Mens sana in corpore sano

Mens sana in corpore sano

Mens sana in corpore sano (a sound mind in a healthy body) is a famous Latin quotation, often translated as "A sound mind in a sound body." There is also a sports equipment company with a name based on a twist of this quotation. [Asics] is an acronym of the Latin phrase "anima sana in corpore sano," which translates to "Healthy Soul in a Healthy Body", which derives from the aphorism mens sana in corpore sano or Thales' saying Νοῦς ὑγιὴς ἐν σώματι ὑγιεῖ. It is derived from Satire X of the Roman poet Juvenal (10.356). In context, the phrase is part of the author’s answer to the question of what people should desire in life, the answer consisting of a long list of things:

It is to be prayed that the mind be sound in a sound body.
Ask for a brave soul that lacks the fear of death,
which places the length of life ultimate among nature’s blessings,
which is able to bear whatever kind of sufferings,
does not know anger, lusts for nothing and believes
the hardships and savage labors of Hercules better than
the satisfactions, feasts, and feather bed of an Eastern king.
I will reveal what you are able to give yourself;
For certain, the one footpath of a tranquil life lies through virtue.
orandum est ut sit mens sana in corpore sano.
fortem posce animum mortis terrore carentem,
qui spatium uitae extremum inter munera ponat
naturae, qui ferre queat quoscumque labores,
nesciat irasci, cupiat nihil et potiores
Herculis aerumnas credat saeuosque labores
et uenere et cenis et pluma Sardanapalli.
monstro quod ipse tibi possis dare; semita certe
tranquillae per uirtutem patet unica uitae.
(10.356-64)

The satirical connotation of the phrase, that it would be nice to also have a sound mind in a sound body, is a more recent interpretation of what Juvenal may have intended to express. More traditional commentators believe that Juvenal's intention was to remind those of his fellow Roman citizens who uttered foolish prayers that all that should be prayed for were physical and mental health. Over time and separated from its context, the phrase has come to have a range of meanings. It can be construed to mean that only a healthy body can produce or sustain a healthy mind. Its most general usage is to express the concept of a healthy balance in one’s mode of life.

Usages

  • Usage in other writings
    • John Locke (1632–1704) uses the phrase in his book 'Some thoughts concerning education'.
    • Heinrich von Treitschke used this phrase in his work titled, "The Army." He uses the phrase to highlight a sound principle of his German nationalistic doctrine. His work echoes the principles of late nineteenth century Prussian society.
  • Usage in other cases
    • The phrase was a favorite of Harry S. Truman former President of the United States of America.
    • ASICS company name derived from the phrase.
    • Mensa, the High IQ Society, derives its name both from the Latin word for table, mensa as well as a pun on the phrase mens sana.

See also

References


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  • Mens sana in corpore sano — ist eine lateinische Redewendung. Sie bedeutet „ein gesunder Geist in einem gesunden Körper“. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft 2 Rezeption 3 Sonstiges 4 Weblinks …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mens Sana In Corpore Sano — Cette citation est extraite des Satires (la Dixième) de Juvénal. On la traduit ainsi : Un esprit sain dans un corps sain . Cependant, ces cinq mots ont été détournés de leur sens premier. En effet, le poète voulait dire que l homme, s il est …   Wikipédia en Français

  • mens sana in corpore sano — (pronunc. [méns sána in córpore sáno]) Máxima de Juvenal, frecuentemente repetida, que significa literalmente «mente sana en cuerpo sano»; su sentido original es que el cuerpo sano ayuda a mantener o es condición para mantener sano el espíritu;… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mens sana in corpore sano — est une citation extraite des Satires (la Dixième) de Juvénal. On la traduit ainsi : un esprit sain dans un corps sain. Cependant, ces cinq mots ont été détournés de leur sens premier. En effet, le poète voulait dire que l homme, s il est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mens sana in corpore sano — es una cita latina que proviene de las Sátiras de Juvenal. La cita completa es Orandum est ut sit mens sana in corpore sano (Sátira X, 356). Su sentido original es el de la necesidad de orar para disponer de un espíritu equilibrado en un cuerpo… …   Wikipedia Español

  • MENS SANA IN CORPORE SANO — (лат.) в здоровом теле здоровый дух ; в сатирах Ювенала говорится: человек должен обращать к богам не глупые молитвы и просьбы, а молить их лишь о физической здоровье, о здоровом человеческом разуме. Что только в здоровом теле возможен здоровый… …   Философская энциклопедия

  • mens sana in corpore sano — c.1600, Latin, lit. a sound mind in a sound body, a line found in Juvenal, Satires, x.356. Mens sana in corpore sano is a contradiction in terms, the fantasy of a Mr. Have your cake and eat it. No sane man can afford to dispense with debilitating …   Etymology dictionary

  • mens sana in corpore sano — (izg. mȅns sȃna ȉn kȍrpore sȃno) DEFINICIJA posl. zdrav duh u zdravu tijelu ETIMOLOGIJA lat …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • mens sana in corpore sano — mens sa|na in cọr|po|re sa|no „ein gesunder Geist in einem gesunden Körper“ (Wahlspruch für eine gleichermaßen geistige u. körperl. Ausbildung) [lat.] * * * Mens sana in corpore sano   Gesunder Geist in gesundem Körper. * * * mẹns sa|na in… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • "MENS SANA IN CORPORE SANO" — (лат.) в здоровом теле здоровый дух ; в сатирах Ювенала говорится: человек должен обращать к богам не глупые молитвы и просьбы, а молить их лишь о физической здоровье, о здоровом человеческом разуме. Что только в здоровом теле возможен здоровый… …   Философская энциклопедия

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