Amyl nitrate

Amyl nitrate
Amyl nitrate
CAS number 1002-16-0
ChemSpider 55191 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Molecular formula C5H11NO3
Molar mass 133.15 g mol−1
Boiling point

104 °C

Flash point 47.8 °C
 YesY nitrate (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Amyl nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula CH3(CH2)4ONO2. This molecule consists of the 5-carbon amyl group attached to a nitrate functional group.[1] It is the ester of amyl alcohol and nitric acid.


Alkyl nitrates are employed as reagents in organic synthesis.[2] Amyl nitrate is used as an additive in diesel fuel, where it acts as an 'ignition improver' by accelerating the ignition of fuel.[citation needed]


  1. ^ EPA on Pentyl nitrate
  2. ^ Zajac, Jr., W. W. "1-Nitropropane" in Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. DOI: 10.1002/047084289X.rn051.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • amyl nitrate — noun Date: 1927 1. a colorless liquid ester C5H11NO3 of amyl alcohol and nitric acid 2. amyl nitrite not used technically …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • amyl nitrate — noun The ester of amyl alcohol (pentanol) and nitric acid, CHNO, used to control angina and as an antidote to cyanide poisoning …   Wiktionary

  • amyl nitrate — /æməl ˈnaɪtreɪt/ (say amuhl nuytrayt) noun an ester of amyl alcohol and nitric acid, CH3(CH2)4ONO2, used as an additive in diesel fuel where it accelerates ignition; formerly used as a treatment for angina; inhaled as a recreational drug to… …  

  • amyl nitrate — noun Chemistry a colourless synthetic liquid used as an additive in diesel fuel to improve its ignition properties …   English new terms dictionary

  • amyl nitrate — noun a vasodilator that is sometimes used to treat angina pectoris • Hypernyms: ↑vasodilator, ↑vasodilative …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nitrate d'amyle — Général Nom IUPAC nitrate de pentyle Synonymes nitrate de n amyle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Amyl nitrite — Not to be confused with amyl nitrate. Amyl nitrite …   Wikipedia

  • Amyl — The word or root amyl has two meanings, in organic chemistry and biochemistry. Biochemistry In biochemistry, amyl means pertaining to starch . Many moderately complex biological chemicals related to starch contain it, for example: * Amylase *… …   Wikipedia

  • amyl — n amyl nitrite (sometimes called amyl nitrate); a very powerful stimulant drug inhaled from a broken phial or popper. Amyl nitrite is prescribed for the treat ment of angina pectoris, though it has been taken for fun since the 1950s, and for its… …   Contemporary slang

  • Amyl — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Amyl peut désigner : l Amyl, une rivière russe En biochimie et en chimie, il peut avoir deux sens différents: en chimie organique, « amyl » …   Wikipédia en Français

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