Order of Interbeing

Order of Interbeing

The Order of Interbeing, or Tiếp Hiện in Vietnamese, was founded between 1964 and 1966 by Vietnamese Buddhist monk Thich Nhat Hanh. Tiếp means "being in touch with" and "continuing." Hiện means "realizing" and "making it here and now." "Interbeing" is a word coined by Thich Nhat Hanh to represent the Buddhist principles of impermanence and the nonself characteristic which reveal the inter-connected-ness of all things. The order contains members of the "Four-fold Sangha" (monks, nuns, lay men, and lay women) and is guided by the Fourteen Mindfulness Trainings [1].



  • October 11 - Birth of Thich Nhat Hanh (TNH) (birth name: Nguyễn Xuân Bảo in Thừa Thiên, Vietnam)


  • Birth of Sister Chan Khong (born Cao Ngoc Phuong in Ben Tre, Vietnam)


  • TNH entered the Tu Hieu Temple Monastery as a novice monk


  • TNH graduates from Bao Quoc Buddhist Academy



  • TNH co-founded An Quang Temple in Saigon, Vietnam


  • TNH Founded the Phuong Boi (Fragrant Palm Leaves) Meditation Center in the highlands of Vietnam


  • TNH named Editor-in-Chief of “Vietnamese Buddhism” the periodical of the Unified Vietnam Buddhist Association


  • Sister Chan Khong enrolled at the University of Saigon, studying biology



  • TNH Teaches at Columbia University and Princeton University


  • TNH returns to Vietnam
  • Sister Chan Khong goes to Paris, France to complete her degree in biology


  • TNH establishes the Van Hanh University, La Boi Press, and the School for Youth and Social Service (SYSS)
  • Sister Chan Khong returns to Vietnam to work with the SYSS
  • The Order of Interbeing is established



  • February 5 – the first 6 members (the Six Cedars) are ordained into the newly formed Order of Interbeing. Among the six are Sister Chan Khong and Nhat Chi Mai. The latter would immolate herself in protest against the war a year later.[1]
  • May 1 - TNH is given the Lamp Transmission at Từ Hiếu Temple from Master Chân Thật, making him a Dharmacharya (Dharma Teacher)
  • TNH returns to the US to lead a symposium at Cornell University
  • TNH speaks to many groups and leaders, including Robert MacNamara and Martin Luther King, Jr. urging peace in Vietnam
  • Sister Chan Khong is named operations director of the SYSS
  • Control of Van Hanh University is taken over by the Vice Chancellor who severs ties with the SYSS, calling Sister Chan Khong a communist
  • The SYSS continues to work despite the harassment and murder of many of its members


  • TNH is nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize by Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • TNH is exiled from Vietnam by the Vietnamese government
  • TNH gains asylum in France
  • May – Nhat Chi Mai, one of the first six Order of Interbeing members, immolates herself for peace


  • TNH Leads the Buddhist Peace Delegation
  • Sister Chan Khong joins TNH in France to assist with the Buddhist Peace Delegation; she is considered an enemy of the Vietnamese government and exiled as well
  • TNH Establishes the Unified Buddhist Church in France
  • TNH lectures at the Sorbonne in Paris



  • TNH and Sister Chan Khong form the Sweet Potatoes Meditation Center in France


  • TNH and Sister Chan Khong lead efforts to rescue Vietnamese boat people


  • Plum Village Buddhist Center in the Dordogne region of France is established by TNH and Sister Chan Khong


  • Sister Chan Khong is ordained by Thich Nhat Hanh as a nun on Vulture’s Peak in India


  • Sister Annabel Laity (True Virtue) ordained as a Dharmacharya and serves as Director of Practice at Plum Village


  • The first conference of the International Order of Interbeing is held. This conference established the Order of Interbeing Charter, elected an Executive Council, and established that Assembly meetings would be held regularly to revise and amend the Charter. It also established a Council of Elders and a Council of Youth to draw from the experience of its members for leadership and guidance.[2]




  • June - TNH assists in writing the Manifesto 2000 which consists of six pledges to promote a culture of peace and non-violence in the world. It has been signed by the Nobel Peace Prize Laureates[3][4]
  • Deer Park Monastery is formed in California near Escondido


  • September 21 – TNH begins a fast for peace and to remember those who have died in the September 11, 2001 attacks
  • September 25 - TNH gives a speech at the Riverside Church in New York City urging the American people and government to think before reacting to the events of September 11th and to look for a peaceful resolution.


  • January 12 to April 11 - TNH returns to Vietnam to visit Buddhist temples, teach, and is allowed to publish a limited number of his books in Vietnamese; 100 monastic and 90 lay members of the OI accompany him
  • Two temples are re-established in Vietnam with TNH as their spiritual head: the Tu Hieu Temple and the Prajna Temple
  • August - Magnolia Village Practice Center is accepted by TNH as an Order of Interbeing center in Mississippi
  • October 9, TNH and Order of Interbeing members lead the “Peace is Every Step” walk at MacArthur Park in Los Angeles, California.


  • May 22 - TNHs book Old Path White Clouds is optioned for the film Buddha to be produced by MCorpGlobal. TNH makes an appearance at the Canne's film festival to promote the project[5]
  • September 11 - TNH makes an appearance in Los Angeles to promote the Buddha film project. His Holiness the Dalai Lama endorsed the project at the luncheon which was attended by a number of Hollywood actors.[6]
  • October 7 - TNH addresses UNESCO, calling for specific steps to reverse the cycle of violence, war, and global warming. He calls for a commitment of observing a weekly No Car Day[7] to be promoted globally.[8]
  • October 11 - TNH enjoys his 80th birthday


  • February 20 to May 9 - TNH Returns to Vietnam to conduct "Grand Requiem For Praying" ceremonies to help heal the wounds of the Vietnam war.[9]
  • May 20 to May 31 - TNH visits Thailand, giving Dharma talks and a 5 day retreat.[10]
  • May - Blue Cliff Monastery established; Maple Forest Monastery and Green Mountain Dharma Center close and move to the new location as an extension of Plum Village Monastery[11]


  1. ^ Chan Khong, Sister. (2007). Learning True Love. Berkeley: Parallax Press.

External links

  • Order of Interbeing website
  • I Am Home - Community of Mindful Living; home of the "Mindfulness Bell" magazine with news, articles, and talks by Thich Nhat Hanh and other Order of Interbeing members.
  • Community of Interbeing UK "The UK organisation which supports the practice of mindfulness taught by Zen Master Thich Nhat Hanh"

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thich Nhat Hanh — Thích Nhất Hạnh Thich Nhat Hanh in Paris in 2006. Religion Zen (Thiền) Buddhist School Lâm Tế Dhyana (Línjìchánzōng) Founder of the Order of Interbeing …   Wikipedia

  • Nhat Hanh — Infobox Buddhist biography name = Thích Nhất Hạnh img size = 200px img capt = landscape = birth name = Nguyễn Xuân Bảo other names = Thầy ( teacher ) dharma name = birth date = birth date and age|1926|10|11 birth place = Tha Tien, Quang Ngai… …   Wikipedia

  • Chan Khong — Thich Chân Không Sister Chân Khong rings a bell of mindfulness. School Lâm Tế Dhyana Personal Born 1938 …   Wikipedia

  • Bhikkhuni — A Bhikkhuni (IAST|Bhikṣuṇī (Sanskrit) , IAST|Bhikkhuṇī (Pāli) or 比丘尼(Chinese characters), th. ภิกษุณี, IPA2|pʰiksuniː) is a fully ordained female Buddhist monastic. Male monastics are called Bhikkhus. Both Bhikkunis and Bhikkhus live by the… …   Wikipedia

  • Magnolia Village Practice Center — Magnolia Village Mindfulness Practice Center is a retreat and practice center located in Batesville, Mississippi. The 120 acre (0.49 km2) grounds are located near Memphis, Tennessee. The center is part of the Order of Interbeing and… …   Wikipedia

  • Green Mountain Dharma Center — (GMDC) was founded in April 1998 and is located in Hartland Four Corners, VT. As of 2006, 6 nuns and 3 monks are in residence there. Recently, the GMDC has been developing in a new direction by becoming a Fourfold (monks, nuns, laymen, laywomen)… …   Wikipedia

  • Cosmopolitanism — Earthrise from Apollo 8 Cosmopolitanism is the ideology that all human ethnic groups belong to a single community based on a shared morality. This is contrasted with communitarian and particularistic theories, especially the ideas of patriotism… …   Wikipedia

  • Deer Park Monastery — This article is about the Deer Park Monastery in California. For the Dear Park Buddhist Center in Wisconsin, see Deer Park Buddhist Center and Monastery. Deer Park Monastery Tu Viện Lộc Uyển Meditation Hall …   Wikipedia

  • Community of Mindful Living — The Community of Mindful Living (CML) is a Buddhist community in the Berkeley, California. It was established in 1983 and incorporated in 1990 in California as a nonprofit religious organization (Church). CML provides support for individuals and… …   Wikipedia

  • Школы буддизма — Хронология развития и распространения буддийских школ ( 450 год до н. э. – 1300 год н. э.) …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”