Patulin

Patulin
Patulin[1]
Identifiers
CAS number 149-29-1 YesY
PubChem 4696
ChemSpider 4534 YesY
UNII 95X2BV4W8R N
EC number 205-735-2
KEGG C16748 N
ChEMBL CHEMBL294018 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C7H6O4
Molar mass 154.12 g mol−1
Appearance Compact prisms
Melting point

110 °C, 383 K, 230 °F

Solubility in water Soluble
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Patulin is a mycotoxin produced by a variety of molds, in particular, Aspergillus and Penicillium. It is commonly found in rotting apples, and the amount of patulin in apple products is generally viewed as a measure of the quality of the apples used in production. It is not a particularly potent toxin, but a number of studies have shown that it is genotoxic, which has led to some theories that claim that it may be a carcinogen, though animal studies have remained inconclusive.[2] Patulin is also an antibiotic.[1] Several countries have instituted patulin restrictions in apple products. The World Health Organization recommends a maximum concentration of 50 µg/L in apple juice.[3]

In European Union, the limit is set to 50 micrograms per kilogram (µg/kg) in both apple juice and cider, and to half of that concentration, 25 µg/kg in solid apple products and 10 µg/kg in products for infants and young children. These limits came into force on 1 November 2003. [4]

References

  1. ^ a b Merck Index, 11th Edition, 7002.
  2. ^ "Patulin: a Mycotoxin in Apples". Perishables Handling Quarterly (91): 5. August 1997. http://ucce.ucdavis.edu/files/datastore/234-166.pdf. 
  3. ^ "Foodborne hazards (World Health Organization". http://www.who.int/foodsafety/publications/capacity/en/2.pdf. Retrieved 2007-01-22. 
  4. ^ Patulin information leaf from Fermentek

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Patulin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Patulin Andere Namen Clavacin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • patulin — /pat yoo lin, pach oo /, n. Pharm. a toxic antibiotic, C7H6O4, derived from various fungi, as Penicillium patulum and Aspergillus clavatus. Also called clavacin. [1940 45; < NL patul(um) specific epithet of the fungus (L: neut. of patulus… …   Universalium

  • patulin — noun A mycotoxin, 2 hydroxy 3,7 dioxabicyclo[4.3.0]nona 5,9 dien 8 one, produced by fungi associated with rotting fruit …   Wiktionary

  • patulin — An antibiotic derived from metabolites of fungi, such as species of Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Gymnoascus; has carcinogenic activity. * * * pat·u·lin pach ə lən n a very toxic colorless crystalline antibiotic C7H6O4 produced by several molds… …   Medical dictionary

  • Patulin — Pa|tu|lin [nlat. Penicillium patulum, eine Schimmelpilzart (Mikrobiol.); ↑ in (3)], das; s: ein in verschimmelten Lebensmitteln ggf. anzutreffendes giftiges u. carcinogenes Mykotoxin …   Universal-Lexikon

  • patulin — n. type of antibiotic medication …   English contemporary dictionary

  • patulin — pat·u·lin …   English syllables

  • patulin — ˈpachələ̇n noun ( s) Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary patul (from New Latin patulum specific epithet of Penicillium patulum from Latin, neuter of patulus) + in : clavacin …   Useful english dictionary

  • Patulina — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Patulina Contenido 1 Patulina. Generalidades …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mycotoxin — A mycotoxin (from Greek μύκης (mykes, mukos) “fungus” and Latin (toxicum) “poison”)[1][2] is a toxic secondary metabolite produced by organisms of the fungus kingdom, commonly known as molds.[3][4] The term ‘mycotoxin’ is usually reserved for the …   Wikipedia

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