A campanile – pronounced IPA|/kampaˈni:le/ – is, especially in
Italy, a free-standing bell tower, often adjacent to a church or cathedral. The word derives from the Italian "campanile", from "campana" (bell).
The most famous campanile is probably the
Leaning Tower of Pisa. Other notable examples include St Mark's Campanilein St Mark's Square, Venice. Campaniles outside of Italy are often modeled after St Mark's.
At the beginning of the nineteen eighties the theme Campanile was revised by H. R. Hiegel and Florian Mausbach.
Modern campaniles often contain
carillons, a musical instrument traditionally composed of at least 23 large bells which are sounded by cables, chains, or cords connected to a keyboard.These can be found at some college and university campuses.In modern construction, rather than using heavy bells the sound may be produced by the striking of small metal rods whose vibrations are amplified electronically and sounded through loudspeakers.
The tallest free-standing campanile in the world is the
Joseph Chamberlain Memorial Clock Tower, located at the University of Birmingham, UK.cite web|url=http://www.ctbuh.org/Portals/0/Tallest/CTBUH_TallestClockGovernmentPalace.pdf|title=25 tallest clock towers/government structures/palaces|publisher=Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat|date=January 2008|accessdate=2008-08-09] although its actual height is the subject of some confusion. The university list it as convert|110|m|ft|0 tall [cite web|url=http://www.studyhere.bham.ac.uk/documents/B2362_Campus_tour_booklet_AW.pdf|title=Campus tour booklet|publisher=University of Birmingham|accessdate=2008-08-09] , whereas other sources state that it is convert|100|m|ft|0 tall.cite web |url=http://www.skyscrapernews.com/snuk_list.htm |title=Britain's tallest 100 buildings by height|publisher=Skyscraper News |accessdate=2008-08-09]
List of campaniles
This is a list of campaniles found on Wikipedia:
Peace Tower, part of the Canadian Parliament Buildings in Ottawa, Ontario, is equipped with a 53-bell carillon
*Ladner Clock Tower broadcasts the carillon of the
University of British Columbia(40 m (131 ft); originally 330 bronze bars, now fully digital) Germany
*The 84-m high
Roter Turm(de) in Halle, Saxony-Anhaltis, with 76 bells, the world's largest carillonin a campanile. Ireland
University of Dublin, Trinity College. Italy
St Mark's Campanile, Venice(98.6 m)
Leaning Tower of Pisa, Pisa
Giotto's Bell Tower, Florence
*St Pontian's Campanile, Carbonia, Sardinia
* The National War Memorial Carillon,
Wellington. 50.6 m; 74 bells. [http://flatrock.org.nz/topics/wellington/war_memorial.htm] Slovakia
*St Urban Tower,
Košice South Africa
Port Elizabeth(Erected to commemorate the landing of the 1820 Settlers) United Kingdom
*The Clock Tower, commonly but incorrectly referred to as "Big Ben", of the
Palace of Westminster
Trent Buildingof the University of Nottingham
Joseph Chamberlain Memorial Clock Towerat the University of Birmingham
*The Queen's Tower at
Imperial College London
Trafford Centre's Barton Square Tower
*The Addleshaw Tower at
St Paul's Church, Wordsworth Avenue, Sheffield United States Alabama
Denny Chimes, the campanile/carillon at the University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa. convert|115|ft tall with 25 bronze bells played from 2 keyboards or roll player mechanism. California
Sather Tower, "The Campanile" and carillonof the University of California, Berkeley, is 307 ft (93.6 m) tall and has 61 bells. It was the subject of " The Campanile Movie".
* Carillon Tower, "The Bell Tower" at the
University of California, Riversideis 161 ft (49.1 m) tall with 48 bells and was dedicated to the University in 1966.
Storke Towerat the University of California, Santa Barbarais 175 ft (53.3 m) tall with 61 bells.
California Towerat Balboa Park (San Diego, California)is 198 ft (60.4 m) tall and has a 100-bell symphonic carillon. It was built in 1914 for the 1915-1916 Pan-American Expo.
St. Andrew's Catholic Church, Pasadena, California, built in 1927. Colorado
Daniels & Fisher Tower, popularly the D & F Tower in downtown Denver, was, at 330 feet (100.5 m), the third-tallest structure in the United States and the tallest west of the Mississippi Riverwhen completed in 1910. Florida
*Bok Tower, the centerpiece of
Bok Tower Gardens, is located north of Lake Wales; the site was designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr.and is listed on the National Register of Historic Placesas a National Historic Landmark; the "Singing Tower" contains a 60-bell carillonset within a 205-feet-tall (62 m) Late Gothic Revival tower designed by architect Milton B. Medary
*Century Tower, at the
University of Floridain Gainesville, is 157 feet tall (47.9 m) and has a cast-bell carillon with 61 bells.
*The Campanile, at Pensacola Christian College in Pensacola, Florida, has a 43 cast-bell carillon.
Kessler Campanileat the Georgia Institute of Technologyin Atlanta was built for the 1996 Olympic Gamesand is 80 ft (24.4 m) tall. Indiana
*Brandt Campanile, at
Valparaiso Universitynear the Chapel of the Resurrectionand the Christopher Center for Library and Information Resources, is a chime standing 143 ft (43.6 m) high with 12 bells.
Shafer Tower, a campanile and carillonin the central campus of Ball State University, standing at 150 feet in height. Iowa
*The Campanile and
carillonat Iowa State University(110 ft (33.5 m); 50 bells).
*The Campanile at the
University of Northern Iowa. Kansas
*The World War II Memorial Carillon and Campanile at the
University of Kansas(120 ft (36.6 m); 53 bells) Louisiana
Louisiana State UniversityWorld War One Memorial Bell Tower ( Memorial Tower)
** Also known as the Campanile, this 175-ft (53.3 m) structure was built in 1923 and dedicated in 1926 as a memorial to Louisianans who died in WWI. On the rotunda walls are bronze plaques bearing the names of those to whom the tower is dedicated. (The names of the black soldiers were recently added.) Chimes ring every quarter hour. The
cornerstonein front of the tower was excavated from the ruins of the Louisiana State Seminary of Learning and Military Academy in Pineville (LSU's first incarnation), one half describes the history, while the other half is inscribed with the names of the first board of supervisors and faculty.
** The plaza area in front of Memorial Tower has served as a place of both ceremony and celebration. The University’s annual Christmas Tree Lighting Ceremony takes place on the plaza and attracts many visitors to the area. In addition,
Student Governmentholds the formal installation for its new President and Vice President each spring. There are also several traditions attached to it, especially kissing in the plaza at midnight on Valentine's Day. Massachusetts
* Campanile next to City Hall in
Springfield, Massachusetts, a part of the Municipal Group, the city's neoclassical government center.
* Campanile of
Old South Churchin Boston, a 246-ft (75 m) Venetian-Gothic bell tower by Charles Amos Cummings.
Pilgrim Monument, Provincetown, Massachusetts, a 252-ft (76.8 m) granite tower by Charles Amos Cummings.
* The Stockbridge Congregational Church has a bell tower, also know as the Children's Chime. [http://www.gcna.org/data/MASTOCKB.HTM]
* The Karam Campanile at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, in the middle of campus
* The Memorial Bell Tower at
Phillips Academyin Andover Michigan
Burton Towerat the University of Michigan(212 ft, 64.6 m; 55 bells)
Lurie Towerat the University of Michigan(167 ft, 50.9 m; 60 bells)
Beaumont Towerat Michigan State University(105 ft, 32 m; 49 bells) New York
The Metropolitan Life Towerin New York City(700 ft.) North Carolina
*Morehead-Patterson Bell Tower at the
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill(172 ft, 52.4 m)
*Memorial Bell Tower at
North Carolina State Universityin Raleigh(115 ft, 35 m) Oregon
Oregon State University(68 ft, 20.7 m tall; 5 bells) South Dakota
Coughlin Campanileat South Dakota State University(167 ft, 50.9 m). The tower's chimes cover three octaves and can be "played" manually from an organ. Texas
*Albritton Bell Tower,
Texas A&M University, College Station (138 ft, 42.1 m; 49 bells).
*Murchison Memorial Tower, the campanile at
Trinity University, San Antonio (166 ft, 50.6 m; 4 bells). Vermont
*Adams Bell Tower,
Norwich University, Northfield (47 bells). [http://www.norwich.edu/about/map/ncinfo2b.html#adams] Wisconsin
*Carillon Tower at
University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison (featuring 56 bells and weekly concerts).
Campanile is also the name of the
Mount Saint Joseph AcademyNewspaper.Campanile is also the name of the Palo Alto High School newspaper, and the Rice University yearbook.
* [http://www.compart-multimedia.com/virtuale/us/florence/giottos_bell_tower.htm Giotto's Bell tower, Florence] virtual reality movie and pictures
* [http://www.hiegel.de/campanile.html H.R. Hiegel's design]
* [http://www.berkeley.edu/visitors/campanile.html Sather Tower at University of California, Berkeley]
* [http://www.cw.ua.edu/vnews/display.v/ART/2004/04/26/408ca0f09d08c An article from the University of Alabama Crimson White about the day-to-day operation of the schools Campanile]
* [http://www.maps.ubc.ca/PROD/images/photos/182_a.jpgLadner Clock Tower at UBC]
* [http://www.library.ubc.ca/archives/bldgs/ladnerclocktow.htm More about the Ladner Clock Tower at UBC]
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