Mitchell brothers

Mitchell brothers

The brothers James "Jim" Lloyd Mitchell (November 30, 1943 – July 12, 2007) and Artie Jay Mitchell (December 17, 1945 – February 27, 1991) were pioneers in the pornography and striptease club business in San Francisco and other parts of California from 1969 until 1991, when Jim was convicted of killing Artie.

They opened the O'Farrell Theatre in 1969 as an adult cinema and at one time operated 11 such businesses; they produced and directed many adult films, including Behind the Green Door in 1972. They were also successful as the defendants in many obscenity cases. The Mitchells' notoriety significantly increased with Jim's fratricide; they became the subject of three books, X-Rated by David McCumber, Bottom Feeders by John Hubner, 9½ Years Behind the Mitchell Brothers' Green Door by Simone Corday and one movie, Rated X.


Early life

The Mitchells' father, Robert (known to all as Bob), an "Okie," was a professional gambler. He and his wife, Georgia Mae, settled in Antioch, near San Francisco and, according to the Mitchell brothers' biographers, provided a relatively stable childhood for Jim and Artie; the boys were popular and their childhood friends would become important members of the Mitchells' porn empire.

Jim, a part-time filmmaking student at San Francisco State University in the mid-1960s, aspired to become an "important" director like Francis Ford Coppola and Roman Polanski, and headed a clique of classmates with similar ambitions. While in school, he worked at the Follies, a cinema showing "nudies" (brief, plotless films featuring naked performers), and observed that each night the theater was filled with "horn dick daddies" (masturbators) who arrived simply for the onscreen nudity. He therefore perceived pornography as a potentially lucrative career opportunity for himself and Artie, who had just been discharged from the Army.

Moviemaking and the O'Farrell

In 1969, with the help of Artie's Ivy League-educated wife Meredith Bradford, they fulfilled their ambitions by leasing and renovating a dilapidated two-story building at 895 O'Farrell Street, which they converted into the O'Farrell Theatre, a movie theater with a makeshift film studio upstairs. They also rented a larger facility at 991 Tennessee Street in which to shoot some of their films; nevertheless, even their fans conceded that Mitchell movies ranged in quality from mediocre to atrocious. Jim Mitchell once quipped, "The only Art in [porn] is my brother."

The Mitchells opened the O'Farrell Theatre on the Fourth of July, 1969, and were confronted almost immediately by the authorities. They would open other X-rated movie houses in California over the years, spending much time in court and money on lawyers to stay open as indignant locals and officials tried to shut them down.

They became incorporated as Cinema 7 (headquartered in the managers' offices at the O'Farrell Theatre), and in 1972 produced one of the world's first famous feature-length pornographic movies, Behind the Green Door, starring then-Ivory Snow girl Marilyn Chambers in her porn debut. The movie, produced for $60,000, grossed over $25 million.[1]

The Mitchells rode the porno chic wave, using some of their Green Door profits to produce fairly lavish hardcore movies including Resurrection of Eve in 1973 and Sodom & Gomorrah in 1975. One of their last big-budget movies was The Grafenberg Spot (1985), featuring the underaged Traci Lords, who had entered the adult-video industry with fraudulent identification. The Mitchell brothers were the first to transfer film titles to videotape and market them via ads in national sex magazines. The brothers were inducted into the AVN Hall of Fame.

In 1985, the Mitchells made the long-awaited (and -postponed) sequel to Behind the Green Door. They hired cabaret singer and frequent movie collaborator Sharon McNight to direct the picture and, uncharacteristically, chose to cast the film exclusively with little- or unknown performers, despite the availability of such adult-industry stars as Lady Ashley Liberty, who had just concluded an engagement at New York City's Show World Center. The Mitchell brothers auditioned every newcomer who responded to their advertisements (which appeared in Variety and Bay Area sex tabloids). A handful of O'Farrell dancers accepted small roles; one of them asked to be cast as Gloria, the female lead. While McNight considered her for that part, Artie Mitchell's then-girlfriend Missy Manners[2] cast herself in it. Filming of the sequel occurred mainly in the O'Farrell Theatre, and took only one day.

Missy Manners,[2] overweight and utterly inexperienced in acting and public sex, reportedly had much difficulty performing in front of the film crew; the set was so tense that at one point Jim Mitchell harangued one of his O'Farrell managers in front of everyone, because the catered lunch was inadequate. The Green Door sequel was also the world's first safe-sex film, in which all the men wore condoms, and self-protection advice was given to the audience by one of the characters.

Highly overbudget ($250,000), Behind the Green Door: the Sequel, according to adult magazines, was one of the worst porn pictures ever made, mainly due to the absence of a professional cast.[citation needed] Missy Manners[2] promoted the film and billed herself as "the Republican Porn Star." She posed nude for Playboy and revealed that she was Utah-born and -bred Elisa Florez, a former aide to Republican Senator Orrin Hatch.


In the mid-1970s, low-level organized crime began making unauthorized copies of the Mitchells' movies, and the brothers retaliated in the courts. When one judge ruled that obscene material could not receive copyright protection, the brothers eventually prevailed in the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals,[3] leading to the FBI copyright warnings now found at the start of videotapes.[4]

The O'Farrell Theatre was frequently raided on obscenity and related charges, leading to over 200 cases against its proprietors. They were defended by maverick attorney Michael Kennedy.[4]

Friends and activities outside of porn

The Mitchells were popular on the fringes of San Francisco's diverse society. Their friends included a who's-who of pornography plus San Francisco politicians, the late Black Panther Huey "Doc" Newton, Warren Hinckle, Herb Gold, the rock band Aerosmith, and Jack Palladino (now the world's most expensive private investigator). The late journalist Hunter S. Thompson was a close friend of the brothers, and frequently visited the O'Farrell Theatre. In 1988, the Mitchells made a 30-minute documentary about him, Hunter S. Thompson: The Crazy Never Die.[5] Thompson claimed in his 2003 book Kingdom of Fear that he had worked for a while in 1985 as night manager at the club, an assertion repeated by some news articles.[6]

Jim and Artie Mitchell supported various cartoonists, Dan O'Neill among them. During the 1984 Democratic National Convention, they opened the upper floor of the O'Farrell to a group of underground cartoonists, including Victor Moscoso, Robert Crumb, Spain Rodriguez, Ted Richards, S. Clay Wilson, Bob Crabb, Gary Hallgren and Phil Frank, to cover the convention for the San Francisco Chronicle.[6]

Jim launched the publication War News to protest the first Gulf War; journalist Warren Hinckle was hired as editor, Robert Crumb designed the logo, and Art Spiegelman and Winston Smith were paid contributors.[6] Other contributors included Daniel Ellsberg, Michael Moore, Paul Krassner, Ron Turner, Bob Callahan, Peter Bagge, Jim Woodring, Trina Robbins, S. Clay Wilson, and Hunter S. Thompson.[7]

Personal lives

Twice-divorced Jim lived for years with Lisa Adams, a former porn starlet and O'Farrell dancer. He and his second wife Mary Jane had four children; one of them, Meta, is now the O'Farrell's general manager. Artie was the father of six, three with his first wife, Meredith Bradford (who retained her maiden name and insisted that their children go by Bradford), and the others with Karen Hassall, whom he divorced in the mid-1980s. Meredith attended law school at her husband's expense and, upon graduating, represented the Mitchells until Jim fired her over a conflict involving his children's manners at her family's Massachusetts vacation home.

Jim's son James was recently convicted of murder.[8]

In Bottom Feeders, John Hubner characterizes the Mitchells as frequently quarreling with each other (and everyone else), alternately stingy and profligate, at odds with each other and society at large and sometimes misogynistic.[9] In Hubner's book, the O'Farrell Theatre is a mirrored house of sleaze, filled with bikini-clad predators hustling money from men too insecure or ugly to get girls any other way. The Mitchells' company is a model of inefficiency, with its top members, almost invariably boyhood friends of the brothers, spending their office hours taking drugs, drinking beer and playing pool.

In contrast, McCumber's X-rated focuses mainly on the personal foibles of Artie Mitchell; indeed, Jim Mitchell is portrayed as surmounting many personal obstacles, such as overcoming drug addiction through voluntary rehabilitation.

Killing of Artie, and trial

In 1991, Jim, in response to friends' and associates' demands to "do something" about alcoholic, cocaine-addled Artie, drove to Artie's house one rainy evening in late February with a .22 rifle that he inherited from his father[citation needed] and fatally shot him. O'Farrell dancer Julie Bajo (Artie's lover at the time) immediately called 911, and the police arrested Jim minutes later. Marilyn Chambers spoke at Artie's funeral,[4] and he was then buried in Lodi Memorial Cemetery.

After a highly publicized trial in which Jim was represented by his old friend and lawyer Michael Kennedy (by then a prominent Park Avenue attorney), the jury rejected a murder charge and found him guilty of voluntary manslaughter. Before Jim's sentencing, numerous people spoke on his behalf (presumably appealing for clemency), including former Mayor Frank Jordan, Sheriff Michael Hennessey, and former Police Chief Richard Hongisto.[1] Mitchell was sentenced to six years in prison.

One of the results of Jim's trial is that the California Courts allowed, in a precedent-setting decision, a virtual reality reenactment of the murder to be entered into evidence. This 3D forensic computer animation was actually a reconstruction based upon the physical evidence created by crime scene analyst and ballistics expert Alexander Jason.[10] It showed the positions of Jim, Artie, the bullet impact points, and the path taken by bullets as they entered Artie's body. This was the first use of a 3D computer animation in a criminal trial.[11] (In his final argument before the jury, Michael Kennedy attempted to mock the virtual-reality reenactment. However, the success of the method led to its use in other trials.)

After release

After having served three years in San Quentin, Jim was released in 1997, and he returned to run the O'Farrell Theatre.

Jim established the "Artie Fund" to collect money for a local drug rehabilitation center and for the Surf Rescue Squad of the San Francisco Fire Department. (In 1990, Artie was caught in a riptide off Ocean Beach, Jim paddled out to help, and the surf rescue squad aided in the rescue of both of them; the squad members received lifetime passes to the O'Farrell.)[1] Artie's children have denounced the fund, claiming it is intended to whitewash Artie's murder. On their website, they describe their father's murder as premeditated and motivated by greed and jealousy, and claim that the depictions of Artie in the books and movie are inaccurate.[12][13]

Shortly before his death, Jim wanted to change California's nickname to "the Prison State" and design a license plate saying so. He intended to protest the efforts of law enforcement and prison guards to lobby for longer prison sentences.[6]

Death of Jim

Jim Mitchell died at his ranch in western Sonoma County on July 12, 2007, from an apparent heart attack. The funeral in Jim's boyhood town of Antioch, California on July 19 was attended by 300 people, including Mayor Willie Brown, ex-District Attorney Terence Hallinan, and many O'Farrell ecdysiasts. He was buried next to his brother.[14]

Books and movies

Biographies of the brothers are X-Rated by David McCumber (1992, ISBN 0-671-75156-5) and Bottom Feeders: From Free Love to Hard Core by John Hubner (1993, ISBN 0-385-42261-X).

In 2000, their story was dramatized in the movie Rated X starring the brothers Charlie Sheen and Emilio Estevez as Artie and Jim, with Estevez also directing. The film was shot in Toronto, Canada, although the entire story occurred in the San Francisco Bay Area.

In 2001 the TV series Forensic Files aired an episode called 'Sibling Rivalry' which documented Artie's murder and the use of forensic animation and sound analysis at Jim's trial.

The 2007 book 9½ Years Behind the Green Door (ISBN 1934248622) by Simone Corday describes the brothers from the perspective of a dancer at the O'Farrell and girlfriend of Artie.


  1. ^ a b c Porn King Jim Mitchell Walks Out of Prison Today. San Francisco Chronicle, 3 October 1997
  2. ^ a b c Mitchell Brothers - Rotten.comMissy Manners -
  3. ^ Mitchell Brothers Film Group v. Cinema Adult Theater, 604 F.2d 852 (5th Cir. 1979)
  4. ^ a b c The return of Marilyn Chambers, San Francisco Chronicle, 25 July 1999
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b c d Porn Kings, and a lot more, San Francisco Chronicle, 21 July 2007
  7. ^ Hinkle, Hinckle, Little Star (Part II), SF Weekly, 14 February 1996
  8. ^
  9. ^ The Mitchells: From Peep Show to Porn Empire. The San Francisco Chronicle, 31 January 1993.
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^, website of Artie's children, accessed 13 November 2005
  13. ^, archived version of
  14. ^ Farewell to a porn king. San Francisco Chronicle, 20 July 2007

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mitchell Brothers O'Farrell Theatre — The Mitchell Brothers O Farrell Theatre is a striptease club at 895 O Farrell Street near San Francisco s Tenderloin neighborhood. Opened as an X rated movie theater by Jim and Artie Mitchell on July 4, 1969, the O Farrell remains one of America… …   Wikipedia

  • The Mitchell Brothers — For the EastEnders characters, see Phil Mitchell and Grant Mitchell. The Mitchell Brothers are a rap group from London, England. They consist of cousins Owura Nyanin (a.k.a. Tony Mitchell) from Manor Park and Kofi Hanson (Teddy Mitchell) from… …   Wikipedia

  • Mitchell family — EastEnders family Introduced by Michael Ferguson Duration 1990 First appearance 20 February 1990 The Mitchell family is a fictional family in the BBC soap opera EastEnders. The first Mitchell nuclear family introduced were Eric Mitchell s… …   Wikipedia

  • Mitchell Family (Shortland Street) — The following is a list of the characters in order of appearance who are part of the immediate Mitchell family in the New Zealand soap opera Shortland Street. Contents 1 Kieran Mitchell 2 Sidney Mitchell 2.1 Storylines …   Wikipedia

  • Mitchell Mark — aka Mitchell H. Mark (born as Mitchel Henry Mark aka Mitchel H. Mark) (1868 1918) was a pioneer of motion picture exhibition in the United States. Biography Michell Henry Mark and his brother Moe Mark founded the Vitascope Theater (a special… …   Wikipedia

  • Mitchell Rales — (born c. 1956) is an American businessman. He has been a director of Danaher Corporation since 1983. Contents 1 Biography 1.1 Early life and education 1.2 Career 2 Philanthropy …   Wikipedia

  • Mitchell Gallery of Flight — The Mitchell Gallery of Flight is an aviation museum located inside General Mitchell International Airport in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in the United States. Description Permanent gallery exhibits highlight aviation history along with some of… …   Wikipedia

  • Mitchell Froom — Born June 29, 1953 (1953 06 29) (age 58) Origin United States Occupations Record producer, musician, and composer Instruments …   Wikipedia

  • Mitchell Starc — Personal information Full name Mitchell Aaron Starc Born 30 January 1990 (1990 01 30) (age 21) Baulkham Hills, New South Wales …   Wikipedia

  • Mitchell Altieri — is an American film director, producer and writer. His first feature film Lurking in Suburbia was discovered by Sundance Film Festival programmer Trevor Groth. Altieri and long time film partner Phil Flores then created their filmmaking alter… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”