- Dove (brand)
Dove is a personal care brand (including
hair careproducts) owned by Unilever. Dove is primarily made from synthetic surfactants, as well as some vegetable oil based soap ingredients, such as sodium palm kernelate. Dove is formulated to be pHneutral, with a pH that is usually between 6.5 and 7.5.
Dove products are manufactured in The
Netherlands,Hammond, Indiana, USA; Germany; Irelandand Brazil. The Dove trademark and brand name is currently owned by Unilever. Dove's logo is a silhouette profile of a dove, the colorof which often varies.
Dove's products include: antiperspirants/deodorants, body washes, beauty bars, lotions/moisturizers, hair care and facial care products.
In the US, the bar forms of Dove are currently produced in the cool moisture, exfoliating, sensitive skin unscented, nutrium nourishing, white, pink, calming night, pro-age, and energy glow versions.In
2006, Dove started the Dove Self-Esteem Fund. The [http://www.campaignforrealbeauty.com/supports.asp?section=campaign&id=93 goal] of the fund is to be "an agent of change to educate and inspire girls on a wider definition of beauty and to make them feel more confident about themselves." To this end, Dove have created a number of largely online-only short films, including "Daughters" (which also aired in a 75-second spot during the Super Bowl XL), "Evolution" (which went on to win two Cannes Lions Grand Prix awards), "Onslaught", and "Amy".
History of Dove Soap
Dove soap was launched in the US in 1955. [ [http://www.unilever.com/ourcompany/aboutunilever/history/1950s.asp?linkid=navigation 1950s ] ]
Dove was positioned - then and now - as a "beauty bar" with one-fourth cleansing cream that moisturizes skin while washing as opposed to the drying effect of regular soap. Advertisements reinforced the message by showing the cream being poured into the beauty bar. In 1979, the phrase "cleansing cream" was replaced with "moisturizer cream". In 1979, a
Pennsylvaniadermatologist showed that Dove dried and irritated skin significantly less than ordinary soaps, based on which Unilever started aggressive marketingand won more than 24% of the market by 2003.
In 2007, In response to Dove's 'Campaign for Real Beauty',
Jason Kottkeclaimed that "Dove's parent company (Unilever) makes all sorts of products that may contribute to the problem that Dove is attacking here." [cite news
title=Remember Dove's Evolution video of a fashion model
accessdate=2007-10-16] The campaign was widely criticized for perceived hypocrisy on
Another criticism of Dove is that Unilever is notorious for conducting animal tests on their products.Fact|date=October 2008
There is also an [http://www.greenpeace.org/international/campaigns/forests/asia-pacific/dove-palmoil-action open letter] to Dove CEO
Patrick Cescauby Greenpeace, stating Dove buys 1.3 million tonnes of palm oilevery year from suppliers who contribute to deforestation in Indonesia. Greenpeace parodied Dove's advertisment 'Onslaught' with another advertisement titled 'Onslaught(er)'. The parody mimicked the advertisment, replacing images from Beauty Industry advertisements with images of the destruction in Indonesia.
* [http://www.dove.com/ Official website]
* [http://www.unilever.com/ Unilever] , parent company of Dove products
* [http://www.campaignforrealbeauty.com/ Dove's Self-Esteem Fund website]
* [http://www.adbranded.co.uk/unilever_dove_advertising.htm Good selection of past and present ads for Dove including Evolution, Onslaught, Amy and others]
* [http://www.greenpeace.org/international/campaigns/forests/asia-pacific/dove-palmoil-action Greenpeace's Campaign Page]
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