- Duke of Cambridge
Duke of Cambridge is a title (named after the city of Cambridge in England) which has been conferred upon members of the British royal family several times. It was first used as a designation for Charles Stuart (1660–1661), the eldest son of James, Duke of York (later James II), though he was never formally created Duke of Cambridge. The title was most recently bestowed upon Prince William of Wales on 29 April 2011.
The first officially recognised creation was in the Peerage of England in 1664, when James Stuart, son of the Duke of York by his first wife, was granted the title. James, Duke of Cambridge died young and without heirs, and the title became extinct. The title was next granted to Edgar Stuart, another son of the Duke of York by his first wife. Edgar also died young and the title again became extinct.
The Duke of York's eldest son by his second wife, Charles Stuart (1677), was also styled Duke of Cambridge, but died approximately a month old, not having lived long enough to be formally created.
The dukedom was next granted to George Augustus, son of George Louis, Hereditary Prince of Hanover and Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, who would later become George I of Great Britain. When George Augustus ascended to the throne as George II, the dukedom merged into the crown. The title was next given, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, to Prince Adolphus, the seventh son of George III. Upon the death of his only son without a legitimate heir, the title became extinct.
The dukedom last became vacant in 1904, when Prince George, 2nd Duke of Cambridge, died without legitimate issue. The first Duke's grandson (through a female line), Adolphus, Duke of Teck, who was the brother of Queen Mary, George V's consort, was created Marquess of Cambridge in 1917 when he gave up his German titles and took the surname "Cambridge". Upon the death of the second Marquess without any male heirs, the marquessate became extinct.
In 1999, with the marriage of Prince Edward, the youngest son of Queen Elizabeth II, experts had suggested the Dukedom of Cambridge or Sussex as the most likely to be granted to Prince Edward, but he was instead created Earl of Wessex. It has subsequently been reported by The Sunday Telegraph that Prince Edward was originally to have been titled Duke of Cambridge after his marriage. However, after watching the 1998 film Shakespeare in Love, he was reportedly attracted to the title used by a character played by Colin Firth, and asked the queen to be given the title of Earl of Wessex instead.
Dukes of Cambridge
- Charles Stuart, Duke of Cambridge. (1660–1661), eldest son of James, Duke of York (later James II & VII), died in infancy having only been styled Duke
First creation (1664)
- James Stuart, 1st Duke of Cambridge (1663–1667), second son of James, Duke of York (later James II & VII), died in infancy
Second creation (1667)
- Edgar Stuart, 1st Duke of Cambridge (1667–1671), fourth son of James, Duke of York (later James II & VII), died in infancy
- Charles Stuart, Duke of Cambridge (1677), fifth son of James, Duke of York (later James II & VII), died in infancy having only been styled Duke
Third creation (1706)
- George, Electoral Prince of Hanover, 1st Duke of Cambridge (1683–1760), only son of George, Elector of Hanover (later George I); later became Duke of Cornwall, Prince of Wales and then King George II in 1727, at which point all of his British honours merged in the crown.
Fourth creation (1801)
- Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (1774–1850), seventh son of George III
- Prince George, 2nd Duke of Cambridge (1819–1904), only son of the 1st Duke, died without legitimate issue and his honours were extinct.
Fifth creation (2011)
- Prince William, 1st Duke of Cambridge (born 1982), first son of Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales.
Coincidentally, Prince William is the great-great-great-great grandson of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, whose daughter Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge married Francis, Duke of Teck – their daughter Mary of Teck became the consort of George V and mother of George VI.
Marquesses of Cambridge (1917)
- Adolphus Cambridge, 1st Marquess of Cambridge (1868–1927), son of a daughter of Prince Adolphus, was created Marquess when George V relinquished his family's German titles
- George Francis Hugh Cambridge, 2nd Marquess of Cambridge (1895–1981), only son of the 1st Marquess, died without male issue and his honours were extinct
- ^ "Statement Issued by the Press Secretary to the Queen Conferring a Dukedom on Prince William of Wales". Buckingham Palace. 29 April 2011. http://www.royal.gov.uk/LatestNewsandDiary/Pressreleases/2011/Announcementoftitles29April2011.aspx. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
- ^ Richard Eden (12 December 2010). "Royal wedding: Prince William asks the Queen not to make him a duke". The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/royal-wedding/8196402/Royal-wedding-Prince-William-asks-the-Queen-not-to-make-him-a-duke.html. Retrieved 12 December 2010.
- ^ "Titles announced for Prince William and Catherine Middleton". Official wedding website. 29 April 2011. http://www.officialroyalwedding2011.org/blog/2011/April/29/Titles-announced-for-Prince-William-and-Catherine-Middleton. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
- Duke of Cambridge's Personal Canadian Flag
Dukes of Cambridge British royal titles Inactive titles Extant dukedoms in the peerages of the British Isles*
Cornwall • Norfolk • Somerset • Richmond • Grafton • Beaufort • St Albans • Bedford • Devonshire • Marlborough • Rutland • Rothesay • Hamilton • Buccleuch • Lennox • Queensberry • Argyll • Atholl • Montrose • Roxburghe • Brandon • Manchester • Northumberland • Leinster • Wellington • Sutherland • Abercorn • Westminster • Gordon • Fife • Gloucester • Kent • Edinburgh • York • Cambridge
* Extant dukedoms, listed by precedence, from highest to lowest
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