Chyhyryn

Chyhyryn
Chyhyryn
Чигирин
View of Chyhyryn from the city's Castle Hill.

Coat of arms
Map of Ukraine with Cherkasy highlighted.
Chyhyryn is located in Ukraine
Chyhyryn
Location of Chyhyryn
Coordinates: 49°05′N 32°40′E / 49.083°N 32.667°E / 49.083; 32.667Coordinates: 49°05′N 32°40′E / 49.083°N 32.667°E / 49.083; 32.667
Country Ukraine
Oblast Cherkasy Oblast
Raion Chyhyrynskyi Raion
City rights 1592
Government
 – Mayor Volodymyr Bratchik
Area
 – Total 14 km2 (5.4 sq mi)
Elevation 124 m (407 ft)
Population
 – Total 11,960
 – Density 854/km2 (2,211.8/sq mi)
Postal code 20900-20906
Area code(s) +380 4730
Website Verkhovna Rada - City of Chygyrin

Chyhyryn (Ukrainian and Russian: Чигирин, Polish: Czehryń) is a city located in Cherkasy Oblast of central Ukraine. In 1648 to 1669 the city was the capital of Ukraine (Cossack Hetmanate).

Contents

Location

Today the city resting on the banks of Tyasmyn River is the administrative center of the Chyhyryn Raion with its current population is estimated just over 10,000. The city lies at the altitude of 124 metres above mean sea level. Minor industry, such as food and furniture factories, exist in the town today.

History

The area (1320–1569) had been part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. It was ceded to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (in the Kijów Voivodeship of the Crown of Poland) since before the Union of Lublin. It was granted Magdeburg Rights in 1592 by Sigismund III Vasa.

Chyhyryn on the Tiasmin River. A fragment of the Tractus Borysthenis Vulgo Dniepr at Niepr dicti map by Joannii Janssonii (Amsterdam, 1663)

Chyhyryn is first mentioned as a fortified Cossack winter station. In 1638, Bohdan Khmelnytsky became its starosta (regional leader), and in 1648 became the newly elected hetman's residence and the capital of the Cossack state, the Zaporozhian Host. In 1669 upon the election of Demian Mnohohrishny as the hetman of Ukraine, the capital was moved to Baturyn. During the Russo-Turkish War (1676–1681) it was the center of two bloody campaigns (1675–76 and 1677–78). In 1678 the castle of Chyhyryn was blown by the retreating Russian garrison that was stationed there, while the Turkish forces sacked the rest of the city. After this, it gradually lost its significance. It remained the center of the Chyhyryn regiment until 1712 and upon the final incorporation into the Russian Empire (1793) it became part of the Kiev region.

The Trinity Monastery, built near Chyhyryn in 1627, was later destroyed by the Soviet authorities. Other historical landmarks such as the town hall and Khmelnytsky's palace did not survive either and today there are only remnants of the fortifications.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Chyhyryn is twinned with:

City Country Year of Signing
Sebastopol, California Flag of the United States.svgUnited States

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

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