Ossetia

Ossetia
Map of North and South Ossetia

Ossetia (play /ɒˈsɛtiə/[1] or /ˈsʃə/;[2] Ossetic: Ир, Ирыстон Ir, Iryston; Russian: Осетия, Osetiya; Georgian: ოსეთი, Oset'i) is an ethnolinguistic region located on both sides of the Greater Caucasus Mountains, largely inhabited by the Ossetians. The Ossetian language is part of the Eastern Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages family. The Ossetian-speaking area south to the main Caucasus ridge is recognized by most countries as within the borders of Georgia, but under the control of the Russian-backed de facto government of the Republic of South Ossetia. The northern portion of the region consists of the republic of North Ossetia-Alania within the Russian Federation.

Contents

Recent history

The ethnolinguistic map of the modern Caucasus showing the Ossetian-inhabited territories in light green
For earlier history, see Alans, Sarmatians
  • 1774 — North Ossetia becomes part of the Russian Empire[3]
  • 1801 — The modern-day South Ossetia territory, it was part of kartli-kakheti kingdom and the territory belonged to Prince Machabeli, becomes part of the Russian Empire, along with Georgia[4]
  • 1922 — Ossetia is divided[5][6] into two parts: North Ossetia remains a part of Russian SFSR, South Ossetia remains a part of Georgian SSR.
  • 20 September 1990 independent Republic of South Ossetia. The republic remained unrecognized, yet it detached itself from Georgia de facto. In the last years of the Soviet Union, ethnic tensions between Ossetians and Georgians in Georgia's former Autonomous Oblast of South Ossetia (abolished in 1990) and between Ossetians and the Ingush in North Ossetia evolved into violent clashes that left several hundreds dead and wounded and created a large tide of refugees on both sides of the border.[7][dead link] [8][dead link]

Although a Russian-mediated and OSCE-monitored ceasefire was implemented in South Ossetia in 1992, the Georgian-Ossetian conflict still remains unresolved even though a recent peace plan proposed by the government of Georgia promised the South Ossetians larger autonomy and pledged expanded international involvement in the political settlement of the conflict. Meanwhile, the South Ossetian secessionist authorities demand independence or unification with North Ossetia under the Russian Federation while the international community refuses to recognize South Ossetia as an independent country and considers the area part of Georgia.

On Sunday 12 November 2006, South Ossetians (mostly ethnic Ossetians) went to the polls to vote in a referendum regarding the region's independence from Georgia. The result was a "yes" to independence, with a turnout above 95% from those among the territory's 70,000 people who were eligible to vote at that time.[9] There was also a vote in favour of a new term for South Ossetia's president, Eduard Kokoity.

2008 South Ossetia war

On August 8, 2008, the 2008 South Ossetia war broke out, which involved Georgia, South Ossetia, Abkhazia, and Russia.

See also

References

External links

  • Ossetian Dance, Rustavi Dance Company, 2008, YouTube: [3] (6 min 19 sec).
  • Ossetian Dance, 2008, YouTube: [4] (6 min 50 sec).
  • Ossetian Folk Dance, 2007, YouTube: [5] (3 min).
  • (Russian) Ossetian Republic News Portal

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ossetia — [ä sē′shə, ä sē′shē ə] region in the N Caucasus …   English World dictionary

  • Ossetia —    A region in the Caucasus and lying between Russia to the north and Georgia to the south. Ossetia consists of two parts, North Ossetia and South Ossetia, both of which were absorbed into the Russian Empire. Under Catherine II (1762–1796),… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Ossetia — noun /əˈsɛtɪə,əˈsiːʃə,ɒ / An ethnolinguistic region located on both sides of the Greater Caucasus Mountains, largely inhabited by the Ossetians. Northern part of the region forms North Ossetia Alania federal subject of Russia. The southern part… …   Wiktionary

  • Ossetia — /ɒˈsiʃə/ (say o seeshuh) noun a region in Caucasia, in Europe; comprises the Russian federal republic of North Ossetia and the Georgian autonomous region of South Ossetia …  

  • Ossetia — geographical name region SE Russia in Europe in central Caucasus see Alania, South Ossetia …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Ossetia — Ossétie Ossétie du Nord et Ossétie du Sud L Ossétie est une région du nord du massif du Caucase, qui se situe de part et d autre de la ligne de crête. Politiquement, elle est actuellement divisée en deux entités : l Ossétie du Nord,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ossetia — /o see sheuh/; Russ. /u sye tyi yeuh/, n. a region in Caucasia: divided between the North Ossetian Autonomous Republic of the Russian Federation and the South Ossetian Autonomous Region of the Georgian Republic. * * * …   Universalium

  • Ossetia — Os•se•tia [[t]ɒˈsi ʃə[/t]] n. geg a region in Caucasia: divided between the North Ossetian Autonomous Republic of the Russian Federation and the South Ossetian Autonomous Region of the Georgian Republic …   From formal English to slang

  • Ossetia — /o see sheuh/; Russ. /u sye tyi yeuh/, n. a region in Caucasia: divided between the North Ossetian Autonomous Republic of the Russian Federation and the South Ossetian Autonomous Region of the Georgian Republic …   Useful english dictionary

  • Music of Ossetia — Ossetia is a region, split into South Ossetia in Georgia and North Ossetia in Russia. Ossetian folk music began to be collected and recorded in the late 19th and early 20th century. After the Revolution of 1917, professional music appeared in… …   Wikipedia

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