Military of Tajikistan

Military of Tajikistan
Military of Tajikistan
Tajikistan roundel.svg
Service branches Ground Troops, Air and Air Defense Troops, Mobile Troops
Manpower
Conscription 18 years of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 2 years
Available for
military service
1,556,415 males, age 15–49 (2005 est.),
1,568,780 females, age 15–49 (2005 est.)
Fit for
military service
1,244,941 males, age 15–49 (2005 est.),
1,297,891 females, age 15–49 (2005 est.)
Reaching military
age annually
87,846 males (2005 est.),
85,869 females (2005 est.)
Expenditures
Percent of GDP 3.9 (2005 est.)

Tajikistan's armed forces consist of Land Forces, Mobile Forces, Air and Air Defense Forces, Presidential National Guard, and Security Forces (internal and border troops). There are also significant Russian forces in the country principally the 201st Motor Rifle Division.

Unlike the other former Soviet states of Central Asia, Tajikistan did not form armed forces based upon former Soviet units on its territory. Instead, the Russian Ministry of Defence took control of the Dushanbe-based 201st Motor Rifle Division; actually control simply shifted from the former district headquarters in Tashkent, which was in now-independent Uzbekistan, to Moscow. Also present in the country was a large contingent of Soviet border guards, which transitioned into a Russian-officered force with Tajik conscripts. For a long period a CIS peacekeeping force, built around the 201st MRD, was in place in the country.

Due to the presence of Russian forces in the country and the Civil war in Tajikistan, Tajikistan only formally legalised the existence of its armed forces in April 1994.[1]

The armed forces were during the 1990s often poorly commanded, mostly badly disciplined, and with their equipment under-maintained. Draft-dodging and desertion was commonplace. Reflecting the fragmented militia group origin of the army’s units, in late 1995 the Mahmud (1st) and Faizali (11th) Brigades of the Army exchanged fire several times, and fighting again broke out between the Army Rapid Reaction Brigade (formerly the Mahmud Brigade) and the Presidential Guard in June 1996. Colonel Khudoiberdiev, commander of the Rapid Reaction Brigade was relieved of his command as a result.

Contents

Army

Equipment

[2]

Main Battle Tank

Infantry Fighting Vehicle

Artillery

  • Soviet Union D-30 122mm howitzer - 10

Multiple Rocket Launcher

Mortars

Surface to Air Missile

  • Soviet Union SA-2 Guideline, SA-3 Goa, SA-7 Grail - 20[3]

Light equipment

Air Force

Because of the civil war, air force development was slow. The first equipment to arrive was 10 MI-8MTBs and 5 MI-24 in 1993 based at Dushanbe. The first transport aircraft were AN-24s(?) and AN-26s(?) were supplied in 1996. A plan from the 1990s to acquire SU-25s from Belarus to form an attack squadron did not occur. The Tajik Air Force remains small as Dushanbe doesn't expect an attack on the nation from the air and that Russian Air Force units at Gissar in Tajikistan and other such Russian contingents in Kazakhstan would deter any such assault. The country is also patrolled by Russian aircraft as part of the Joint CIS Air Defense System. However, Moscow did help bolster the Tajik's helicopter contingents in 2006-07 by giving them six Mil Mi-8 and Mil Mi-24 Hind attack helicopters. It also provided four L-39 Albatros.

Aircraft Inventory

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[4] Notes
Mil Mi-24 Hind  Soviet Union attack Mi-24 4 8 in storage
Mil Mi-8 Hip  Soviet Union transport Mi-8 14
Tupolev Tu-134 Crusty  Soviet Union VIP Tu-134A 1
L-29 Delfin  Czechoslovakia trainer L-29 unknown
L-39 Albatros  Czechoslovakia trainer L-39C 4 former Russian[5]

References and links

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2007 edition".

  1. ^ Jane's World Armies 2004
  2. ^ Tajik-Army Equipment
  3. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/centralasia/tajik-army-equipment.htm
  4. ^ Tajikistan Air Force at globalsecurity.org
  5. ^ Janes Sentinel: Tajikistan Air Force



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