List of birds of Mexico

List of birds of Mexico

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Mexico. The avifauna of Mexico includes a total of 1,085 species, of which 108 are endemic, six have been introduced by humans, and 51 are rare or accidental. One species listed is extirpated in Mexico and is not included in the species count, and 48 species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families, and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of Clements's 5th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflects this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Mexico.

The following tags have been used to highlight certain relevant categories. It must be noted that not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring, native species.

* (A) Accidental A species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Mexico.
* (E) Endemic A species endemic to Mexico.
* (I) Introduced A species introduced to Mexico as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions.
* (Ex) Extirpated A species that no longer occurs in Mexico although populations exist elsewhere.



Order: TinamiformesFamily: Tinamidae

The tinamous are one of the most ancient groups of bird. Although they look similar to other ground-dwelling birds like quail and grouse, they have no close relatives and are classified as a single family Tinamidae within their own order, the Tinamiformes. They are distantly related to the ratites (order Struthioniformes), that includes the rheas, emu, and kiwi. There are 47 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Mexico.

*Great Tinamou "Tinamus major"
*Little Tinamou "Crypturellus soui"
*Slaty-breasted Tinamou "Crypturellus boucardi"
*Thicket Tinamou "Crypturellus cinnamomeus"


Order: GaviiformesFamily: Gaviidae

Loons, known as Divers in Europe, are group of aquatic birds found in many parts of North America and northern Europe. They are the size of a large duck or small goose, which they somewhat resembles in shape when swimming, but they completely unrelated to these waterfowl. There are 5 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Mexico.

*Red-throated Loon "Gavia stellata"
*Pacific Loon "Gavia pacifica"
*Common Loon "Gavia immer"
*Yellow-billed Loon "Gavia adamsii" (A)


*Least Grebe "Tachybaptus dominicus"
*Pied-billed Grebe "Podilymbus podiceps"
*Horned Grebe "Podiceps auritus"
*Eared Grebe "Podiceps nigricollis"
*Western Grebe "Aechmophorus occidentalis"
*Clark's Grebe "Aechmophorus clarkii"


Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Diomedeidae

The albatrosses are among the largest of flying birds, and the great albatrosses from the genus Diomedea have the largest wingspans of any extant birds. There are 21 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Mexico.

*Short-tailed Albatross "Phoebastria albatrus" (A)
*Laysan Albatross "Phoebastria immutabilis"
*Black-footed Albatross "Phoebastria nigripes"

hearwaters and Petrels

Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized 'true petrels', characterised by united nostrils with a medium septum, and a long outer functional primary. There are 75 species worldwide and 20 species which occur in Mexico.

*Northern Fulmar "Fulmarus glacialis"
*Tahiti Petrel "Pterodroma rostrata"
*Kermadec Petrel "Pterodroma neglecta"
*Galapagos Petrel "Pterodroma phaeopygia"
*Juan Fernandez Petrel "Pterodroma externa"
*Cook's Petrel "Pterodroma cookii"
*Stejneger's Petrel "Pterodroma longirostris" (A)
*Parkinson's Petrel "Procellaria parkinsoni"
*Cory's Shearwater "Calonectris diomedea" (A)
*Pink-footed Shearwater "Puffinus creatopus"
*Flesh-footed Shearwater "Puffinus carneipes"
*Greater Shearwater "Puffinus gravis" (A)
*Wedge-tailed Shearwater "Puffinus pacificus"
*Buller's Shearwater "Puffinus bulleri" (A)
*Sooty Shearwater "Puffinus griseus"
*Short-tailed Shearwater "Puffinus tenuirostris" (A)
*Christmas Shearwater "Puffinus nativitatis" (A)
*Black-vented Shearwater "Puffinus opisthomelas"
*Townsend's Shearwater "Puffinus auricularis"
*Audubon's Shearwater "Puffinus lherminieri"


*Least Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma microsoma"
*Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma tethys"
*Band-rumped Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma castro" (A)
*Leach's Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma leucorhoa"
*Markham's Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma markhami" (A)
*Black Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma melania"
*Ashy Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma homochroa"


*Red-billed Tropicbird "Phaethon aethereus"
*Red-tailed Tropicbird "Phaethon rubricauda"
*White-tailed Tropicbird "Phaethon lepturus" (A)


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Pelecanidae

Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes. There are 8 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Mexico.

*American White Pelican "Pelecanus erythrorhynchos"
*Brown Pelican "Pelecanus occidentalis"

Boobies and Gannets

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Sulidae

The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups comprise medium-to-large coastal seabirds that plunge-dive for fish. There are 9 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Mexico.

*Northern Gannet "Morus bassanus"
*Blue-footed Booby "Sula nebouxii"
*Masked Booby "Sula dactylatra"
*Nazca Booby "Sula granti"
*Red-footed Booby "Sula sula"
*Brown Booby "Sula leucogaster"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Phalacrocoracidae

The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating seabirds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. There are 38 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Mexico.

*Double-crested Cormorant "Phalacrocorax auritus"
*Neotropic Cormorant "Phalacrocorax brasilianus"
*Brandt's Cormorant "Phalacrocorax penicillatus"
*Pelagic Cormorant "Phalacrocorax pelagicus"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Anhingidae

Darters are frequently referred to as "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged.The males have black and dark brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have a much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. There are 4 species worldwide and1 species which occurs in Mexico.

*Anhinga "Anhinga anhinga"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Fregatidae

Frigatebirds are large seabirds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black and white or completely black, with long wings and deeply-forked tails. The males have inflatable coloured throat pouches. They do not swim or walk, and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan to body weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. There are 5 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Mexico.

*Magnificent Frigatebird "Fregata magnificens"
*Great Frigatebird "Fregata minor"

Bitterns, Herons and Egrets

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ardeidae

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds suck as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Mexico.

*Great Blue Heron "Ardea herodias"
*Great Egret "Ardea alba"
*Reddish Egret "Egretta rufescens"
*Tricolored Heron "Egretta tricolor"
*Little Blue Heron "Egretta caerulea"
*Snowy Egret "Egretta thula"
*Cattle Egret "Bubulcus ibis"
*Green Heron "Butorides virescens"
*Agami Heron "Agamia agami"
*Black-crowned Night-Heron "Nycticorax nycticorax"
*Yellow-crowned Night-Heron "Nyctanassa violacea"
*Boat-billed Heron "Cochlearius cochlearius"
*Bare-throated Tiger-Heron "Tigrisoma mexicanum"
*Least Bittern "Ixobrychus exilis"
*Pinnated Bittern "Botaurus pinnatus"
*American Bittern "Botaurus lentiginosus"


Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are mute; bill-clattering is an important mode of stork communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory. There are 19 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Mexico.

*Wood Stork "Mycteria americana"
*Jabiru "Jabiru mycteria"

Ibises and Spoonbills

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Threskiornithidae

The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. There are 36 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Mexico.

*White Ibis "Eudocimus albus"
*Glossy Ibis "Plegadis falcinellus"
*White-faced Ibis "Plegadis chihi"
*Roseate Spoonbill "Platalea ajaja"


Order: PhoenicopteriformesFamily: Phoenicopteridae

Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet high, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. They are more numerous in the latter. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly-shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume, and are uniquely used upside-down. There are 6 species worldwide and1 species which occurs in Mexico.

*Caribbean Flamingo "Phoenicopterus ruber"

Ducks, Geese and Swans

Order: AnseriformesFamily: Anatidae

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating. There are 131 species worldwide and 42 species which occur in Mexico.

*Fulvous Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna bicolor"
*Black-bellied Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna autumnalis"
*Trumpeter Swan "Cygnus buccinator" (A)
*Tundra Swan "Cygnus columbianus" (A)
*Bean Goose "Anser fabalis"
*Greater White-fronted Goose "Anser albifrons"
*Snow Goose "Chen caerulescens"
*Ross's Goose "Chen rossii"
*Brant "Branta bernicla"
*Cackling Goose "Branta hutchinsii"
*Canada Goose "Branta canadensis"
*Muscovy Duck "Cairina moschata"
*Wood Duck "Aix sponsa"
*Eurasian Wigeon "Anas penelope" (A)
*American Wigeon "Anas americana"
*Gadwall "Anas strepera"
*Green-winged Teal "Anas carolinensis"
*Eurasian Teal "Anas crecca"
*Mallard "Anas platyrhynchos"
*Mottled Duck "Anas fulvigula"
*Northern Pintail "Anas acuta"
*Garganey "Anas querquedula" (A)
*Blue-winged Teal "Anas discors"
*Cinnamon Teal "Anas cyanoptera"
*Northern Shoveler "Anas clypeata"
*Canvasback "Aythya valisineria"
*Redhead "Aythya americana"
*Ring-necked Duck "Aythya collaris"
*Greater Scaup "Aythya marila"
*Lesser Scaup "Aythya affinis"
*Harlequin Duck "Histrionicus histrionicus" (A)
*Long-tailed Duck "Clangula hyemalis" (A)
*Black Scoter "Melanitta nigra"
*Surf Scoter "Melanitta perspicillata"
*White-winged Scoter "Melanitta fusca"
*Common Goldeneye "Bucephala clangula"
*Bufflehead "Bucephala albeola"
*Hooded Merganser "Lophodytes cucullatus"
*Red-breasted Merganser "Mergus serrator"
*Common Merganser "Mergus merganser"
*Masked Duck "Nomonyx dominica"
*Ruddy Duck "Oxyura jamaicensis"

New World vultures

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Cathartidae

The New World vultures are not closely related to Old World vultures, but superficially resemble them because of convergent evolution. Like the Old World vultures, they are scavengers. However, unlike Old World vultures, which find carcasses by sight, New World vultures have a good sense of smell with which they locate carrion. There are 7 species worldwide, all of which are found only in the Americas, and 5 species which occur in Mexico.

*Black Vulture "Coragyps atratus"
*Turkey Vulture "Cathartes aura"
*Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture "Cathartes burrovianus"
*California Condor "Gymnogyps californianus" (Ex)
*King Vulture "Sarcoramphus papa"


Order: FalconiformesFamily: Pandionidae

The Pandionidae family contains only one species, the Osprey. The Osprey is a medium large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.

*Osprey "Pandion haliaetus"

Hawks, Kites and Eagles

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Accipitridae

Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. There are 233 species worldwide and 39 species which occur in Mexico.

*Gray-headed Kite "Leptodon cayanensis"
*Hook-billed Kite "Chondrohierax uncinatus"
*Swallow-tailed Kite "Elanoides forficatus"
*White-tailed Kite "Elanus leucurus"
*Snail Kite "Rostrhamus sociabilis"
*Double-toothed Kite "Harpagus bidentatus"
*Mississippi Kite "Ictinia mississippiensis"
*Plumbeous Kite "Ictinia plumbea"
*Bald Eagle "Haliaeetus leucocephalus"
*Northern Harrier "Circus cyaneus"
*Sharp-shinned Hawk "Accipiter striatus"
*Cooper's Hawk "Accipiter cooperii"
*Bicolored Hawk "Accipiter bicolor"
*Northern Goshawk "Accipiter gentilis"
*Crane Hawk "Geranospiza caerulescens"
*White Hawk "Leucopternis albicollis"
*Common Black-Hawk "Buteogallus anthracinus"
*Great Black-Hawk "Buteogallus urubitinga"
*Harris's Hawk "Parabuteo unicinctus"
*Black-collared Hawk "Busarellus nigricollis"
*Solitary Eagle "Harpyhaliaetus solitarius"
*Gray Hawk "Asturina nitida"
*Roadside Hawk "Buteo magnirostris"
*Red-shouldered Hawk "Buteo lineatus"
*Broad-winged Hawk "Buteo platypterus"
*Short-tailed Hawk "Buteo brachyurus"
*Swainson's Hawk "Buteo swainsoni"
*White-tailed Hawk "Buteo albicaudatus"
*Zone-tailed Hawk "Buteo albonotatus"
*Red-tailed Hawk "Buteo jamaicensis"
*Ferruginous Hawk "Buteo regalis"
*Rough-legged Hawk "Buteo lagopus"
*Crested Eagle "Morphnus guianensis"
*Harpy Eagle "Harpia harpyja"
*Golden Eagle "Aquila chrysaetos"
*Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle "Spizastur melanoleucus"
*Black Hawk-Eagle "Spizaetus tyrannus"
*Ornate Hawk-Eagle "Spizaetus ornatus"

Caracaras and Falcons

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Mexico.

*Red-throated Caracara "Ibycter americanus"
*Crested Caracara "Caracara cheriway"
*Laughing Falcon "Herpetotheres cachinnans"
*Barred Forest-Falcon "Micrastur ruficollis"
*Collared Forest-Falcon "Micrastur semitorquatus"
*American Kestrel "Falco sparverius"
*Aplomado Falcon "Falco femoralis"
*Merlin "Falco columbarius"
*Bat Falcon "Falco rufigularis"
*Orange-breasted Falcon "Falco deiroleucus"
*Prairie Falcon "Falco mexicanus"
*Peregrine Falcon "Falco peregrinus"

Guans, Chachalacas and allies

Order: GalliformesFamily: Cracidae

The Cracidae are large birds, similar in general appearance to turkeys. The guans and curassows live in trees, but the smaller chachalacas are found in more open scrubby habitats. They are generally dull-plumaged, but the curassows and some guans have colourful facial ornaments. There are 50 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Mexico.

*Plain Chachalaca "Ortalis vetula"
*Rufous-bellied Chachalaca "Ortalis wagleri" (E)
*West Mexican Chachalaca "Ortalis poliocephala" (E)
*White-bellied Chachalaca "Ortalis leucogastra"
*Crested Guan "Penelope purpurascens"
*Highland Guan "Penelopina nigra"
*Horned Guan "Oreophasis derbianus"
*Great Curassow "Crax rubra"


Order: GalliformesFamily: Meleagrididae

Turkeys are similar to large pheasants but have a distinctive fleshy wattle that hangs from the beak, called a snood. The are two species, both native to the Americas, and 2 species which occur in Mexico.

*Wild Turkey "Meleagris gallopavo"
*Ocellated Turkey "Meleagris ocellata"

New World quails

Order: GalliformesFamily: Odontophoridae

The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits. There are 32 species worldwide, all found only in the Americas, and 15 species which occur in Mexico. Mexico has the greatest diversity of this family of any country.

*Bearded Wood-Partridge "Dendrortyx barbatus" (E)
*Long-tailed Wood-Partridge "Dendrortyx macroura" (E)
*Buffy-crowned Wood-Partridge "Dendrortyx leucophrys"
*Mountain Quail "Oreortyx pictus"
*Scaled Quail "Callipepla squamata"
*Elegant Quail "Callipepla douglasii" (E)
*California Quail "Callipepla californica"
*Gambel's Quail "Callipepla gambelii"
*Banded Quail "Philortyx fasciatus" (E)
*Northern Bobwhite "Colinus virginianus"
*Black-throated Bobwhite "Colinus nigrogularis"
*Spotted Wood-Quail "Odontophorus guttatus"
*Singing Quail "Dactylortyx thoracicus"
*Montezuma Quail "Cyrtonyx montezumae"
*Ocellated Quail "Cyrtonyx ocellatus"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Gruidae

Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". There are 15 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Mexico.

*Sandhill Crane "Grus canadensis"
*Whooping Crane "Grus americana" (A)


Order: GruiformesFamily: Aramidae

The Limpkin resembles a large rail. It has drab brown plumage and a greyer head and neck.

*Limpkin "Aramus guarauna"

Rails, Crakes, Gallinules, and Coots

Order: GruiformesFamily: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and be weak fliers. There are 143 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Mexico.

*Yellow Rail "Coturnicops noveboracensis"
*Ruddy Crake "Laterallus ruber"
*Black Rail "Laterallus jamaicensis"
*Clapper Rail "Rallus longirostris"
*King Rail "Rallus elegans"
*Virginia Rail "Rallus limicola"
*Rufous-necked Wood-Rail "Aramides axillaris"
*Gray-necked Wood-Rail "Aramides cajanea"
*Uniform Crake "Amaurolimnas concolor"
*Sora "Porzana carolina"
*Yellow-breasted Crake "Porzana flaviventer"
*Spotted Rail "Pardirallus maculatus"
*Purple Gallinule "Porphyrio martinica"
*Common Moorhen "Gallinula chloropus"
*American Coot "Fulica americana"
*Caribbean Coot "Fulica caribaea" (A)

ungrebe and Finfoots

Order: GruiformesFamily: Heliornithidae

The Heliornithidae are small family of tropical birds with webbed lobes on their feet similar to those of grebes and coots. There are 3 species worldwide and1 species which occurs in Mexico.

*Sungrebe "Heliornis fulica"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Eurypygidae

The Sunbittern is a bittern-like bird of tropical regions of the Americas, and the sole member of the family Eurypygidae (sometimes spelled Eurypigidae) and genus Eurypyga.

*Sunbittern "Eurypyga helias"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Jacanidae

The jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They are found worldwide in the Tropics. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. There 8 species worldwide and1 species which occurs in Mexico.

*Northern Jacana "Jacana spinosa"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Haematopodidae

The oystercatchers are large and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs. There are 11 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Mexico.

*Black Oystercatcher "Haematopus bachmani"
*American Oystercatcher "Haematopus palliatus"

Avocets and Stilts

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are 9 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Mexico.

*Black-necked Stilt "Himantopus mexicanus"
*American Avocet "Recurvirostra americana"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Burhinidae

The thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats. There are 9 species worldwide and1 species which occurs in Mexico.

*Double-striped Thick-knee "Burhinus bistriatus"

Plovers and Lapwings

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in Mexico.

*Southern Lapwing "Vanellus chilensis" (A)
*Pacific Golden-Plover "Pluvialis fulva" (A)
*American Golden-Plover "Pluvialis dominica"
*Black-bellied Plover "Pluvialis squatarola"
*Semipalmated Plover "Charadrius semipalmatus"
*Wilson's Plover "Charadrius wilsonia"
*Killdeer "Charadrius vociferus"
*Piping Plover "Charadrius melodus"
*Snowy Plover "Charadrius alexandrinus"
*Collared Plover "Charadrius collaris"
*Mountain Plover "Charadrius montanus"

andpipers and allies

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Scolopacidae

The Scolopacidae are a large diverse family of small to medium sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 89 species worldwide and 35 species which occur in Mexico.

*American Woodcock "Scolopax minor" (A)
*Wilson's Snipe "Gallinago delicata"
*Short-billed Dowitcher "Limnodromus griseus"
*Long-billed Dowitcher "Limnodromus scolopaceus"
*Hudsonian Godwit "Limosa haemastica" (A)
*Bar-tailed Godwit "Limosa lapponica" (A)
*Marbled Godwit "Limosa fedoa"
*Eskimo Curlew "Numenius borealis" (A)
*Whimbrel "Numenius phaeopus"
*Long-billed Curlew "Numenius americanus"
*Upland Sandpiper "Bartramia longicauda"
*Greater Yellowlegs "Tringa melanoleuca"
*Lesser Yellowlegs "Tringa flavipes"
*Solitary Sandpiper "Tringa solitaria"
*Spotted Sandpiper "Actitis macularia"
*Wandering Tattler "Heterosceles incanus"
*Willet "Catoptrophorus semipalmatus"
*Ruddy Turnstone "Arenaria interpres"
*Black Turnstone "Arenaria melanocephala"
*Surfbird "Aphriza virgata"
*Red Knot "Calidris canutus"
*Sanderling "Calidris alba"
*Semipalmated Sandpiper "Calidris pusilla"
*Western Sandpiper "Calidris mauri"
*Little Stint "Calidris minuta" (A)
*Least Sandpiper "Calidris minutilla"
*White-rumped Sandpiper "Calidris fuscicollis"
*Baird's Sandpiper "Calidris bairdii"
*Pectoral Sandpiper "Calidris melanotos"
*Dunlin "Calidris alpina"
*Stilt Sandpiper "Calidris himantopus"
*Buff-breasted Sandpiper "Tryngites subruficollis"
*Wilson's Phalarope "Phalaropus tricolor"
*Red-necked Phalarope "Phalaropus lobatus"
*Red Phalarope "Phalaropus fulicarius"

kuas and Jaegers

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Stercorariidae

The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. There are 7 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Mexico.

*South Polar Skua "Stercorarius maccormicki"
*Pomarine Jaeger "Stercorarius pomarinus"
*Parasitic Jaeger "Stercorarius parasiticus"
*Long-tailed Jaeger "Stercorarius longicaudus"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large birds seabirds and includes gulls and kittiwakes. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. There are 55 species worldwide and 20 species which occur in Mexico.

*Heermann's Gull "Larus heermanni"
*Mew Gull "Larus canus"
*Ring-billed Gull "Larus delawarensis"
*Kelp Gull "Larus dominicanus" (A)
*California Gull "Larus californicus"
*Great Black-backed Gull "Larus marinus" (A)
*Glaucous-winged Gull "Larus glaucescens"
*Western Gull "Larus occidentalis"
*Yellow-footed Gull "Larus livens"
*Glaucous Gull "Larus hyperboreus" (A)
*Thayer's Gull "Larus thayeri"
*Lesser Black-backed Gull "Larus fuscus" (A)
*American Herring Gull "Larus smithsonianus"
*Black-headed Gull "Larus ridibundus" (A)
*Bonaparte's Gull "Larus philadelphia"
*Laughing Gull "Larus atricilla"
*Franklin's Gull "Larus pipixcan"
*Little Gull "Larus minutus" (A)
*Sabine's Gull "Xema sabini"
*Black-legged Kittiwake "Rissa tridactyla"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Sternidae

Terns are a group of generally general medium to large seabirds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species now known to live in excess of 25 to 30 years. There are 44 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Mexico.

*Gull-billed Tern "Sterna nilotica"
*Caspian Tern "Sterna caspia"
*Elegant Tern "Sterna elegans"
*Sandwich Tern "Sterna sandvicensis"
*Royal Tern "Sterna maxima"
*Roseate Tern "Sterna dougallii"
*Common Tern "Sterna hirundo"
*Arctic Tern "Sterna paradisaea"
*Forster's Tern "Sterna forsteri"
*Least Tern "Sterna antillarum"
*Bridled Tern "Sterna anaethetus"
*Sooty Tern "Sterna fuscata"
*Black Tern "Chlidonias niger"
*Black Noddy "Anous minutus" (A)
*Brown Noddy "Anous stolidus"
*White Tern "Gygis alba" (A)


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Rynchopidae

Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. They have an elongated lower mandible which they use to feed by flying low over the water surface and skimming the water for small fish. There are 3 species worldwide and1 species which occurs in Mexico.

*Black Skimmer "Rynchops niger"

Auks, Murres, and Puffins

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Alcidae

Alcids are superficially similar to penguins due to their black-and-white colours, their upright posture and some of their habits, however they are not related to the penguins bnd differ in being able to fly. Auks live on the open sea, only deliberately coming ashore to nest. There are 24 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in Mexico.

*Common Murre "Uria aalge"
*Thick-billed Murre "Uria lomvia"
*Pigeon Guillemot "Cepphus columba" (A)
*Xantus's Murrelet "Synthliboramphus hypoleucus"
*Craveri's Murrelet "Synthliboramphus craveri"
*Ancient Murrelet "Synthliboramphus antiquus"
*Cassin's Auklet "Ptychoramphus aleuticus"
*Crested Auklet "Aethia cristatella" (A)
*Rhinoceros Auklet "Cerorhinca monocerata"

Pigeons and Doves

Order: ColumbiformesFamily: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. There are 308 species worldwide and 27 species which occur in Mexico.

*Rock Pigeon "Columba livia" (I)
*White-crowned Pigeon "Patagioenas leucocephala"
*Scaled Pigeon "Patagioenas speciosa"
*Band-tailed Pigeon "Patagioenas fasciata"
*Pale-vented Pigeon "Patagioenas cayennensis"
*Red-billed Pigeon "Patagioenas flavirostris"
*Short-billed Pigeon "Patagioenas nigrirostris"
*Eurasian Collared Dove "Streptopelia decaocto" (I)
*Spotted Dove "Streptopelia chinensis" (I)
*Mourning Dove "Zenaida macroura"
*Socorro Dove "Zenaida graysoni" (E)
*Zenaida Dove "Zenaida aurita"
*White-winged Dove "Zenaida asiatica"
*Passenger Pigeon "Ectopistes migratorius"
*Common Ground-dove "Columbina passerina"
*Plain-breasted Ground-dove "Columbina minuta"
*Ruddy Ground Dove "Columbina talpacoti"
*Inca Dove "Columbina inca"
*Blue Ground-dove "Claravis pretiosa"
*Maroon-chested Ground-dove "Claravis mondetoura"
*White-tipped Dove "Leptotila verreauxi"
*Gray-headed Dove "Leptotila plumbeiceps"
*Caribbean Dove "Leptotila jamaicensis"
*Gray-chested Dove "Leptotila cassini"
*Tuxtla Quail-dove "Geotrygon carrikeri" (E)
*White-faced Quail-dove "Geotrygon albifacies"
*Ruddy Quail-dove "Geotrygon montana"

Parrots, Macaws and allies

Order: PsittaciformesFamily: Psittacidae

Parrots are small to large birds with a characteristic curved beak shape. Their upper mandibles have slight mobility in the joint with the skull and the have a generally erect stance. All parrots are zygodactyl, having the four toes on each foot placed two at the front and two back. There are 335 species worldwide and 23 species which occur in Mexico.

*Military Macaw "Ara militaris"
*Scarlet Macaw "Ara macao"
*Thick-billed Parrot "Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha" (E)
*Maroon-fronted Parrot "Rhynchopsitta terrisi" (E)
*Green Parakeet "Aratinga holochlora" (E)
*Pacific Parakeet "Aratinga strenua"
*Socorro Parakeet "Aratinga brevipes" (E)
*Olive-throated Parakeet "Aratinga nana"
*Orange-fronted Parakeet "Aratinga canicularis"
*Barred Parakeet "Bolborhynchus lineola"
*Mexican Parrotlet "Forpus cyanopygius" (E)
*Orange-chinned Parakeet "Brotogeris jugularis"
*Brown-hooded Parrot "Pionopsitta haematotis"
*White-crowned Parrot "Pionus senilis"
*Yellow-lored Amazon "Amazona xantholora"
*White-fronted Amazon "Amazona albifrons"
*Red-crowned Amazon "Amazona viridigenalis" (E)
*Lilac-crowned Amazon "Amazona finschi" (E)
*Red-lored Amazon "Amazona autumnalis"
*Yellow-headed Amazon "Amazona oratrix"
*Yellow-crowned Amazon "Amazona ochrocephala"
*Yellow-naped Amazon "Amazona auropalliata"
*Mealy Amazon "Amazona farinosa"

Cuckoos and Anis

Order: CuculiformesFamily: Cuculidae

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Unlike the cuckoo species of the Old World, North American cuckoos are not brood parasites. There are 138 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in Mexico.

*Black-billed Cuckoo "Coccyzus erythropthalmus"
*Yellow-billed Cuckoo "Coccyzus americanus"
*Mangrove Cuckoo "Coccyzus minor"
*Squirrel Cuckoo "Piaya cayana"
*Smooth-billed Ani "Crotophaga ani"
*Groove-billed Ani "Crotophaga sulcirostris"
*Striped Cuckoo "Tapera naevia"
*Pheasant Cuckoo "Dromococcyx phasianellus"
*Lesser Ground-Cuckoo "Morococcyx erythropygus"
*Greater Roadrunner "Geococcyx californianus"
*Lesser Roadrunner "Geococcyx velox"

Barn owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Tytonidae

Barn owls are medium to large sized owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species worldwide and1 species which occurs in Mexico.

*Barn Owl "Tyto alba"

Typical owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Strigidae

Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. There are 195 species worldwide and 33 species which occur in Mexico.

*Flammulated Owl "Otus flammeolus"
*Western Screech-Owl "Megascops kennicottii"
*Balsas Screech-Owl "Megascops seductus" (E)
*Pacific Screech-Owl "Megascops cooperi"
*Whiskered Screech-Owl "Megascops trichopsis"
*Eastern Screech-Owl "Megascops asio"
*Bearded Screech-Owl "Megascops barbarus"
*Guatemalan Screech-Owl "Megascops guatemalae"
*Great Horned Owl "Bubo virginianus"
*Spotted Owl "Strix occidentalis"
*Barred Owl "Strix varia"
*Fulvous Owl "Strix fulvescens"
*Mottled Owl "Ciccaba virgata"
*Black-and-white Owl "Ciccaba nigrolineata"
*Crested Owl "Lophostrix cristata"
*Spectacled Owl "Pulsatrix perspicillata"
*Northern Hawk Owl "Surnia ulula"
*Northern Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium californicum"
*Mountain Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium gnoma"
*Guatemalan Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium cobanense"
*Cape Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium hoskinsii" (E)
*Colima Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium palmarum" (E)
*Tamaulipas Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium sanchezi" (E)
*Central American Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium griseiceps"
*Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium brasilianum"
*Elf Owl "Micrathene whitneyi"
*Burrowing Owl "Athene cunicularia"
*Northern Saw-whet Owl "Aegolius acadicus"
*Unspotted Saw-whet Owl "Aegolius ridgwayi"
*Striped Owl "Pseudoscops clamator"
*Stygian Owl "Asio stygius"
*Long-eared Owl "Asio otus"
*Short-eared Owl "Asio flammeus"


Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Nyctibiidae

The potoos (sometimes called Poor-Me-Ones) are large near passerine birds related to the nightjars and frogmouths. They are nocturnal insectivores which lack the bristles around the mouth found in the true nightjars. There are 5 species, all of which are from the South American tropical region, and 2 species which occur in Mexico.

*Great Potoo "Nyctibius grandis"
*Northern Potoo "Nyctibius jamaicensis"


Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in Mexico.

*Short-tailed Nighthawk "Lurocalis semitorquatus"
*Lesser Nighthawk "Chordeiles acutipennis"
*Common Nighthawk "Chordeiles minor"
*Pauraque "Nyctidromus albicollis"
*Common Poorwill "Phalaenoptilus nuttallii"
*Eared Poorwill "Nyctiphrynus mcleodii" (E)
*Yucatan Poorwill "Nyctiphrynus yucatanicus"
*Chuck-will's-widow "Caprimulgus carolinensis"
*Tawny-collared Nightjar "Caprimulgus salvini" (E)
*Yucatan Nightjar "Caprimulgus badius"
*Buff-collared Nightjar "Caprimulgus ridgwayi"
*Whip-poor-will "Caprimulgus vociferus"
*Spot-tailed Nightjar "Caprimulgus maculicaudus"


Order: ApodiformesFamily: Apodidae

Swifts are small aerial birds, spending the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings that resemble a crescent or a boomerang. There are 98 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in Mexico.

*Black Swift "Cypseloides niger"
*White-fronted Swift "Cypseloides storeri" (E)
*White-chinned Swift "Cypseloides cryptus"
*Chestnut-collared Swift "Streptoprocne rutila"
*White-naped Swift "Streptoprocne semicollaris" (E)
*White-collared Swift "Streptoprocne zonaris"
*Chimney Swift "Chaetura pelagica"
*Vaux's Swift "Chaetura vauxi"
*White-throated Swift "Aeronautes saxatalis"
*Great Swallow-tailed Swift "Panyptila sanctihieronymi"
*Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift "Panyptila cayennensis"


Order: TrochiliformesFamily: Trochilidae

Hummingbirds are small birds capable of hovering in mid-air due to the rapid flapping of their wings. They are the only birds that can fly backwards. There are 337 species worldwide and 57 species which occur in Mexico.

*Western Long-tailed Hermit "Phaethornis longirostris"
*Stripe-throated Hermit "Phaethornis striigularis"
*Scaly-breasted Hummingbird "Phaeochroa cuvierii"
*Wedge-tailed Sabrewing "Campylopterus curvipennis"
*Long-tailed Sabrewing "Campylopterus excellens" (E)
*Rufous Sabrewing "Campylopterus rufus"
*Violet Sabrewing "Campylopterus hemileucurus"
*White-necked Jacobin "Florisuga mellivora"
*Green Violet-ear "Colibri thalassinus"
*Green-breasted Mango "Anthracothorax prevostii"
*Emerald-chinned Hummingbird "Abeillia abeillei"
*Short-crested Coquette "Lophornis brachylophus" (E)
*Black-crested Coquette "Lophornis helenae"
*Golden-crowned Emerald "Chlorostilbon auriceps" (E)
*Cozumel Emerald "Chlorostilbon forficatus" (E)
*Canivet's Emerald "Chlorostilbon canivetii"
*Blue-capped Hummingbird "Eupherusa cyanophrys" (E)
*White-tailed Hummingbird "Eupherusa poliocerca" (E)
*Stripe-tailed Hummingbird "Eupherusa eximia"
*Dusky Hummingbird "Cynanthus sordidus" (E)
*Broad-billed Hummingbird "Cynanthus latirostris"
*Mexican Woodnymph "Thalurania ridgwayi" (E)
*Blue-throated Goldentail "Hylocharis eliciae"
*Xantus's Hummingbird "Hylocharis xantusii" (E)
*White-eared Hummingbird "Hylocharis leucotis"
*Rufous-tailed Hummingbird "Amazilia tzacatl"
*Buff-bellied Hummingbird "Amazilia yucatanensis"
*Cinnamon Hummingbird "Amazilia rutila"
*White-bellied Emerald "Agyrtria candida"
*Azure-crowned Hummingbird "Agyrtria cyanocephala"
*Violet-crowned Hummingbird "Agyrtria violiceps"
*Green-fronted Hummingbird "Agyrtria viridifrons"
*Blue-tailed Hummingbird "Saucerottia cyanura"
*Berylline Hummingbird "Saucerottia beryllina"
*Blue-throated Hummingbird "Lampornis clemenciae"
*Amethyst-throated Hummingbird "Lampornis amethystinus"
*Green-throated Mountain-gem "Lampornis viridipallens"
*Garnet-throated Hummingbird "Lamprolaima rhami"
*Magnificent Hummingbird "Eugenes fulgens"
*Purple-crowned Fairy "Heliothryx barroti"
*Plain-capped Starthroat "Heliomaster constantii"
*Long-billed Starthroat "Heliomaster longirostris"
*Sparkling-tailed Hummingbird "Tilmatura dupontii"
*Slender Sheartail "Doricha enicura"
*Mexican Sheartail "Doricha eliza" (E)
*Lucifer Hummingbird "Calothorax lucifer"
*Beautiful Hummingbird "Calothorax pulcher" (E)
*Ruby-throated Hummingbird "Archilochus colubris"
*Black-chinned Hummingbird "Archilochus alexandri"
*Anna's Hummingbird "Calypte anna"
*Costa's Hummingbird "Calypte costae"
*Bumblebee Hummingbird "Atthis heloisa" (E)
*Wine-throated Hummingbird "Atthis ellioti"
*Calliope Hummingbird "Stellula calliope"
*Broad-tailed Hummingbird "Selasphorus platycercus"
*Rufous Hummingbird "Selasphorus rufus"
*Allen's Hummingbird "Selasphorus sasin"

Trogons and Quetzals

Order: TrogoniformesFamily: Trogonidae

The family Trogonidae includes trogons and quetzals. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage. There are 33 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in Mexico.

*Black-headed Trogon "Trogon melanocephalus"
*Citreoline Trogon "Trogon citreolus" (E)
*Violaceous Trogon "Trogon violaceus"
*Mountain Trogon "Trogon mexicanus"
*Collared Trogon "Trogon collaris"
*Elegant Trogon "Trogon elegans"
*Slaty-tailed Trogon "Trogon massena"
*Eared Quetzal "Euptilotis neoxenus" (E)
*Resplendent Quetzal "Pharomachrus mocinno"


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. There are 93 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Mexico.

*Belted Kingfisher "Ceryle alcyon"
*Ringed Kingfisher "Ceryle torquatus"
*Amazon Kingfisher "Chloroceryle amazona"
*Green Kingfisher "Chloroceryle americana"
*American Pygmy Kingfisher "Chloroceryle aenea"


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Momotidae

The motmots have colorful plumage and long, graduated tails, which they display by waggling back and forth. In most of the species, the barbs near the ends of the two longest (central) tail feathers are weak and fall off, leaving a length of bare shaft, and creating a racket-shaped tail. There are 10 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Mexico.

*Tody Motmot "Hylomanes momotula"
*Blue-throated Motmot "Aspatha gularis"
*Russet-crowned Motmot "Momotus mexicanus"
*Blue-crowned Motmot "Momotus momota"
*Keel-billed Motmot "Electron carinatum"
*Turquoise-browed Motmot "Eumomota superciliosa"


Order: PiciformesFamily: Galbulidae

The jacamars are near passerine birds from tropical South America, with a range that extends up to Mexico. They are glossy elegant birds with long bills and tails, which feed on insects caught on the wing. In appearance and behaviour they show resemblances to the Old World bee-eaters, although they are more closely related to woodpeckers. There are 18 species and 1 species that occur in Mexico.

*Rufous-tailed Jacamar "Galbula ruficauda"


Order: PiciformesFamily: Bucconidae

The puffbirds are related to the jacamars, and have the same range, but lack the iridescent colours of that family. They are mainly brown, rufous or grey, with large heads and flattened bills with a hooked tip. The loose abundant plumage and short tails makes them look stout and puffy, giving rise to the English common name of the family. There are 34 species and 2 species which occur in Mexico.

*White-necked Puffbird "Notharchus macrorhynchos"
*White-whiskered Puffbird "Malacoptila panamensis"


Order: PiciformesFamily: Ramphastidae

Toucans are near passerine birds from the neotropics. They are brightly marked and have enormous, colourful bills which in some species may amount to half their body length. There are 40 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Mexico.

*Collared Aracari "Pteroglossus torquatus"
*Keel-billed Toucan "Ramphastos sulfuratus"
*Wagler's Toucanet "Aulacorhynchus wagleri" (E)
*Emerald Toucanet "Aulacorhynchus prasinus"

Woodpeckers and allies

Order: PiciformesFamily: Picidae

Woodpeckers are small to medium sized birds with chisel like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward, and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks. There are 218 species worldwide and 27 species which occur in Mexico.

*Lewis's Woodpecker "Melanerpes lewis"
*Acorn Woodpecker "Melanerpes formicivorus"
*Black-cheeked Woodpecker "Melanerpes pucherani"
*Golden-cheeked Woodpecker "Melanerpes chrysogenys" (E)
*Gray-breasted Woodpecker "Melanerpes hypopolius" (E)
*Yucatan Woodpecker "Melanerpes pygmaeus"
*Gila Woodpecker "Melanerpes uropygialis"
*Golden-fronted Woodpecker "Melanerpes aurifrons"
*Williamson's Sapsucker "Sphyrapicus thyroideus"
*Yellow-bellied Sapsucker "Sphyrapicus varius"
*Red-naped Sapsucker "Sphyrapicus nuchalis"
*Red-breasted Sapsucker "Sphyrapicus ruber"
*Ladder-backed Woodpecker "Picoides scalaris"
*Nuttall's Woodpecker "Picoides nuttallii"
*Downy Woodpecker "Picoides pubescens" (A)
*Hairy Woodpecker "Picoides villosus"
*Arizona Woodpecker "Picoides arizonae"
*Strickland's Woodpecker "Picoides stricklandi" (E)
*Smoky-brown Woodpecker "Veniliornis fumigatus"
*Golden-olive Woodpecker "Piculus rubiginosus"
*Gray-crowned Woodpecker "Piculus auricularis" (E)
*Northern Flicker "Colaptes auratus"
*Gilded Flicker "Colaptes chrysoides"
*Chestnut-colored Woodpecker "Celeus castaneus"
*Lineated Woodpecker "Dryocopus lineatus"
*Pale-billed Woodpecker "Campephilus guatemalensis"
*Imperial Woodpecker "Campephilus imperialis" (E)


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Furnariidae

Ovenbirds comprise a large family of small sub-oscine passerine bird species found in Central and South America. They are a diverse group of insectivores which gets its name from the elaborate "oven-like" clay nests built by some species, although others build stick nests or nest in tunnels or clefts in rock. There are 243 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Mexico.

*Rufous-breasted Spinetail "Synallaxis erythrothorax"
*Plain Xenops "Xenops minutus"
*Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner "Anabacerthia variegaticeps"
*Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner "Automolus ochrolaemus"
*Ruddy Foliage-gleaner "Automolus rubiginosus"
*Tawny-throated Leaftosser "Sclerurus mexicanus"
*Scaly-throated Leaftosser "Sclerurus guatemalensis"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Dendrocolaptidae

The Dendrocolaptidae are brownish birds and maintain an upright vertical posture, supported by their stiff tail vanes. They feed mainly on insects taken from tree trunks. There are 57 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Mexico.

*Tawny-winged Woodcreeper "Dendrocincla anabatina"
*Ruddy Woodcreeper "Dendrocincla homochroa"
*Olivaceous Woodcreeper "Sittasomus griseicapillus"
*Wedge-billed Woodcreeper "Glyphorynchus spirurus"
*Strong-billed Woodcreeper "Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus"
*Northern Barred-Woodcreeper "Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae"
*Black-banded Woodcreeper "Dendrocolaptes picumnus"
*Ivory-billed Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus flavigaster"
*Spotted Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus erythropygius"
*White-striped Woodcreeper "Lepidocolaptes leucogaster" (E)
*Streak-headed Woodcreeper "Lepidocolaptes souleyetii"
*Spot-crowned Woodcreeper "Lepidocolaptes affinis"

Typical antbirds

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Thamnophilidae

The antbirds are a large family of small passerine birds of subtropical and tropical Central and South America. They are forest birds, and tend to feed on insects at or near the ground. A sizable minority of them specialize in following columns of army ants to eat the small invertebrates that leave hiding to flee the ants.Many species lack bright colour; brown, black and white being the dominant tones. There are about 212 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Mexico.

*Great Antshrike "Taraba major"
*Barred Antshrike "Thamnophilus doliatus"
*Russet Antshrike "Thamnistes anabatinus"
*Plain Antvireo "Dysithamnus mentalis"
*Slaty Antwren "Myrmotherula schisticolor"
*Dot-winged Antwren "Microrhopias quixensis"
*Dusky Antbird "Cercomacra tyrannina"

Antthrushes and Antpittas

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Formicariidae

The ground antbirds are a family comprising the antthrushes and antpittas. Antthrushes resemble small rails while antpittas resemble the true pittas with longish strong legs, very short tails and stout bills. There are about 63 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Mexico.

*Mexican Antthrush "Formicarius moniliger"
*Scaled Antpitta "Grallaria guatimalensis"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cotingidae

The cotingas are birds of forests or forest edges of tropical South America. Comparatively little is known about this diverse group, although all have broad bills with hooked tips, rounded wings, and strong legs. The males of many of the species are brightly coloured, or decorated with plumes or wattles. There are 71 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Mexico

*Rufous Piha "Lipaugus unirufus"
*Lovely Cotinga "Cotinga amabilis"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Pipridae

The manakins are a family bird species of subtropical and tropical mainland Central and South America, and Trinidad and Tobago. They are compact forest birds, the males typically being brightly coloured, although the females of most species are duller and usually green-plumaged. Manakins feed on small fruits, berries and insects. There are 57 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Mexico.

*White-collared Manakin "Manacus candei"
*Long-tailed Manakin "Chiroxiphia linearis"
*Red-capped Manakin "Pipra mentalis"
*Thrush-like Schiffornis "Schiffornis turdinus"

Tyrant flycatchers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Tyrannidae

Tyrant flycatchers are passerine birds which occur throughout North and South America. They superficially resemble the Old World flycatchers, but are more robust with stronger bills. They do not have the sophisticated vocal capabilities of the songbirds. Most, but not all, have plain colouring. As the name implies, most are insectivorous. There are 429 species worldwide, all found only in the Americas and 74 species which occur in Mexico.

*Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet "Ornithion semiflavum"
*Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet "Camptostoma imberbe"
*Greenish Elaenia "Myiopagis viridicata"
*Caribbean Elaenia "Elaenia martinica"
*Yellow-bellied Elaenia "Elaenia flavogaster"
*Ochre-bellied Flycatcher "Mionectes oleagineus"
*Sepia-capped Flycatcher "Leptopogon amaurocephalus"
*Paltry Tyrannulet "Zimmerius vilissimus"
*Northern Bentbill "Oncostoma cinereigulare"
*Slate-headed Tody-Tyrant "Poecilotriccus sylvia"
*Common Tody-Flycatcher "Todirostrum cinereum"
*Eye-ringed Flatbill "Rhynchocyclus brevirostris"
*Yellow-olive Flycatcher "Tolmomyias sulphurescens"
*Stub-tailed Spadebill "Platyrinchus cancrominus"
*Northern Royal-Flycatcher "Onychorhynchus mexicanus"
*Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher "Terenotriccus erythrurus"
*Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher "Myiobius sulphureipygius"
*Belted Flycatcher "Xenotriccus callizonus" (E)
*Pileated Flycatcher "Xenotriccus mexicanus" (E)
*Tufted Flycatcher "Mitrephanes phaeocercus"
*Olive-sided Flycatcher "Contopus cooperi"
*Greater Pewee "Contopus pertinax"
*Western Wood-Pewee "Contopus sordidulus"
*Eastern Wood-Pewee "Contopus virens"
*Tropical Pewee "Contopus cinereus"
*Yellow-bellied Flycatcher "Empidonax flaviventris"
*Acadian Flycatcher "Empidonax virescens"
*Alder Flycatcher "Empidonax alnorum"
*Willow Flycatcher "Empidonax traillii"
*White-throated Flycatcher "Empidonax albigularis"
*Least Flycatcher "Empidonax minimus"
*Hammond's Flycatcher "Empidonax hammondii"
*Gray Flycatcher "Empidonax wrightii"
*Dusky Flycatcher "Empidonax oberholseri"
*Pine Flycatcher "Empidonax affinis"
*Pacific-slope Flycatcher "Empidonax difficilis"
*Cordilleran Flycatcher "Empidonax occidentalis"
*Yellowish Flycatcher "Empidonax flavescens"
*Buff-breasted Flycatcher "Empidonax fulvifrons"
*Eastern Phoebe "Sayornis phoebe"
*Black Phoebe "Sayornis nigricans"
*Say's Phoebe "Sayornis saya"
*Vermilion Flycatcher "Pyrocephalus rubinus"
*Bright-rumped Attila "Attila spadiceus"
*Speckled Mourner "Laniocera rufescens"
*Rufous Mourner "Rhytipterna holerythra"
*Yucatan Flycatcher "Myiarchus yucatanensis"
*Dusky-capped Flycatcher "Myiarchus tuberculifer"
*Ash-throated Flycatcher "Myiarchus cinerascens"
*Nutting's Flycatcher "Myiarchus nuttingi"
*Great Crested Flycatcher "Myiarchus crinitus"
*Brown-crested Flycatcher "Myiarchus tyrannulus"
*Flammulated Flycatcher "Deltarhynchus flammulatus" (E)
*Great Kiskadee "Pitangus sulphuratus"
*Boat-billed Flycatcher "Megarynchus pitangua"
*Social Flycatcher "Myiozetetes similis"
*Streaked Flycatcher "Myiodynastes maculatus"
*Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher "Myiodynastes luteiventris"
*Piratic Flycatcher "Legatus leucophaius"
*Tropical Kingbird "Tyrannus melancholicus"
*Couch's Kingbird "Tyrannus couchii"
*Cassin's Kingbird "Tyrannus vociferans"
*Thick-billed Kingbird "Tyrannus crassirostris"
*Western Kingbird "Tyrannus verticalis"
*Eastern Kingbird "Tyrannus tyrannus"
*Gray Kingbird "Tyrannus dominicensis" (A)
*Scissor-tailed Flycatcher "Tyrannus forficatus"
*Fork-tailed Flycatcher "Tyrannus savana"
*Cinnamon Becard "Pachyramphus cinnamomeus"
*White-winged Becard "Pachyramphus polychopterus"
*Gray-collared Becard "Pachyramphus major"
*Rose-throated Becard "Pachyramphus aglaiae"
*Masked Tityra "Tityra semifasciata"
*Black-crowned Tityra "Tityra inquisitor"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Alaudidae

Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Their food is insects and seeds. There are 91 species worldwide and1 species which occurs in Mexico.

*Horned Lark "Eremophila alpestris"

wallows and Martins

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Hirundinidae

The Hirundinidae family is a group of passerines characterized by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Their adaptations include a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and short bills with wide gape. The feet are designed for perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species worldwide and 14 species which occur in Mexico.

*Purple Martin "Progne subis"
*Sinaloa Martin "Progne sinaloae"
*Gray-breasted Martin "Progne chalybea"
*Tree Swallow "Tachycineta bicolor"
*Mangrove Swallow "Tachycineta albilinea"
*Violet-green Swallow "Tachycineta thalassina"
*Blue-and-white Swallow "Notiochelidon cyanoleuca" (A)
*Black-capped Swallow "Notiochelidon pileata"
*Northern Rough-winged Swallow "Stelgidopteryx serripennis"
*Southern Rough-winged Swallow "Stelgidopteryx ruficollis"
*Bank Swallow "Riparia riparia"
*Cliff Swallow "Petrochelidon pyrrhonota"
*Cave Swallow "Petrochelidon fulva"
*Barn Swallow "Hirundo rustica"

Wagtails and Pipits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Motacillidae

The Motacillidae are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are 54 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Mexico.

*White Wagtail "Motacilla alba" (A)
*Red-throated Pipit "Anthus cervinus" (A)
*American Pipit "Anthus rubescens"
*Sprague's Pipit "Anthus spragueii"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Regulidae

The kinglets or crests are a small group of birds often included in the Old World warblers, but frequently given family status because they also resemble the titmice. There are 7 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Mexico.

*Golden-crowned Kinglet "Regulus satrapa"
*Ruby-crowned Kinglet "Regulus calendula"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Ptilogonatidae

The silky-flycatchers are a small family of passerine birds which occur mainly in Central America, although the range of one species. They are related to waxwings, and like that group have a soft silky plumage, usually grey or pale yellow in colour. They have small crests. There are 4 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Mexico.

*Gray Silky-flycatcher "Ptilogonys cinereus"
*Phainopepla "Phainopepla nitens"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Bombycillidae

The waxwings are a group of passerine birds characterized by soft silky plumage and unique red tips to some of the wing feathers. In the Bohemian and Cedar Waxwings, these tips look like sealing wax, and give the group its name. These are arboreal birds of northern forests. They live on insects in summer and berries in winter. There are 3 species worldwide and1 species which occurs in Mexico.

*Cedar Waxwing "Bombycilla cedrorum"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cinclidae

Dippers are a group of perching birds whose habitat includes aquatic environments in the Americas, Europe, and Asia. They are named for their bobbing or dipping movements. There are 5 species worldwide and1 species which occurs in Mexico.

*American Dipper "Cinclus mexicanus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Troglodytidae

The wrens are mainly small and inconspicuous except for their loud songs. These birds have short wings and a thin down-turned bill. Several species often hold their tails upright. All are insectivorous. There are 80 species worldwide (of which all but one are New World species) and 31 species which occur in Mexico.

*Band-backed Wren "Campylorhynchus zonatus"
*Gray-barred Wren "Campylorhynchus megalopterus" (E)
*Giant Wren "Campylorhynchus chiapensis" (E)
*Rufous-naped Wren "Campylorhynchus rufinucha"
*Spotted Wren "Campylorhynchus gularis" (E)
*Boucard's Wren "Campylorhynchus jocosus" (E)
*Yucatan Wren "Campylorhynchus yucatanicus" (E)
*Cactus Wren "Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus"
*Rock Wren "Salpinctes obsoletus"
*Canyon Wren "Catherpes mexicanus"
*Sumichrast's Wren "Hylorchilus sumichrasti" (E)
*Nava's Wren "Hylorchilus navai" (E)
*Happy Wren "Thryothorus felix" (E)
*Spot-breasted Wren "Thryothorus maculipectus"
*Banded Wren "Thryothorus pleurostictus"
*Carolina Wren "Thryothorus ludovicianus"
*Rufous-and-white Wren "Thryothorus rufalbus"
*Sinaloa Wren "Thryothorus sinaloa" (E)
*Plain Wren "Thryothorus modestus"
*Bewick's Wren "Thryomanes bewickii"
*Socorro Wren "Thryomanes sissonii" (E)
*Winter Wren "Troglodytes troglodytes"
*House Wren "Troglodytes aedon"
*Clarion Island Wren "Troglodytes tanneri" (E)
*Rufous-browed Wren "Troglodytes rufociliatus"
*Sedge Wren "Cistothorus platensis"
*Marsh Wren "Cistothorus palustris"
*White-bellied Wren "Uropsila leucogastra"
*White-breasted Wood-Wren "Henicorhina leucosticta"
*Gray-breasted Wood-Wren "Henicorhina leucophrys"
*Nightingale Wren "Microcerculus philomela"

Mockingbirds and Thrashers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Mimidae

The mimids are a family of passerine birds that includes thrashers, mockingbirds, tremblers, and the New World catbirds. These birds are notable for their vocalizations, especially their ability to mimic a wide variety of birds and other sounds heard outdoors. Their colouring tends towards dull greys and browns . There are 35 species worldwide and 19 species which occur in Mexico. Mexico has the greatest diversity of this family of any country.

*Gray Catbird "Dumetella carolinensis"
*Black Catbird "Melanoptila glabrirostris"
*Northern Mockingbird "Mimus polyglottos"
*Tropical Mockingbird "Mimus gilvus"
*Sage Thrasher "Oreoscoptes montanus"
*Socorro Mockingbird "Mimodes graysoni" (E)
*Brown Thrasher "Toxostoma rufum"
*Long-billed Thrasher "Toxostoma longirostre"
*Cozumel Thrasher "Toxostoma guttatum" (E)
*Gray Thrasher "Toxostoma cinereum" (E)
*Bendire's Thrasher "Toxostoma bendirei"
*Ocellated Thrasher "Toxostoma ocellatum" (E)
*Curve-billed Thrasher "Toxostoma curvirostre"
*California Thrasher "Toxostoma redivivum"
*Crissal Thrasher "Toxostoma crissale"
*Le Conte's Thrasher "Toxostoma lecontei"
*Vizcaino Thrasher "Toxostoma arenicola" (E)
*Blue Mockingbird "Melanotis caerulescens" (E)
*Blue-and-white Mockingbird "Melanotis hypoleucus"

Thrushes and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Turdidae

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. There are 335 species worldwide and 25 species which occur in Mexico.

*Eastern Bluebird "Sialia sialis"
*Western Bluebird "Sialia mexicana"
*Mountain Bluebird "Sialia currucoides"
*Townsend's Solitaire "Myadestes townsendi"
*Brown-backed Solitaire "Myadestes occidentalis"
*Slate-colored Solitaire "Myadestes unicolor"
*Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush "Catharus aurantiirostris"
*Russet Nightingale-Thrush "Catharus occidentalis" (E)
*Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush "Catharus frantzii"
*Black-headed Nightingale-Thrush "Catharus mexicanus"
*Spotted Nightingale-Thrush "Catharus dryas"
*Veery "Catharus fuscescens"
*Gray-cheeked Thrush "Catharus minimus"
*Swainson's Thrush "Catharus ustulatus"
*Hermit Thrush "Catharus guttatus"
*Wood Thrush "Hylocichla mustelina"
*Black Robin "Turdus infuscatus"
*Mountain Robin "Turdus plebejus"
*Clay-colored Robin "Turdus grayi"
*White-throated Thrush "Turdus assimilis"
*Rufous-backed Robin "Turdus rufopalliatus" (E)
*Rufous-collared Robin "Turdus rufitorques"
*American Robin "Turdus migratorius"
*Varied Thrush "Ixoreus naevius"
*Aztec Thrush "Ridgwayia pinicola" (E)

Old World warblers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sylviidae

The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. The Sylviidae mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent Africa. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs. There are 291 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Mexico.

*Dusky Warbler "Phylloscopus fuscatus"
*Arctic Warbler "Phylloscopus borealis"
*Wrentit "Chamaea fasciata"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Polioptilidae

These dainty birds resemble Old World warblers in their build and habits, moving restlessly through the foliage seeking insects. The gnatcatchers and gnatwrens are mainly soft bluish grey in colour, and have the typical insectivore's long sharp bill. They are birds of fairly open woodland or scrub, and nest in bushes or trees. There are 15 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Mexico.

*Long-billed Gnatwren "Ramphocaenus melanurus"
*Blue-gray Gnatcatcher "Polioptila caerulea"
*California Gnatcatcher "Polioptila californica"
*Black-tailed Gnatcatcher "Polioptila melanura"
*Black-capped Gnatcatcher "Polioptila nigriceps"
*White-lored Gnatcatcher "Polioptila albiloris"
*Tropical Gnatcatcher "Polioptila plumbea"

Old World flycatchers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Muscicapidae

Old World flycatchers are a large group of small passerine birds native to the Old World. They are mainly small arboreal insectivores. The appearance of these birds is very varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls. There 274 species worldwide and1 species which occurs in Mexico.

*Northern Wheatear "Oenanthe oenanthe" (A)

Long-tailed tits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed tits are a group of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They make woven bag nests in trees. Most eat a mixed diet that includes insects. There are 9 species worldwide and1 species which occurs in Mexico.

*Bushtit "Psaltriparus minimus"

Chickadees and Titmice

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Paridae

The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Some have crests. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects. There are species 59 worldwide and 6 species which occur in Mexico.

*Mountain Chickadee "Poecile gambeli"
*Mexican Chickadee "Poecile sclateri"
*Bridled Titmouse "Baeolophus wollweberi"
*Oak Titmouse "Baeolophus inornatus"
*Juniper Titmouse "Baeolophus ridgwayi"
*Black-crested Titmouse "Baeolophus atricristatus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sittidae

Nuthatches are small woodland birds. They have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first, unlike other birds which can only go upwards. Nuthatches have big heads, short tails and powerful bills and feet. There are 24 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Mexico.

*Pygmy Nuthatch "Sitta pygmaea"
*Red-breasted Nuthatch "Sitta canadensis"
*White-breasted Nuthatch "Sitta carolinensis"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Certhiidae

Treecreepers are small woodland birds, brown above and white below. They have thin pointed down-curved bills, which they use to extricate insects from bark. They have stiff tail feathers, like woodpeckers, which they use to support themselves on vertical trees. There are 6 species worldwide and1 species which occurs in Mexico.

*Brown Creeper "Certhia americana"

Penduline tits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Remizidae

The penduline tits are a group of small passerine birds, related to the true tits. They are insectivores. There are 13 species worldwide and1 species which occurs in Mexico.

*Verdin "Auriparus flaviceps"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Laniidae

Shrikes are passerine birds known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. A typical shrike's beak is hooked, like a bird of prey. There are 31 species worldwide and1 species which occurs in Mexico.

*Loggerhead Shrike "Lanius ludovicianus"

Crows, Jays, Ravens and Magpies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Corvidae

The Corvidae family includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size for the bird order Passeriformes. Some of the larger species show high levels of learning behavior. There are 120 species worldwide and 23 species which occur in Mexico.

*Steller's Jay "Cyanocitta stelleri"
*Black-throated Magpie-Jay "Calocitta colliei" (E)
*White-throated Magpie-Jay "Calocitta formosa"
*Tufted Jay "Cyanocorax dickeyi" (E)
*Green Jay "Cyanocorax yncas"
*Brown Jay "Cyanocorax morio"
*San Blas Jay "Cyanocorax sanblasianus" (E)
*Yucatan Jay "Cyanocorax yucatanicus"
*Purplish-backed Jay "Cyanocorax beecheii" (E)
*Azure-hooded Jay "Cyanolyca cucullata"
*Black-throated Jay "Cyanolyca pumilo"
*Dwarf Jay "Cyanolyca nana" (E)
*White-throated Jay "Cyanolyca mirabilis" (E)
*Western Scrub-Jay "Aphelocoma californica"
*Mexican Jay "Aphelocoma ultramarina"
*Unicolored Jay "Aphelocoma unicolor"
*Pinyon Jay "Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus"
*Clark's Nutcracker "Nucifraga columbiana"
*American Crow "Corvus brachyrhynchos"
*Tamaulipas Crow "Corvus imparatus" (E)
*Sinaloa Crow "Corvus sinaloae" (E)
*Chihuahuan Raven "Corvus cryptoleucus"
*Common Raven "Corvus corax"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sturnidae

Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Their flight is strong and direct, and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. They eat insects and fruit. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen. There are 125 species worldwide and1 species which occurs in Mexico.

*European Starling "Sturnus vulgaris" (I)

Waxbills and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Estrildidae

The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They are gregarious and often colonial seed-eaters with short thick but pointed bills. They are all similar in structure and habits, but have a wide variation in plumage colours and pattern. There are 141 species worldwide and1 species which occurs in Mexico.

*Black-headed Munia "Lonchura malacca" (I)


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Vireonidae

The vireos are a group of small to medium sized passerine birds restricted to the New World. They are typically greenish in colour and resemble wood warblers apart from their heavier bills. There are 52 species worldwide and 26 species which occur in Mexico.

*Slaty Vireo "Vireo brevipennis" (E)
*White-eyed Vireo "Vireo griseus"
*Mangrove Vireo "Vireo pallens"
*Cozumel Vireo "Vireo bairdi" (E)
*Bell's Vireo "Vireo bellii"
*Black-capped Vireo "Vireo atricapilla"
*Dwarf Vireo "Vireo nelsoni" (E)
*Gray Vireo "Vireo vicinior"
*Yellow-throated Vireo "Vireo flavifrons"
*Plumbeous Vireo "Vireo plumbeus"
*Cassin's Vireo "Vireo cassinii"
*Blue-headed Vireo "Vireo solitarius"
*Hutton's Vireo "Vireo huttoni"
*Warbling Vireo "Vireo gilvus"
*Brown-capped Vireo "Vireo leucophrys"
*Philadelphia Vireo "Vireo philadelphicus"
*Red-eyed Vireo "Vireo olivaceus"
*Golden Vireo "Vireo hypochryseus" (E)
*Yellow-green Vireo "Vireo flavoviridis"
*Black-whiskered Vireo "Vireo altiloquus" (A)
*Yucatan Vireo "Vireo magister"
*Tawny-crowned Greenlet "Hylophilus ochraceiceps"
*Lesser Greenlet "Hylophilus decurtatus"
*Chestnut-sided Shrike-Vireo "Vireolanius melitophrys"
*Green Shrike-Vireo "Vireolanius pulchellus"
*Rufous-browed Peppershrike "Cyclarhis gujanensis"

Olive Warbler

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Peucedramidae

The Olive Warbler is a small passerine bird, the only member of the family Peucedramidae. It is a long-winged bird with a grey body and some olive-green on the wings and two white wing bars. The male's head and breast are orange, the female's yellow.

*Olive Warbler "Peucedramus taeniatus"

New World warblers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Parulidae

The New World warblers are a group of small, often colourful, passerine birds restricted to the New World. Most are arboreal, but some are terrestrial. Most members of this family are insectivores. There are 119 species worldwide and 64 species which occur in Mexico. Mexico has the greatest diversity of new world warblers on earth.

*Blue-winged Warbler "Vermivora pinus"
*Golden-winged Warbler "Vermivora chrysoptera"
*Tennessee Warbler "Vermivora peregrina"
*Orange-crowned Warbler "Vermivora celata"
*Nashville Warbler "Vermivora ruficapilla"
*Virginia's Warbler "Vermivora virginiae"
*Colima Warbler "Vermivora crissalis"
*Lucy's Warbler "Vermivora luciae"
*Crescent-chested Warbler "Parula superciliosa"
*Northern Parula "Parula americana"
*Tropical Parula "Parula pitiayumi"
*Yellow Warbler "Dendroica petechia"
*Chestnut-sided Warbler "Dendroica pensylvanica"
*Magnolia Warbler "Dendroica magnolia"
*Cape May Warbler "Dendroica tigrina"
*Black-throated Blue Warbler "Dendroica caerulescens"
*Yellow-rumped Warbler "Dendroica coronata"
*Black-throated Gray Warbler "Dendroica nigrescens"
*Golden-cheeked Warbler "Dendroica chrysoparia"
*Black-throated Green Warbler "Dendroica virens"
*Townsend's Warbler "Dendroica townsendi"
*Hermit Warbler "Dendroica occidentalis"
*Blackburnian Warbler "Dendroica fusca"
*Yellow-throated Warbler "Dendroica dominica"
*Grace's Warbler "Dendroica graciae"
*Pine Warbler "Dendroica pinus"
*Prairie Warbler "Dendroica discolor"
*Palm Warbler "Dendroica palmarum"
*Bay-breasted Warbler "Dendroica castanea"
*Blackpoll Warbler "Dendroica striata" (A)
*Cerulean Warbler "Dendroica cerulea"
*Black-and-white Warbler "Mniotilta varia"
*American Redstart "Setophaga ruticilla"
*Prothonotary Warbler "Protonotaria citrea"
*Worm-eating Warbler "Helmitheros vermivorus"
*Swainson's Warbler "Limnothlypis swainsonii"
*Ovenbird "Seiurus aurocapilla"
*Northern Waterthrush "Seiurus noveboracensis"
*Louisiana Waterthrush "Seiurus motacilla"
*Kentucky Warbler "Oporornis formosus"
*Connecticut Warbler "Oporornis agilis" (A)
*Mourning Warbler "Oporornis philadelphia"
*MacGillivray's Warbler "Oporornis tolmiei"
*Common Yellowthroat "Geothlypis trichas"
*Belding's Yellowthroat "Geothlypis beldingi" (E)
*Altamira Yellowthroat "Geothlypis flavovelata" (E)
*Black-polled Yellowthroat "Geothlypis speciosa" (E)
*Gray-crowned Yellowthroat "Geothlypis poliocephala"
*Hooded Yellowthroat "Geothlypis nelsoni" (E)
*Hooded Warbler "Wilsonia citrina"
*Wilson's Warbler "Wilsonia pusilla"
*Canada Warbler "Wilsonia canadensis"
*Red-faced Warbler "Cardellina rubrifrons"
*Red Warbler "Ergaticus ruber" (E)
*Pink-headed Warbler "Ergaticus versicolor"
*Painted Redstart "Myioborus pictus"
*Slate-throated Redstart "Myioborus miniatus"
*Fan-tailed Warbler "Euthlypis lachrymosa"
*Golden-crowned Warbler "Basileuterus culicivorus"
*Rufous-capped Warbler "Basileuterus rufifrons"
*Golden-browed Warbler "Basileuterus belli"
*Yellow-breasted Chat "Icteria virens"
*Red-breasted Chat "Granatellus venustus" (E)
*Gray-throated Chat "Granatellus sallaei"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Coerebidae

The Bananaquit is a small passerine bird. It has a slender, curved bill, adapted to taking nectar from flowers and is the only member of the genus "Coereba" (Vieillot, 1809) and is normally placed within the family Coerebidae, although there is uncertainty whether that placement is correct.

*Bananaquit "Coereba flaveola"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Thraupidae

The tanagers are a large group of small to medium-sized passerine birds restricted to the New World, mainly in the tropics. Many species are brightly coloured. They are seed eaters, but their preference tends towards fruit and nectar. Most have short, rounded wings. There are 256 species worldwide and 30 species which occur in Mexico.

*Common Bush-Tanager "Chlorospingus ophthalmicus"
*Rosy Thrush-Tanager "Rhodinocichla rosea"
*Gray-headed Tanager "Eucometis penicillata"
*Black-throated Shrike-Tanager "Lanio aurantius"
*Red-crowned Ant-Tanager "Habia rubica"
*Red-throated Ant-Tanager "Habia fuscicauda"
*Rose-throated Tanager "Piranga roseogularis"
*Hepatic Tanager "Piranga flava"
*Scarlet Tanager "Piranga olivacea"
*Summer Tanager "Piranga rubra"
*Western Tanager "Piranga ludoviciana"
*Flame-colored Tanager "Piranga bidentata"
*White-winged Tanager "Piranga leucoptera"
*Red-headed Tanager "Piranga erythrocephala" (E)
*Crimson-collared Tanager "Ramphocelus sanguinolentus"
*Passerini's Tanager "Ramphocelus passerinii"
*Western Spindalis "Spindalis zena"
*Blue-gray Tanager "Thraupis episcopus"
*Yellow-winged Tanager "Thraupis abbas"
*Scrub Euphonia "Euphonia affinis"
*Yellow-throated Euphonia "Euphonia hirundinacea"
*Elegant Euphonia "Euphonia elegantissima"
*Olive-backed Euphonia "Euphonia gouldi"
*White-vented Euphonia "Euphonia minuta"
*Blue-crowned Chlorophonia "Chlorophonia occipitalis"
*Azure-rumped Tanager "Tangara cabanisi"
*Golden-hooded Tanager "Tangara larvata"
*Green Honeycreeper "Chlorophanes spiza"
*Shining Honeycreeper "Cyanerpes lucidus"
*Red-legged Honeycreeper "Cyanerpes cyaneus"

Buntings, Sparrows, Seedeaters and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Emberizidae

The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with a distinctively shaped bill. In Europe, most species are named as buntings. In North America, most of the species in this family are known as Sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. There are species 275 worldwide and 73 species which occur in Mexico.

*Blue-black Grassquit "Volatinia jacarina"
*Variable Seedeater "Sporophila corvina"
*White-collared Seedeater "Sporophila torqueola"
*Ruddy-breasted Seedeater "Sporophila minuta"
*Thick-billed Seed-Finch "Oryzoborus funereus"
*Blue Seedeater "Amaurospiza concolor"
*Yellow-faced Grassquit "Tiaris olivacea"
*Slaty Finch "Haplospiza rustica"
*Cinnamon-bellied Flowerpiercer "Diglossa baritula"
*Grassland Yellow-Finch "Sicalis luteola"
*White-naped Brush-Finch "Atlapetes albinucha"
*Rufous-capped Brush-Finch "Atlapetes pileatus" (E)
*Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch "Buarremon brunneinucha"
*Green-striped Brush-Finch "Buarremon virenticeps" (E)
*Orange-billed Sparrow "Arremon aurantiirostris"
*Olive Sparrow "Arremonops rufivirgatus"
*Green-backed Sparrow "Arremonops chloronotus"
*Rusty-crowned Ground-Sparrow "Melozone kieneri" (E)
*Prevost's Ground-Sparrow "Melozone biarcuatum"
*White-eared Ground-Sparrow "Melozone leucotis"
*Green-tailed Towhee "Pipilo chlorurus"
*Collared Towhee "Pipilo ocai" (E)
*Socorro Towhee "Pipilo socorroensis" (E)
*Eastern Towhee "Pipilo erythrophthalmus"
*Spotted Towhee "Pipilo maculatus"
*California Towhee "Pipilo crissalis"
*Canyon Towhee "Pipilo fuscus"
*Abert's Towhee "Pipilo aberti"
*White-throated Towhee "Pipilo albicollis" (E)
*Bridled Sparrow "Aimophila mystacalis" (E)
*Black-chested Sparrow "Aimophila humeralis" (E)
*Stripe-headed Sparrow "Aimophila ruficauda"
*Cinnamon-tailed Sparrow "Aimophila sumichrasti" (E)
*Botteri's Sparrow "Aimophila botterii"
*Cassin's Sparrow "Aimophila cassinii"
*Rufous-crowned Sparrow "Aimophila ruficeps"
*Rufous-winged Sparrow "Aimophila carpalis"
*Five-striped Sparrow "Aimophila quinquestriata"
*Oaxaca Sparrow "Aimophila notosticta" (E)
*Rusty Sparrow "Aimophila rufescens"
*Striped Sparrow "Oriturus superciliosus" (E)
*Chipping Sparrow "Spizella passerina"
*Clay-colored Sparrow "Spizella pallida"
*Brewer's Sparrow "Spizella breweri"
*Field Sparrow "Spizella pusilla"
*Worthen's Sparrow "Spizella wortheni" (E)
*Black-chinned Sparrow "Spizella atrogularis"
*Vesper Sparrow "Pooecetes gramineus"
*Lark Sparrow "Chondestes grammacus"
*Black-throated Sparrow "Amphispiza bilineata"
*Sage Sparrow "Amphispiza belli"
*Lark Bunting "Calamospiza melanocorys"
*Savannah Sparrow "Passerculus sandwichensis"
*Seaside Sparrow "Ammodramus maritimus" (A)
*Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow "Ammodramus nelsoni"
*Le Conte's Sparrow "Ammodramus leconteii" (A)
*Baird's Sparrow "Ammodramus bairdii"
*Grasshopper Sparrow "Ammodramus savannarum"
*Fox Sparrow "Passerella iliaca"
*Sierra Madre Sparrow "Xenospiza baileyi" (E)
*Song Sparrow "Melospiza melodia"
*Lincoln's Sparrow "Melospiza lincolnii"
*Swamp Sparrow "Melospiza georgiana"
*White-crowned Sparrow "Zonotrichia leucophrys"
*White-throated Sparrow "Zonotrichia albicollis"
*Golden-crowned Sparrow "Zonotrichia atricapilla"
*Rufous-collared Sparrow "Zonotrichia capensis"
*Dark-eyed Junco "Junco hyemalis"
*Yellow-eyed Junco "Junco phaeonotus"
*Guadalupe Junco "Junco insularis" (E)
*McCown's Longspur "Calcarius mccownii"
*Lapland Longspur "Calcarius lapponicus" (A)
*Chestnut-collared Longspur "Calcarius ornatus"

altators, Cardinals and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cardinalidae

The cardinals are a family of passerine birds that are robust, seed-eating birds, with strong bills. They are typically associated with open woodland. The sexes usually have distinct plumages. There are 43 species worldwide and 20 species which occur in Mexico. Mexico has the greatest diversity of this family of any country.

*Grayish Saltator "Saltator coerulescens"
*Buff-throated Saltator "Saltator maximus"
*Black-headed Saltator "Saltator atriceps"
*Black-faced Grosbeak "Caryothraustes poliogaster"
*Crimson-collared Grosbeak "Rhodothraupis celaeno" (E)
*Northern Cardinal "Cardinalis cardinalis"
*Pyrrhuloxia "Cardinalis sinuatus"
*Yellow Grosbeak "Pheucticus chrysopeplus"
*Rose-breasted Grosbeak "Pheucticus ludovicianus"
*Black-headed Grosbeak "Pheucticus melanocephalus"
*Blue Bunting "Cyanocompsa parellina"
*Blue-black Grosbeak "Cyanocompsa cyanoides"
*Blue Grosbeak "Passerina caerulea"
*Lazuli Bunting "Passerina amoena"
*Indigo Bunting "Passerina cyanea"
*Varied Bunting "Passerina versicolor"
*Painted Bunting "Passerina ciris"
*Rose-bellied Bunting "Passerina rositae" (E)
*Orange-breasted Bunting "Passerina leclancherii" (E)
*Dickcissel "Spiza americana"

Troupials and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Icteridae

The icterids are a group of small to medium, often colourful, passerine birds restricted to the New World and include the grackles, New World blackbirds, and New World orioles. Most species have black as the predominant plumage colour, often enlivened by yellow, orange or red. There are 98 species worldwide and 36 species which occur in Mexico.

*Bobolink "Dolichonyx oryzivorus" (A)
*Red-winged Blackbird "Agelaius phoeniceus"
*Tricolored Blackbird "Agelaius tricolor"
*Eastern Meadowlark "Sturnella magna"
*Western Meadowlark "Sturnella neglecta"
*Yellow-headed Blackbird "Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus"
*Melodious Blackbird "Dives dives"
*Rusty Blackbird "Euphagus carolinus" (A)
*Brewer's Blackbird "Euphagus cyanocephalus"
*Boat-tailed Grackle "Quiscalus major"
*Great-tailed Grackle "Quiscalus mexicanus"
*Shiny Cowbird "Molothrus bonariensis" (A)
*Bronzed Cowbird "Molothrus aeneus"
*Brown-headed Cowbird "Molothrus ater"
*Giant Cowbird "Molothrus oryzivorus"
*Yellow-backed Oriole "Icterus chrysater"
*Orange Oriole "Icterus auratus" (E)
*Yellow-tailed Oriole "Icterus mesomelas"
*Spot-breasted Oriole "Icterus pectoralis"
*Altamira Oriole "Icterus gularis"
*Streak-backed Oriole "Icterus pustulatus"
*Hooded Oriole "Icterus cucullatus"
*Baltimore Oriole "Icterus galbula"
*Bullock's Oriole "Icterus bullockii"
*Black-backed Oriole "Icterus abeillei" (E)
*Orchard Oriole "Icterus spurius"
*Fuertes's Oriole "Icterus fuertesi" (E)
*Black-cowled Oriole "Icterus prosthemelas"
*Black-vented Oriole "Icterus wagleri"
*Audubon's Oriole "Icterus graduacauda"
*Bar-winged Oriole "Icterus maculialatus"
*Scott's Oriole "Icterus parisorum"
*Yellow-billed Cacique "Amblycercus holosericeus"
*Yellow-winged Cacique "Cacicus melanicterus" (E)
*Chestnut-headed Oropendola "Psarocolius wagleri"
*Montezuma Oropendola "Gymnostinops montezuma"

iskins, Crossbills and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Fringillidae

Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have 12 tail feathers and 9 primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. There are 137 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Mexico.

*Cassin's Finch "Carpodacus cassinii"
*Purple Finch "Carpodacus purpureus"
*House Finch "Carpodacus mexicanus"
*Red Crossbill "Loxia curvirostra"
*Pine Siskin "Carduelis pinus"
*Black-capped Siskin "Carduelis atriceps"
*Black-headed Siskin "Carduelis notata"
*Lesser Goldfinch "Carduelis psaltria"
*Lawrence's Goldfinch "Carduelis lawrencei"
*American Goldfinch "Carduelis tristis"
*Evening Grosbeak "Coccothraustes vespertinus"
*Hooded Grosbeak "Coccothraustes abeillei"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Passeridae

Sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed-eaters, and they also consume small insects. There are 35 species worldwide and1 species which occurs in Mexico.

*House Sparrow "Passer domesticus" (I)

ee also

*List of birds
*Lists of birds by region
* [ Mexico Birds Checklist on Birdpost]


*cite web
last = Lepage
first = Denis
authorlink =
coauthors =
year =
url =
title = Checklist of birds of Mexico
format =
work = Bird Checklists of the World
publisher = Avibase
accessdate = 26 April
accessyear = 2007

*cite book
title=Birds of the World: a Checklist
first= James F.
last = Clements
publisher = Cornell University Press
date = 2000
id = ISBN 0934797161
pages = 880

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of birds of Canada and the United States — A five year old Golden Eagle North American birds most closely resemble those of Eurasia, which was connected to the continent as part of the supercontinent Laurasia until around 60 million years ago.[1] Many groups occur throughout the northern… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds in Canada and the United States — This list of birds in Canada and the United States is a comprehensive listing of all the bird species known from the North American continent north of Mexico as of July 2008.North American birds most closely resemble those of Eurasia, which was… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of North Carolina — The Northern Cardinal is the state bird of North Carolina. In the state of North Carolina, 469 species of birds have been recorded.[1] This number includes the bird species that have been sighted in North Carolina and are believed to be of wild o …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Colombia — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Colombia. The avifauna of Colombia includes a total of 1895 species, of which 74 are endemic, 2 have been introduced by humans, and 87 are rare or accidental. 1 species listed is extirpated in… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Argentina — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Argentina. The avifauna of Argentina includes a total of 1026 species, of which 20 are endemic, 7 have been introduced by humans, and 70 are rare or accidental. 45 species are globally… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Belize — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Belize which consists of the mainland of Belize and around 450 smaller cays and islands lying in the Caribbean Sea. The avifauna of Belize includes a total of 618 species, of which 4 are globally… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Guatemala — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Guatemala. The avifauna of Guatemala includes a total of 735 species, of which 1 is endemic, 2 have been introduced by humans, and 23 are rare or accidental. 10 species are globally threatened.This… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of El Salvador — This is a list of the bird species recorded in El Salvador. The avifauna of El Salvador includes a total of 583 species, of which 3 have been introduced by humans, and 40 are rare or accidental. 3 species are globally threatened.This list s… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Honduras — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Honduras. The avifauna of Honduras includes a total of 738 species, of which 1, the Honduran Emerald, is endemic, 2 have been introduced by humans, and 19 are rare or accidental. 10 species are… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Nicaragua — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Nicaragua. The avifauna of Nicaragua includes a total of 698 species, of which 2 have been introduced by humans, and 14 are rare or accidental. 8 species are globally threatened.This list s taxonomic …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”