Ko Pha Ngan

Ko Pha Ngan
Ko Pha Ngan from the air
Exploring the island on mopeds
Sunrise at Thong Nai Pan

Ko Pha Ngan (or Koh Phangan, Thai: เกาะพะงัน, RTGS: Ko Pha-ngan, Thai pronunciation: [kɔ̀ʔ pʰa.ŋan]) is an island in the Gulf of Thailand in South East Thailand. It is famous for its full moon party at Haad Rin Beach and as a backpackers destination. Ko Pha Ngan has two sister islands: the larger Ko Samui to the south and the smaller Ko Tao to the north.

  • Area: about 168 km²
  • Estimated perimeter: 50 km EST. (10hrs average walking time)
  • Province: Surat Thani
  • From mainland: about 55 km
  • From Ko Samui: about 15 km
  • From Ko Tao: about 35 km
  • Population: 11,846 (2004)
  • Main town: Thong Sala
  • Highest Point: Khao Ra, 630m asl.



The Bronze Drum of Dongson Culture (500BC - 100BC) that was found on Ko Samui in 1977 is evidence that there were settlements of people on Ko Samui, Ko Pha Ngan, and their islets from more than two thousand years ago. Some historians and archaeologists believe that the first group who migrated to Ko Pha Ngan were the Muslim sea Gypsies (Pygmy, Semung, and Proto-Malay) who travelled by boat from the Malay Peninsula. However, nowadays there are few Muslims who live on the island. The name of Ko Pha Ngan comes from the word 'Ngan', the southern dialect meaning 'sand bar', for there are many sand bars offshore around the island. Ko Pha Ngan has been a long time favorite of past kings of Thailand. Specifically Rama V, or Chulalongkorn visited Ko Pha Ngan 14 times during his reign.


Ko Pha Ngan together with Ko Tao forms the district (amphoe) Ko Pha Ngan. The district is subdivided into three subdistricts (tambon):

Nr. Name Thai name
1. Ko Pha-ngan เกาะพะงัน
2. Ban Tai บ้านใต้
3. Ko Tao เกาะเต่า

Originally the island was administrated from Ko Samui district. The minor district (King Amphoe) Ko Pha Ngan was established on October 1, 1970, then consisting of the two tambon Ko Pha Ngan and Ban Tai.[1] It was upgraded to a full district on April 12, 1977.[2]

Parts of the tambon Ko Pha Ngan and Ban Tai form the township (thesaban tambon) Ko Pha Ngan. There are further three Tambon administrative organizations (TAO).

Popular culture

Ko Pha Ngan featured prominently in Alex Garland's 1996 novel The Beach and is also mentioned in the song Magick by the new rave band Klaxons' (but probably[original research?] more as a reference to the 1996 novel The Beach than the island itself).

The infamous Full Moon Party, which often involves electronic music, occurs on Ko Pha Ngan every full moon of the month. Recently, though, steps have been taken to make Ko Pha Ngan into a more family-friendly tourist destination. Several razzias and police raids on all beaches and on the streets at night and at daytime helps to prevent drug-abusing. Motorbike accidents are the rule because of drunken or drugged partygoers.[3]

Ace of Base in their new album "The Golden Ratio" mention Ko Pha Ngan in the song "Vision in Blue" .

See also


  1. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง แบ่งท้องที่ตั้งเป็นกิ่งอำเภอ" (in Thai) (PDF). Royal Gazette 87 (90 ง): 2790. September 24, 1970. http://www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th/DATA/PDF/2513/D/090/2790.PDF. 
  2. ^ "พระราชกฤษฎีกาตั้งอำเภอปลายพระยา อำเภอห้วยเม็ก อำเภอละแม อำเภอแม่จริม อำเภอหนองกี่ อำเภอโคกปีบ อำเภอเกาะพะงัน อำเภอสนม อำเภอโซ่พิสัย อำเภอโนนสะอาด และอำเภอนาจะหลวย พ.ศ. ๒๕๒๐" (in Thai) (PDF). Royal Gazette 94 (31 ก): 326–330. April 12, 1977. http://www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th/DATA/PDF/2520/A/031/326.PDF. 
  3. ^ http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/local/23718/phangan-just-says-no

External links

Coordinates: 9°45′N 100°02′E / 9.75°N 100.033°E / 9.75; 100.033

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Koh Pha Ngan — เกาะพะงัน Ko Phangan Staat Provinz Thailand Surat Thani Hauptsta …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ko Pha Ngan — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ko Pha-Ngan — Original name in latin Ko Pha Ngan Name in other language Amphoe Ko Pha Ngan, Amphoe Ko Pha ngan, Ko Pha Ngan, Ko Phangan, keaaphangan State code TH Continent/City Asia/Bangkok longitude 9.71945 latitude 99.99511 altitude 9 Population 0 Date 2012 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Ko Pha Ngan — Original name in latin Ko Pha Ngan Name in other language Ko Pha Ngan, Koh Pha Ngan, Koh Phangan, Pangan, keaaphangan, Панган State code TH Continent/City Asia/Bangkok longitude 9.75778 latitude 100.02914 altitude 430 Population 11846 Date 2010… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Ko Pha Ngan — 9°44′27″N 100°1′31″E / 9.74083, 100.02528 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Amphoe Ko Pha Ngan — Ko Pha Ngan เกาะพะงัน Provinz: Surat Thani Fläche: 194,3 km² Einwohner: 9.866 (2005) Bev.dichte: 50,8 E./km² PLZ: 84280 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Than Sadet-Ko Pha-Ngan National Park — Infobox protected area | name = Than Sadet Ko Pha Ngan National Park iucn category = II caption = Than Sadet Beach locator x = locator y = location = Thailand nearest city = Surat Thani lat degrees = 9 lat minutes = 45 lat seconds = 0 lat… …   Wikipedia

  • Co-Co Nut & Noom (Kho Pha-ngan) — (Тонг Сала,Таиланд) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: 94/20 …   Каталог отелей

  • Amphoe Ko Pha-ngan — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Amphoe Ko Pha ngan Country and Admin Code TH.60.7603493 TH …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Ngan (disambiguation) — Ngan or Ngân may refer to: Ngan (Thai: งาน, RTGS: ngan, IPA: [ŋāːn]), a unit of area, equal to 400 square metres Surname Guy Ngan, a New Zealand artist; media include sculpture, painting, drawing, design and architecture Johnny Ngan (born… …   Wikipedia

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