- Movement for Autonomies
Movement for Autonomies
Movimento per le Autonomie
Secretary Raffaele Lombardo President vacant Founded 30 April 2005 Headquarters via dell'Oca, 27
Newspaper none Membership unknown Ideology Regionalism, Centrism, Christian democracy National affiliation New Pole for Italy International affiliation none European affiliation none European Parliament Group EPP–ED (2005–2009) Chamber of Deputies4 / 630 Senate2 / 315 European Parliament0 / 72 Sicilian Regional Assembly12 / 90 Website http://www.mpa-italia.it/ Politics of Italy
The Movement for Autonomies (Movimento per le Autonomie, MpA) is a regionalist Christian democratic political party in Italy. It demands economic development and greater autonomy for Sicily, mainly, and for other regions of Southern Italy. The party is led by Raffaele Lombardo, President of Sicily.
The party was founded on 30 April 2005 as Movement for Autonomy (Movimento per l'Autonomia) by Sicilian splinters from the Union of Christian and Centre Democrats and other centre-right parties, notably Forza Italia, the Italian Republican Party and the New Italian Socialist Party.
By late 2005 the party had joined the centre-right House of Freedoms coalition. For the 2006 general election the party formed a joint-list with Lega Nord, a regionalist movement based in Northern Italy, and the Sardinian Action Party. The electoral alliance was named Pact for the Autonomies and in the election the MpA elected five deputies (two in the lists of Forza Italia) and two senators (one in the lists of Forza Italia). Lombardo claimed to have discarded the possibility of an alliance with the centre-left The Union mainly because of the latter's opposition to the building of the Strait of Messina Bridge and their support to civil unions.
In January 2008 the MpA formed a political pact with Italy of the Centre (IdC), under which Vincenzo Scotti, leader of IdC, became president of the party. At the 2008 general election the party won 1.1% of the vote (7.4% in Sicily) and obtained 8 deputies and 2 senators, due to the alliance with The People of Freedom (PdL) and Lega Nord. After the election the MpA joined the Berlusconi IV Cabinet.
More important, at the Sicilian regional election Lombardo was elected President of the region by a landslide and the MpA was the third largest party with 13.8% of the vote (21.8% if also the vote for Lombardo's personal list and the Autonomist Democrats) and 15 regional deputies.
Party of the SouthMain article: Party of the South
In the 2009 European Parliament election the MpA, that changed its name into Movement for Autonomies in order to reflect its attempt to become a national party rooted in every part of the country, ran as part of the Pole of Autonomy, that included also The Right, the Pensioners' Party and the Alliance of the Centre. As part of its "national" strategy the party was joined by some small regionalist parties active in Northern regions: Lombardia Autonoma, the Forum of the Venetians, Autonomist Trentino and S.O.S. Italy. At the national level the alliance gained a mere 2.2% of the vote, thus returning no MEPs, but in Sicily it reached 15.6%.
Since the election there have been talks about the foundation of a new "Party of the South", of which the MpA would be the core constituent. In December 2009 Raffaele Lombardo, leader of the MpA and President of Sicily, formed his third cabinet that included ministers from his MpA party, the PdL–Sicily of Gianfranco Micciché and the newly formed regional section of Alliance for Italy (ApI), plus some independents, including one who was close to the centre-left opposition Democratic Party (PD). No members of the "official" PdL and of the Union of Christian and Centre Democrats (UDC) were included.
The break-up of the alliance with the official PdL in Sicily and all around the South led to a painful split. In January 2010 Vincenzo Scotti and four deputies out of eight, who wanted to continue the alliance with the PdL, were expelled from the party and formed their own movement called We the South.
However, in September 2010 Lombardo broke also with Micciché and formed his fourth cabinet supported by the so-called "third pole" coalition, composed of the MpA, Future and Freedom (FLI), a wing of the UDC and ApI, plus the PD. In November, as an ally of Gianfranco Fini's FLI, the MpA quitted Berlusconi's government. On 15 December 2010 the MpA was a founding member of the New Pole for Italy (NPI) along with the UDC, FLI and ApI.
In March 2011 Lombardo announced that the MpA would soon merge into a larger "party of the South".
- Secretary: Raffaele Lombardo (2005–present)
- President: Vincenzo Scotti (2008–2010)
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- Southern Italy autonomist movements
- Political parties in Italy
- Regionalist parties in Italy
- Political parties in Sicily
- Political parties established in 2005
- Pole of Autonomy
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