Phoenix Lights

Phoenix Lights

. [cite news |first=Richard |last=Price |authorlink= |coauthors=|format=pdf |title=Arizonans say the truth about UFO is out there |url= |work= |publisher=USA Today |date=accessdate=2008-03-14 ] The Phoenix Lights, sometimes referred to as "the Lights over Phoenix", is the popular name given to a series of optical phenomena and sightings that took place in the sky over the U.S. states of Arizona and Nevada, and the Mexican state of Sonora on March 13, 1997. A similar incident occurred April 21, 2008,cite news |first= Erin |last= Kozak |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Strange lights reported in north Valley sky |url= |work= |publisher=The Arizona Republic |date=2008-04-21 |accessdate=2008-04-26 ] although this incident was later reported to be a prank--flares attached to helium balloons.cite news |first= Zach |last= Fowle |authorlink= |coauthors= |title= Phoenix man: Neighbor caused Monday's mysterious lights | url= |work= |publisher=The Arizona Republic |date=2008-04-22 |accessdate=2008-04-26 ] Lights of varying descriptions were seen by thousands of people between 19:30 and 22:30 MST, in a space of about 300 miles, from the Nevada line, through Phoenix, to the edge of Tucson. There were two distinct events involved in the incident: a triangular formation of lights seen to pass over the state, and a series of stationary lights seen in the Phoenix area. Although the United States Air Force (USAF) identified the second group of lights as flares dropped by A-10 Warthog aircraft which were on training exercises at the Barry Goldwater Range in southwest Arizona, some who observed the events believe differently. Notable among those who reported they had observed a huge carpenter's square-shaped UFO, having lights or light emitting engines, is Arizona Republican governor at the time of the incident, Fife Symingtoncite web|title=Symington: I saw a UFO in the Arizona sky Event|url=|accessdate=2007-11-09] .


Initial reports

At about 18:55 PST (6:55 PM PST), (19:55 MST [7:55 PM MST] ), a man reported seeing a V-shaped object above Henderson, Nevada. He said it was about the "size of a (Boeing) 747", sounded like "rushing wind" cite web|title=Summary of “Phoenix Lights” Event|url=|accessdate=2007-03-20] , and had six lights on its leading edge. The lights reportedly traversed northwest to the southeast.

An unidentified former police officer from Paulden, Arizona is claimed to have been the next person to report a sighting after leaving his house at about 20:15 MST (8:15 PM MST). As he was driving north, he reputedly saw a cluster of reddish or orange lights in the sky, comprising four lights together and a fifth light trailing them. Each of the individual lights in the formation appeared to the witness to consist of two separate point sources of orange light. He returned home and through binoculars watched the lights until they disappeared south over the horizon.

Prescott and Prescott Valley

Lights were also reportedly seen in the areas of Prescott and Prescott Valley. At approximately 20:17 MST, callers began reporting the object was definitely solid because it blocked out much of the starry sky as it passed over.Fact|date=March 2008

One observer was standing outside with his wife and sons in Prescott Valley, when they noticed a cluster of lights to the west-northwest of their position. The lights formed a triangular pattern, but all of them appeared to be red, except the light at the nose of the object, which was distinctly white. The object, or objects, which had been observed for approximately 2-3 minutes with binoculars, then passed directly overhead the observers, they were seen to "bank to the right", and they then disappeared in the night sky to the southeast of Prescott Valley. [ [ Ufo Events Over Arizona ] ]

The National UFO Reporting Center received the following report from the Prescott area:


At the town of Dewey, 10 miles south of Prescott, Arizona, six people saw a large cluster of lights while driving northbound on Highway 69. The five adults and a youth stopped their car to observe the lights which were directly overhead when they exited the car. The lights appeared to hover for several minutes. The caller, who was an experienced flyer, said that the object was so large that he could clench his fist and hold it at arm's length and still not completely cover the light. He estimated the object to be not over 1,000 feet above the ground and that it was moving at a considerably slower pace than an aircraft would fly.Fact|date=March 2008 Calls to the UFO centre were also received from Chino Valley, Tempe, and Glendale.

First sighting from Phoenix

Tim Ley and his wife Bobbi, his son Hal and his grandson Damien Turnidge first saw the lights of the craft when they were above Prescott Valley about 65 miles away from them. At first they appeared to them as five separate and clearly distinct lights in an arc shape like they were on top of a balloon, but they soon realized the lights were moving towards them. Over the next ten or so minutes they continued coming closer and the distance between the lights increased and they took on the shape of an upside down V. Eventually when a couple of miles away the witnesses could make out a shape that looked like a carpenter's square with the five lights set into it, with one at the front and two on each side. Soon this "craft" was coming right down the street where they lived about 100 to 150 feet above them, traveling so slowly it appeared to hover and not making a sound. It then passed over their heads and went on through a V opening in the peaks of the mountain range towards Squaw Peak Mountain and beyond toward the direction of Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport. [citeweb|title=Tim Ley Recounts The Phoenix Lights|url=|accessdate=2006-12-16]

Arriving in Phoenix

When the triangular formation entered the Phoenix area, Mitch Stanley, an amateur astronomer, observed the lights using a Dobsonian telescope outfitted with a TELEVUE 32mm Plössl eyepiece, which produces 43x magnification. After observing the lights, he told his mother, who was present at the time, that the lights were aircraft. [cite news |first= Tony |last= Ortega |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=The Great UFO Coverup |url= |work= |publisher=Phoenix New Times |date=1997-06-26 |accessdate=2008-03-15 ]

In addition to the triangular formation, a separate phenomenon occurred in the Phoenix area. A series of lights appeared, one by one, and then were extinguished one by one. At this point many widely publicized videos and photographs were taken.

Bill Greiner, a cement driver hauling a load down a mountain north of Phoenix, described the second group of lights:

According to UFO advocates, the lights hovered for about 4-5 minutes over the intersection of Indian School Road and 7th Avenue.Fact|date=June 2007 Greiner stated that the lights hovered over the area for in excess of 2 hours. [Hamilton, Bill. Phoenix Sightings: Summary Report - Mass Sightings in Arizona.]

After Phoenix

A report came from a young man in the Kingston area who stopped his car at a payphone to report the incident. " [The] young man, en route to Los Angeles, called from a phone booth to report having seen a large and bizarre cluster of lights moving slowly in the northern sky".



In March 2007, former Arizona Governor Fife Symington III said that he had witnessed one of the "crafts of unknown origin" during the 1997 event, but noted that he didn't go public with the information. [cite web |url= |title=EXOPOLITICS: Politics, Government, and Law in the Universe: Caveat Lector: "Former Arizona Governor Now Admits Seeing UFO" |accessdate=2007-04-06] [cite news |first=Jon |last=Shanks |title=National Ledger - Former Arizona Gov. Admits UFO Sighting On Night of Phoenix Lights |url= |publisher= |date=March 18, 2007 |accessdate=2007-03-19 ] [cite news |first=Steve|last=Hammons |title=Former Arizona governor says he saw ‘Phoenix Lights’ UFO |url= |publisher=American Chronicle |date=March 18, 2007 |accessdate=2007-03-19 ] [cite news |last =Cooper |first =Anderson |authorlink =Anderson Cooper | - Anderson Cooper 360° Blog |publisher =CNN |date =March 21, 2007| url=
accessdate =2007-03-22
] Shortly after the lights, Symington held a press conference, stating that "they found who was responsible". He proceeded to make light of the situation by bringing his aide on stage dressed in an Alien costume. (Dateline, NBC).In an interview with The Daily Courier in Prescott, Symington said:

Symington also noted that he requested information from the commander of Luke Air Force Base, the general of the National Guard, and the head of the Department of Public Safety. But none of the officials he contacted had an answer for what had happened, and were also "perplexed."

Later, he responded to an Air Force "explanation" that the lights were flares.

Frances Barwood, the 1997 Phoenix city councilwoman who launched an investigation into the event, said that of the over 700 witnesses she interviewed, "The government never interviewed even one."


On the Coast To Coast radio show known as The Art Bell Show, broadcast some time after the lights were reported, people claimed to have seen the lights.Fact|date=March 2008 Other radio shows focusing on the paranormal, such as Jeff Rense's have also taken calls of this nature.Fact|date=March 2008

Videotapes, still photos

Imagery of the Phoenix Lights falls into two categories: images of the triangular formation seen prior to 10 pm in Prescott and Dewey, and images of the 10 pm Phoenix event. All known images were produced using a variety of commercially available camcorders and cameras. There are no known images taken by equipment designed for scientific analysis, nor are there any known images taken using high powered optics or night vision equipment.

During the Phoenix event, numerous still photographs and videotapes were made, distinctly showing a series of lights appearing at a regular interval, remaining illuminated for several moments and then going out. These images have been repeatedly aired by documentary TV channels such as the Discovery Channel and the History Channel as part of their UFO documentary programming.

The most frequently seen sequence shows what appears to be an arc of lights appearing one by one, then going out one by one. UFO advocates claim that these images show that the lights were some form of "running light" or other aircraft illumination along the leading edge of a large craft (estimated to be as large as a mile in diameter) hovering over the city of Phoenix. Other similar sequences reportedly taken at the same time show differing numbers of lights. UFO advocates claim this is evidence that one or more of the videos is fake and possibly part of a conspiracy to discredit those who claim the Phoenix Lights were a UFO.Fact|date=March 2008 Skeptics claim it is evidence that mountains not visible at night partially obstructed views from certain angles, thereby bolstering the claim that the lights were more distant than UFO advocates claim.Fact|date=March 2008

UFO advocate Jim Dilettoso claimed to have performed "spectral analysis" of photographs and video imagery that proved the lights could not have been produced by a man-made source. Dilettoso claimed to have used software called "Image Pro Plus" (exact version unknown) to determine the amount of red, green and blue in the various photographic and video images and construct histograms of the data, which were then compared to several photographs known to be of flares. Several sources have pointed out, however, that it is impossible to determine the spectral signature of a light source based solely on photographic or video imagery, as film and electronics inherently alter the spectral signature of a light source by shifting hue in the visible spectrum, and experts in spectroscopy have flatly dismissed his claims as being scientifically invalid.cite news |first= Tony |last= Ortega |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=The Hack and the Quack |url= |work= |publisher=Phoenix New Times |date=1998-03-05 |accessdate=2008-03-15 ] [ The Videos ] ] [ The Alien Invasion of Phoenix, Arizona ] ] Normal photographic equipment also eliminates light outside the visible spectrum (e.g., infrared and ultraviolet) that would be necessary for a complete spectral analysis. The maker of "Image Pro Plus", Media Cybernetic, has publicly stated that their software is incapable of performing spectroscopic analysis. Dilletoso maintains that his methods are valid.

Cognitech, an independent video laboratory, superimposed video imagery taken of the Phoenix Lights onto video imagery it shot during daytime from the same location. In the composite image, the lights are seen to extinguish at the moment they reach the Estrella mountain range, which is visible in the daytime, but invisible in the footage shot at night. A broadcast by local FOX affiliate KSAZ, however, claimed to have performed a similar test that showed the lights were in front of the mountain range and suggested that the Cognitech data might have been altered. Dr. Paul Scowen, visiting professor of Astronomy at Arizona State University, performed a third analysis using daytime imagery overlaid with video shot of the lights and his findings were consistent with Cognitech. The Phoenix New Times subsequently reported the television station had simply overlaid two video tracks on a video editing machine without using a computer to match the zoom and scale of the two images.

In comparison, there are few known images of the Prescott/Dewey lights. Television station KSAZ reported that an individual named Richard Curtis took a detailed video that purportedly showed the outline of a space craft, but that the video had been lost. The only other known video is of poor quality and shows a group of lights with no craft visible.

Explanations and skepticism

Two separate explanations have been offered for the two events that occurred that night.

The first event -- the "vee," which appeared over northern Arizona and gradually traveled south over nearly the entire length of the state, eventually passing south of Tucson -- was the allegedly "wedge-shaped" object reported by then-Governor Symington and many others. This event started at about 8:15 over the Prescott area, and was seen south of Tucson by about 8:45.

The second event was the set of nine lights falling behind the Sierra Estrella, a mountain ridge to the southwest of Phoenix, at around 10pm. This was also observed by numerous people who may have thought they were seeing the same lights as those reported earlier.

The first event still has no provable explanation, but some evidence exists that the lights were in fact airplanes. According to an article by reporter Janet Gonzales that appeared in the "Phoenix New Times", videotape of the vee shape shows the lights moving as separate entities, not as a single object; a phenomenon known as illusory contours can cause the human eye to see unconnected lines or dots as forming a single shape. Ortega also spoke with amateur astronomer Mitch Stanley, who was outside that night using a Dobsonian telescope, which yielded a view 60 times the magnification of the human eye. According to Stanley, the lights were quite clearly individual airplanes; a companion who was with him recalled asking Stanley at the time what the lights were, and he said, "Planes." However, no pilots have been found who admit to flying such a formation that night, and many witnesses continue to insist that they actually saw the entire object, rather than assuming the shape of the object from the arrangement of the lights.

The second event has been more thoroughly explained. The USAF explained the second event as slow falling, long burning flares dropped by an A-10 Warthog aircraft on a training exercise over Luke Air Force Base. An investigation by Luke AFB itself also came to this conclusion and declared the case solved.cite news |first= Craven |last= Scott |title=A pilot debunks old UFO report |url= |work= |publisher=The Arizona Republic |date=March 1, 2007|accessdate=2007-03-16 ] More recent investigations have come to the same conclusion. [cite news |first=Joe |last= Kovacs |title=Lights 'not of this world' mystery finally solved |url= | |date=January 24, 2007 |accessdate=2007-03-20 ]

A video illustrating this explanation was broadcast on a special on Fox Television stations about a year after the event. A copy of the original video was used in coordination with a video shot in the daytime from the exact same location. The two videos were merged into one on a frame by frame basis, so that the landmarks (both in the foreground and background) were always aligned. This allowed analysis of the lights regarding their apparent height above the mountain, and the lights vanish in line with the outline of the mountain. Military flares [ [ LUU-2B/B ] ] [ [ LUU-2 Flare - Dumb Bombs ] ] such as these can be seen from hundreds of miles with correct environmental conditions. [] Later comparisons with known military flare drops were reported on local television stations, showing similarities between the known military flare drops and the Phoenix Lights [] An analysis of the luminosity of LUU-2B/B illumination flares, the type which would have been in use by A-10 aircraft at the time, determined that the luminosity of such flares at a range of approximately 50-70 miles would fall well within the range of the lights viewed from Phoenix.

Air National Guard pilot, Lt. Col. Ed Jones, responding to a March 2007 media query, confirmed that he had flown one of the aircraft in the formation that dropped flares on the night in question. The squadron to which he belonged was in fact in Arizona on a training exercise at the time, according to the Maryland Air National Guard. A history of the Maryland Air National Guard published in 2000 previously asserted that the squadron, the 104th Fighter Squadron, was responsible for the incident. [Ball, Ronald ed. Maryland Air National Guard 1921-2000, 2000] The first reports that members of the Maryland Air National Guard were responsible for the incident were published in The Arizona Republic newspaper in July 1997. [Ruelas, Richard. "Air Guard unit sheds light on Valley's UFOs." Arizona Republic. 25 July 1997.]


On April 21, 2008 lights were again reported over Phoenix by local residents. These lights appeared to change from square to triangular formation over time.

A resident of Deer Valley in North Phoenix, Tony Toporek video taped those lights. He was talking to neighbors around 8 p.m. when the lights appeared. After being alerted to the lights by a neighbor, he ran and grabbed his camera to get the lights on video. Toporek stated, “Four brilliant red lights first formed a vertical or diagonal line, next a U-shape, then as I retrieved my camera and began to roll tape, the lights spread apart and made a diamond or cross shape, similar to the “Southern Cross”.

It was also reported by a resident, that shortly after the lights appeared, three jets were seen heading west in the direction of the lights. An official from Luke Air Force Base denies any Air Force activity in the area. ]

Media coverage of the reappearance of the lights was significant, with photos and videos appearing on local and national newspapers, television news broadcasts, and web sites including the following:

* [ Source of strange red lights unknown, "The Arizona Republic"]
* [ Raw eyewitness video of the new Phoenix Lights, KTVK] 3TV News
* [ Mysterious lights over north Phoenix, KVOA News 4]

On April 22, a resident of Phoenix told a newspaper that the lights were nothing more than his neighbor releasing helium balloons with flares attached. This was confirmed by a police helicopter. ] The following day a Phoenix resident -- who declined to be identified in news reports -- stated that he had attached flares to helium balloons and released them from his backyard. [cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Valley man admits to "lights in sky" hoax |url= |work= |publisher= |date=2008-04-23 |accessdate=2008-04-26 ]

Other media


"The Phoenix Lights...A Skeptic's Discovery That We Are Not Alone", was written by key witness, Lynne D. Kitei, M.D., with an introduction by Gary E Schwartz, Ph.D. and a foreword by Paul Perry. March 2004, Hampton Roads Publishing. [cite book |last=Kitei |first=Lynne D. |coauthors=Gary E Schwartz (introduction), Paul Perry (foreword) |title=The Phoenix Lights |year=2004|month=March |publisher=Hampton Roads Publishing Company|location= |isbn=1571743774 ] "Oracle of the Phoenix" [ [ ] ] was written by primary witness Steven Blonder at and

"UFOs: 7 Things You Should Know" by Dr. Robert "Bobby" Brewer (Baltimore: Publish America, 2006) was inspired by his eye-witness observation of the Phoenix Lights.


Internationally award winning documentary, "The Phoenix Lights... We Are Not Alone", was completed in October 2007 and was produced by key witness and best selling author Lynne D. Kitei, M.D. in collaboration with Steve Lantz Productions. and

A horror movie called "Night Skies", starring Jason Connery, A.J. Cook and Ashley Peldon, features the lights. Its USA DVD premiere was January 23, 2007.

"Phoenix Lights The Movie" a fictional Sci-Fi Thriller based around the event, is currently in production in Los Angeles. Cast Includes Ossie Beck, Mackenzie Firgens,Yvette Rachelle, Matt Mercer, Terin Alba, Courtney Gains, Mark Arnold, Michael LeMelle, Aaron Mills and Luke Amsden. Ajax McKenzie writer/director/producer and Dave Gist writer/producer are running this 1066 Pictures production. Set for spring 2008 release. []


ee also

* Travis Walton abduction
* "Fire in the Sky"
* Unsolved Mysteries
* Tinley Park Lights

External links

* [ Are Arizona firefighters trained for UFO, alien contact?]
* [ Oracle of the Phoenix] - Photos & News reports
* []
* [ Phoenix Lights] at Altered Dimensions
* [ Eyewitness account] from Tim Ley
* [ Summary of "Phoenix Lights" Events] at UFO Evidence
* [ UFO Casebook - Phoenix Lights]
* []
* [ Former Arizona Gov. Symington confirms he saw UFO 10 years ago]
* [ Former Arizona Gov. Admits UFO Sighting On Night of Phoenix Lights ]
* [ Former Arizona governor says he saw ‘Phoenix Lights’ UFO]
* [ The Phoenix Lights] – YouTube
* [ Arizona Governor & the Phoenix lights] - Youtube

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