Okinawa Woodpecker

Okinawa Woodpecker
Okinawa Woodpecker
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Family: Picidae
Genus: Sapheopipo
Hargitt, 1890
Species: S. noguchii
Binomial name
Sapheopipo noguchii
(Seebohm, 1887)

Dendrocopos noguchii[1]

The Okinawa Woodpecker (Sapheopipo noguchii), (ノグチゲラ/野口啄木鳥 Noguchigera?) is a woodpecker endemic to the island of Okinawa in Japan. It is the only member of the genus Sapheopipo.

This is a medium-sized (31 cm), dark woodpecker. It is dark brown in color with red-tipped feathers. It has white spots on the primaries. The head is a paler brown, with a dark red crown on the male and a blackish-brown one on the female. The call is a sharp whit call and a variable kyu-kyu kup kup kup or kyu kyu kup.

Their breeding habitat is subtropical, evergreen broad-leaved forest that is at least 30 years old, with tall trees of more than 20 cm in diameter. Nesting is between late February and May.

This woodpecker is critically endangered. It has a single tiny, declining population which is threatened by habitat loss of mature forest due to logging, dam construction, agriculture military and golf course developments. A major problem now is that one of there main habitats are being destroyed. The current population is estimated at less than 600. This species is suspected to be declining at a rate of 10-19% over ten years, as a result of ongoing clearance of old-growth forests.

This woodpecker is legally protected in Japan. It occurs in Yonaha-dake Prefecture Protection Area and small protected areas on Mt Ibu and Mt Nishime and conservation organisations have purchased sites where it occurs, but it is mainly found in the Okinawa prefecture . In 1996, Yambaru was designated as a national park.

See also

  • List of Special Places of Scenic Beauty, Special Historic Sites and Special Natural Monuments

External links