List of birds of China

List of birds of China

This is a list of the bird species recorded in China. The avifauna of China includes a total of 1314 species, of which 52 are endemic, 2 have been introduced by humans, and 55 are rare or accidental. 1 species listed is extirpated in China and is not included in the species count. 87 species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families, and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of Clements's 5th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflects this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for China.

The following tags have been used to highlight certain relevant categories. It must be noted that not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring, native species.

* (A) Accidental A species that rarely or accidentally occurs in China.
* (E) Endemic A species endemic to China.
* (I) Introduced A species introduced to China as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions.
* (Ex) Extirpated A species that no longer occurs in China although populations exist elsewhere.



Order: GaviiformesFamily: Gaviidae

Loons, known as Divers in Europe, are group of aquatic birds found in many parts of North America and northern Europe. They are the size of a large duck or small goose, which they somewhat resembles in shape when swimming, but they completely unrelated to these waterfowl. There are 5 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in China.

*Red-throated Loon "Gavia stellata"
*Arctic Loon "Gavia arctica"
*Pacific Loon "Gavia pacifica"
*Common Loon "Gavia immer"
*Yellow-billed Loon "Gavia adamsii" (A)
*Blue-beaked peacock "Gavia komansia"


Order: PodicipediformesFamily: Podicipedidae

Grebes are small to medium-large sized freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes, and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. There are 20 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in China.

*Little Grebe "Tachybaptus ruficollis"
*Red-necked Grebe "Podiceps grisegena"
*Great Crested Grebe "Podiceps cristatus"
*Horned Grebe "Podiceps auritus"
*Eared Grebe "Podiceps nigricollis"


Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Diomedeidae

The albatrosses are among the largest of flying birds, and the great albatrosses from the genus Diomedea have the largest wingspans of any extant birds. There are 21 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in China.

*Short-tailed Albatross "Phoebastria albatrus" (A)
*Black-footed Albatross "Phoebastria nigripes"

hearwaters and Petrels

Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized 'true petrels', characterised by united nostrils with a medium septum, and a long outer functional primary. There are 75 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in China.

*Northern Fulmar "Fulmarus glacialis" (A)
*Tahiti Petrel "Pterodroma rostrata"
*Bonin Petrel "Pterodroma hypoleuca"
*Bulwer's Petrel "Bulweria bulwerii"
*Streaked Shearwater "Calonectris leucomelas"
*Wedge-tailed Shearwater "Puffinus pacificus"
*Sooty Shearwater "Puffinus griseus"


Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Hydrobatidae

The storm-petrels are relatives of the petrels, and are the smallest of sea-birds. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. There are 21 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in China.

*Leach's Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma leucorhoa" (A)
*Swinhoe's Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma monorhis"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Phaethontidae

Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their heads and long wings have black markings. There are 3 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in China.

*Red-billed Tropicbird "Phaethon aethereus"
*Red-tailed Tropicbird "Phaethon rubricauda"
*White-tailed Tropicbird "Phaethon lepturus"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Pelecanidae

Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes. There are 8 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in China.

*Great White Pelican "Pelecanus onocrotalus"
*Spot-billed Pelican "Pelecanus philippensis"
*Dalmatian Pelican "Pelecanus crispus"

Boobies and Gannets

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Sulidae

The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups comprise medium-to-large coastal sea-birds that plunge-dive for fish. There are 9 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in China.

*Masked Booby "Sula dactylatra"
*Red-footed Booby "Sula sula"
*Brown Booby "Sula leucogaster"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Phalacrocoracidae

The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating sea-birds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. There are 38 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in China.

*Great Cormorant "Phalacrocorax carbo"
*Japanese Cormorant "Phalacrocorax capillatus"
*Pelagic Cormorant "Phalacrocorax pelagicus"
*Red-faced Cormorant "Phalacrocorax urile" (A)
*Little Cormorant "Phalacrocorax niger"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Anhingidae

Darters are frequently referred to as "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged.The males have black and dark brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have a much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in China.

*Darter "Anhinga melanogaster" (A)


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Fregatidae

Frigatebirds are large sea-birds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black and white or completely black, with long wings and deeply-forked tails. The males have inflatable coloured throat pouches. They do not swim or walk, and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan to body weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. There are 5 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in China.

*Christmas Island Frigatebird "Fregata andrewsi" (A)
*Great Frigatebird "Fregata minor"
*Lesser Frigatebird "Fregata ariel" (A)

Bitterns, Herons and Egrets

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ardeidae

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds suck as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species worldwide and 21 species which occur in China.

*Gray Heron "Ardea cinerea"
*White-bellied Heron "Ardea insignis"
*Great-billed Heron "Ardea sumatrana"
*Purple Heron "Ardea purpurea"
*Great Egret "Ardea alba"
*Intermediate Egret "Egretta intermedia"
*Little Egret "Egretta garzetta"
*Chinese Egret "Egretta eulophotes"
*Pacific Reef-Heron "Egretta sacra"
*Chinese Pond-Heron "Ardeola bacchus"
*Cattle Egret "Bubulcus ibis"
*Striated Heron "Butorides striata"
*Black-crowned Night-Heron "Nycticorax nycticorax"
*White-eared Night-Heron "Gorsachius magnificus"
*Japanese Night-Heron "Gorsachius goisagi"
*Malayan Night-Heron "Gorsachius melanolophus"
*Yellow Bittern "Ixobrychus sinensis"
*Schrenck's Bittern "Ixobrychus eurhythmus"
*Cinnamon Bittern "Ixobrychus cinnamomeus"
*Black Bittern "Ixobrychus flavicollis"
*Great Bittern "Botaurus stellaris"


Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are mute; bill-clattering is an important mode of stork communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory. There are 19 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in China.

*Painted Stork "Mycteria leucocephala"
*Asian Openbill "Anastomus oscitans" (Ex)
*Black Stork "Ciconia nigra"
*White Stork "Ciconia ciconia"
*Oriental Stork "Ciconia boyciana"
*Lesser Adjutant "Leptoptilos javanicus"

Ibises and Spoonbills

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Threskiornithidae

The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. There are 36 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in China.

*Black-headed Ibis "Threskiornis melanocephalus"
*White-shouldered Ibis "Pseudibis davisoni"
*Crested Ibis "Nipponia nippon"
*Glossy Ibis "Plegadis falcinellus"
*Eurasian Spoonbill "Platalea leucorodia"
*Black-faced Spoonbill "Platalea minor"


Order: PhoenicopteriformesFamily: Phoenicopteridae

Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet high, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. They are more numerous in the latter. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly-shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume, and are uniquely used upside-down. There are 6 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in China.

*Greater Flamingo "Phoenicopterus roseus" (A)

Ducks, Geese and Swans

Order: AnseriformesFamily: Anatidae

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating. There are 131 species worldwide and 48 species which occur in China.

*Lesser Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna javanica"
*Mute Swan "Cygnus olor"
*Whooper Swan "Cygnus cygnus"
*Tundra Swan "Cygnus columbianus"
*Swan Goose "Anser cygnoides"
*Bean Goose "Anser fabalis"
*Greater White-fronted Goose "Anser albifrons"
*Lesser White-fronted Goose "Anser erythropus"
*Greylag Goose "Anser anser"
*Bar-headed Goose "Anser indicus"
*Snow Goose "Chen caerulescens" (A)
*Brant "Branta bernicla"
*Canada Goose "Branta canadensis"
*Red-breasted Goose "Branta ruficollis" (A)
*Ruddy Shelduck "Tadorna ferruginea"
*Common Shelduck "Tadorna tadorna"
*Comb Duck "Sarkidiornis melanotos"
*Cotton Pygmy-goose "Nettapus coromandelianus"
*Mandarin Duck "Aix galericulata"
*Eurasian Wigeon "Anas penelope"
*Falcated Duck "Anas falcata"
*Gadwall "Anas strepera"
*Baikal Teal "Anas formosa"
*Green-winged Teal "Anas carolinensis" (A)
*Eurasian Teal "Anas crecca"
*Mallard "Anas platyrhynchos"
*Spot-billed Duck "Anas poecilorhyncha"
*Northern Pintail "Anas acuta"
*Garganey "Anas querquedula"
*Northern Shoveler "Anas clypeata"
*Marbled Teal "Marmaronetta angustirostris"
*Red-crested Pochard "Netta rufina"
*Common Pochard "Aythya ferina"
*Ferruginous Pochard "Aythya nyroca"
*Baer's Pochard "Aythya baeri"
*Tufted Duck "Aythya fuligula"
*Greater Scaup "Aythya marila"
*Steller's Eider "Polysticta stelleri" (A)
*Harlequin Duck "Histrionicus histrionicus"
*Long-tailed Duck "Clangula hyemalis"
*Black Scoter "Melanitta nigra"
*White-winged Scoter "Melanitta fusca"
*Common Goldeneye "Bucephala clangula"
*Smew "Mergellus albellus"
*Red-breasted Merganser "Mergus serrator"
*Common Merganser "Mergus merganser"
*Scaly-sided Merganser "Mergus squamatus"
*White-headed Duck "Oxyura leucocephala"


Order: FalconiformesFamily: Pandionidae

The Pandionidae family contains only one species, the Osprey. The Osprey is a medium large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.

*Osprey "Pandion haliaetus"

Hawks, Kites and Eagles

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Accipitridae

Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. There are 233 species worldwide and 47 species which occur in China.

*Jerdon's Baza "Aviceda jerdoni"
*Black Baza "Aviceda leuphotes"
*Oriental Honey-buzzard "Pernis ptilorhynchus"
*Black-shouldered Kite "Elanus caeruleus"
*Black Kite "Milvus migrans"
*Brahminy Kite "Haliastur indus"
*White-bellied Sea-Eagle "Haliaeetus leucogaster"
*Pallas's Fish-Eagle "Haliaeetus leucoryphus"
*White-tailed Eagle "Haliaeetus albicilla"
*Steller's Sea-Eagle "Haliaeetus pelagicus" (A)
*Lesser Fish-Eagle "Ichthyophaga humilis" (A)
*Lammergeier "Gypaetus barbatus"
*White-rumped Vulture "Gyps bengalensis"
*Himalayan Griffon "Gyps himalayensis"
*Cinereous Vulture "Aegypius monachus"
*Red-headed Vulture "Sarcogyps calvus"
*Short-toed Eagle "Circaetus gallicus"
*Crested Serpent-Eagle "Spilornis cheela"
*Western Marsh-Harrier "Circus aeruginosus"
*Eastern Marsh-Harrier "Circus spilonotus"
*Northern Harrier "Circus cyaneus"
*Pallid Harrier "Circus macrourus"
*Pied Harrier "Circus melanoleucos"
*Montagu's Harrier "Circus pygargus"
*Crested Goshawk "Accipiter trivirgatus"
*Shikra "Accipiter badius"
*Chinese Goshawk "Accipiter soloensis"
*Japanese Sparrowhawk "Accipiter gularis"
*Besra "Accipiter virgatus"
*Eurasian Sparrowhawk "Accipiter nisus"
*Northern Goshawk "Accipiter gentilis"
*White-eyed Buzzard "Butastur teesa"
*Rufous-winged Buzzard "Butastur liventer"
*Gray-faced Buzzard "Butastur indicus"
*Eurasian Buzzard "Buteo buteo"
*Long-legged Buzzard "Buteo rufinus"
*Upland Buzzard "Buteo hemilasius"
*Rough-legged Hawk "Buteo lagopus"
*Black Eagle "Ictinaetus malayensis"
*Greater Spotted Eagle "Aquila clanga"
*Steppe Eagle "Aquila nipalensis"
*Imperial Eagle "Aquila heliaca"
*Golden Eagle "Aquila chrysaetos"
*Bonelli's Eagle "Aquila fasciatus"
*Booted Eagle "Aquila pennatus"
*Rufous-bellied Eagle "Aquila kienerii"
*Mountain Hawk-Eagle "Spizaetus nipalensis"

Caracaras and Falcons

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in China.

*Collared Falconet "Microhierax caerulescens"
*Pied Falconet "Microhierax melanoleucus"
*Lesser Kestrel "Falco naumanni"
*Eurasian Kestrel "Falco tinnunculus"
*Red-footed Falcon "Falco vespertinus"
*Amur Falcon "Falco amurensis"
*Merlin "Falco columbarius"
*Eurasian Hobby "Falco subbuteo"
*Oriental Hobby "Falco severus"
*Saker Falcon "Falco cherrug"
*Gyrfalcon "Falco rusticolus"
*Barbary Falcon "Falco pelegrinoides"
*Peregrine Falcon "Falco peregrinus"


Order: GalliformesFamily: Tetraonidae

Grouse are game birds, similar to quails and partridge. There are 18 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in China.

*Siberian Grouse "Dendragapus falcipennis"
*Willow Ptarmigan "Lagopus lagopus"
*Rock Ptarmigan "Lagopus muta"
*Black-billed Capercaillie "Tetrao parvirostris"
*Eurasian Capercaillie "Tetrao urogallus"
*Black Grouse "Tetrao tetrix"
*Hazel Grouse "Bonasa bonasia"
*Severtzov's Grouse "Bonasa sewerzowi" (E)

Pheasants and Partridges

Order: GalliformesFamily: Phasianidae

The Phasianidae are a family of terrestrial birds which consists of quails, partridges, snowcocks, francolins, spurfowls, tragopans, monals, pheasants, peafowls and jungle fowls. In general, they are plump (although they may vary in size) and have broad, relatively short wings. There are 156 species worldwide and 51 species which occur in China. China has the greatest diversity of pheasants of any country on earth.

*Snow Partridge "Lerwa lerwa"
*Verreaux's Partridge "Tetraophasis obscurus" (E)
*Szecheny's Partridge "Tetraophasis szechenyii"
*Altai Snowcock "Tetraogallus altaicus"
*Tibetan Snowcock "Tetraogallus tibetanus"
*Himalayan Snowcock "Tetraogallus himalayensis"
*Chukar "Alectoris chukar"
*Przevalski's Partridge "Alectoris magna" (E)
*Chinese Francolin "Francolinus pintadeanus"
*Gray Partridge "Perdix perdix"
*Daurian Partridge "Perdix dauurica"
*Tibetan Partridge "Perdix hodgsoniae"
*Japanese Quail "Coturnix japonica"
*Common Quail "Coturnix coturnix"
*Blue-breasted Quail "Coturnix chinensis"
*Hill Partridge "Arborophila torqueola"
*Sichuan Partridge "Arborophila rufipectus" (E)
*Chestnut-breasted Partridge "Arborophila mandellii"
*White-necklaced Partridge "Arborophila gingica" (E)
*Rufous-throated Partridge "Arborophila rufogularis"
*White-cheeked Partridge "Arborophila atrogularis"
*Hainan Partridge "Arborophila ardens" (E)
*Bar-backed Partridge "Arborophila brunneopectus"
*Scaly-breasted Partridge "Arborophila chloropus"
*Chestnut-necklaced Partridge "Arborophila charltonii"
*Mountain Bamboo-Partridge "Bambusicola fytchii"
*Chinese Bamboo-Partridge "Bambusicola thoracica"
*Blood Pheasant "Ithaginis cruentus"
*Western Tragopan "Tragopan melanocephalus"
*Satyr Tragopan "Tragopan satyra"
*Blyth's Tragopan "Tragopan blythii"
*Temminck's Tragopan "Tragopan temminckii"
*Cabot's Tragopan "Tragopan caboti" (E)
*Koklass Pheasant "Pucrasia macrolopha"
*Himalayan Monal "Lophophorus impejanus"
*Sclater's Monal "Lophophorus sclateri"
*Chinese Monal "Lophophorus lhuysii" (E)
*Red Junglefowl "Gallus gallus"
*Kalij Pheasant "Lophura leucomelanos"
*Silver Pheasant "Lophura nycthemera"
*White Eared-Pheasant "Crossoptilon crossoptilon"
*Brown Eared-Pheasant "Crossoptilon mantchuricum" (E)
*Blue Eared-Pheasant "Crossoptilon auritum" (E)
*Elliot's Pheasant "Syrmaticus ellioti" (E)
*Hume's Pheasant "Syrmaticus humiae"
*Reeves's Pheasant "Syrmaticus reevesii" (E)
*Ring-necked Pheasant "Phasianus colchicus"
*Golden Pheasant "Chrysolophus pictus" (E)
*Lady Amherst's Pheasant "Chrysolophus amherstiae"
*Gray Peacock-Pheasant "Polyplectron bicalcaratum"
*Green Peafowl "Pavo muticus"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Turnicidae

The buttonquails are small, drab, running birds which resemble the true quails.The female is the brighter of the sexes, and initiates courtship. The male incubates the eggs and tends the young. There are 16 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in China.

*Small Buttonquail "Turnix sylvatica"
*Yellow-legged Buttonquail "Turnix tanki"
*Barred Buttonquail "Turnix suscitator"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Gruidae

Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". There are 15 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in China. China has the greatest diversity of cranes of any country on earth.

*Demoiselle Crane "Anthropoides virgo"
*Siberian Crane "Grus leucogeranus"
*Sandhill Crane "Grus canadensis" (A)
*Sarus Crane "Grus antigone"
*White-naped Crane "Grus vipio"
*Common Crane "Grus grus"
*Hooded Crane "Grus monacha"
*Black-necked Crane "Grus nigricollis"
*Red-crowned Crane "Grus japonensis"

Rails, Crakes, Gallinules, and Coots

Order: GruiformesFamily: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and be weak fliers. There are 143 species worldwide and 18 species which occur in China.

*Swinhoe's Rail "Coturnicops exquisitus"
*Red-legged Crake "Rallina fasciata" (A)
*Slaty-legged Crake "Rallina eurizonoides"
*Slaty-breasted Rail "Gallirallus striatus"
*Water Rail "Rallus aquaticus"
*Corn Crake "Crex crex"
*Brown Crake "Amaurornis akool"
*White-breasted Waterhen "Amaurornis phoenicurus"
*Black-tailed Crake "Amaurornis bicolor"
*Little Crake "Porzana parva"
*Baillon's Crake "Porzana pusilla"
*Spotted Crake "Porzana porzana"
*Ruddy-breasted Crake "Porzana fusca"
*Band-bellied Crake "Porzana paykullii"
*Watercock "Gallicrex cinerea"
*Purple Swamphen "Porphyrio porphyrio"
*Common Moorhen "Gallinula chloropus"
*Eurasian Coot "Fulica atra"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Otididae

Bustards are large terrestrial birds mainly associated with dry open country and steppes in the Old World. They are omnivorous and nest on the ground. They walk steadily on strong legs and big toes, pecking for food as they go. They have long broad wings with "fingered" wingtips, and striking patterns in flight. Many have interesting mating displays. There are 26 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in China.

*Great Bustard "Otis tarda"
*Macqueen's Bustard "Chlamydotis macqueenii"
*Little Bustard "Tetrax tetrax"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Jacanidae

The jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They are found worldwide in the Tropics. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. There 8 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in China.

*Pheasant-tailed Jacana "Hydrophasianus chirurgus"
*Bronze-winged Jacana "Metopidius indicus"

Painted snipe

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Rostratulidae

Painted snipe are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but more brightly coloured. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in China.

*Greater Painted-snipe "Rostratula benghalensis"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Haematopodidae

The oystercatchers are large and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs. There are 11 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in China.

*Eurasian Oystercatcher "Haematopus ostralegus"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Ibidorhynchidae

The Ibisbill is a bird related to the waders, but sufficiently distinctive to merit its own family. The adult is grey with a white belly, red legs and long down curved bill, and a black face and black breast band.

*Ibisbill "Ibidorhyncha struthersii"

Avocets and Stilts

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are 9 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in China.

*Black-winged Stilt "Himantopus himantopus"
*Pied Avocet "Recurvirostra avosetta"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Burhinidae

The thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats. There are 9 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in China.

*Eurasian Thick-knee "Burhinus oedicnemus" (A)
*Great Thick-knee "Burhinus recurvirostris"

Pratincoles and Coursers

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Glareolidae

Glareolidae is a family of wading birds comprising the pratincoles, which have short legs, long pointed wings and long forked tails, and the coursers, which have long legs, short wings and long pointed bills which curve downwards. There are 17 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in China.

*Collared Pratincole "Glareola pratincola"
*Oriental Pratincole "Glareola maldivarum"
*Small Pratincole "Glareola lactea"

Plovers and Lapwings

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species worldwide and 18 species which occur in China.

*Northern Lapwing "Vanellus vanellus"
*River Lapwing "Vanellus duvaucelii"
*Gray-headed Lapwing "Vanellus cinereus"
*Red-wattled Lapwing "Vanellus indicus"
*Sociable Lapwing "Vanellus gregarius" (A)
*Pacific Golden-Plover "Pluvialis fulva"
*American Golden-Plover "Pluvialis dominica"
*Black-bellied Plover "Pluvialis squatarola"
*Common Ringed Plover "Charadrius hiaticula" (A)
*Long-billed Plover "Charadrius placidus"
*Little Ringed Plover "Charadrius dubius"
*Snowy Plover "Charadrius alexandrinus"
*Malaysian Plover "Charadrius peronii"
*Lesser Sandplover "Charadrius mongolus"
*Greater Sandplover "Charadrius leschenaultii"
*Caspian Plover "Charadrius asiaticus"
*Oriental Plover "Charadrius veredus"
*Eurasian Dotterel "Charadrius morinellus"

andpipers and allies

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Scolopacidae

The Scolopacidae are a large diverse family of small to medium sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 89 species worldwide and 46 species which occur in China.

*Eurasian Woodcock "Scolopax rusticola"
*Jack Snipe "Lymnocryptes minimus"
*Solitary Snipe "Gallinago solitaria"
*Latham's Snipe "Gallinago hardwickii" (A)
*Wood Snipe "Gallinago nemoricola"
*Pintail Snipe "Gallinago stenura"
*Swinhoe's Snipe "Gallinago megala"
*Common Snipe "Gallinago gallinago"
*Long-billed Dowitcher "Limnodromus scolopaceus" (A)
*Asian Dowitcher "Limnodromus semipalmatus"
*Black-tailed Godwit "Limosa limosa"
*Bar-tailed Godwit "Limosa lapponica"
*Little Curlew "Numenius minutus"
*Whimbrel "Numenius phaeopus"
*Eurasian Curlew "Numenius arquata"
*Far Eastern Curlew "Numenius madagascariensis"
*Spotted Redshank "Tringa erythropus"
*Common Redshank "Tringa totanus"
*Marsh Sandpiper "Tringa stagnatilis"
*Common Greenshank "Tringa nebularia"
*Nordmann's Greenshank "Tringa guttifer"
*Green Sandpiper "Tringa ochropus"
*Wood Sandpiper "Tringa glareola"
*Terek Sandpiper "Xenus cinereus"
*Common Sandpiper "Actitis hypoleucos"
*Gray-tailed Tattler "Heterosceles brevipes"
*Wandering Tattler "Heterosceles incanus" (A)
*Ruddy Turnstone "Arenaria interpres"
*Great Knot "Calidris tenuirostris"
*Red Knot "Calidris canutus"
*Sanderling "Calidris alba"
*Western Sandpiper "Calidris mauri" (A)
*Red-necked Stint "Calidris ruficollis"
*Little Stint "Calidris minuta"
*Temminck's Stint "Calidris temminckii"
*Long-toed Stint "Calidris subminuta"
*Pectoral Sandpiper "Calidris melanotos" (A)
*Sharp-tailed Sandpiper "Calidris acuminata"
*Curlew Sandpiper "Calidris ferruginea"
*Dunlin "Calidris alpina"
*Rock Sandpiper "Calidris ptilocnemis" (A)
*Spoon-billed Sandpiper "Eurynorhynchus pygmeus"
*Broad-billed Sandpiper "Limicola falcinellus"
*Ruff "Philomachus pugnax"
*Red-necked Phalarope "Phalaropus lobatus"
*Red Phalarope "Phalaropus fulicarius" (A)

kuas and Jaegers

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Stercorariidae

The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. There are 7 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in China.

*Pomarine Jaeger "Stercorarius pomarinus" (A)
*Parasitic Jaeger "Stercorarius parasiticus"
*Long-tailed Jaeger "Stercorarius longicaudus" (A)


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large birds seabirds and includes gulls and kittiwakes. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. There are 55 species worldwide and 19 species which occur in China.

*Black-tailed Gull "Larus crassirostris"
*Mew Gull "Larus canus"
*Glaucous-winged Gull "Larus glaucescens" (A)
*Glaucous Gull "Larus hyperboreus"
*Herring Gull "Larus argentatus"
*Heuglin's Gull "Larus heuglini"
*East Siberian Gull "Larus vegae"
*Caspian Gull "Larus cachinnans"
*Great Black-headed Gull "Larus ichthyaetus"
*Slaty-backed Gull "Larus schistisagus" (A)
*Brown-headed Gull "Larus brunnicephalus"
*Black-headed Gull "Larus ridibundus"
*Slender-billed Gull "Larus genei"
*Saunders's Gull "Larus saundersi"
*Relict Gull "Larus relictus"
*Franklin's Gull "Larus pipixcan" (A)
*Little Gull "Larus minutus" (A)
*Ross's Gull "Rhodostethia rosea" (A)
*Black-legged Kittiwake "Rissa tridactyla"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Sternidae

Terns are a group of generally general medium to large sea-birds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species now known to live in excess of 25 to 30 years. There are 44 species worldwide and 18 species which occur in China.

*Gull-billed Tern "Sterna nilotica"
*Caspian Tern "Sterna caspia"
*Lesser Crested Tern "Sterna bengalensis" (A)
*Chinese Crested Tern "Sterna bernsteini"
*Great Crested Tern "Sterna bergii"
*River Tern "Sterna aurantia"
*Roseate Tern "Sterna dougallii"
*Black-naped Tern "Sterna sumatrana"
*Common Tern "Sterna hirundo"
*Little Tern "Sterna albifrons"
*Black-bellied Tern "Sterna acuticauda"
*Bridled Tern "Sterna anaethetus"
*Sooty Tern "Sterna fuscata"
*Whiskered Tern "Chlidonias hybridus"
*White-winged Tern "Chlidonias leucopterus"
*Black Tern "Chlidonias niger"
*Brown Noddy "Anous stolidus"
*White Tern "Gygis alba"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Rynchopidae

Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. They have an elongated lower mandible which they use to feed by flying low over the water surface and skimming the water for small fish. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in China.

*Indian Skimmer "Rynchops albicollis" (A)

Auks, Murres, and Puffins

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Alcidae

Alcids are superficially similar to penguins due to their black-and-white colours, their upright posture and some of their habits, however they are not related to the penguins bnd differ in being able to fly. Auks live on the open sea, only deliberately coming ashore to nest. There are 24 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in China.

*Marbled Murrelet "Brachyramphus marmoratus"
*Long-billed Murrelet "Brachyramphus perdix"
*Ancient Murrelet "Synthliboramphus antiquus"
*Japanese Murrelet "Synthliboramphus wumizusume"
*Rhinoceros Auklet "Cerorhinca monocerata"


Order: PterocliformesFamily: Pteroclidae

Sandgrouse have small, pigeon like heads and necks, but sturdy compact bodies. They have long pointed wings and sometimes tails and a fast direct flight. Flocks fly to watering holes at dawn and dusk. Their legs are feathered down to the toes. There are 16 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in China.

*Tibetan Sandgrouse "Syrrhaptes tibetanus"
*Pallas's Sandgrouse "Syrrhaptes paradoxus"
*Black-bellied Sandgrouse "Pterocles orientalis"

Pigeons and Doves

Order: ColumbiformesFamily: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. There are 308 species worldwide and 30 species which occur in China.

*Rock Pigeon "Columba livia"
*Hill Pigeon "Columba rupestris"
*Snow Pigeon "Columba leuconota"
*Stock Pigeon "Columba oenas"
*Pale-backed Pigeon "Columba eversmanni"
*Common Wood-Pigeon "Columba palumbus"
*Speckled Wood-Pigeon "Columba hodgsonii"
*Ashy Wood-Pigeon "Columba pulchricollis"
*Pale-capped Pigeon "Columba punicea"
*Japanese Wood-Pigeon "Columba janthina"
*Eurasian Turtle-Dove "Streptopelia turtur"
*Oriental Turtle-Dove "Streptopelia orientalis"
*Eurasian Collared-Dove "Streptopelia decaocto"
*Red Collared-Dove "Streptopelia tranquebarica"
*Spotted Dove "Streptopelia chinensis"
*Laughing Dove "Streptopelia senegalensis"
*Barred Cuckoo-Dove "Macropygia unchall"
*Little Cuckoo-Dove "Macropygia ruficeps"
*Emerald Dove "Chalcophaps indica"
*Orange-breasted Pigeon "Treron bicincta"
*Pompadour Green-Pigeon "Treron pompadora"
*Thick-billed Pigeon "Treron curvirostra"
*Yellow-footed Pigeon "Treron phoenicoptera"
*Pin-tailed Pigeon "Treron apicauda"
*Wedge-tailed Pigeon "Treron sphenura"
*White-bellied Pigeon "Treron sieboldii"
*Whistling Green-Pigeon "Treron formosae"
*Black-chinned Fruit-Dove "Ptilinopus leclancheri"
*Green Imperial-Pigeon "Ducula aenea"
*Mountain Imperial-Pigeon "Ducula badia"

Parrots, Macaws and allies

Order: PsittaciformesFamily: Psittacidae

Parrots are small to large birds with a characteristic curved beak shape. Their upper mandibles have slight mobility in the joint with the skull and the have a generally erect stance. All parrots are zygodactyl, having the four toes on each foot placed two at the front and two back. There are 335 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in China.

*Alexandrine Parakeet "Psittacula eupatria"
*Rose-ringed Parakeet "Psittacula krameri" (I)
*Slaty-headed Parakeet "Psittacula himalayana"
*Gray-headed Parakeet "Psittacula finschii"
*Blossom-headed Parakeet "Psittacula roseata"
*Derbyan Parakeet "Psittacula derbiana"
*Red-breasted Parakeet "Psittacula alexandri"
*Vernal Hanging-Parrot "Loriculus vernalis"

Cuckoos and Anis

Order: CuculiformesFamily: Cuculidae

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Unlike the cuckoo species of the Old World, North American cuckoos are not brood parasites. There are 138 species worldwide and 21 species which occur in China.

*Pied Cuckoo "Clamator jacobinus"
*Chestnut-winged Cuckoo "Clamator coromandus"
*Large Hawk-Cuckoo "Cuculus sparverioides"
*Common Hawk-Cuckoo "Cuculus varius"
*Malaysian Hawk-Cuckoo "Cuculus fugax"
*Hodgson's Hawk-Cuckoo "Cuculus nisicolor"
*Northern Hawk-Cuckoo "Cuculus hyperythrus"
*Indian Cuckoo "Cuculus micropterus"
*Common Cuckoo "Cuculus canorus"
*Oriental Cuckoo "Cuculus saturatus"
*Horsfield's Cuckoo "Cuculus horsfieldi"
*Lesser Cuckoo "Cuculus poliocephalus"
*Banded Bay Cuckoo "Cacomantis sonneratii"
*Plaintive Cuckoo "Cacomantis merulinus"
*Asian Emerald Cuckoo "Chrysococcyx maculatus"
*Violet Cuckoo "Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus"
*Asian Drongo-Cuckoo "Surniculus lugubris"
*Asian Koel "Eudynamys scolopacea"
*Green-billed Malkoha "Phaenicophaeus tristis"
*Greater Coucal "Centropus sinensis"
*Lesser Coucal "Centropus bengalensis"

Barn owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Tytonidae

Barn owls are medium to large sized owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in China.

*Australasian Grass-Owl "Tyto longimembris"
*Barn Owl "Tyto alba"
*Oriental Bay-Owl "Phodilus badius"

Typical owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Strigidae

Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. There are 195 species worldwide and 28 species which occur in China.

*Mountain Scops-Owl "Otus spilocephalus"
*Collared Scops-Owl "Otus lettia"
*Sunda Scops-Owl "Otus lempiji"
*Pallid Scops-Owl "Otus brucei"
*European Scops-Owl "Otus scops"
*Oriental Scops-Owl "Otus sunia"
*Eurasian Eagle-Owl "Bubo bubo"
*Spot-bellied Eagle-Owl "Bubo nipalensis"
*Dusky Eagle-Owl "Bubo coromandus" (A)
*Snowy Owl "Bubo scandiacus"
*Blakiston's Fish-Owl "Ketupa blakistoni"
*Brown Fish-Owl "Ketupa zeylonensis"
*Tawny Fish-Owl "Ketupa flavipes"
*Brown Wood-Owl "Strix leptogrammica"
*Tawny Owl "Strix aluco"
*Ural Owl "Strix uralensis"
*Pere David's Owl "Strix davidi" (E)
*Great Gray Owl "Strix nebulosa"
*Northern Hawk Owl "Surnia ulula"
*Eurasian Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium passerinum"
*Collared Owlet "Glaucidium brodiei"
*Asian Barred Owlet "Glaucidium cuculoides"
*Spotted Owlet "Athene brama"
*Little Owl "Athene noctua"
*Boreal Owl "Aegolius funereus"
*Brown Hawk-Owl "Ninox scutulata"
*Long-eared Owl "Asio otus"
*Short-eared Owl "Asio flammeus"


Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Podargidae

The frogmouths are a group of nocturnal birds related to the nightjars. They are named for their large flattened hooked bills and huge frog-like gape, which they use to take insects. There are 12 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in China.

*Hodgson's Frogmouth "Batrachostomus hodgsoni"


Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in China.

*Great Eared-Nightjar "Eurostopodus macrotis"
*Gray Nightjar "Caprimulgus indicus"
*Eurasian Nightjar "Caprimulgus europaeus"
*Egyptian Nightjar "Caprimulgus aegyptius"
*Vaurie's Nightjar "Caprimulgus centralasicus" (E)
*Large-tailed Nightjar "Caprimulgus macrurus"
*Savanna Nightjar "Caprimulgus affinis"


Order: ApodiformesFamily: Apodidae

Swifts are small aerial birds, spending the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings that resemble a crescent or a boomerang. There are 98 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in China.

*Himalayan Swiftlet "Aerodramus brevirostris"
*Indochinese Swiftlet "Aerodramus rogersi"
*Black-nest Swiftlet "Aerodramus maximus"
*White-throated Needletail "Hirundapus caudacutus"
*Silver-backed Needletail "Hirundapus cochinchinensis"
*Asian Palm-Swift "Cypsiurus balasiensis"
*Common Swift "Apus apus"
*Fork-tailed Swift "Apus pacificus"
*Little Swift "Apus affinis"
*House Swift "Apus nipalensis"


Order: ApodiformesFamily: Hemiprocnidae

The treeswifts or crested swifts are aerial near passerine birds, closely related to the true swifts. They differ from the other swifts in that they have crests, long forked tails and softer plumage. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in China.

*Crested Treeswift "Hemiprocne coronata"

Trogons and Quetzals

Order: TrogoniformesFamily: Trogonidae

The family Trogonidae includes trogons and quetzals. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage. There are 33 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in China.

*Red-headed Trogon "Harpactes erythrocephalus"
*Orange-breasted Trogon "Harpactes oreskios"
*Ward's Trogon "Harpactes wardi"


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. There are 93 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in China.

*Blyth's Kingfisher "Alcedo hercules"
*Common Kingfisher "Alcedo atthis"
*Blue-eared Kingfisher "Alcedo meninting"
*Black-backed Kingfisher "Ceyx erithacus"
*Stork-billed Kingfisher "Pelargopsis capensis"
*Ruddy Kingfisher "Halcyon coromanda"
*White-throated Kingfisher "Halcyon smyrnensis"
*Black-capped Kingfisher "Halcyon pileata"
*Collared Kingfisher "Todirhamphus chloris"
*Crested Kingfisher "Megaceryle lugubris"
*Pied Kingfisher "Ceryle rudis"


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Meropidae

The bee-eaters are a group of near passerine birds in the family Meropidae. Most species are found in Africa but others occur in southern Europe, Madagascar, Australia and New Guinea. They are characterised by richly coloured plumage, slender bodies and usually elongated central tail feathers. All are colorful and have long downturned bills and pointed wings, which give them a swallow-like appearance when seen from afar. There are 26 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in China.

*Blue-bearded Bee-eater "Nyctyornis athertoni"
*Green Bee-eater "Merops orientalis"
*Blue-throated Bee-eater "Merops viridis"
*Blue-tailed Bee-eater "Merops philippinus"
*European Bee-eater "Merops apiaster"
*Chestnut-headed Bee-eater "Merops leschenaulti"

Typical Rollers

Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Coraciidae

Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. The two inner front toes are connected, but the outer toe is not. There are 12 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in China.

*European Roller "Coracias garrulus"
*Indian Roller "Coracias benghalensis"
*Dollarbird "Eurystomus orientalis"


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Upupidae

Hoopoes have black, white and orangey-pink colouring with a large erectile crest on their head. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in China.

*Hoopoe "Upupa epops"


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Bucerotidae

Hornbills are a group of birds whose bill is shaped like a cow's horn, but without a twist, sometimes with a casque on the upper mandible. Frequently, the bill is brightly coloured. There are 57 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in China.

*Oriental Pied-Hornbill "Anthracoceros albirostris"
*Great Hornbill "Buceros bicornis"
*Brown Hornbill "Anorrhinus austeni"
*Rufous-necked Hornbill "Aceros nipalensis"
*Wreathed Hornbill "Aceros undulatus"


Order: PiciformesFamily: Capitonidae

The barbets are plump birds, with short necks and large heads. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. Most species are brightly coloured. There are 84 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in China.

*Great Barbet "Megalaima virens"
*Lineated Barbet "Megalaima lineata"
*Green-eared Barbet "Megalaima faiostricta"
*Golden-throated Barbet "Megalaima franklinii"
*Black-browed Barbet "Megalaima oorti"
*Blue-throated Barbet "Megalaima asiatica"
*Blue-eared Barbet "Megalaima australis"
*Coppersmith Barbet "Megalaima haemacephala"


Order: PiciformesFamily: Indicatoridae

Honeyguides are among the few birds that feed on wax. They are named for the behaviour of the Greater Honeyguide which leads large animals to bees' nests and then feeds on the wax once the animal has broken the nest open to get at the honey. There are 17 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in China.

*Yellow-rumped Honeyguide "Indicator xanthonotus"

Woodpeckers and allies

Order: PiciformesFamily: Picidae

Woodpeckers are small to medium sized birds with chisel like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward, and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks. There are 218 species worldwide and 30 species which occur in China.

*Eurasian Wryneck "Jynx torquilla"
*Speckled Piculet "Picumnus innominatus"
*White-browed Piculet "Sasia ochracea"
*Gray-capped Woodpecker "Dendrocopos canicapillus"
*Pygmy Woodpecker "Dendrocopos kizuki"
*Lesser Spotted Woodpecker "Dendrocopos minor"
*Stripe-breasted Woodpecker "Dendrocopos atratus"
*Rufous-bellied Woodpecker "Dendrocopos hyperythrus"
*Darjeeling Woodpecker "Dendrocopos darjellensis"
*Crimson-breasted Woodpecker "Dendrocopos cathpharius"
*White-backed Woodpecker "Dendrocopos leucotos"
*Great Spotted Woodpecker "Dendrocopos major"
*White-winged Woodpecker "Dendrocopos leucopterus"
*Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker "Picoides tridactylus"
*Rufous Woodpecker "Celeus brachyurus"
*White-bellied Woodpecker "Dryocopus javensis"
*Black Woodpecker "Dryocopus martius"
*Lesser Yellownape "Picus chlorolophus"
*Greater Yellownape "Picus flavinucha"
*Laced Woodpecker "Picus vittatus"
*Streak-throated Woodpecker "Picus xanthopygaeus"
*Scaly-bellied Woodpecker "Picus squamatus"
*Red-collared Woodpecker "Picus rabieri" (A)
*Gray-faced Woodpecker "Picus canus"
*Himalayan Flameback "Dinopium shorii"
*Common Flameback "Dinopium javanense"
*Greater Flameback "Chrysocolaptes lucidus"
*Pale-headed Woodpecker "Gecinulus grantia"
*Bay Woodpecker "Blythipicus pyrrhotis"
*Great Slaty Woodpecker "Mulleripicus pulverulentus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Eurylaimidae

The broadbills are small, brightly coloured birds that feed on fruit and also take insects in flycatcher fashion, snapping their broad bills. Their habitat is canopies of wet forests. There are 15 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in China.

*Long-tailed Broadbill "Psarisomus dalhousiae"
*Silver-breasted Broadbill "Serilophus lunatus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Pittidae

Pittas are medium-sized by passerine standards, and stocky, with fairly long, strong legs, short tails and stout bills. Many, but not all, are brightly coloured. They are spend the majority of their time on wet forest floors, eating snails, insects and similar invertebrate prey which they find there. There are 32 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in China.

*Eared Pitta "Pitta phayrei"
*Blue-naped Pitta "Pitta nipalensis"
*Blue-rumped Pitta "Pitta soror"
*Rusty-naped Pitta "Pitta oatesi"
*Blue Pitta "Pitta cyanea"
*Hooded Pitta "Pitta sordida"
*Indian Pitta "Pitta brachyura"
*Fairy Pitta "Pitta nympha"
*Blue-winged Pitta "Pitta moluccensis"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Alaudidae

Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Their food is insects and seeds. There are 91 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in China.

*Australasian Bushlark "Mirafra javanica"
*Bimaculated Lark "Melanocorypha bimaculata"
*Tibetan Lark "Melanocorypha maxima"
*Mongolian Lark "Melanocorypha mongolica"
*White-winged Lark "Melanocorypha leucoptera" (A)
*Black Lark "Melanocorypha yeltoniensis" (A)
*Greater Short-toed Lark "Calandrella brachydactyla"
*Hume's Lark "Calandrella acutirostris"
*Lesser Short-toed Lark "Calandrella rufescens"
*Red-capped Lark "Calandrella cinerea"
*Sand Lark "Calandrella raytal"
*Crested Lark "Galerida cristata"
*Eurasian Skylark "Alauda arvensis"
*Oriental Skylark "Alauda gulgula"
*Horned Lark "Eremophila alpestris"

wallows and Martins

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Hirundinidae

The Hirundinidae family is a group of passerines characterized by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Their adaptations include a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and short bills with wide gape. The feet are designed for perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in China.

*Bank Swallow "Riparia riparia"
*Pale Sand Martin "Riparia diluta"
*Plain Martin "Riparia paludicola"
*Eurasian Crag-Martin "Ptyonoprogne rupestris"
*Dusky Crag-Martin "Ptyonoprogne concolor" (A)
*Barn Swallow "Hirundo rustica"
*Pacific Swallow "Hirundo tahitica"
*Wire-tailed Swallow "Hirundo smithii"
*Red-rumped Swallow "Cecropis daurica"
*Striated Swallow "Cecropis striolata"
*Common House-Martin "Delichon urbica"
*Asian Martin "Delichon dasypus"
*Nepal Martin "Delichon nipalensis"

Wagtails and Pipits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Motacillidae

The Motacillidae are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are 54 species worldwide and 21 species which occur in China.

*Forest Wagtail "Dendronanthus indicus"
*White Wagtail "Motacilla alba"
*Black-backed Wagtail "Motacilla lugens"
*Japanese Wagtail "Motacilla grandis"
*Citrine Wagtail "Motacilla citreola"
*Yellow Wagtail "Motacilla flava"
*Eastern Yellow Wagtail "Motacilla tschutschensis"
*Gray Wagtail "Motacilla cinerea"
*Oriental Pipit "Anthus rufulus"
*Richard's Pipit "Anthus richardi"
*Tawny Pipit "Anthus campestris"
*Blyth's Pipit "Anthus godlewskii"
*Tree Pipit "Anthus trivialis"
*Olive-backed Pipit "Anthus hodgsoni"
*Pechora Pipit "Anthus gustavi"
*Meadow Pipit "Anthus pratensis"
*Red-throated Pipit "Anthus cervinus"
*Rosy Pipit "Anthus roseatus"
*Water Pipit "Anthus spinoletta"
*Upland Pipit "Anthus sylvanus"
*American Pipit "Anthus rubescens"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Campephagidae

The cuckoo-shrikes are small to medium-sized passerine birds. They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some species are brightly coloured. There are 82 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in China.

*Large Cuckoo-shrike "Coracina macei"
*Black-faced Cuckoo-shrike "Coracina novaehollandiae"
*Black-winged Cuckoo-shrike "Coracina melaschistos"
*Rosy Minivet "Pericrocotus roseus"
*Brown-rumped Minivet "Pericrocotus cantonensis"
*Ashy Minivet "Pericrocotus divaricatus"
*Long-tailed Minivet "Pericrocotus ethologus"
*Short-billed Minivet "Pericrocotus brevirostris"
*Scarlet Minivet "Pericrocotus flammeus"
*Gray-chinned Minivet "Pericrocotus solaris"
*Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike "Hemipus picatus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Pycnonotidae

Bulbuls are medium-sized songbirds. Some are colourful with yellow, red or orange vents, cheeks, throat or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive brown to black plumage. Some species have distinct crests.There are 130 species worldwide and 20 species which occur in China.

*Crested Finchbill "Spizixos canifrons"
*Collared Finchbill "Spizixos semitorques"
*Striated Bulbul "Pycnonotus striatus"
*Black-headed Bulbul "Pycnonotus atriceps"
*Black-crested Bulbul "Pycnonotus melanicterus"
*Red-whiskered Bulbul "Pycnonotus jocosus"
*Brown-breasted Bulbul "Pycnonotus xanthorrhous"
*Light-vented Bulbul "Pycnonotus sinensis"
*Red-vented Bulbul "Pycnonotus cafer"
*Sooty-headed Bulbul "Pycnonotus aurigaster"
*Stripe-throated Bulbul "Pycnonotus finlaysoni"
*Flavescent Bulbul "Pycnonotus flavescens"
*White-throated Bulbul "Alophoixus flaveolus"
*Puff-throated Bulbul "Alophoixus pallidus"
*Gray-eyed Bulbul "Iole propinqua"
*Brown-eared Bulbul "Ixos amaurotis"
*Ashy Bulbul "Hemixos flavala"
*Chestnut Bulbul "Hemixos castanonotus"
*Mountain Bulbul "Ixos mcclellandii"
*Black Bulbul "Hypsipetes leucocephalus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Regulidae

The kinglets or crests are a small group of birds often included in the Old World warblers, but frequently given family status because they also resemble the titmice. There are 7 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in China.

*Goldcrest "Regulus regulus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Chloropseidae

The Leafbirds are small, bulbul-like birds. The males are brightly plumaged, usually in greens and yellows. There are 8 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in China.

*Blue-winged Leafbird "Chloropsis cochinchinensis"
*Golden-fronted Leafbird "Chloropsis aurifrons"
*Orange-bellied Leafbird "Chloropsis hardwickii"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Aegithinidae

The ioras are bulbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub, but whereas that group tends to be drab in coloration, ioras are sexually dimorphic, with the males being brightly plumaged in yellows and greens. There are 4 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in China.

*Common Iora "Aegithina tiphia"
*Great Iora "Aegithina lafresnayei"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Bombycillidae

The waxwings are a group of passerine birds characterized by soft silky plumage and unique red tips to some of the wing feathers. In the Bohemian and Cedar Waxwings, these tips look like sealing wax, and give the group its name. These are arboreal birds of northern forests. They live on insects in summer and berries in winter. There are 3 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in China.

*Bohemian Waxwing "Bombycilla garrulus"
*Japanese Waxwing "Bombycilla japonica"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cinclidae

Dippers are a group of perching birds whose habitat includes aquatic environments in the Americas, Europe, and Asia. They are named for their bobbing or dipping movements. There are 5 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in China.

*White-throated Dipper "Cinclus cinclus"
*Brown Dipper "Cinclus pallasii"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Troglodytidae

The wrens are mainly small and inconspicuous except for their loud songs. These birds have short wings and a thin down-turned bill. Several species often hold their tails upright. All are insectivorous. There are 80 species worldwide (of which all but one are New World species) and 1 species which occurs in China.

*Winter Wren "Troglodytes troglodytes"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Prunellidae

The accentors are in the only bird family, Prunellidae, which is completely endemic to the Palearctic. They are small, fairly drab species superficially similar to sparrows. There are 13 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in China.

*Alpine Accentor "Prunella collaris"
*Himalayan Accentor "Prunella himalayana"
*Robin Accentor "Prunella rubeculoides"
*Rufous-breasted Accentor "Prunella strophiata"
*Siberian Accentor "Prunella montanella"
*Brown Accentor "Prunella fulvescens"
*Black-throated Accentor "Prunella atrogularis"
*Mongolian Accentor "Prunella koslowi"
*Maroon-backed Accentor "Prunella immaculata"

Thrushes and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Turdidae

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. There are 335 species worldwide and 36 species which occur in China. China has the greatest diversity of thrushes of any country on earth.

*Rufous-tailed Rock-Thrush "Monticola saxatilis"
*White-throated Rock-Thrush "Monticola gularis"
*Chestnut-bellied Rock-Thrush "Monticola rufiventris"
*Blue Rock-Thrush "Monticola solitarius"
*Blue Whistling-Thrush "Myophonus caeruleus"
*Orange-headed Thrush "Zoothera citrina"
*Siberian Thrush "Zoothera sibirica"
*Plain-backed Thrush "Zoothera mollissima"
*Long-tailed Thrush "Zoothera dixoni"
*Scaly Thrush "Zoothera dauma"
*Dark-sided Thrush "Zoothera marginata"
*Gray-backed Thrush "Turdus hortulorum"
*Tickell's Thrush "Turdus unicolor"
*Black-breasted Thrush "Turdus dissimilis"
*Japanese Thrush "Turdus cardis"
*White-collared Blackbird "Turdus albocinctus"
*Gray-winged Blackbird "Turdus boulboul"
*Eurasian Blackbird "Turdus merula"
*Island Thrush "Turdus poliocephalus"
*Chestnut Thrush "Turdus rubrocanus"
*White-backed Thrush "Turdus kessleri"
*Gray-sided Thrush "Turdus feae"
*Eyebrowed Thrush "Turdus obscurus"
*Pale Thrush "Turdus pallidus"
*Brown-headed Thrush "Turdus chrysolaus"
*Dark-throated Thrush "Turdus ruficollis"
*Dusky Thrush "Turdus naumanni"
*Fieldfare "Turdus pilaris"
*Redwing "Turdus iliacus"
*Song Thrush "Turdus philomelos"
*Chinese Thrush "Turdus mupinensis"
*Mistle Thrush "Turdus viscivorus"
*Rusty-bellied Shortwing "Brachypteryx hyperythra"
*Gould's Shortwing "Brachypteryx stellata"
*Lesser Shortwing "Brachypteryx leucophrys"
*White-browed Shortwing "Brachypteryx montana"

Cisticolas and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cisticolidae

The Cisticolidae are warblers found mainly in warmer southern regions of the Old World. They are generally very small birds of drab brown or grey appearance found in open country such as grassland or scrub. There are 111 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in China.

*Zitting Cisticola "Cisticola juncidis"
*Golden-headed Cisticola "Cisticola exilis"
*White-browed Chinese Warbler "Rhopophilus pekinensis" (E)
*Striated Prinia "Prinia criniger"
*Brown Prinia "Prinia polychroa"
*Hill Prinia "Prinia atrogularis"
*Rufescent Prinia "Prinia rufescens"
*Gray-breasted Prinia "Prinia hodgsonii"
*Yellow-bellied Prinia "Prinia flaviventris"
*Plain Prinia "Prinia inornata"

Old World warblers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sylviidae

The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. The Sylviidae mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent Africa. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs. There are 291 species worldwide and 98 species which occur in China. China has the greatest diversity of sylvids of any country on earth.

*Chestnut-headed Tesia "Tesia castaneocoronata"
*Slaty-bellied Tesia "Tesia olivea"
*Gray-bellied Tesia "Tesia cyaniventer"
*Asian Stubtail "Urosphena squameiceps"
*Manchurian Bush-Warbler "Cettia canturians"
*Pale-footed Bush-Warbler "Cettia pallidipes" (A)
*Japanese Bush-Warbler "Cettia diphone"
*Brownish-flanked Bush-Warbler "Cettia fortipes"
*Chestnut-crowned Bush-Warbler "Cettia major"
*Aberrant Bush-Warbler "Cettia flavolivacea"
*Yellowish-bellied Bush-Warbler "Cettia acanthizoides"
*Gray-sided Bush-Warbler "Cettia brunnifrons"
*Cetti's Warbler "Cettia cetti"
*Spotted Bush-Warbler "Bradypterus thoracicus"
*Long-billed Bush-Warbler "Bradypterus major"
*Chinese Bush-Warbler "Bradypterus tacsanowskius"
*Russet Bush-Warbler "Bradypterus seebohmi"
*Brown Bush-Warbler "Bradypterus luteoventris"
*Lanceolated Warbler "Locustella lanceolata"
*Grasshopper Warbler "Locustella naevia"
*Pallas's Warbler "Locustella certhiola"
*Middendorff's Grasshopper-Warbler "Locustella ochotensis"
*Pleske's Warbler "Locustella pleskei"
*Savi's Warbler "Locustella luscinioides"
*Gray's Warbler "Locustella fasciolata"
*Sedge Warbler "Acrocephalus schoenobaenus"
*Streaked Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus sorghophilus"
*Black-browed Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus bistrigiceps"
*Paddyfield Warbler "Acrocephalus agricola"
*Blunt-winged Warbler "Acrocephalus concinens"
*Eurasian Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus scirpaceus"
*Blyth's Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus dumetorum"
*Great Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus arundinaceus"
*Oriental Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus orientalis"
*Clamorous Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus stentoreus"
*Thick-billed Warbler "Acrocephalus aedon"
*Booted Warbler "Hippolais caligata"
*Sykes's Warbler "Hippolais rama"
*Eastern Olivaceous Warbler "Hippolais pallida"
*Mountain Tailorbird "Orthotomus cuculatus"
*Common Tailorbird "Orthotomus sutorius"
*Dark-necked Tailorbird "Orthotomus atrogularis"
*White-browed Tit-Warbler "Leptopoecile sophiae"
*Crested Tit-Warbler "Leptopoecile elegans" (E)
*Common Chiffchaff "Phylloscopus collybita"
*Mountain Chiffchaff "Phylloscopus sindianus"
*Wood Warbler "Phylloscopus sibilatrix" (A)
*Dusky Warbler "Phylloscopus fuscatus"
*Smoky Warbler "Phylloscopus fuligiventer"
*Tickell's Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus affinis"
*Buff-throated Warbler "Phylloscopus subaffinis"
*Sulphur-bellied Warbler "Phylloscopus griseolus"
*Yellow-streaked Warbler "Phylloscopus armandii"
*Radde's Warbler "Phylloscopus schwarzi"
*Buff-barred Warbler "Phylloscopus pulcher"
*Ashy-throated Warbler "Phylloscopus maculipennis"
*Lemon-rumped Warbler "Phylloscopus proregulus"
*Gansu Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus kansuensis" (E)
*Pale-rumped Warbler "Phylloscopus chloronotus"
*Sichuan Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus forresti"
*Chinese Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus yunnanensis"
*Yellow-browed Warbler "Phylloscopus inornatus"
*Hume's Warbler "Phylloscopus humei"
*Arctic Warbler "Phylloscopus borealis"
*Greenish Warbler "Phylloscopus trochiloides"
*Pale-legged Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus tenellipes"
*Large-billed Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus magnirostris"
*Western Crowned Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus occipitalis"
*Eastern Crowned Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus coronatus"
*Blyth's Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus reguloides"
*Hainan Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus hainanus" (E)
*Emei Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus emeiensis" (E)
*White-tailed Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus davisoni"
*Yellow-vented Warbler "Phylloscopus cantator"
*Sulphur-breasted Warbler "Phylloscopus ricketti"
*Golden-spectacled Warbler "Seicercus burkii"
*Gray-hooded Warbler "Seicercus xanthoschistos"
*White-spectacled Warbler "Seicercus affinis"
*Gray-cheeked Warbler "Seicercus poliogenys"
*Chestnut-crowned Warbler "Seicercus castaniceps"
*Rufous-faced Warbler "Abroscopus albogularis"
*Yellow-bellied Warbler "Abroscopus superciliaris"
*Black-faced Warbler "Abroscopus schisticeps"
*Broad-billed Warbler "Tickellia hodgsoni"
*Marsh Grassbird "Megalurus pryeri"
*Striated Grassbird "Megalurus palustris"
*Rufous-rumped Grassbird "Graminicola bengalensis"
*Greater Whitethroat "Sylvia communis"
*Lesser Whitethroat "Sylvia curruca"
*Small Whitethroat "Sylvia minula"
*Margelanic Whitethroat "Sylvia margelanica"
*Hume's Whitethroat "Sylvia althaea"
*Asian Desert Warbler "Sylvia nana"
*Barred Warbler "Sylvia nisoria"
*Gray-crowned Warbler "Seicercus tephrocephalus"
*Whistler's Warbler "Seicercus whistleri"
*Bianchi's Warbler "Seicercus valentini"
*Plain-tailed Warbler "Seicercus soror"

Old World flycatchers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Muscicapidae

Old World flycatchers are a large group of small passerine birds native to the Old World. They are mainly small arboreal insectivores. The appearance of these birds is very varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls. There 274 species worldwide and 90 species which occur in China. China has the greatest diversity of old world flycatchers of any country on earth.

*Brown-chested Jungle-Flycatcher "Rhinomyias brunneata"
*Spotted Flycatcher "Muscicapa striata"
*Gray-spotted Flycatcher "Muscicapa griseisticta"
*Siberian Flycatcher "Muscicapa sibirica"
*Asian Brown Flycatcher "Muscicapa dauurica"
*Brown-streaked Flycatcher "Muscicapa williamsoni"
*Brown-breasted Flycatcher "Muscicapa muttui"
*Ferruginous Flycatcher "Muscicapa ferruginea"
*Korean Flycatcher "Ficedula zanthopygia"
*Narcissus Flycatcher "Ficedula narcissina"
*Beijing Flycatcher "Ficedula beijingnica" (E)
*Mugimaki Flycatcher "Ficedula mugimaki"
*Slaty-backed Flycatcher "Ficedula hodgsonii"
*Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher "Ficedula strophiata"
*Red-breasted Flycatcher "Ficedula parva"
*Taiga Flycatcher "Ficedula albicilla"
*Snowy-browed Flycatcher "Ficedula hyperythra"
*White-gorgeted Flycatcher "Ficedula monileger"
*Little Pied Flycatcher "Ficedula westermanni"
*Ultramarine Flycatcher "Ficedula superciliaris"
*Slaty-blue Flycatcher "Ficedula tricolor"
*Sapphire Flycatcher "Ficedula sapphira"
*Blue-and-white Flycatcher "Cyanoptila cyanomelana"
*Verditer Flycatcher "Eumyias thalassina"
*Large Niltava "Niltava grandis"
*Small Niltava "Niltava macgrigoriae"
*Fujian Niltava "Niltava davidi"
*Rufous-bellied Niltava "Niltava sundara"
*Vivid Niltava "Niltava vivida"
*White-tailed Flycatcher "Cyornis concretus"
*Hainan Blue-Flycatcher "Cyornis hainanus"
*Pale-chinned Blue-Flycatcher "Cyornis poliogenys"
*Pale Blue-Flycatcher "Cyornis unicolor"
*Blue-throated Flycatcher "Cyornis rubeculoides"
*Hill Blue-Flycatcher "Cyornis banyumas"
*Pygmy Blue-Flycatcher "Muscicapella hodgsoni" (A)
*Gray-headed Canary-flycatcher "Culicicapa ceylonensis"
*European Robin "Erithacus rubecula" (A)
*Japanese Robin "Erithacus akahige"
*Ryukyu Robin "Erithacus komadori"
*Rufous-tailed Robin "Luscinia sibilans"
*Common Nightingale "Luscinia megarhynchos"
*Siberian Rubythroat "Luscinia calliope"
*White-tailed Rubythroat "Luscinia pectoralis"
*Bluethroat "Luscinia svecica"
*Rufous-headed Robin "Luscinia ruficeps"
*Black-throated Blue Robin "Luscinia obscura"
*Firethroat "Luscinia pectardens"
*Indian Blue Robin "Luscinia brunnea"
*Siberian Blue Robin "Luscinia cyane"
*Red-flanked Bluetail "Tarsiger cyanurus"
*Golden Bush-Robin "Tarsiger chrysaeus"
*White-browed Bush-Robin "Tarsiger indicus"
*Rufous-breasted Bush-Robin "Tarsiger hyperythrus"
*Rufous-tailed Scrub-Robin "Cercotrichas galactotes" (A)
*Oriental Magpie-Robin "Copsychus saularis"
*White-rumped Shama "Copsychus malabaricus"
*Ala Shan Redstart "Phoenicurus alaschanicus" (E)
*Rufous-backed Redstart "Phoenicurus erythronota"
*Blue-capped Redstart "Phoenicurus caeruleocephalus"
*Black Redstart "Phoenicurus ochruros"
*Common Redstart "Phoenicurus phoenicurus"
*Hodgson's Redstart "Phoenicurus hodgsoni"
*White-throated Redstart "Phoenicurus schisticeps"
*Daurian Redstart "Phoenicurus auroreus"
*White-winged Redstart "Phoenicurus erythrogaster"
*Blue-fronted Redstart "Phoenicurus frontalis"
*White-capped Redstart "Chaimarrornis leucocephalus"
*Plumbeous Redstart "Rhyacornis fuliginosus"
*White-bellied Redstart "Hodgsonius phaenicuroides"
*White-tailed Robin "Cinclidium leucurum"
*Siberian Stonechat "Saxicola maura"
*Blue-fronted Robin "Cinclidium frontale"
*Grandala "Grandala coelicolor"
*Little Forktail "Enicurus scouleri"
*Black-backed Forktail "Enicurus immaculatus"
*Slaty-backed Forktail "Enicurus schistaceus"
*White-crowned Forktail "Enicurus leschenaulti"
*Spotted Forktail "Enicurus maculatus"
*Purple Cochoa "Cochoa purpurea"
*Green Cochoa "Cochoa viridis"
*White-throated Bushchat "Saxicola insignis"
*Pied Bushchat "Saxicola caprata"
*Jerdon's Bushchat "Saxicola jerdoni"
*Gray Bushchat "Saxicola ferrea"
*Northern Wheatear "Oenanthe oenanthe"
*Variable Wheatear "Oenanthe picata"
*Pied Wheatear "Oenanthe pleschanka"
*Desert Wheatear "Oenanthe deserti"
*Isabelline Wheatear "Oenanthe isabellina"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Rhipiduridae

The Fantails are small insectivorous birds which are specialist aerial feeders. There are 44 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in China.

*Yellow-bellied Fantail "Rhipidura hypoxantha"
*White-throated Fantail "Rhipidura albicollis"
*White-browed Fantail "Rhipidura aureola"

Monarch flycatchers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Monarchidae

The monarch flycatchers are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines, which hunt by flycatching. There are 99 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in China.

*Black-naped Monarch "Hypothymis azurea"
*Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher "Terpsiphone atrocaudata"
*Asian Paradise-Flycatcher "Terpsiphone paradisi"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Timaliidae

The babblers or timaliids are somewhat diverse in size and coloration, but are characterised by soft fluffy plumage. There are 270 species worldwide and 116 species which occur in China.

*Masked Laughingthrush "Garrulax perspicillatus"
*White-throated Laughingthrush "Garrulax albogularis"
*White-crested Laughingthrush "Garrulax leucolophus"
*Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush "Garrulax monileger"
*Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush "Garrulax pectoralis"
*Striated Laughingthrush "Garrulax striatus"
*White-necked Laughingthrush "Garrulax strepitans"
*Gray Laughingthrush "Garrulax maesi"
*Rufous-necked Laughingthrush "Garrulax ruficollis"
*Black-throated Laughingthrush "Garrulax chinensis"
*Yellow-throated Laughingthrush "Garrulax galbanus"
*Pere David's Laughingthrush "Garrulax davidi" (E)
*Sukatschev's Laughingthrush "Garrulax sukatschewi" (E)
*Moustached Laughingthrush "Garrulax cineraceus"
*Rufous-chinned Laughingthrush "Garrulax rufogularis" (A)
*Spotted Laughingthrush "Garrulax ocellatus"
*Barred Laughingthrush "Garrulax lunulatus" (E)
*Biet's Laughingthrush "Garrulax bieti" (E)
*Giant Laughingthrush "Garrulax maximus" (E)
*Gray-sided Laughingthrush "Garrulax caerulatus"
*Rusty Laughingthrush "Garrulax poecilorhynchus"
*Spot-breasted Laughingthrush "Garrulax merulinus"
*Hwamei "Garrulax canorus"
*White-browed Laughingthrush "Garrulax sannio"
*Streaked Laughingthrush "Garrulax lineatus"
*Scaly Laughingthrush "Garrulax subunicolor"
*Blue-winged Laughingthrush "Garrulax squamatus"
*Elliot's Laughingthrush "Garrulax elliotii" (E)
*Variegated Laughingthrush "Garrulax variegatus" (A)
*Prince Henry's Laughingthrush "Garrulax henrici"
*Black-faced Laughingthrush "Garrulax affinis"
*Chestnut-crowned Laughingthrush "Garrulax erythrocephalus"
*Red-winged Laughingthrush "Garrulax formosus"
*Red-tailed Laughingthrush "Garrulax milnei"
*Gray-faced Liocichla "Liocichla omeiensis" (E)
*Red-faced Liocichla "Liocichla phoenicea"
*Buff-breasted Babbler "Pellorneum tickelli"
*Spot-throated Babbler "Pellorneum albiventre"
*Puff-throated Babbler "Pellorneum ruficeps"
*Large Scimitar-Babbler "Pomatorhinus hypoleucos"
*Spot-breasted Scimitar-Babbler "Pomatorhinus erythrocnemis"
*Rusty-cheeked Scimitar-Babbler "Pomatorhinus erythrogenys"
*Streak-breasted Scimitar-Babbler "Pomatorhinus ruficollis"
*Red-billed Scimitar-Babbler "Pomatorhinus ochraceiceps"
*Coral-billed Scimitar-Babbler "Pomatorhinus ferruginosus"
*Slender-billed Scimitar-Babbler "Xiphirhynchus superciliaris"
*Long-billed Wren-Babbler "Rimator malacoptilus" (A)
*Limestone Wren-Babbler "Napothera crispifrons"
*Streaked Wren-Babbler "Napothera brevicaudata"
*Eyebrowed Wren-Babbler "Napothera epilepidota"
*Scaly-breasted Wren-Babbler "Pnoepyga albiventer"
*Pygmy Wren-Babbler "Pnoepyga pusilla"
*Bar-winged Wren-Babbler "Spelaeornis troglodytoides"
*Spotted Wren-Babbler "Spelaeornis formosus"
*Long-tailed Wren-Babbler "Spelaeornis chocolatinus"
*Wedge-billed Wren-Babbler "Sphenocichla humei"
*Buff-chested Babbler "Stachyris ambigua"
*Rufous-capped Babbler "Stachyris ruficeps"
*Golden Babbler "Stachyris chrysaea"
*Gray-throated Babbler "Stachyris nigriceps"
*Spot-necked Babbler "Stachyris striolata"
*Striped Tit-Babbler "Macronous gularis"
*Chestnut-capped Babbler "Timalia pileata"
*Yellow-eyed Babbler "Chrysomma sinense"
*Rufous-tailed Babbler "Chrysomma poecilotis" (E)
*Chinese Babax "Babax lanceolatus"
*Giant Babax "Babax waddelli"
*Tibetan Babax "Babax koslowi" (E)
*Silver-eared Mesia "Leiothrix argentauris"
*Red-billed Leiothrix "Leiothrix lutea"
*Cutia "Cutia nipalensis"
*Black-headed Shrike-Babbler "Pteruthius rufiventer"
*White-browed Shrike-Babbler "Pteruthius flaviscapis"
*Green Shrike-Babbler "Pteruthius xanthochlorus"
*Black-eared Shrike-Babbler "Pteruthius melanotis"
*Chestnut-fronted Shrike-Babbler "Pteruthius aenobarbus"
*White-hooded Babbler "Gampsorhynchus rufulus"
*Rusty-fronted Barwing "Actinodura egertoni"
*Spectacled Barwing "Actinodura ramsayi"
*Hoary-throated Barwing "Actinodura nipalensis"
*Streak-throated Barwing "Actinodura waldeni"
*Streaked Barwing "Actinodura souliei"
*Blue-winged Minla "Minla cyanouroptera"
*Chestnut-tailed Minla "Minla strigula"
*Red-tailed Minla "Minla ignotincta"
*Golden-breasted Fulvetta "Alcippe chrysotis"
*Gold-fronted Fulvetta "Alcippe variegaticeps" (E)
*Yellow-throated Fulvetta "Alcippe cinerea"
*Rufous-winged Fulvetta "Alcippe castaneceps"
*White-browed Fulvetta "Alcippe vinipectus"
*Chinese Fulvetta "Alcippe striaticollis" (E)
*Spectacled Fulvetta "Alcippe ruficapilla"
*Streak-throated Fulvetta "Alcippe cinereiceps"
*Ludlow's Fulvetta "Alcippe ludlowi"
*Rufous-throated Fulvetta "Alcippe rufogularis"
*Dusky Fulvetta "Alcippe brunnea"
*Rusty-capped Fulvetta "Alcippe dubia"
*Brown-cheeked Fulvetta "Alcippe poioicephala"
*Gray-cheeked Fulvetta "Alcippe morrisonia"
*Nepal Fulvetta "Alcippe nipalensis" (A)
*Rufous-backed Sibia "Heterophasia annectens"
*Rufous Sibia "Heterophasia capistrata"
*Gray Sibia "Heterophasia gracilis"
*Black-backed Sibia "Heterophasia melanoleuca"
*Black-headed Sibia "Heterophasia desgodinsi"
*Beautiful Sibia "Heterophasia pulchella"
*Long-tailed Sibia "Heterophasia picaoides"
*Striated Yuhina "Yuhina castaniceps"
*White-naped Yuhina "Yuhina bakeri"
*Whiskered Yuhina "Yuhina flavicollis"
*Stripe-throated Yuhina "Yuhina gularis"
*White-collared Yuhina "Yuhina diademata"
*Rufous-vented Yuhina "Yuhina occipitalis"
*Black-chinned Yuhina "Yuhina nigrimenta"
*White-bellied Yuhina "Yuhina zantholeuca"
*Fire-tailed Myzornis "Myzornis pyrrhoura"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Paradoxornithidae

The parrotbills are a group of birds native to East and Southeast Asia, though feral populations are known from elsewhere. They are generally small, long-tailed birds which inhabit reedbeds and similar habitats. There are 20 species worldwide and 19 species which occur in China. China has the greatest diversity of parrotbills of any country on earth.

*Bearded Reedling "Panurus biarmicus"
*Great Parrotbill "Conostoma oemodium"
*Brown Parrotbill "Paradoxornis unicolor"
*Gray-headed Parrotbill "Paradoxornis gularis"
*Three-toed Parrotbill "Paradoxornis paradoxus" (E)
*Spot-breasted Parrotbill "Paradoxornis guttaticollis"
*Spectacled Parrotbill "Paradoxornis conspicillatus" (E)
*Vinous-throated Parrotbill "Paradoxornis webbianus"
*Brown-winged Parrotbill "Paradoxornis brunneus"
*Ashy-throated Parrotbill "Paradoxornis alphonsianus"
*Gray-hooded Parrotbill "Paradoxornis zappeyi" (E)
*Rusty-throated Parrotbill "Paradoxornis przewalskii" (E)
*Fulvous Parrotbill "Paradoxornis fulvifrons"
*Black-throated Parrotbill "Paradoxornis nipalensis"
*Golden Parrotbill "Paradoxornis verreauxi"
*Short-tailed Parrotbill "Paradoxornis davidianus"
*Black-browed Parrotbill "Paradoxornis atrosuperciliaris"
*Rufous-headed Parrotbill "Paradoxornis ruficeps"
*Reed Parrotbill "Paradoxornis heudei"

Long-tailed tits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed tits are a group of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They make woven bag nests in trees. Most eat a mixed diet that includes insects. There are 9 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in China.

*Long-tailed Tit "Aegithalos caudatus"
*White-cheeked Tit "Aegithalos leucogenys"
*Black-throated Tit "Aegithalos concinnus"
*Black-browed Tit "Aegithalos iouschistos"
*Sooty Tit "Aegithalos fuliginosus" (E)

Chickadees and Titmice

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Paridae

The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Some have crests. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects. There are species 59 worldwide and 21 species which occur in China. China has the greatest diversity of tits of any country on earth.

*Marsh Tit "Poecile palustris"
*Black-bibbed Tit "Poecile hypermelaena"
*Willow Tit "Poecile montana"
*Songar Tit "Poecile songara"
*White-browed Tit "Poecile superciliosa" (E)
*Pere David's Tit "Poecile davidi" (E)
*Coal Tit "Periparus ater"
*Black-breasted Tit "Periparus rufonuchalis"
*Rufous-vented Tit "Periparus rubidiventris"
*Yellow-bellied Tit "Pardaliparus venustulus" (E)
*Gray-crested Tit "Lophophanes dichrous"
*Great Tit "Parus major"
*Turkestan Tit "Parus bokharensis"
*Green-backed Tit "Parus monticolus"
*Yellow-cheeked Tit "Parus spilonotus"
*Azure Tit "Cyanistes cyanus"
*Yellow-breasted Tit "Cyanistes flavipectus"
*Varied Tit "Sittiparus varius"
*Yellow-browed Tit "Sylviparus modestus"
*Sultan Tit "Melanochlora sultanea"
*Ground Tit "Pseudopodoces humilis"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sittidae

Nuthatches are small woodland birds. They have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first, unlike other birds which can only go upwards. Nuthatches have big heads, short tails and powerful bills and feet. There are 24 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in China. China has the greatest diversity of nuthatches of any country on earth.

*Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch "Sitta castanea"
*Eurasian Nuthatch "Sitta europaea"
*Chestnut-vented Nuthatch "Sitta nagaensis"
*Kashmir Nuthatch "Sitta cashmirensis"
*White-tailed Nuthatch "Sitta himalayensis"
*Snowy-browed Nuthatch "Sitta villosa"
*Yunnan Nuthatch "Sitta yunnanensis" (E)
*White-cheeked Nuthatch "Sitta leucopsis"
*Velvet-fronted Nuthatch "Sitta frontalis"
*Yellow-billed Nuthatch "Sitta solangiae"
*Giant Nuthatch "Sitta magna"
*Beautiful Nuthatch "Sitta formosa"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Tichodromidae

The Wallcreeper is a small bird with stunning crimson, grey and black plumage, related to the nuthatch family.

*Wallcreeper "Tichodroma muraria"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Certhiidae

Treecreepers are small woodland birds, brown above and white below. They have thin pointed down-curved bills, which they use to extricate insects from bark. They have stiff tail feathers, like woodpeckers, which they use to support themselves on vertical trees. There are 6 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in China.

*Eurasian Treecreeper "Certhia familiaris"
*Bar-tailed Treecreeper "Certhia himalayana"
*Rusty-flanked Treecreeper "Certhia nipalensis"
*Brown-throated Treecreeper "Certhia discolor"
*Sichuan Treecreeper "Certhia tianquanensis" (E)

Penduline tits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Remizidae

The penduline tits are a group of small passerine birds, related to the true tits. They are insectivores. There are 13 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in China.

*Eurasian Penduline-Tit "Remiz pendulinus"
*White-crowned Penduline-Tit "Remiz coronatus"
*Chinese Penduline-Tit "Remiz consobrinus"
*Fire-capped Tit "Cephalopyrus flammiceps"

unbirds and Spiderhunters

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Nectariniidae

The sunbirds and spiderhunters are very small passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Flight is fast and direct on their short wings. Most species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed. There are 131 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in China.

*Ruby-cheeked Sunbird "Chalcoparia singalensis"
*Purple-naped Sunbird "Hypogramma hypogrammicum"
*Purple Sunbird "Cinnyris asiaticus"
*Olive-backed Sunbird "Cinnyris jugularis"
*Gould's Sunbird "Aethopyga gouldiae"
*Green-tailed Sunbird "Aethopyga nipalensis"
*Fork-tailed Sunbird "Aethopyga christinae"
*Black-throated Sunbird "Aethopyga saturata"
*Crimson Sunbird "Aethopyga siparaja"
*Fire-tailed Sunbird "Aethopyga ignicauda"
*Little Spiderhunter "Arachnothera longirostra"
*Streaked Spiderhunter "Arachnothera magna"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Dicaeidae

The flowerpeckers are very small, stout, often brightly coloured birds, with short tails, short thick curved bills and tubular tongues. There are 44 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in China.

*Thick-billed Flowerpecker "Dicaeum agile"
*Yellow-vented Flowerpecker "Dicaeum chrysorrheum"
*Yellow-bellied Flowerpecker "Dicaeum melanoxanthum"
*Plain Flowerpecker "Dicaeum concolor"
*Fire-breasted Flowerpecker "Dicaeum ignipectus"
*Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker "Dicaeum cruentatum"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Zosteropidae

The white-eyes are small and are mostly of undistinguished appearance, the plumage above being generally either some dull color like greenish olive, but some species have a white or bright yellow throat, breast or lower parts, and several have buff flanks. As their name suggests many species have a white ring around the eyes. There are 96 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in China.

*Chestnut-flanked White-eye "Zosterops erythropleurus"
*Oriental White-eye "Zosterops palpebrosus"
*Japanese White-eye "Zosterops japonicus"

Old World Orioles

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Oriolidae

The Old World Orioles are colourful passerine birds. They are not related to the New World orioles. There are 29 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in China.

*Eurasian Golden Oriole "Oriolus oriolus"
*Black-naped Oriole "Oriolus chinensis"
*Slender-billed Oriole "Oriolus tenuirostris"
*Black-hooded Oriole "Oriolus xanthornus"
*Maroon Oriole "Oriolus traillii"
*Silver Oriole "Oriolus mellianus" (E)


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Irenidae

The Fairy-bluebirds are bubbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub. The males are dark-blue and the females a duller green. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in China.

*Asian Fairy-bluebird "Irena puella"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Laniidae

Shrikes are passerine birds known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. A typical shrike's beak is hooked, like a bird of prey. There are 31 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in China.

*Tiger Shrike "Lanius tigrinus"
*Bull-headed Shrike "Lanius bucephalus"
*Red-backed Shrike "Lanius collurio"
*Rufous-tailed Shrike "Lanius isabellinus"
*Brown Shrike "Lanius cristatus"
*Burmese Shrike "Lanius collurioides"
*Long-tailed Shrike "Lanius schach"
*Gray-backed Shrike "Lanius tephronotus"
*Northern Shrike "Lanius excubitor"
*Southern Gray Shrike "Lanius meridionalis"
*Lesser Gray Shrike "Lanius minor"
*Chinese Gray Shrike "Lanius sphenocercus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Prionopidae

The helmetshrikes are similar in build to the shrikes, but tend to be colourful species with distinctive crests or other head ornaments, such as wattles, from which they get their name. There are 12 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in China.

*Large Woodshrike "Tephrodornis gularis"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Dicruridae

The drongos are mostly are black or dark grey in colour, sometimes with metallic tints. They have long forked tails, and some Asian species have elaborate tail decorations. They have short legs and sit very upright whilst perched, like a shrike. They flycatch or take prey from the ground. There are 24 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in China.

*Black Drongo "Dicrurus macrocercus"
*Ashy Drongo "Dicrurus leucophaeus"
*Crow-billed Drongo "Dicrurus annectans"
*Bronzed Drongo "Dicrurus aeneus"
*Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo "Dicrurus remifer"
*Hair-crested Drongo "Dicrurus hottentottus"
*Greater Racket-tailed Drongo "Dicrurus paradiseus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Artamidae

The woodswallows are soft-plumaged, somber-coloured passerine birds. They are smooth, agile flyers with moderately large, semi-triangular wings. There are 11 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in China.

*Ashy Woodswallow "Artamus fuscus"

Crows, Jays, Ravens and Magpies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Corvidae

The Corvidae family includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size for the bird order Passeriformes. Some of the larger species show high levels of learning behavior. There are 120 species worldwide and 30 species which occur in China. China has the greatest diversity of corvids of any country on earth.

*Siberian Jay "Perisoreus infaustus"
*Sichuan Jay "Perisoreus internigrans" (E)
*Eurasian Jay "Garrulus glandarius"
*Azure-winged Magpie "Cyanopica cyana"
*Gold-billed Magpie "Urocissa flavirostris"
*Blue Magpie "Urocissa erythrorhyncha"
*White-winged Magpie "Urocissa whiteheadi"
*Green Magpie "Cissa chinensis"
*Yellow-breasted Magpie "Cissa hypoleuca"
*Rufous Treepie "Dendrocitta vagabunda"
*Gray Treepie "Dendrocitta formosae"
*Collared Treepie "Dendrocitta frontalis"
*Racket-tailed Treepie "Crypsirina temia"
*Ratchet-tailed Treepie "Temnurus temnurus"
*Eurasian Magpie "Pica pica"
*Mongolian Ground-Jay "Podoces hendersoni"
*Xinjiang Ground-Jay "Podoces biddulphi" (E)
*Eurasian Nutcracker "Nucifraga caryocatactes"
*Red-billed Chough "Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax"
*Yellow-billed Chough "Pyrrhocorax graculus"
*Eurasian Jackdaw "Corvus monedula"
*Daurian Jackdaw "Corvus dauuricus"
*House Crow "Corvus splendens"
*Rook "Corvus frugilegus"
*Carrion Crow "Corvus corone"
*Large-billed Crow "Corvus macrorhynchos"
*Collared Crow "Corvus torquatus"
*Brown-necked Raven "Corvus ruficollis"
*Common Raven "Corvus corax"
*Hooded Crow "Corvus cornix" (A)


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sturnidae

Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Their flight is strong and direct, and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. They eat insects and fruit. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen. There are 125 species worldwide and 19 species which occur in China.

*Golden-crested Myna "Ampeliceps coronatus"
*Common Hill Myna "Gracula religiosa"
*White-vented Myna "Acridotheres grandis"
*Crested Myna "Acridotheres cristatellus"
*Collared Myna "Acridotheres albocinctus"
*Bank Myna "Acridotheres ginginianus" (A)
*Common Myna "Acridotheres tristis"
*Vinous-breasted Starling "Acridotheres burmannicus"
*Black-collared Starling "Gracupica nigricollis"
*Asian Pied Starling "Gracupica contra"
*Daurian Starling "Sturnia sturnina"
*Chestnut-cheeked Starling "Sturnia philippensis"
*White-shouldered Starling "Sturnia sinensis"
*Chestnut-tailed Starling "Sturnia malabarica"
*Brahminy Starling "Temenuchus pagodarum" (A)
*Rosy Starling "Pastor roseus"
*Red-billed Starling "Sturnus sericeus"
*White-cheeked Starling "Sturnus cineraceus"
*European Starling "Sturnus vulgaris"

Weavers and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Ploceidae

The weavers are small passerine birds related to the finches. They are seed-eating birds with rounded conical bills. The males of many species are brightly coloured, usually in red or yellow and black, some species show variation in colour only in the breeding season. There are 116 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in China.

*Baya Weaver "Ploceus philippinus"
*Bengal Weaver "Ploceus benghalensis"

Waxbills and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Estrildidae

The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They are gregarious and often colonial seed-eaters with short thick but pointed bills. They are all similar in structure and habits, but have a wide variation in plumage colours and pattern. There are 141 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in China.

*Red Avadavat "Amandava amandava"
*White-rumped Munia "Lonchura striata"
*Nutmeg Mannikin "Lonchura punctulata"
*Chestnut Munia "Lonchura atricapilla"
*Java Sparrow "Padda oryzivora" (I)

Buntings, Sparrows, Seedeaters and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Emberizidae

The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with a distinctively shaped bill. In Europe, most species are named as buntings. In North America, most of the species in this family are known as Sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. There are species 275 worldwide and 32 species which occur in China.

*Przevalski's Rosefinch "Urocynchramus pylzowi" (E)
*Crested Bunting "Melophus lathami"
*Slaty Bunting "Latoucheornis siemsseni" (E)
*Yellowhammer "Emberiza citrinella"
*Pine Bunting "Emberiza leucocephalos"
*Tibetan Bunting "Emberiza koslowi" (E)
*Rock Bunting "Emberiza cia"
*Godlewski's Bunting "Emberiza godlewskii"
*Meadow Bunting "Emberiza cioides"
*Rufous-backed Bunting "Emberiza jankowskii"
*Gray-hooded Bunting "Emberiza buchanani"
*Ortolan Bunting "Emberiza hortulana"
*Chestnut-breasted Bunting "Emberiza stewarti"
*Ochre-rumped Bunting "Emberiza yessoensis"
*Tristram's Bunting "Emberiza tristrami"
*Chestnut-eared Bunting "Emberiza fucata"
*Little Bunting "Emberiza pusilla"
*Yellow-browed Bunting "Emberiza chrysophrys"
*Rustic Bunting "Emberiza rustica"
*Yellow-throated Bunting "Emberiza elegans"
*Yellow-breasted Bunting "Emberiza aureola"
*Chestnut Bunting "Emberiza rutila"
*Black-headed Bunting "Emberiza melanocephala" (A)
*Red-headed Bunting "Emberiza bruniceps"
*Yellow Bunting "Emberiza sulphurata"
*Black-faced Bunting "Emberiza spodocephala"
*Gray Bunting "Emberiza variabilis" (A)
*Pallas's Bunting "Emberiza pallasi"
*Reed Bunting "Emberiza schoeniclus"
*Corn Bunting "Emberiza calandra"
*Lapland Longspur "Calcarius lapponicus"
*Snow Bunting "Plectrophenax nivalis"

iskins, Crossbills and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Fringillidae

Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have 12 tail feathers and 9 primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. There are 137 species worldwide and 55 species which occur in China. China has the greatest diversity of finches of any country on earth.

*Chaffinch "Fringilla coelebs"
*Brambling "Fringilla montifringilla"
*Plain Mountain-Finch "Leucosticte nemoricola"
*Black-headed Mountain-Finch "Leucosticte brandti"
*Tawny-headed Mountain-Finch "Leucosticte sillemi" (E)
*Asian Rosy-Finch "Leucosticte arctoa"
*Pine Grosbeak "Pinicola enucleator"
*Crimson-browed Finch "Pinicola subhimachalus"
*Blanford's Rosefinch "Carpodacus rubescens"
*Dark-breasted Rosefinch "Carpodacus nipalensis"
*Common Rosefinch "Carpodacus erythrinus"
*Beautiful Rosefinch "Carpodacus pulcherrimus"
*Pink-rumped Rosefinch "Carpodacus eos" (E)
*Pink-browed Rosefinch "Carpodacus rhodochrous"
*Vinaceous Rosefinch "Carpodacus vinaceus"
*Dark-rumped Rosefinch "Carpodacus edwardsii"
*Pale Rosefinch "Carpodacus synoicus"
*Pallas's Rosefinch "Carpodacus roseus"
*Three-banded Rosefinch "Carpodacus trifasciatus"
*Spot-winged Rosefinch "Carpodacus rhodopeplus"
*White-browed Rosefinch "Carpodacus thura"
*Tibetan Rosefinch "Carpodacus roborowskii" (E)
*Red-mantled Rosefinch "Carpodacus rhodochlamys"
*Streaked Rosefinch "Carpodacus rubicilloides"
*Great Rosefinch "Carpodacus rubicilla"
*Red-fronted Rosefinch "Carpodacus puniceus"
*Red Crossbill "Loxia curvirostra"
*White-winged Crossbill "Loxia leucoptera"
*Yellow-breasted Greenfinch "Carduelis spinoides"
*Black-headed Greenfinch "Carduelis ambigua"
*Common Redpoll "Carduelis flammea"
*Hoary Redpoll "Carduelis hornemanni"
*Eurasian Siskin "Carduelis spinus"
*European Goldfinch "Carduelis carduelis"
*Oriental Greenfinch "Carduelis sinica"
*Twite "Carduelis flavirostris"
*Eurasian Linnet "Carduelis cannabina"
*Fire-fronted Serin "Serinus pusillus"
*Tibetan Serin "Serinus thibetanus"
*Brown Bullfinch "Pyrrhula nipalensis"
*Red-headed Bullfinch "Pyrrhula erythrocephala"
*Gray-headed Bullfinch "Pyrrhula erythaca"
*Eurasian Bullfinch "Pyrrhula pyrrhula"
*Hawfinch "Coccothraustes coccothraustes"
*Yellow-billed Grosbeak "Eophona migratoria"
*Japanese Grosbeak "Eophona personata"
*Collared Grosbeak "Mycerobas affinis"
*Spot-winged Grosbeak "Mycerobas melanozanthos"
*White-winged Grosbeak "Mycerobas carnipes"
*Gold-naped Finch "Pyrrhoplectes epauletta"
*Crimson-winged Finch "Rhodopechys sanguinea"
*Mongolian Finch "Rhodopechys mongolica"
*Desert Finch "Rhodospiza obsoleta"
*Long-tailed Rosefinch "Uragus sibiricus"
*Scarlet Finch "Haematospiza sipahi"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Passeridae

Sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed-eaters, and they also consume small insects. There are 35 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in China.

*Saxaul Sparrow "Passer ammodendri"
*House Sparrow "Passer domesticus"
*Spanish Sparrow "Passer hispaniolensis"
*Russet Sparrow "Passer rutilans"
*Eurasian Tree Sparrow "Passer montanus"
*Rock Petronia "Petronia petronia"
*White-winged Snowfinch "Montifringilla nivalis"
*Black-winged Snowfinch "Montifringilla adamsi"
*White-rumped Snowfinch "Montifringilla taczanowskii"
*Pere David's Snowfinch "Montifringilla davidiana"
*Rufous-necked Snowfinch "Montifringilla ruficollis"
*Blanford's Snowfinch "Montifringilla blanfordi"

ee also

*List of birds
*Lists of birds by region


*cite web
last = Lepage
first = Denis
authorlink =
coauthors =
year =
url =
title = Checklist of birds of China
format =
work = Bird Checklists of the World
publisher = Avibase
accessdate = 27 April
accessyear = 2007

*cite book
title=Birds of the World: a Checklist
first= James F.
last = Clements
publisher = Cornell University Press
date = 2000
id = ISBN 0934797161
pages = 880

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