in small glasses to their regulars.
Occasionally one might meet a street vendor who sells "sinizza", this is a rarity nowadays. Sinizza is deep fried ball of fish, batter and other ingredients.
Russia, street food mostly reflects the cultures brought together in the Soviet Union. Traditional Eastern European items such as blini, pirozhki and sausages are widely available.
The cuisine of Russia's Turkic minority is popular, with dishes like
shawerma, rotisseriechicken, shashlik, chebureki and plov. Kvas, a small beermade (usually) from bread, with honeybeing a frequent additive ("myodniy kvass"), is sold out of tanks or barrels on the street.
More universal foods are also popular.
Ice creamis enjoyed even on the coldest of Moscowdays. Pizzais also available.
In addition to prepared food, a great deal of products are sold on the street. Many
kioskssell candy, snacks, produce, beerand other beverages, in addition to cigarettes and various household products.
Slovakiastreet offerings include steamed sweetcorncobs, fried flat bread loaves with garlic and salt or other condiments ("langos"), fried buns with poppy seed, jam or cream cheese filling ("pirozky"); seasonally, ice-cream is eaten in summer and roasted chestnuts in autumn. "Ciganska pecienka" (gypsy-style roasted pork), roasted sausage and more are sold at Saturday markets. Crepes and fresh sandwiches are available.
The concept of eating in the street is not very rooted in the Spanish culture; some Spaniards prefer to eat inside a bar with friends (tapeo). However, in winter roasted
chestnutscan be bought in the street, especially in the northern half of the country, and during fiestas, churrosare also sold.
Street foods available in Switzerland are sandwich-like, either the typical grilled panini, but also
pretzelsor hot dogs. Sweet foods include ice creamand crêpes. Stalls will typically be motorized trucks, rather than smaller wheeled carts. Other foods eaten on the go include the prevalent döner kebab, although these are uniformly sold in indoor stores with their own seating rather than from a mobile stall.Fact|date=July 2008
In the European side of Turkey (especially around
Istanbulregion), the main street food is döner kebap. Both versions of döner (cooked with gas or grilled with coal fire) can be found nearly on every street in Istanbul, usually from noon to around 03:00 am in the morning. Taksim area offers 24 hours street-döner service, 365 days a year, excluding some holidays. Another common street food is rice with freshly cooked chickpeas (referred as " pilav") which usually can be found after 22:00-23:00 on Istanbul streets until around 05:00 in the morning. A simitis a circular bread with sesame seeds, in the city of İzmir, simit is known as "gevrek," (literally, 'crisp') although it is very similar to the Istanbul variety. Simit are often sold by street vendors who either have a simit trolley or carry the simit on their head. Teavendors carry pots of hot, sweet tea through the bazaars; many bazaar vendors have their own pot brewing for potential customers.
Converted vans selling
kebabs, hamburgers and chips are a common sight, especially at night. At fairs, stalls selling candy flossor doughnutsare increasingly popular. In Lancashire, one can buy hot parched peas ( black peas) from stalls, especially in the colder months.Portable ice-creamvans are considered a common sign of summer, and usually play either Greensleevesor Teddy Bears' Picnic. Street carts can be seen in some cities selling products such as roasted nuts and hot dogs, especially in places frequented by tourists.
While most major cities in Canada offer a variety of street food, regional "specialties" are notable. While
poutine( french frieswith gravyand cheese curds) is available in most of the country, it is far more common in Quebec. Similarly, hot dog stands can be found across Canada, but are far more common in Ontario(often sold from mobile canteen trucks, usually referred to as "chip wagons") than in Vancouveror Victoria (where the "Mr. Tube Steak" franchise is notable). Montrealoffers a number of specialties including Shish taouk, the Montreal hot dog, and Dollar falafels. Although falafel is widespread in Vancouver, 99 cent pizzaslices are much more popular. Shawarmais quite prevalent in Ottawa, while Halifax offers its own unique version of the Döner kebabcalled the Donair, which features a distinctive sauce, made from condensed milk, sugar, and vinegar. Ice cream trucks can be seen (and often heard) nationwide during the summer months.
United States, hot dogsand their many variations ( corn dogs, chili dogs) are perhaps the most common street food, particularly in major metropolitan areas such as New York City. Roasted and salted nuts are also often sold. Pretzels and cheesesteakare common in Philadelphia. Throughout America, ice creamis sold out of trucks. Chinese cuisineis sold in many large cities and Chinese neighborhoods; Mexican foods such as tacosand tortasare sold in neighborhoods with Mexican population. Pizzais often available from window counters.
Some vendors operate out of
food trucks on college campuses, particularly in the Northeast, where American, Chinese, Vietnamese, Thai, Indian, and other cuisines are available. Like restaurants, they are regulated and subject to inspections by the local municipal or county health departments.
Ethnic diversity and the lack of a strictly defined national
cuisine(such as those enjoyed by Franceor Italy) has given new meaning to the term " melting pot." In most urban areas in America and Canada, it is not uncommon to find vendors selling falafel, gyros, kebobs and rice, panini, crepes, french fries, chicken tikka masala, eggrolls, or other popular international dishes. The more exotic offerings of African street vendors may not be found, but the fast-food equivalents of the Middle East, Europe, and Asia are all represented.
On the West Coast, in cities such as
Los Angeles, California, the variations of street food tend towards food with a Latin American flair. Moving further north along the coast, the Latin American immigrant influences mix with Polish, Bosnian, and Mediterranean offerings, such as in Portland, Oregonref|portland.
Mexico, tacos, tortas (traditional Mexican sandwiches), tamalesand aguas frescasare sold.
Pão de queijo, which can be translated as "cheese bread", is a street snack in the southeast of Braziland, increasingly, the rest of the country. Hot dogs are often sold with grated cheese, grilled onions, mayonnaise, green peas or mashed potatoes ( São Pauloonly) as choice of toppings. Hamburgers are also offered with a wide assortment of toppings, such as mozzarella cheese, bacon, eggs, lettuce, tomato, mayonnaise, ketchup and mustard, the popular "X-Tudo" (or "cheese-all", a souped up cheeseburger). "Calabresa" ( Pepperoni) sausage sandwiches are also popular. Rio de Janeirobeach vendors are famous for their "Mate Gelado" ( yerba mateiced-tea), "biscoitos de polvilho" (sour maniocflour puffs), roasted peanuts and "queijo coalho" (grilled cheese on sticks, barbecued on the spot) as well as popsicles, cold beer and home-made sandwiches ("sanduiche natural"). In the northeastern state of Bahia, the region's African heritage is reflected in the iconic " acarajé" (deep fried black eyed pea bun filled with " caruru", made from salted dried shrimp, and " vatapá", a creamy combination of coconut milk, palm oiland cashewnuts) or sweets like "cocada" (candied coconut) and "pé-de-moleque" ( peanut brittle). All over the country, popcornis always offered in push carts both salty or sweet (with sugar and cocoa powder). " Churros" push carts (sausage shaped deep fried dough filled with a choice of "doce-de-leite" caramel or chocolate sauce) are also found on any major city street.
Colombia, the empanada, a deep-fried meat-filled patty, is sold.
Peru, anticuchos, a type of kebab, are often sold by street vendors called "anticucheras". Also, cuy, a species of Guinea Pigis served as a delicacy on religious holidays.
Argentina, you can easily find vendors selling choripan, a barbequeued sausage served wrapped in a bread, or morcipan, using a blood sausage (morcilla) instead.
In Venezuela, the "arepa" is a common fast-food meal. It consists of a flattened cornmeal bun, about the size and shape of an English muffin, split open and usually stuffed with soft cheese. Other fillings include pickled octopus.
Fast food restaurant
Food and cooking hygiene
List of markets in London
List of markets in Sydney
List of night markets in Taiwan
# cite news|last=Damrongchai|first=Nareenoot|title=Food-the way of eating in Bangkok|date=Spring 2003 (issue 1)|publisher=E-Vision|url=http://www.eng.hokudai.ac.jp/EGPSEE/newsletter/E-Vision_Vol-01.pdf Street
# cite news|last=Dunlop|first=Fuchsia|title=Sichuan Street Snacks|date=March 2005 (issue 82)|publisher=Saveur|url=http://www.saveur.com/issue.jsp?ID=200502
# [http://bucaio.blogspot.com/2005/10/lasang-pinoy-3-round-up_28.html Lasang Pinoy Street Food Round-up]
# [http://www.speakeasy.org/~aeschright/maps/ Portland, OR Food Cart Map]
* [http://www.plateoftheday.com/archives/index.php?cat=33&catName=Street%20Food Plate Of The Day Food Blog - Street Food Posts, Street Carts, Travel Photos]
* [http://www.wikistreetfood.com Malaysia Street Food Wiki]
* [http://ivanhenares.blogspot.com/2007/03/flavors-of-metro-manilas-streets.html Dictionary of Philippine Street Food]
* [http://www.travelbyfood.com Travel By Food - http://www.travelbyfood.com] New York Street Food Blog - http://foodietroopers.blogspot.com/
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