- Pine Grove Furnace State Park
Geobox Protected Area
name = Pine Grove Furnace State Park
category_local = Pennsylvania State Park
category_iucn = III
image_caption = Historic remnants of the industrial past of Pine Grove Furnace at Pine Grove Furnace State Park
etymology_type = Named for
etymology = Pine Grove Furnace
country = United States
state = Pennsylvania
region_type = Counties
region = Cumberland
district_type = Townships
district = Cooke
district1 = Dickinson
lat_d = 40
lat_m = 01
lat_s = 24
lat_NS = N
long_d = 77
long_m = 17
long_s = 30
long_EW = W
location_note = cite web
title=Pine Grove Furnace State Park
August 30 1990
Geographic Names Information System
United States Geological Survey
elevation_imperial = 1391
elevation_round = 1
area_unit = acre
area_imperial = 696
area_round = 1
highest location =
established = 1913
management_body = Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
map_caption = Location of Pine Grove Furnace State Park in Pennsylvania
map_locator = Pennsylvania
website = [http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/stateparks/parks/pinegrovefurnace.aspx Pine Grove Furnace State Park]
Pine Grove Furnace State Park is a 696 acre (2.82 km²) Pennsylvania state park with two
lakes in Cooke and Dickinson Townships, Cumberland County, Pennsylvaniain the United States. The park is the location of the former Pine Grove Furnace, an iron furnace that operated for 131 years on South Mountain. Pine Grove Furnace State park is 8 miles (12.87 km) from exit 37 of Interstate 81on Pennsylvania Route 233.
ironfurnace at Pine Grove Furnace was built in 1764. The early furnace manufactured products made of cast ironlike fireplace backs, iron kettles and ten plate stoves. Laurel Forgewas built in 1830. This forgehammered and reheated the cast iron to make wrought iron. Wrought iron is a product that can be easily bent into many different shapes. The furnaces at Pine Grove burned only charcoalfor the first 112 years. The demand for charcoal was great. One iron furnace could consume one acre (0.004 km²) of forest in one day. Massive charcoal furnaces were built at Kings Gap, just a few miles from Pine Grove Furnace, to meet these needs. The charcoal was created by stacking timber around large hearths. The hearths were fired by a collier, who tended the hearths for 10 to 14 days until the charcoal was ready. The charcoal was then sent to the waiting iron furnaces at Pine Grove Furnace. It gradually became more difficult to acquire the needed volume of charcoal as the surrounded mountains were stripped of their timber. The furnaces were updated so that coke and coalcould be burned to keep the fires of the furnaces burning. The maximum output of iron at the furnaces was 6,000 net tons in 1883. This was not enough to keep up with the competition that was able to produce iron at a higher capacity. Pine Grove Furnace was closed to iron production in 1895.cite web
url = http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/stateparks/parks/pinegrovefurnace_history.aspx
title = Pine Grove Furnace State Park History
accessdate = 2006-11-28
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources]
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania bought the iron works and surrounding lands, all 17,000 acres (68.80 km²), in 1913. Most of the acquired lands became part of
Michaux State Forest. But 696 acres (2.82 km²) was set aside for the establishment of Pine Grove Furnace State Park. Some reminders of the iron industry days still stand at the park. The iron master's mansionis now a youth hostel, while the furnace, clerks office and stable provide a historical reference. The grist millis being used as the visitor center and the former innis now the park office. Several residences, traces of the raceways and charcoal hearths can be seen today. Many of the facilities at the park were built during the Great Depressionby the Civilian Conservation Corps. The young men of the CCC Camp S-51-PA constructed roads throughout the state forests, constructed bridges on the state roads, planted trees for reforestation, and cleaned streams.cite web
url = http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/stateparks/history/historycccyears.aspx
title = Pennsylvania State Parks: The CCC Years
accessdate = 2006-11-28
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources]
Fishing and boating
Fuller Lakeis a 1.7 acre (0.007 km²) lake that has filled an abandoned quarryleft over from the days of the iron industry at Pine Grove Furnace State Park. The common game fish in Fuller Lake are pickerel, troutand perch. Boating is not permitted on Fuller Lake. Laurel Lakeis a 25 acre (0.10 km²) that was created to supply water powerfor Laurel Forge. The common game fish in Laurel Lake are also pickerel, trout and perch. Boaters are limited to using electric powered and non-powered watercraft on Laurel Lake. Gas powered boats are not permitted. All boats must have a valid registration from any state. Mountain Creekis a trout fishery with brook, brown and rainbow trout.cite web
url = http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/stateparks/parks/pinegrovefurnace.aspx
title = Pine Grove Furnace State Park
accessdate = 2006-11-28
publisher = Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources ]
Hunting is permitted in Pine Grove Furnace State Park. The most common game species are rabbits, squirrels, turkey and
white-tailed deer. The hunting of groundhogs is prohibited. Hunters are expected to follow the rules and regulations of the Pennsylvania Game Commission.
wimming and picnics
Swimming is permitted in Fuller and Laurel lakes. The beaches open
Memorial Dayweekend and close Labor Dayweekend. Beginning in 2008 lifeguards will not be posted at the beach. [cite web | url = http://www.timesleader.com/news/ap?articleID=384046 | title = Pa. state parks going without life guards at beaches in 2008 | accessdate = 2008-02-19 | publisher = The Times Leader]
The decision to remove lifeguards at most Pennsylvania state parks came under fire in the summer of 2008. A 17 year old youth from suburban Philadelphia drowned in Fuller Lake at Pine Grove Furnace State Park in July, 2008. The youth was noted as missing from his youth group. Leaders reported this to the park rangers. The drowning happened on a Tuesday and the youth's body was found the following day. It is impossible to determine if a lifeguard at Fuller Lake could have prevented the drowning. This tragedy was the first drowning at a regulated beach in a Pennsylvania state park since 1999.cite web | url = http://www.philly.com/inquirer/local/20080801_Teen_s_drowning_revives_debate_over_state_park_lifeguards.html | title = Teen's drowning revives debate over state park lifeguards | accessdate = 2008-09-17 | publisher = Philadelphia Inquirer]
There are many
picnic tables spread throughout the park. In addition to the tables, two pavilions are available for rent at Pine Grove Furnace State Park.
Pine Grove Furnace State Park has 3 miles (5 km) of hiking trails within its boundaries. The
Appalachian Trailalso passes through the park. The general store at the park is the "unofficial" halway point on the Appalachian Trail. It is a tradition among hikers on the trail to stop at the store and consume a half-gallon of ice creamon the front porch of the store. Hikers that complete the entire half-gallon are given commemorative wooden spoons and sign the half-gallon challenge book at the store. [cite web | url = http://www.pennlive.com/midstate/index.ssf/2008/07/appalachian_trail_hikers_look.html | title = AT hikers look forward to the ice cream challenge | accessdate = 2008-07-05 | author = Chris A. Courogen | publisher = PennLive.com] The trails are open to cross-country skiingand some trails and roads are open to snow mobiling during the winter months.cite web | url = http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/stateparks/parks/pinegrovefurnace/pinegrovefurnace_trails.aspx | title = Pine Grove Furnace State Park: Hiking | accessdate = 2008-06-18 | publisher = Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources]
* Buck Ridge Trail is a 6 mile (10 km) trail that connects Pine Grove Furnace State Park with
Kings Gap Environmental Education and Training Centeras it passes through Michaux State Forest. This trail is marked with orange blazes.
* Creek Trail is a 0.5 mile (1 km) trail that begins at the park
amphitheaterand follows Mountain Creek as it passes vernal pools and a stand of white pine trees.
* Mountain Creek Trail is a 1.4 mile (2.3 km) trail that passes through
wetlandsand forests as it follows Mountain Creek. Hikers may get the opportunity to see white-tail deer, heron, beavers and waterfowl.
* Koppenhaver Trail is 1.0 mile (1.6 km) in length and passes through a stand of mature hemlock and white pine.
* Pole Steeple Trail is a 0.75 mile (1.2 km) trail with a steep climb to the Pole Steeple Overlook. From the overlook visitors can view the entire park.
* Swamp Trail is 0.25 mile (0.4 km) in length and passes through a
Pine Grove Furnace State Park is home to a variety of
habitats. It provides an example of how nature has reclaimed the land that was once heavily used by man. The areas surrounding the former iron furnaces have created a variety of habitats of open areas, forests, and wetlands. The park is a rest stop for migrating birds during the spring and autumn months. Vireo, thrushand warblersstop over on their migration path. Migrating waterfowl like Canadian geese, merganser, loon, mallardand teal ducks stop for rest and food at Laurel Lake. At least six species of woodpeckers can be seen in the woods of Pine Grove Furnace State Park. Butterflies reach their peak in the summer months when the woods are filled with a wide variety of songbirds. Common woodland creatures like white tail deer, squirrels and chipmunks are plentiful. Black bears and beaver also make their home in Pine Grove Furnace State Park.
Pine Grove Furnace State Park has several options for visitors interested in spending the night or camping at the park. There is a 72 site rustic camping ground that is open to
tents and campers. The campground does not have flush toilets but drinking water is provided. A camp store is 0.25 mile (0.4 km) from the campground. There is a large area for organized group camping which is wooded and surrounds an open playing field.
Pines Cabin is a two story wood frame house that is available to rent year round. It has a modern
kitchen, dining room, living room, bathroom and three bedrooms that can sleep up to eight people. The Paymasters Cabin is a remnant of the days of the iron furnace, with a modern kitchen, dining room, living room, bathroom and two bedrooms that can sleep up to six people. Both cabins have a central heating system. The Ironmaster's Mansion is a youth hostel. It is commonly used by hikers who are traversing the Appalachian Trail.
Nearby state parks
The following state parks are within convert|30|mi|km|0 of Pine Grove Furnace State Park.cite web
last = Michels
first = Chris
year = 1997
url = http://www2.nau.edu/~cvm/latlongdist.html
title = Latitude/Longitude Distance Calculation
Northern Arizona University
accessdate = 2008-04-23] [cite map |scale = 1:65,000| publisher= Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Bureau of Planning and Research, Geographic Information Division
title= "2007 General Highway Map Cumberland County Pennsylvania"
accessdate= 2007-07-27 "Note: shows Pine Grove Furnace State Park"]
*Big Spring State Park (Perry County)
Caledonia State Park(Adams and Franklin Counties)
Codorus State Park(York County)
Colonel Denning State Park(Cumberland County)
Cunningham Falls State Park( Maryland)
Fowlers Hollow State Park(Perry County)
Gifford Pinchot State Park(York County)
Kings Gap Environmental Education and Training Center(Cumberland County)
Little Buffalo State Park(Perry County)
Mont Alto State Park(Franklin County)
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