- Reed College
name = Reed College
caption = Mascot of Reed College
established = 1908
type = Private liberal arts college
city = Portland
undergrad = 1,442 (1,402 full-time; 40 part-time)cite web | title = Historical Enrollment (Fall Census Headcount) | publisher = Institutional Research, Reed College | url = http://web.reed.edu/ir/enrollment_hist.html ]
postgrad = 29
faculty = 135
endowment = $455.7 million [cite news | last = | first = | coauthors = | title =College and University Endowments Over $250-Million, 2007 | work =
Chronicle of Higher Education| pages =28 | language = | publisher = | date =2008-08-29 | url = | accessdate = ]
color = Richmond Rose color box|#FF0090
Residential, 116 acres (470,000 m²)
website = http://www.reed.edu/
Reed College is a private, independent,
liberal arts collegelocated in southeast Portland, Oregon. Founded in 1908, Reed is a highly selective [cite web | title = Standard-Setting on Admissions Tests in Higher Education | publisher = National Assessment Governing Board | url = http://www.nagb.org/release/laird.doc ] four-year residential college with a campus located in Portland's residential Eastmoreland neighborhood, featuring architecture based on the Tudor-Gothic style,cite web |url=http://web.reed.edu/facilities_and_grounds/buildings/eliot.html |title=Eliot Hall |accessdate=2007-12-18 |work=Facilities & Grounds |publisher=Reed College] and a forested canyon wilderness preserve at its center. Reed is distinctively known for its mandatory freshman Humanitiesprogram, as the only private undergraduate college with a nuclear reactor supporting its science programs,cite web | title = Reed Research Reactor | publisher = Reed College | url = http://reactor.reed.edu/ | accessdate = 2007-03-27] and for the unusually high percentage of graduates who go on to earn PhDs and other postgraduate degrees.cite web | title = Facts about Reed: Awards and Fellowships | work = Institutional Research | publisher = Reed College | url = http://web.reed.edu/ir/awards.html | accessdate = 2007-03-27] cite web | publisher=Reed College Institutional Research | title=Reed College PhD Productivity | url=http://web.reed.edu/ir/phd.html] [For a list with actual percentages, see "Doctorates Awarded" at http://www.swarthmore.edu/x15575.xml.]
The Reed Institute (the legal name of the college) was founded in 1908, and Reed College held its first classes in 1911. Reed is named for Oregon pioneers
Simeon Gannett Reedand Amanda Reed.cite web |url=http://web.reed.edu/about_reed/history |title=Mission and History |accessdate=2007-12-18 |work=About Reed |publisher=Reed College] Simeon was an entrepreneur in trade on the Columbia River; in his will he suggested that his wife could "devote some portion of my estate to benevolent objects, or to the cultivation, illustration, or development of the fine arts in the city of Portland, or to some other suitable purpose, which shall be of permanent value and contribute to the beauty of the city and to the intelligence, prosperity, and happiness of the inhabitants." [http://web.reed.edu/alumni/oral_hist_timeline.html Retrieved on 19 December 2007.] The first president of Reed (1910–1919) was William Trufant Foster, a former professor at Bates Collegeand Bowdoin Collegein Maine.
Contrary to popular belief, the college did not grow out of student revolts and experimentation, but out of a desire to provide a "more flexible, individualized approach to a rigorous liberal arts education."cite book |title=The Hidden Ivies |last=Greene |first=Howard |coauthors=Matthew Greene |year=2000 |publisher=HaperCollins Publishers Inc. |location=
New York|isbn= 0060953624 |pages=pp. 205] Founded explicitly in reaction to the "prevailing model of East Coast, Ivy Leagueeducation," the college's lack of varsity athletics, fraternities, and exclusive social clubs — as well as its coeducational, nonsectarian, and egalitarian status — gave way to an intensely academic and intellectual college whose purpose was to devote itself to "the life of the mind."cite book |title=The Hidden Ivies |last=Greene |first=Howard |coauthors=Matthew Greene |year=2000 |publisher=HaperCollins Publishers Inc. |location= New York|isbn= 0060953624 |pages=pp. 206-207]
The college holds a reputation for the
progressivecite web |author= Princeton Review|title=Top 10 Most Politically Liberal Colleges | work=MSN Encarta | url=http://encarta.msn.com/college_article_LiberalColleges/Top_10_Politically_Liberal_Colleges.html | publisher=Microsoft |accessdate= 2007-12-18] and anti-authoritarian leanings of its community.
According to Yale
sociologistBurton Clark, Reed is one of the most unusual institutions of higher learning in the United States, [cite book | first = Burton | last = Clark | title= The Distinctive College: Antioch, Reed, Swarthmore | year =1964 | id=ISBN 1-56000-592-0 ] featuring a traditional liberal arts and natural sciences curriculum. It requires freshmen to take Humanities 110 — an intensive introduction to the Classics, covering ancient Greeceand Romeas well as the Bibleand ancient Jewish history. Its program in the sciences is likewise unusual — Reed's TRIGA research reactor makes it the only school in the United States to have a nuclear reactoroperated almost entirely by undergraduates. Reed also requires all students to complete a thesis (a two-semester-long research project conducted under the guidance of professors) during the senior year as a prerequisite of graduation, and passing a junior qualifying exam at the end of the junior year is a prerequisite to beginning the thesis. Upon completion of the senior thesis, students must also pass an oral exam that may encompass questions not only about the thesis, but also about any course previously taken.
Reed maintains a 10:1 student-to-faculty ratio,cite web | title = Reed College Student/Faculty Ratio | publisher = Reed College | url = http://www.reed.edu/ir/stufacratio.html | accessdate = 2007-03-21] and its small classes emphasize a "conference" style, in which the teacher often acts as a mediator for discussion rather than a lecturer. While large lecture-style classes exist, Reed emphasizes its smaller lab and conference sections.
Although letter grades are given to students, grades are de-emphasized at Reed. According to the school, " [s] tudents are encouraged to focus on learning, not on grades. Students are evaluated rigorously, and semester grades are filed with the registrar, but by tradition, students do not receive standard grade reports. Papers and exams are generally returned tostudents with lengthy comments but without grades affixed. There is no dean’s list or honor roll, and Reed does not award Latin honors at graduation."cite web | title = Grades at Reed | publisher = Reed College | url = http://web.reed.edu/registrar/forms/grades.pdf | accessdate=2008-09-13 | format =
Reed has no fraternities, sororities, or NCAA sports teams, although physical education classes (which range from
kayakingto juggling) are required for graduation. Reed also has several intercollegiate athletic teams, most notably the Rugby, Fencing, and Ultimate Frisbee teams.Reed's ethical code is known as "The Honor Principle".cite web | title = Living with the honor principle | publisher = Reed College | url = http://web.reed.edu/academic/gbook/coll_org/honor_prin.html ] First introduced as an agreement to promote ethical academic behavior, with the explicit end of relieving the faculty of the burden of policing student behavior, the Honor Principle was extended to cover all aspects of student life. While inspired by traditional honor systems, Reed's Honor Principle differs from these in that it is a guide for ethical standards themselves, not just their enforcement. Under the Honor Principle, there are no codified rules governing behavior. Rather, the onus is on students individually and as a community to define which behaviors are acceptable and which are not.
Discrete cases of grievance, known as "Honor Cases", are adjudicated by a Judicial Board, which consists of nine full-time students. There is also an "Honor Council," which consists of students, faculty, and staff, designed to educate the community and mediate conflict between individuals.
Reed categorizes its academic program into five Divisions and the Humanities program. Overall, Reed offers five
Humanitiescourses, twenty-six department majors, twelve interdisciplinary majors, six dual-degree programs with other colleges and universities, and programs for pre-medical and pre-veterinary students.
*Division of Arts: includes the Art (Art History and Studio Art), Dance, Music, and Theatre Departments;
*Division of History and Social Sciences: includes the History, Anthropology, Economics, Political Science, and Sociology Departments, as well as the International and Comparative Policy Studies Program;
*Division of Literature and Languages: includes the Classics, Chinese, English, French, German, Russian, and Spanish Departments, as well as the Creative Writing and General Literature Programs;
*Division of Mathematics and Natural Sciences: includes the Mathematics, Biology, Chemistry, and Physics Departments, and
*Division of Philosophy, Religion, Psychology, and Linguistics: includes the Psychology, Philosophy, Religion, and Linguistics Departments.
Reed President Richard Scholz in 1922 called the educational program as a whole "an honest effort to disregard old historic rivalries and hostilities between the sciences and the arts, between professional and cultural subjects, and, ... the formal chronological cleavage between the graduate and the undergraduate attitude of mind." [Scholz, Richard F., "Remarks to the Association of American Colleges", 1922.] The Humanities program, which came into being in 1943 (as the union of two year-long courses, one in "world" literature, the other in "world" history) is one manifestation of this effort. The most recent change to the program was the addition of a course in Chinese Civilization in 1995.
Reed's Humanities program includes the mandatory freshman course "Introduction to Western Humanities" covering ancient Greek and Roman literature, history, art, religion, and philosophy. Sophomores, juniors, and seniors may take "Early Modern Europe" covering
Renaissancethought and literature; "Modern Humanities" covering the Enlightenment, the French Revolution, the Industrial Revolution, and Modernism, and/or "Foundations of Chinese Civilization". There is also a Humanities Senior Symposium.
Interdisciplinary and dual-degree programs
Reed also offers interdisciplinary programs in American studies, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Chemistry/Physics, Classics/Religion, Dance/Theatre, History/Literature, International and Comparative Policy Studies (ICPS), Literature/Theatre, Mathematics/Economics, and Mathematics/Physics.
Reed offers dual-degree programs in Applied Physics (with
OHSU/ OGI), Computer Science (with University of Washington), Engineering (with Caltechand others), Environmental Science (with Duke University), and Fine Art (with the Pacific Northwest College of Art).
Admissions and student demographics
Until the late 1990s, Reed accepted a larger percentage of total applicants than peer institutions — 76% in 1996. This led to high levels of attrition (drop-outs) during that period. [Romel Hernandez, "Many Apply. Few Are Chosen," [http://web.reed.edu/reed_magazine/spring2008/features/many_apply/index.html Reed Magazine (Spring 2008): 26-33] .] Since then the number of applicants for freshman admission has increased sharply. [cite web | title = Reed College receives record 3,051 applications | publisher = Reed College News Center | date =
February 24 2006| url = http://web.reed.edu/news_center/press_releases/2005-2006/022406_Record_2006_applications.html ] Since 2002, Reed's attrition rate has moved toward that of peer institutions, and the five-year graduation rate (76% for the 2002/2003 entering class) now exceeds the national average.
In 2008, the applicant pool for the class of 2012 reached an all-time high of 3,484 students with 1,110 admitted for the 325 available freshman spaces. The number of applicants has increased by 103% since 2000. In 2008, 31.9% of applicants were accepted. The class of 2012's average combined Math and Verbal
SATscores were 1409 and high school GPAwas 4.039. [cite press release | title = Reed College Class of 2012 Competitively Selected, Diverse Group| publisher = Reed College | date = March 27, 2008|url =http://www.reed.edu/news_center/press_releases/2007-2008/032708_AcceptanceEnvelopes.html | accessdate = 2008-04-16 ]
Reed's student body is 45% male and 55% female, and includes 22% minority students: 3% self-report as Black (including African-American, African, and Afro-Caribbean); 6% as Hispanic; 9% as Asian, 2% Native American, and 2% Mixed/Other. [cite web | title = Facts about Reed | publisher = Reed College Institutional Research | url = http://web.reed.edu/ir/enrollment_more.html | accessdate = 2007-03-21] Minority numbers include some of the 7% international citizens (13% of freshmen did not self-report their ethnicity). In the class of 2010, 38% of students are from the United States's West Coast (
California, Oregon, Washington), with the most coming from California.
Tuition and finances
The total base cost for the 2007-2008 academic year, including tuition, fees and room-and-board, is $45,880. [cite web | title = 2007-08 Tuition & Fees | | publisher = Reed College | url = http://web.reed.edu/apply/tuition.html | accessdate = 2007-04-11] In recent years between 50% and 60% of students have received financial aid from the college. [This cost does not include travel to and from college and home, books and supplies, and miscellaneous expenses.] In 2004 (the most recent data available), 1.4% of Reed graduates defaulted on their student loans [ cite web | title = Official Cohort Default Rate | U.S. Department of Education | url = http://wdcrobcolp01.ed.gov/CFAPPS/COHORT/cohortdata_detail.cfm?Record_ID=4293&record=1&TOTAL_REC=1 | accessdate = 2007-04-11] -- below the national average of 5.1%. [cite web | title = Cohort Default Rates for Schools | publisher = U.S. Department of Education | url = http://www.ed.gov/offices/OSFAP/defaultmanagement/cdr.html | accessdate = 2007-04-11]
Reed's endowment as of
June 30 2006was approximately $400 million, below the median of about $500m for comparable schools, and well below Amherst and Swarthmore's approximately one billion dollar endowments. However, on a per-student basis, Reed's $265,000 per student is only slightly below the median. Reed's endowment contributes 22% of its operating expenses (tuition contributes 72% and the balance is from grants and annual gifts).
In 1995 Reed College refused to participate in the
U.S. News and World Report"best colleges" rankings, making it the first educational institution in the United States to refuse to participate in college rankings. According to Reed's Office of Admissions:
Rolling Stone", in its 16 October 1997issue, argued that Reed's rankings were artificially decreased by "U.S. News" after they stopped sending data to " U.S. News and World Report." [cite web | first = Harriet | last =Watson| title = U.S. News and World Report hat trick | publisher = Reed College| month = November | year = 1997 | url= http://web.reed.edu/reed_magazine/nov1997/news/3.html] Nicholas Thompson reiterated this judgment in an article in "The Washington Monthly" in 2000. [Nicholas Thompson, "Playing With NumbersHow U.S. News Mismeasures Higher Education and What We Can Do About It," [http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/features/2000/0009.thompson.html "Washington Monthly" (September 2000).] ] Reed has also made the same claim. [cite web | title = College Rankings | publisher = Reed College Admission Office | url = http://web.reed.edu/apply/news_and_articles/college_rankings.html ] In discussing Reed's decision, President Colin Diverwrote in an article for the November 2005 issue of the " Atlantic Monthly," "by far the most important consequence of sitting out the rankings game, however, is the freedom to pursue our own educational philosophy, not that of some news magazine." [cite web | first = Colin | last = Diver | title = Is There Life After Rankings? | publisher = The Atlantic Monthly| month = November | year = 2005 | url= http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/200511/shunning-college-rankings ]
However, in 2005 Reed did submit statistics to the
Princeton Review, and received first in Overall Undergraduate Academic Experience. They continued to rank in the top 5 every year since.
Reed has produced the second-highest number of Rhodes scholars for any liberal arts college—31—as well as over fifty Fulbright Scholars, over sixty
Watson Fellows, and two MacArthur ("Genius") Award winners.cite journal |title=A Thinking Reed |journal=Time | date =1962-12-28 |volume=80 |issue=26 |url=http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,827962,00.html |accessdate= 2007-12-18] A very high proportion of Reed graduates go on to earn Ph.D.s, particularly in the sciences, history, political science, and philosophy. Reed is third in percentage of its graduates who go on to earn Ph.D.s in all disciplines, after only Caltechand Harvey Mudd. In 1961, " Scientific American" declared that second only to Caltech, "This small college in Oregon has been far and away more productive of future scientists than any other institution in the U.S."cite web |url=http://www.reed.edu/news_center/press_releases/2002-2003/489.html |title=NSF Fellowships Go to Reed Senior and Recent Graduates |accessdate=2007-12-18 |year=2002-2003 |work=Press Release |publisher=Reed College] cite journal |last=Smith |first=Chris |year=2001 |month=October |title=News you can abuse |journal=The University of Chicago Magazine |volume=94 |issue=1 |url= http://magazine.uchicago.edu/0110/features/abuse.html] Reed is first in this percentage in biology, second in chemistryand humanities, third in history, foreign languages, and political science, fourth in the physical sciences, mathand computer science, and scienceand engineering, fifth in physicsand social sciences, sixth in anthropology, seventh in area and ethnic studies and linguistics, and eighth in English literatureand the medical sciences.
Reed's debating team, which had existed for only two years at the time, was awarded the first place sweepstakes trophy for
Division IIschools at the final tournament of the Northwest Forensics Conference in February 2004. Loren Pope, former education editor for " The New York Times," called Reed "the most intellectual college in the country."cite book | last = Pope | first = Loren | title = Colleges That Change Lives| publisher = Penguin Books| year = 2006 | pages = pp. 354 | month = July | isbn = 0-14-303736-6] The Princeton Review, in its publication "The Best 361 Colleges," ranked Reed number one in the category "Best Overall Academic Experience For Undergraduates". It also ranked number one in the "Students Never Stop Studying" category and in the category of "Students Ignore God on a Regular Basis". In August 2006, Newsweekmagazine named Reed as one of twenty-five "New Ivies," [ cite web | coauthors = Kantrowitz, Barbara; Springen, Karen | title = America's 25 New Elite 'Ivies' - Kaplan College Guide MSNBC | publisher = Newsweek | url = http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/14325172/site/newsweek/page/9/ ] listing it among "the nation's elite colleges".
Reed has a reputation for being politically left-wing. Whether in fact Reed's student body is more leftist than those of similar colleges is difficult to determine, but Reed's academic tradition of open and passionate debate often spills into the off-campus political arena and, combined with the freewheeling social environment, often leads to the appearance of radical leftism.
During the McCarthy era of the 1950s, then-President Duncan Ballantine fired Marxist philosopher Stanley Moore, a tenured professor, for his failure to cooperate with the
HUACinvestigation. [cite web | author= Schrecker, Ellen | title= Political Tests for Professors: Academic Freedom during the McCarthy Years | work=The University Loyalty Oath | date= October 7, 1999| url=http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/uchistory/archives_exhibits/loyaltyoath/symposium/schrecker.html | accessdate=2006-04-09] [cite web | title = History of Washington State and the Pacific Northwest | publisher = Center for the Study of the Pacific Northwest, University of Washington | url = http://www.washington.edu/uwired/outreach/cspn/Website/Course%20Index/Lessons/23/23.html ] According to an article in the college's alumni magazine, "because of the decisive support expressed by Reed's faculty, students, and alumni for the three besieged teachers and for the principle of academic freedom, Reed College's experience with McCarthyism stands apart from that of most other American colleges and universities. Elsewhere in the academic world both tenured and untenured professors with alleged or admitted communist party ties were fired with relatively little fuss or protest. At Reed, however, opposition to the political interrogations of the teachers was so strong that some believed the campus was in danger of closure." [cite news | last=Harmon | first=Rick | title=In the eye of the storm | work=Reed Magazine | date=August , 1997 | url= http://web.reed.edu/reed_magazine/aug1997/index.html | accessdate=2007-02-07 ] A statement of "regret" by the Reed administration and Board of Trustees was published in 1981, formally revising the judgment of the 1954 trustees. In 1993, then-President Steve Koblik invited Moore to visit the College, and in 1995 the last surviving member of the Board that fired Moore expressed his regret and apologized to him. [cite news | author=Munk, Michael | title=Oregon Tests Academic Freedom in (Cold) Wartime: The Reed College Trustees versus Stanley Moore | work=The Oregon Historical Quarterly | year=1996 ]
Since the 1960s, Reed has had a reputation for tolerating open drug use among its students, [cite web | title = Rogue of the Week | publisher = Willamette Week | date =
April 24, 2002| url= http://18.104.22.168/search?q=cache:39oiZCvfNAEJ:www.wweek.com/editorial/2825/2706/+%22drug+use%22+rogue+%222002%22+site:wweek.com&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=2&gl=uk Link found to be inactive 14 March 2007.] and the 1998 Princeton Reviewlisted Reed as the number-three school in the "reefer madness" category. [cite web | title = Reed (be)rates the rankings | publisher = Reed Magazine | month = November | year = 1998 | url= http://web.reed.edu/reed_magazine/nov1998/news/5.html ] " The Insider's Guide to the Colleges", written by the staff of " Yale Daily News", also notes an impression among students of institutional permissiveness: "according to students, the school does not bust students for drug or alcohol use unless they cause harm or embarrassment to another student."cite book |title=The Insider's Guide to the Colleges, 2006 |author=" Yale Daily News" staff |edition=32nd edition |date=2005-07-16 |publisher= St. Martin's Press|location=New York |isbn= 0312341571 |pages=pp. 771]
In April, 2008, student Alex Lluch died of a heroin overdose in his on-campus dorm room. [cite news|url=http://www.oregonlive.com/news/oregonian/index.ssf?/base/news/1207621554181530.xml&coll=7|title=Death on campus stuns Reed|last=Bernstein|first=Maxine|date=April 08, 2008|accessdate=2008-09-22] His death prompted revelations of several previous incidents, including the near-death heroin overdose of another student only months earlier. [cite news|url=http://www.oregonlive.com/news/oregonian/susan_nielsen/index.ssf?/base/editorial/120796171467460.xml&coll=7|title=Drugs on Campus|last=Nielsen|first=Susan|date=April 13, 2008|publisher=The Oregonian|accessdate=2008-09-22] College President Colin Diver said "I don't honestly know" whether the drug death was an isolated incident or part of a larger problem. "When you say Reed," Diver said, "two words often come to mind. One is brains. One is drugs." [cite web|url=http://wweek.com/editorial/3427/10980/|title=Higher Ed|date=June 14, 2008|publisher=Williamette Week|accessdate=2008-09-22] Local newspaper
Williamette Weekeditorialized that "Reed College, a private school with one of the most prestigious academic programs in the U.S., is one of the last schools in the country where students enjoy almost unlimited freedom to experiment openly with drugs, with little or no hassles from authorities." Reed reports only a single drug-related arrest on its campus since 2004. [cite web|url=http://web.reed.edu/community_safety/information/crime/crime_statistics.html|title=Reed College - Campus crime statistics|publisher=Reed College|accessdate=2008-10-01]
The Reed Psychology Department has conducted an ongoing survey since 1999 regarding both drug use and perceptions of drug use on the Reed campus. [cite web | first = Kathy | last = Oleson | title = Pluralistic Ignorance Project - Drugs & Alcohol | publisher = Reed Psychology Department | url= http://academic.reed.edu/psychology/psy322/pluralisticignorance2/home.html ] The study found that the perceived level of drug use was exaggerated: in particular, the perceived use of marijuana at Reed is once a week while the actual reported use is 50% once a month or more often. (However, on average, only 21% of the national college student population report having used the drug within the last month.) [cite web | title = Monitoring the Future - National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975–2004 | publisher = National Institute on Drug Abuse | url = http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol2_2004.pdf | format =
The Reed College campus was established on a southeast Portland tract of land known in 1910 as Crystal Springs Farm, a part of the Ladd Estate, formed in the 1870s from original land claims. The college's grounds include 116 contiguous acres, including a wooded wetland known as Reed canyon (see below).
A. E. Doyledeveloped a plan modeled on Oxford University's St. John's College that was never implemented in full. The original campus buildings (including the Library, the Old Dorm Block, and what is now the primary administration building, Eliot Hall) are brick Tudor Gothic buildings in a style similar to Ivy Leaguecampuses. In contrast, the science section of campus, including the physics, biology, and psychology (originally chemistry) buildings, were designed in the Modernist style. The Psychology Building, completed in 1949, was designed by famed Modernist architect Pietro Belluschiat the same time as his celebrated Equitable Buildingin downtown Portland.
The campus and buildings have undergone several phases of growth, and there are now twenty-one academic and administrative buildings and eighteen residence halls. Since 2004, Reed's campus has expanded to include adjacent properties beyond its historic boundaries, such as the Birchwood Apartments complex and former medical administrative offices on either side of SE 28th Avenue, and the Parker House, across SE Woodstock from Prexy. At the same time the Willard House (donated to Reed in 1964), across from the college's main entrance at SE Woodstock and SE Reed College Place, was converted from faculty housing to administrative use. Reed announced on July 13, 2007, that it had purchased the Rivelli farm, a convert|1.5|acre|km2|sing=on tract of land south of the Garden House and west of Botsford Drive. Reed’s "immediate plans for the acquired property include housing a small number of students in the former Rivelli home during the 2007–08 academic year. Longer term, the college anticipates that it may seek to develop the northern portion of the property for additional student housing". [ [http://web.reed.edu/news_center/press_releases/2007-2008/press_release.html Reed College press release] ]
Reed also owns more than a dozen homes adjacent to the campus that are used to house new and visiting faculty.
Reed houses about 1,000 students in 18 residence halls on campus and several college-owned houses and apartment buildings on or adjacent to campus. Residence halls on campus range from the traditional (i.e., Gothic Old Dorm Block, referred to as "ODB") to the eclectic (i.e., Anna Mann, a Tudor-style cottage built in the 1920s by Reed's founding architect A. E. Doyle, originally used as a women's hallRomel Hernandez, "This New House," [http://web.reed.edu/reed_magazine/spring2007/features/this_new_house/index.html "Reed"] (Spring 2007), p. 15.] ), language houses (Spanish, Russian, French, German, and Chinese), "temporary" housing, built in the 1960s (Cross Canyon - Chittick, Woodbridge, McKinley, Griffin), to more recently built dorms (Bragdon, Naito, Sullivan). There are also theme residence halls including everything from substance-free living to a cat residence hall. The college's least-loved complex (as measured by applications to the College's housing lottery), MacNaughton and Foster-Scholz, is known on campus as "Asylum Block" because of its post-World War II modernist architecture and interior spaces dominated by long, straight corridors lined with identical doors, said by students to resemble that of an insane asylum.cite web |url=http://web.reed.edu/apply/tour/index.html?welcome_to_campus/foster_scholz_mac.html~mainFrame |title=Foster-Scholz and Macnaughton Residence Halls |accessdate=2007-12-18 |work= Reed Virtual Tour |publisher=Reed College] Until 2006, it was thought that these residence halls had been designed by architect
Under the 10-year Campus Master Plan adopted in 2006, Foster-Scholz is scheduled to be demolished and replaced, and MacNaughton to be remodeled.cite web | title = Campus Facilities Master Plan | publisher = Reed College | url = http://web.reed.edu/campusmasterplan/pdfs/reed_master_plan_approved.pdf | format =
In Spring 2007, the College broke ground on the construction of a new quadrangle with four new residence halls on the northwest side of the campus, which opened in Fall 2008. A new Spanish House residence has also been completed. Together, the five new residences add 142 new beds.
The Reed College Canyon, a natural area and national wildlife preserve, bisects the campus, separating the academic buildings from many of the residence halls (the so called "cross-canyon halls"). The canyon is filled by Crystal Creek Springs, a natural spring that drains into Johnson Creek. [cite web | first = Ben | last = Jacklet | title = One vine at a time | publisher = Willamette Week | date =
June 28, 2005| url = http://www.portlandtribune.com/news/story.php?story_id=30595 | accessdate = 2007-03-26 ]
Canyon Day, a tradition spanning more than ninety years, is held once a semester. On Canyon Day students and Reed neighbors join canyon crew workers to spend a day helping with restoration efforts.cite web |url=http://web.reed.edu/canyon/cday/index.html |title=Reed College Canyon: Canyon Day |accessdate=2007-12-18 |work=Canyon |publisher=Reed College]
A landmark of the campus, the Blue Bridge, spans the canyon. It appears on almost every viewbook that the college circulates. This bridge replaced the unique cantilevered bridge that served in that spot between 1959 and 1991, which "featured stressed plywood girders — the first time this construction had been used on a span of this size: a straight bridge convert|132|ft|m long and convert|15|ft|m high. It attracted great architectural interest during its lifetime." [cite web | title = Exploring Reed's Vanished Buildings | publisher = Reed Magazine | month = August | year = 2005 | url = http://web.reed.edu/reed_magazine/aug2005/features/vanished_buildings/2.html ]
A new pedestrian and bicycle bridge spanning the canyon was recently opened in Fall 2008. This bridge, dubbed the "Bouncy Bridge" by students, is convert|370|ft|m long, about a third longer than the Blue Bridge, and "connect [s] the new north campus quad to Gray Campus Center, the student union, the library, and academic buildings on the south side of campus."
Douglas F. Cooley Gallery
Reed's Cooley Gallery is an internationally recognized contemporary art space located at the entrance to Reed's Hauser Library. It was established in 1988 as the result of a gift from Susan and Edward Cooley in honor of their late son.cite journal |year=2001 |month=February |title=Trustee Ed Cooley Dies |journal=Reed Magazine |url=http://web.reed.edu/reed_magazine/Feb2001/columns/NoC/NoC_Cooley.html |accessdate= 2007-12-18] The Cooley Gallery has exhibited international artists such as
Mona Hatoum, Al Held, Marko Lulicand Gregory Crewdsonas well as the contemporary art collection of Michael Ovitz.cite web |url=http://www.portlandart.net/archives/2006/02/new_trajectorie_1.html |title=New Trajectories I: Relocations, at Reed College |accessdate=2007-12-18 |last=Jahn |first=Jeff |date=2006-02-17 |work=Portland art and reviews |format=blog] In pursuit of its mission to support the curriculum of the art, art history, and humanities programs at Reed, the gallery produces three or four exhibitions each year, along with lectures, colloquia, and artist visits. The gallery is currently under the directorship of Stephanie Snyder,cite web |url=http://www.reed.edu/news_center/press_releases/2006-2007/041607Getty.html |title=Reed College Gallery Curator Stephanie Snyder Receives Getty Research Fellowship |accessdate=2007-12-18 |date=2007-04-26 |work=News Center |publisher=Reed College] who succeeded founding director Susan Fillin-Yeh in 2004.
The cafeteria, known simply as "Commons", has a reputation for ecologically sustainable food services. Suiting the student body,
veganand vegetarian dishes feature heavily on the menu. It is currently the only cafeteria on the small campus. Off-campus students and others who choose not to purchase a meal plan are seen at mealtimes scrounging for free food from on-campus students and their leftovers, a practice that has persisted (despite periodic complaints) for decades.
The Reed College Co-op is a theme residence located in Garden House, after many years on the first floor of MacNaughton Hall. It is the only campus dorm that is independent of the school's board plan. This residence houses ten students who purchase and prepare food together, sharing chores and conducting weekly, consensus-based meetings. It is a close community valuing sustainability, organic food, consensus-based decisions, self-government, music, and plants.
The Paradox ("Est. in the 80s") is a cooperative student-run coffee shop located on campus. In 2003 a second cafe, dubbed the "Paradox Lost" (an allusion to
John Milton's " Paradise Lost"), opened at the southern end of the biology building, in the space commonly called the "Bio Fishbowl." The new north-campus dorms, opening in Fall 2008, will include yet another small cafe, dubbed "The Paradiso Cafe", thereby providing three coffee shops within a 116 acre campus. However, this third location will not be student run. Instead, it will be handled by an outside catering service.
Reed also has off-campus housing. Many houses in the Woodstock and Eastmoreland Portland neighborhoods are traditionally rented to Reed students (some landlords find it hard to rent to anyone else after renting to Reedies). Many students traditionally give their houses creative nicknames as well, which can last through multiple cycles of rentership.
Icons and student life
The official mascot of Reed is the
griffin. In mythology, the griffin often pulled the chariot of the sun; in Dante's Commediathe gryphonis associated (CANTO XXXII) with the Tree of Knowledge. The griffin was featured on the coat-of-arms of founder Simeon Reed and is now on the official seal of Reed College.
The official school color of Reed is Richmond Rose [ [http://web.reed.edu/apply/tour/index.html?welcome_to_campus/richmond_rose.html~mainFrame Reed Virtual Tour ] ] . Over the years, institutional memory of this fact has faded and the color appearing on the school's publications and merchandise has darkened to a shade of maroon. The most common examples of "Richmond Rose" are the satin tapes securing the degree certificate inside a Reed College diploma.
The school song, "Fair Reed," is sung to the tune of the 1912 popular song "Believe Me, If All Those Endearing Young Charms." It was composed by former president
William Trufant Fostershortly after Reed's founding, and is rarely heard today. [cite web | first = Robert | last = Reynolds | title = Reed College Alma Mater | publisher = Reed College | url= http://people.reed.edu/~reyn/almamater.html ]
Reed students and alumni referred to themselves as "Reedites" in the early years of the college. This term faded out in favor of the now ubiquitous "Reedie" after
World War II.cite journal |last=McCarthy |first=Nancy |year=1998 |month=May |title=A Campus Life |journal=Reed Magazine |url=http://web.reed.edu/reed_magazine/may1998/campus/index.html |accessdate= 2007-12-18] Around campus, prospective students are called "prospies."
Unofficial mottos and folklore
mottoof Reed is "Communism, Atheism, Free Love", and can be found in the Reed College Bookstore on sweaters, t-shirts, etc. It was a label that the Reed community claimed from critics during the 1920s as a "tongue-in-cheek slogan" in reference to Reed's nonconformism. Reed's founding president William T. Foster's outspoken opposition against the entrance of the United States into World War I, as well as the college's support for feminism, its adherence to academic freedom (i.e. inviting a leader of the Socialist Party of Americato speak on campus about the Russian revolution’s potential impact on militarism, emancipation of women, and ending the persecution of Jews), and its nonsectarianstatus made the college a natural target for what was originally meant to be a pejorative slur.cite journal |last=Sheehy |first=John P. |year=2007 |month=Summer |title=What's so funny about communism, atheism, and free love? |journal=Reed Magazine |url=http://web.reed.edu/reed_magazine/summer2007/features/C_A_FL/7.html |accessdate= 2007-12-18] cite journal |year=2007 |month=Summer |title=Ripped from the Archives: All you need is communism, atheism, and free love |journal=Reed Magazine |url=http://web.reed.edu/reed_magazine/summer2007/features/C_A_FL/8.html |accessdate= 2007-12-18]
An alternative motto first appeared on shirts in 1976 as "Capitalism, Avarice, Free Beer", but never overtook the original in popularity. A small group of students has recently been petitioning the bookstore to update the shirts' text to read, "Socialism, Agnosticism, Safe Sex", a comment on the increasingly moderate (though still quite radical) predominating values of the student body. Additionally, the punning "Reed: You Might Learn Something" was a popular slogan in the mid-1980s.
Another popular characterization was from a letter to the local newspaper, in which Reed students were said to resemble "unmade beds" which provided a subject for creating special Reed occasion costumes.
Every year's "Reed College Student Handbook" (a manual on student life written by students, not to be confused with the "College Handbook", which is written by college officials) contains a test called the "Reed College Immorality Quotient" that tests an individual's
immoralityon topics such as sex, theft, and drug use.
One of the unofficial symbols of Reed is the
Doyle Owl, a roughly 280 pound (127 kg) concrete statue that has been continuously stolen and re-stolen since 1913. The on-campus folklore of events surrounding the Doyle Owl is sufficiently large that, in 1983, a senior thesis was written on the topic of the Owl's oral history. The original Doyle Owl was almost certainly destroyed many years ago, but a number of replicas (of varying degrees of quality) remain in circulation, contributing to the frequency of its appearance.
Well-known on-campus myths claim there is an intact MG under the concrete foundation of the college library, an underground primate lab working exclusively with snow monkeys under the Psychology building (the legend states that the presence of this lab was discovered when a snow monkey escaped into the Canyon and necessitated the closing of the facility), and a four-story lab/habitation
arcologyunder the Physics building. There are many other such stories, often referred to as "Reed legends".
During the week before the beginning of second-semester classes, the campus undergoes
Paideia(drawn from the Greek). This "festival of learning" takes the form of a week (although originally a whole month) of classes and seminars put on by anyone who wishes to teach, including students, professors, staff members, and outside educators invited on-campus by members of the Reed Community. Many such classes are explicitly silly (one long-running tradition is to hold an "Underwater Basket Weaving" class), while others are trivially educational (such as "Giant Concrete Gnome Construction", a class that, incidental to building monolithic gnomes, includes some content relating to the construction of pre-Christian monoliths). Genuine classes (such as martial artsseminars and mini-classes on obscure academic topics), tournaments, and film festivals round out the "class" list, which is different every year. The objective of Paideia is not only to learn new (possibly non-useful) things, but to turn the tables on students and encourage them to teach.
In his 2005 Stanford commencement lecture,
Apple Computerfounder and Reed drop out Steve Jobscredited a Reed calligraphyclass for his focus on choosing quality typefaces for the Macintosh. [ cite web |author= Jobs, Steve | title= Commencement Address | work=Stanford Report | date= June 14 2005| url=http://news-service.stanford.edu/news/2005/june15/jobs-061505.html | accessdate=2006-04-09] While the full calligraphy course is no longer taught at Reed, Paideia usually features a short course on the subject.
Renn Fayre is an annual three-day celebration at Reed with a different theme each year. Born in the 1960s as an actual
renaissance fair, it has long since lost all connection to anachronism and the Renaissance, although its name has persisted.
Renn Fayre commences with the Thesis Parade, where graduating seniors make a symbolic march to deliver their theses to the registrar and a fiery pit to burn the year's notes. Students, faculty, and staff gather at the entrance to the library where chaos, champagne, and fireworks get the party started. The parade commences when the senior class moves through the library and out through what was the library's original front entrance (now an emergency exit).
The Fayre runs from Friday to Sunday, beginning on the last day of classes for the spring semester. The week after Renn Fayre is Reading Week, in which no classes are held; final examinations are held in the following week.
Renn Fayre is often called the metaphorical explosion of the student body after a year of intense pressure. Traditions and events include bizarre art installations, bug-eating contests, the alumni Meat Smoke, a naked
Slip 'n Slide, occasional motorized couches, fireworks, naked people painting themselves blue (a tribute to the ancient Picts), a beer garden, the Glo Opera (performed at night by actors in EL wire-covered suits), a zip-line across Reed Canyon, lube wrestling, full-contact human chess, parachuters, the midnight "ball drop" (hundreds of bouncy balls are released down an inclined street that runs in front of the College), castle-storming and bike-jousting by members of C.H.U.N.K. 666, and a general sense of mayhem. Serious injuries are rare, thanks in part to the non-profit White Bird Clinic, and the presence of vigilant student volunteers (the "Karma Patrol" stays sober, distributes bagels, and ensures the wellness of Renn Fayre participants, while the "Border Patrol" sees to the exclusion of unauthorized visitors).
Student participation is almost unanimous; faculty and staff also attend some of the festivities. Alumni and authorized guests may also participate.
According to Reed's website, each semester, a $115 student body fee "is collected from each full-time student by the business office, acting as agent for the student senate. The fee underwrites publication of the student newspaper and extracurricular activities, and partially supports the student union and ski cabin." [ [http://web.reed.edu/catalog/admission/costs.html College Catalog - Reed College ] ] Student body funds (totalling roughly $330,000 annually) are distributed each semester to groups that place among the top 40 organizations in the semester's funding poll. The funding poll uses a voting system in which each organization provides a description that is ranked by each member of the student body with either 'top six', 'approve', 'no opinion', 'disapprove' or 'deep six.' These ranks are then tabulated by assigning numbers to each rank and summing across all voters. [For more information, see [http://web.reed.edu/community/SB/senate/signators/sectiontwo.html Signators' Handbook] ] Afterwards, the top forty organizations present their budgets to the student body senate during Funding Circus. The following day the senate makes decisions about each budget in a process called Funding Hell.
The school's student-run newspaper, the "Quest", has been published since 1913, and its radio station,
KRRC, has been broadcasting, with a few interruptions, since 1955.cite news
title=KRRC: The (barely audible) voice of Reed College
url=http://web.reed.edu/reed_magazine/aug2002/features/KRRC/index.html] [http://www.reed.edu/student_activities/student_media.html Reed College: Student media] ]
Most organizations are highly informal, although some that partner with outside groups such as
Oxfamor Planned Parenthoodare more structured. The Reed archive of comic books and graphic novels, the MLLL (Comic Book Reading Room), is well into its fourth decade, and Beer Nation, the student group that organizes and manages various beer gardens throughout the year and during Renn Fayre, has existed for many years. Some organizations, such as the Motorized Couch Collective – dedicated to installing motors and wheels into furniture – have become more Reed myth than reality in recent years. [cite|author=Reed Student Senate|publisher=Reed College Quest|title=Spring 2006 Funding Poll|date=2006-04-20] Student funded organizations over the years have included:
*Carnivorous Alternatives to Vegetarian Eating
*Cookies for All
*Defenders of the Universe
*Fellatio Rodriguez (Improv Comedy)
*Feminist Student Union
*Fetish Student Union
*Guerilla Theater of the Absurd
*Ladies Pie Society
*Oh For Christ's Sake (Christian group)
*Reed Kommunal Shit Kollektiv
*Reed Refurbishing Initiative
*Reedies for Reproductive Rights
*Rock Kids Rawk
*Safer Sex Society
*Victorian Gentlemen's Ice Cream Society
*Weapons of Mass Distraction (fire troupe)
Reed has ample recreational facilities on campus, a ski cabin on Mount Hood, recreational clubs such as the Reed Outing Club (ROC), and Club Sports (with college-paid coaches), including ultimate frisbee, co-ed soccer, rugby, basketball, and squash.cite web |url=http://web.reed.edu/sports_center/ |title=Sports Center |accessdate=2007-12-18 |publisher= Reed College]
* [http://www.reed.edu/ Reed College] - official website
** [http://web.reed.edu/apply/tour/ Virtual Tour of Reed]
** [http://reactor.reed.edu/ The Reed Nuclear Reactor website]
** [http://library.reed.edu/ Reed College Library home page]
** [http://web.reed.edu/ir/ Reed College Institutional Research]
** [http://web.reed.edu/ir/cds/index06.html Common Data Set (CDS), 2006-2007]
** [http://web.reed.edu/canyon Reed College Canyon website]
** [http://people.reed.edu/~reyn/almamater.html Lyrics to "Fair Reed," with a brief description]
** [http://web.reed.edu/campusmasterplan/ 10-Year Campus Master Plan, adopted
August 31, 2006]
* [http://www.livejournal.com/community/reedlj/ Reed College LiveJournal Community]
* [http://www.rennfayre.com Rennfayre.com Student-run Renn Fayre website] .
* [http://www.collegenews.org/x492.xml Distinctively American: The Residential Liberal Arts Colleges]
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