- Erythrina variegata
Tiger's Claw Tree in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked): Angiosperms (unranked): Eudicots (unranked): Rosids Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae Genus: Erythrina Species: E. variegata Binomial name Erythrina variegata
Erythrina variegata (syn. E. indica Lam., E. variegata var. orientalis (L.) Merr.; Tiger's Claw, Indian Coral Tree and Sunshine Tree) is a species of Erythrina native to the tropical and subtropical regions of eastern Africa, the Indian Subcontinent, northern Australia, and the islands of the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean east to Fiji.
It is a thorny deciduous tree growing to 27 m (89 ft) tall. The leaves are pinnate with a 20 cm petiole and three leaflets, each leaflet up to 20 cm long and broad. It has dense clusters of scarlet or crimson flowers and black seeds.
It was designated the official flower of Okinawa Prefecture in 1967. The deigo flower features in the popular song Shima Uta by The Boom, one of the most well-known songs associated with Okinawa. In addition, the use of the wood of the deigo tree is one of the unique characteristics of Ryukyuan lacquerware.
In Vietnam, the leaves are used to wrap fermented meat (Vietnamese: nem).
- Elevitch, Craig R.; W. Arthur Whistler (April 2006) (PDF). Erythrina variegata (coral tree). The Traditional Tree Initiative. http://www.agroforestry.net/tti/Erythrina-coraltree.pdf.
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