Coat of arms
Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Ukraine Oblast Cherkasy Oblast Raion Chyhyrynskyi Raion City rights 1592 Government – Mayor Volodymyr Bratchik Area – Total 14 km2 (5.4 sq mi) Elevation 124 m (407 ft) Population – Total 11,960 – Density 854/km2 (2,211.8/sq mi) Postal code 20900-20906 Area code(s) +380 4730 Website Verkhovna Rada - City of Chygyrin
Today the city resting on the banks of Tyasmyn River is the administrative center of the Chyhyryn Raion with its current population is estimated just over 10,000. The city lies at the altitude of 124 metres above mean sea level. Minor industry, such as food and furniture factories, exist in the town today.
The area (1320–1569) had been part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. It was ceded to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (in the Kijów Voivodeship of the Crown of Poland) since before the Union of Lublin. It was granted Magdeburg Rights in 1592 by Sigismund III Vasa.
Chyhyryn is first mentioned as a fortified Cossack winter station. In 1638, Bohdan Khmelnytsky became its starosta (regional leader), and in 1648 became the newly elected hetman's residence and the capital of the Cossack state, the Zaporozhian Host. In 1669 upon the election of Demian Mnohohrishny as the hetman of Ukraine, the capital was moved to Baturyn. During the Russo-Turkish War (1676–1681) it was the center of two bloody campaigns (1675–76 and 1677–78). In 1678 the castle of Chyhyryn was blown by the retreating Russian garrison that was stationed there, while the Turkish forces sacked the rest of the city. After this, it gradually lost its significance. It remained the center of the Chyhyryn regiment until 1712 and upon the final incorporation into the Russian Empire (1793) it became part of the Kiev region.
The Trinity Monastery, built near Chyhyryn in 1627, was later destroyed by the Soviet authorities. Other historical landmarks such as the town hall and Khmelnytsky's palace did not survive either and today there are only remnants of the fortifications.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Chyhyryn is twinned with:
City Country Year of Signing Sebastopol, California United States
- City of Chygyrin on the Verhovna Rada of Ukraine Website
- Chyhyryn in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine
- Soviet topograpic map 1:100,000
- Wikimedia Commons - Media on Chyhyryn
Administrative divisions of Cherkasy Oblast, Ukraine Raions
Villages Historical Capitals of Rus' and other Ukrainian statesMedieval Ukrainian states Kievan Rus' Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia Cossack Hetmanate Grand Duchy of Rus'Ukrainian states after Russian Empire and before Ukrainian SSR West Ukrainian People's Republic Ukrainian People's RepublicKiev (1917–1920) Ukrainian Soviet Republic (ru) Donetsk-Krivoy Rog Soviet RepublicUkrainian SSR (since 1917), independent Ukraine (since 1991) Ukrainian SSR (part of the SU 1922-91), Ukraine Footnotes:1Meaning (Cossack) states on the territory of current Ukraine
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