University of Iowa

University of Iowa

infobox University
name= The University of Iowa A & M

endowment= US $982 million [ [| NACUBO 2008 Study of Endowment Assets ] ]
president= Dr.Sally Mason
established= February 25, 1847
type= Flagship

calendar = Semester
faculty= 2,156
students= 30,409
undergrad= 20,907
postgrad= 9,502
city= Iowa City, Iowa
country= USA
campus= Urban
1,700 acres (7 km²)
colors =Black and Gold
nickname= Hawkeyes
mascot= Herky the Hawk
free_label= Sports
free= Hawkeyes
website= []

The University of Iowa, is a major teaching, service, and research university located on a convert|1700|acre|km2|0|sing=on campus in Iowa City, Iowa, on the banks of the Iowa River. The university is organized into eleven colleges granting undergraduate, graduate, and professional degrees. The University is a member of the Big Ten Conference, the Committee on Institutional Cooperation, and is considered a Public Ivy.


The University of Iowa was originally named The State University of Iowa, and this remains the institution's legal name. The State University of Iowa was founded February 25, 1847 as Iowa's first public institution of higher learning, only 59 days after Iowa became a state. Despite its legal name, it is not to be confused with Iowa State University.

The first faculty offered instruction at the University in March 1855 to students in the Old Mechanics Building, situated where Seashore Hall is now. In September 1855, there were 124 students, of whom forty-one were women. The 1856-57 catalogue listed nine departments offering Ancient Language, Modern Language, Intellectual Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History, Natural History, Mathematics, Natural Philosophy, and Chemistry. The first President was Leigh S. J. Hunt.

The original campus was composed of the Iowa Old Capitol Building and the ten acres of land on which it stood. Following the placing of the cornerstone July 4 1840, the building housed the Fifth Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Iowa (December 5 1842) and then became the first capitol of the State of Iowa (December 28 1846). Until that date it had been the third capitol of the Territory of Iowa. When the capitol of Iowa was moved to Des Moines in 1857, Old Capitol became the first permanent "home" of the University.

In 1855, Iowa became the first public university in the United States to admit men and women on an equal basis. Additionally, the University was the world's first university to accept creative work in theater, writing, music, and art on an equal basis with academic research.

The University was one of the first institutions in America to grant a law degree to a woman (Mary B. Hickey Wilkinson, 1873), to grant a law degree to an African American (G. Alexander Clark, 1879), and to put an African American on a varsity athletic squad (Carleton “Kinney” Holbrook, 1895) [] . The university offered its first doctoral degree in 1898.

Iowa established the first law school west of the Mississippi River, and was also the first to use television in education (1932) and pioneered the field of standardized testing. Additionally, Iowa was the first Big Ten institution to promote an African American to an administrative vice president’s position (Dr. Phillip Hubbard, promoted in 1966).

Significant Events

On November 1 1991, five employees of the University were killed and one student was critically injured when Gang Lu, a physics graduate student, went on a shooting rampage before committing suicide. It was rumored that the gunman was upset because he was denied an academic award.

On April 13 2006, a tornado struck the University and adjacent Iowa City, causing extensive damage throughout the campus and town. Despite the damage, injuries were relatively light in the area, although one person in a neighboring county was killed.

On June 8 2008, the Army Corps of Engineers warned that flooding on the Iowa River and overflow from the Coralville Reservoir would cause major and potentially record flooding. Such an event could have serious implications and bring widespread damage to campus buildings. After flood waters breached the reservoir spillway more than 20 major campus buildings were damaged. Several weeks after the flood waters receded university officials placed a preliminary estimate on flood damage at $231.75 million.


* [ College of Liberal Arts & Sciences]
* [ Tippie College of Business]
* [ College of Engineering]
* [ College of Pharmacy]
* [ College of Education]
* [ College of Nursing]
* [ Graduate College]
* [ College of Law]
* [ Carver College of Medicine]
* [ College of Dentistry]
* [ College of Public Health]

Academics and distinctions

Iowa is one of 60 elected members to the Association of American Universities. Additionally, Iowa is also a Public Ivy.

The University is currently home to ISCABBS, an aging public bulletin board system that was the largest Internet community in the world prior to the commercialization of the world wide web.

The University of Iowa is also the home to the [ National Advanced Driving Simulator] (a virtual reality driving simulator.)

University of Iowa in Rankings

*26th best public university in the nation — U.S. News & World Report, 2009 edition

*66th best university in the nation, tied with University of Connecticut, Purdue University - U.S. News & World Report, 2009 edition

*The best university in the state of Iowa - U.S. News & World Report, 2008 edition

*21 graduate programs ranked among the top 10 such programs in the country — U.S. News & World Report, 2008 edition

*One of only two public universities in the Midwest listed as "best buys" — Fiske Guide to Colleges, 2008

*One of the top 50 public universities in the country when it comes to offering academic excellence at an affordable price — Kiplinger's Personal Finance Magazine 2006

*"A picturesque campus, a thriving social scene, and the excitement of Big Ten athletic teams" — Insider’s Guide to the Colleges 2007

*University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics ranked as one of “America’s Best Hospitals” for the 18th year in a row (since rankings began in 1990 - U.S. News & World Report, 2007.

*Iowa's convert|1700|acre|km2|sing=on campus sits in one of the nation’s most livable cities and in the third-most-educated metropolitan area in America — Market Guide’s 2006 Better Living Index, USA Today.

*The University of Iowa Law Library is ranked #1 in the nation by the "National Jurist".

* The College of Nursing ranks in the top fifteen for all six categories used to rank nursing schools by U.S. News. Iowa places first in the nation in both nursing service administration and gerontological/geriatric nursing graduate programs. In the other categories, Iowa is ranked better than 12th in all of them.

* The Tippie College of Business was named by Business Week as one of the top fifty business schools in the nation.

U.S. News & World Report has rated University of Iowa programs as some of the top in the country.

Iowa Writers' Workshop

The Writer's Workshop was Founded in 1936. Since 1947 it has produced thirteen Pulitzer Prize winners. In total, twenty five people affiliated with the Writers' Workshop have won a Pulitzer Prize for writing.

Notable Workshop students and faculty include Robert Penn Warren, author of "All the King's Men", former student Michael Cunningham, author of "The Hours", and former faculty member Kurt Vonnegut, author of books such as "Cat's Cradle", "Breakfast of Champions", and "Slaughterhouse-Five".


The University of Iowa's main campus is located in Iowa City, originally designed by architect D. Elwood Cook, with the campus bordered by Park Road to the north and Dubuque and Gilbert Streets roughly to the east. U.S. Highway 6 traverses the university campus. The Iowa River flows through the campus dividing it into west and east sides.

Of architectural note is the Pentacrest at the center of The University of Iowa campus. The Pentacrest is the location of five major campus buildings: Old Capitol, Schaeffer Hall, MacLean Hall, Macbride Hall, and Jessup Hall. The Old Capitol was once the primary government building for the state of Iowa, but it is now a museum of Iowa history.

Also on the eastern side of campus includes five residence halls (Burge, Daum, Stanley, Currier, and Mayflower), the Iowa Memorial Union, the Pappajohn Business Building, and the buildings for biology, chemistry, engineering, psychology, and physics.

The Colleges of Law, Medicine, Nursing, Dentistry, Pharmacy, and Public Health are on the western bank of the Iowa River, along with the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics and Voxman Music Building. Additionally, five residence halls (Hillcrest, Slater, Reinow, Quadrangle, and Parklawn), Kinnick Stadium, and Carver-Hawkeye Arena are located on the west campus.

The Oakdale Campus, which is home to some of the university's research facilities and the driving simulator, is located north of Interstate 80 in adjacent Coralville.

The Pentacrest

The Pentacrest is sometimes referred to as the center of academic life at the University, especially for Liberal Arts students. It is composed of five buildings; the Old Capitol and four lecture halls, Schaffer, MacBride, MacLean, and Jessup. A variety of classes are held in these four buildings, mostly relating to the Liberal Arts. MacBride Hall and the Old Capitol also contain museums of natural history and Iowa state history, respectively.

Campus Museums

* [ Museum of Art]
* [ Museum of Natural History]
* [ Old Capitol Museum]
* [ Medical Museum]
* [ Athletic Hall of Fame and Museum]
* [ Project Art (University Hospitals and Clinics)]

tudent life

Given the size of the university, it is difficult to generalize what student life is like at the University of Iowa. There are hundreds of student organizations, including groups focused on politics, sports, games, lifestyles, dance, song, and theater, among other things.

With so many students, it is not difficult to find things to do other than drinking, including movies, plays, restaurants, bowling, and a variety of other activities. The University also tries to sponsor events that give students an alternative to the typical drinking scene.


The school's sports teams, the Hawkeyes, participate in the NCAA's Division I-A and in the Big Ten Conference.


Iowa's football team plays its home games at Kinnick Stadium, named after former Iowa football player Nile Kinnick who won the Heisman Trophy in 1939. Kinnick Stadium hosts 70,585 fans. The stadium unveiled a new look in 2006 with the completion of a $90 million renovation. The renovation included new stands in the south endzone, a new press box, and a statue of Kinnick. In recent years, the football team has enjoyed much success, earning six national bowl appearances since 2001 including shared Big Ten titles in 2002 and 2004. However, the program produced disappointing and mediocre records in 2006 and 2007. In 2006, after starting out 5-1, the team lost five of its last six games, including losses to perennially poor Indiana and Northwestern teams. Iowa lost to Texas in the Alamo Bowl.

Iowa battles Iowa State University annually for the Cy-Hawk Trophy, a traveling award. Although the Hawkeyes have dominated the overall series with the Cyclones (Iowa holds a 37-19 advantage), Iowa State has won 7 of the last 11 games. Iowa restored the Cy-Hawk Trophy in 2008 beating Iowa State 17-5 in Iowa City on 13 Sept 2008. Iowa also has a Big Ten rivalry with Minnesota. The two schools' football teams meet yearly to battle for Floyd of Rosedale, a traveling trophy in the shape of a bronzed pig. In 2004, Iowa and Wisconsin unveiled the Heartland Trophy, a bronze bull, to be played for in their annual rivalry.


Iowa is famous for its extremely successful collegiate wrestling program. Through 2008, the Hawkeyes wrestling team has won 21 national titles and 32 Big Ten titles. Coach Dan Gable's Gang won nine straight NCAA team championships (1978 to 1986) and twice won three in a row (1991 to 1993 and 1995 to 1997). Iowa's 48 NCAA Champions have won a total of 74 NCAA individual titles, crowning six three-time and 13 two-time champions. Furthermore, Iowa's 130 all-Americans have earned all-America status 261 times, including 16 four-time, 27 three-time and 30 two-time honorees. "Sports Illustrated" named the Iowa program one of the top sports dynasties of the 20th century. [] The program again made the news on March 29, 2006 when it was announced that wrestling coach Jim Zalesky's contract will not be renewed. About a month later, Iowa hired former 4 time All-American and Olympic champion Tom Brands as the new head coach of the Iowa Hawkeyes. The University of Iowa wrestling program has consistently held an edge over in-state rival Iowa State. Iowa Wrestling again won the National Title in 2008.

Men's Basketball

The Iowa Hawkeyes men's basketball team currently plays in 15,500-seat Carver-Hawkeye Arena, along with the school's women's basketball, wrestling, and volleyball teams.

Throughout history, the Hawkeyes have enjoyed the successes of eight Big Ten regular-season conference championships, the last coming in 1979. More recently, Iowa has won the Big Ten tournament twice, in 2001 and 2006. Iowa also has 22 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament appearances, including three Final Fours, reaching the semifinals in 1955 and 1980 and playing in the championship game against the University San Francisco in 1956.

The team experienced success in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s under head coaches Lute Olson and Tom Davis. Under Olson, the Hawkeyes won their last Big Ten regular season championship (1979) and went to their last Final Four to date (1980).

Other sports

The Iowa Hawkeye women's basketball team experienced great success in the 1980s and early 1990s under legendary coach Vivian Stringer. In 1985, the Hawkeyes became the first women's basketball team in history to sellout in advance. [] During Stringer's tenure, the Hawkeyes appeared in 10 Women's NCAA Tournaments, including 9 consecutive berths from 1985-86 through 1993-94. Additionally, the Hawkeyes appeared in the 1993 Women's Final Four, losing to the Ohio State Buckeyes in the semifinals. Stringer's successor at Iowa, Angie Lee, took Iowa to an additional 3 NCAA tournaments, including a Sweet Sixteen appearance during the 1995-96 season. Current coach Lisa Bluder has taken the Hawkeyes to five NCAA tournaments and two WNIT berths, including an appearance in the WNIT semifinals during the 2004-2005 season. Most recently, the women were Big 10 Champions (tying with Ohio State) in 2008.

The trampoline was invented by University members George Nissen and Larry Griswold around 1935. Griswold, was the assistant gymnastics coach and Nissen was a tumbler on the gymnastics team.

On June 23, 2006 it was announced that former University of Wyoming athletic director Gary Barta had been named the new athletic director of the University. Barta replaced Bob Bowlsby, who left the University on July 9th to become the new athletic director of Stanford University.

The University of Iowa has many club teams that compete in Baseball, Rugby, Lacrosse, Volleyball, Crew, Soccer, Ice Hockey, and other sports.

chool Songs

On Iowa

"On Iowa proudly at the fore ""On Iowa on for evermore ""Ev'ry loyal son will give ""A Rousing toast to you ""Ev'ry loyal daughter loves you true ""On Iowa with your wealth untold ""A heritage to us you did unfold ""Love of family, love of friend ""Love of country too ""Makes us proud for what you stand ""Our Dear Old Gold. "

"Iowa! Iowa! ""Iowa! Iowa! ""I-O-W-A! "

"Fight, Iowa, never, never yield ""Fight, Iowa, fight right down the field ""Get in the game and watch the ball ""Be a fighting Man ""Hit 'er hard, give Iowa all you can. ""Fight, Iowa, you'll be sure to hold ""We're with you with the pep ""And love of old. ""Fight for family, Fight for friend ""Fight for country too ""But fight hard today and win ""For Dear old Gold. "

Iowa Fight Song

"The word is "Fight! Fight! Fight! for IOWA,
""Let every loyal Iowan sing;
""The word is "Fight! Fight! Fight! for IOWA,"
""Until the walls and rafters ring (Go Hawks!)
""Come on and cheer, cheer, cheer, for IOWA
""Come on and cheer until you hear the final gun.
""The word is "Fight! Fight! Fight! for IOWA,"
""Until the game is won."

Alma Mater

"Come all alums of Iowa,
""And blend your voices true;
""Sing praises to our Alma Mater,
""As good Hawkeyes do.

"Let's keep within our hearts a fire
""To magnify her fame;
""Bring credit to these noble halls,
""Where glory and honor reign.

"The day is near when comrades here
""Will bid farewell and part;
""But each Hawkeye carries on
""Thy spirit in his heart.

"Oh, Iowa, Iowa, we drink a toast to you;
""We pledge our everlasting love
""For dear old Iowa U
""Alma Mater, Iowa"

Roll Along Iowa

"Roll along Iowa, Roll down the field, ""On to victory! ""Roll along Iowa, Don't ever yield, ""Always a winner be! ""Get that ball, Give your all, For dear Old Gold, ""Raise her banner high! ""With firm endeavor, Roll on forever, ""U of I. "

The original last line of Roll Along Iowa was "With firm endeavor, Roll on forever, S.U.I." in reference to The University of Iowa's legal name as "The State University of Iowa". It was changed to the current line in the late 1970s.

Notable people

As with any major public university, many University of Iowa alumni have achieved fame or notoriety after graduating. These people include athletes, film and television actors, and technological innovators. From its Iowa Writers' Workshop, the University boasts a number of Pulitzer Prizes winners (most recently Writer's Workshop faculty member Marilynne Robinson for her novel Gilead in 2005 ), as well as numerous National Book Awards and other major literary honors. Some of the notable alumni include NFL tight end Dallas Clark, NFL safety Bob Sanders, NFL tackle Robert Gallery, NFL linebacker Chad Greenway, NFL guard Mike Goff, NFL kicker Nate Kaeding, NBA guard Ricky Davis, actor Tom Arnold, actor Ashton Kutcher, Pulitzer Prize winning writer Tennessee Williams, and George Gallup (originator of the Gallup Public Opinion Poll).

Iowa's 1,700+ faculty members includes three Pulitzer Prize winners, five former clerks to U.S. Supreme Court justices, and numerous members of the nation’s most prestigious scholarly academies:

* Howard Hughes Medical Institute (4)
* American Academy of Arts and Sciences (11)
* Institute of Medicine (16)

Past University Presidents

* Amos Dean (1855-1859)
* Silas Totten (1859-1862)
* Oliver Spencer (1862-1867)
* James Black (1868-1870)
* George Thacher (1871-1877)
* Josiah Pickard (1878-1887)
* Charles Schaeffer (1887-1898)
* George MacLean (1899-1911)
* John Bowman (1911-1914)
* Thomas Macbride (1914-1916)
* Walter Jessup (1916-1934)
* Eugene Gilmore (1934-1940)
* Virgil Hancher (1940-1964)
* Howard Bowen (1964-1969)
* Willard Boyd (1969-1981)
* James O. Freedman (1982-1987)
*John Garang
* Hunter R. Rawlings III (1988-1995)
* Mary Sue Coleman (1995-2002)
* David Skorton (2003-2006)
* Sally Mason (2007-)

Iowa's most recent presidents have left to become presidents at several of the most prestigious colleges and universities of the United States: Dartmouth College (James O. Freedman in 1987), The University of Michigan (Mary Sue Coleman in 2002), and Cornell University (Hunter R. Rawlings III in 1995 and David Skorton in 2006).


ee also

*Iowa Electronic Markets, a futures market run by the University of Iowa Tippie College of Business.

External links

* [ Official website]
* [ Official Iowa athletics site]

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