Ballistics (gr. βάλλειν ('ba'llein'), "throw") is the science of mechanics that deals with the flight, behavior, and effects of projectiles, especially bullets, gravity bombs, rockets, or the like; the science or art of designing and accelerating projectiles so as to achieve a desired performance.

A ballistic body is a body which is free to move, behave, and be modified in appearance, contour, or texture by ambient conditions, substances, or forces, as by the pressure of gases in a gun, by rifling in a barrel, by gravity, by temperature, or by air particles. A ballistic missile is a missile only guided during the relatively brief initial powered phase of flight, whose course is subsequently governed by the laws of classical mechanics.


Gun ballistics

Gun ballistics is the work of projectiles from the time of shooting to the time of impact with the target. Gun ballistics is often broken down into the following four categories, which contain detailed information on each category:[1]

  • Internal ballistics (sometimes called interior ballistics): the study of the processes originally accelerating the projectile, for example the passage of a bullet through the barrel of a rifle.[2]
  • Transition ballistics (sometimes called intermediate ballistics): the study of the projectile's behavior when it leaves the barrel and the pressure behind the projectile is equalized.[3]
  • External ballistics (sometimes called exterior ballistics): the study of the passage of the projectile through a medium, most commonly earth's atmosphere. [4]
  • Terminal ballistics: the study of the interaction of a projectile with its target, whether that be flesh (for a hunting bullet), steel (for an anti-tank round), or even furnace slag (for an industrial slag disruptor).[5]

Forensic ballistics

Forensic ballistics involves analysis of bullets and bullet impacts to determine information of use to a court or other part of a legal system. Separately from ballistics information, firearm and tool mark examinations ("ballistic fingerprinting") involve analysing firearm, ammunition, and tool mark evidence in order to establish whether a certain firearm or tool was used in the commission of a crime.

See also


External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ballistics — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ballistics Captura de pantalla del juego Desarrolladora(s) GRIN …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ballistics — Éditeur Xicat Développeur GRIN Distributeur THQ …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ballistics — Bal*lis tics, n. [Cf. F. balistique. See {Ballista}.] The science or art of hurling missile weapons by the use of an engine. Whewell. [1913 Webster] 2. The science treating the motion of projectiles in flight, especially when they are in free… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ballistics — bal·lis·tics /bə lis tiks/ n pl but sing or pl in constr 1 a: the science of the motion of projectiles (as bullets) in flight b: the flight characteristics of a projectile (as a bullet) 2: the study of the processes within a firearm as it is… …   Law dictionary

  • ballistics — 1753, art of throwing; science of projectiles, with ICS (Cf. ics) + L. ballista ancient military machine for hurling stones, from Gk. ballistes, from ballein to throw, to throw so as to hit, also in a looser sense, to put, place, lay; from PIE… …   Etymology dictionary

  • ballistics — [bə lis′tiks] n. 1. the science dealing with the motion and impact of projectiles, such as bullets, rockets, bombs, etc. 2. the study of the effects of firing on a firearm or bullet, cartridge, etc …   English World dictionary

  • ballistics — ballistician /bal euh stish euhn/, n. /beuh lis tiks/, n. (usually used with a sing. v.) 1. the science or study of the motion of projectiles, as bullets, shells, or bombs. 2. the art or science of designing projectiles for maximum flight… …   Universalium

  • ballistics — [[t]bəlɪ̱stɪks[/t]] N UNCOUNT Ballistics is the study of the movement of objects that are shot or thrown through the air, such as bullets fired from a gun. The weapons are undergoing ballistics tests to see whether they were used in the shootings …   English dictionary

  • ballistics — balistika statusas T sritis Gynyba apibrėžtis Mokslas, tiriantis artilerijos sviedinių, minų, aviacinių bombų, kulkų, nevaldomųjų raketų ir kt. iššautų (paleistų) kūnų judėjimo dėsnius. Pagrindiniai balistikos skyriai: vidinė ir išorinė balistika …   Artilerijos terminų žodynas

  • ballistics — balistika statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. ballistics vok. Ballistik, f rus. баллистика, f pranc. balistique, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

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