Michael Barratt (astronaut)

Michael Barratt (astronaut)
Michael Reed Barratt
NASA Astronaut
Nationality American
Status Active
Born April 16, 1959 (1959-04-16) (age 52)
Vancouver, Washington
Other occupation Physician
Previous occupation Flight surgeon
Time in space 211d 11h 46m [1]
Selection 2000 NASA Group
Total EVAs 2
Total EVA time 5 hours 6 minutes
Missions Expedition 19/20 (Soyuz TMA-14), STS-133
Mission insignia Soyuz-TMA-14-Mission-Patch.png ISS Expedition 19 Patch.png ISS Expedition 20 Patch.png STS-133 patch.png

Michael Reed Barratt (born April 16, 1959) is an American physician and a NASA astronaut. Specializing in aerospace medicine, Barratt served as a flight surgeon for NASA before his selection as an astronaut, and has played a role in developing NASA's space medicine programs for both the Shuttle-Mir Program and International Space Station. His first spaceflight was a long-duration mission to the International Space Station, as a Flight Engineer apart of the Expedition 19 and 20 crew. In March 2011, Barratt completed his second spaceflight as a crew member of STS-133.



Born in Vancouver, Washington, Barratt considers Camas, Washington, to be his home town. He is married to Dr. Michelle Lynne Barratt (née Sasynuik); they have five children.[2] His father and mother, Joseph and Donna Barratt, reside in Camas. His personal and recreational interests include family and church activities, writing, sailing,[3] and boat restoration and maintenance.[2]


Barratt graduated from Camas High School in 1977. He graduated from the University of Washington in 1981 with a Bachelor of Science degree in zoology, going on to earn an M.D. from Northwestern University in 1985. He completed a three-year residency in internal medicine at Northwestern University in 1988; his Chief Residency year was at Veterans Administration Lakeside Hospital in Chicago in 1989. In 1991, Barratt completed both a residency and a Master of Science in aerospace medicine jointly run by Wright State University, NASA, and Wright-Patterson Air Force Base.[4] He is board certified in Internal and Aerospace Medicine.

Barratt holds a private pilot's license and has been qualified on NASA's T-38 Talons.[4]

NASA career

Barratt first worked at NASA Johnson Space Center in May 1991, employed as aerospace project physician with KRUG Life Sciences. From May 1991 to July 1992, he served on the Health Maintenance Facility Project as manager of the Hyperbaric and Respiratory Subsystems for the defunct Space Station Freedom project. In July 1992 he was assigned as NASA aviation medical examiner working in Space Shuttle Medical Operations.

In July 1993 Barratt was one of a team of the first three Americans invited to witness the recovery of a Soyuz spacecraft. Asked to help evaluate the potential of the Soyuz as a Crew Return Vehicle for a NASA space station, he flew with the recovery team that picked up the crew of Soyuz TM-16 after they landed in Kazakhstan.[4][5] (The Soyuz was ultimately chosen as the return vehicle for the International Space Station).

In January 1994 he was assigned to the Shuttle-Mir Program. He spent over 12 months working and training in the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center at Star City as one of two flight surgeons supporting Norman Thagard and his backup Bonnie Dunbar, a role that often included negotiations to resolve different approaches to medicine by NASA and Russian doctors. Barratt and fellow flight surgeon David Ward developed a Mir Supplemental Medical Kit to augment Russian equipment on Mir and developed a program of training for its use, taught to both NASA astronauts and Russian cosmonauts.[4][5]

Thagard launched to Mir aboard Soyuz TM-21 and returned to earth on STS-71; during the 115-day flight, Barratt and Ward effectively served as a CAPCOMs for the NASA Shuttle-Mir team in addition to their duties as flight surgeons.[4][5]

From July 1995 through July 1998, Barratt served as Medical Operations Lead for the International Space Station (ISS). A frequent traveler to Russia, he worked with counterparts at Star City and the Institute for Biomedical Problems as well as other ISS partner centers, developing medical procedures, training and equipment for ISS. Barratt served as lead crew surgeon for ISS Expedition 1 from July 1998 until selected as an astronaut candidate. He serves as Associate Editor for Space Medicine for the journal Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, and is senior editor of the textbook ‘Principles of Clinical Medicine for Space Flight’.[2]

Selected as a Mission Specialist by NASA in July 2000, Barratt reported for training in August 2000. Following the completion of two years of training and evaluation, he was assigned technical duties in the Astronaut Office Station Operations Branch.[2] In October 2004, Barratt served as an aquanaut during the NEEMO 7 mission aboard the Aquarius underwater laboratory, living and working underwater for eleven days.[6][7]

Expedition 19/20

Barratt was assigned to the Expedition 19 crew in February 2008[8] and launched to the International Space Station in March 2009 aboard Soyuz TMA-14. His stay aboard the ISS continued through until the end of Expedition 20 in October 2009.[9]


Barratt flew as a Mission Specialist on STS-133, the final flight of Space Shuttle Discovery.


Aerospace Medical Association; American College of Physicians; Alpha Omega Alpha Medical Honor Society; American Institute for the Advancement of Science.[2]

Awards and honors

Barratt has received several awards and honors:[2]

  • W. Randolph Lovelace Award (1998), Society of NASA Flight Surgeons
  • Rotary National Award for Space Achievement Foundation Nominee (1998)
  • Melbourne W. Boynton Award (1995), American Astronautical Society
  • USAF Flight Surgeons Julian Ward Award (1992)
  • Wright State University Outstanding Graduate Student, Aerospace Medicine (1991)
  • Alpha Omega Alpha Medical Honor Society, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, IL (1988)
  • Phi Beta Kappa, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (1981)


Large portions of this article were taken from the NASA Biography of Michael R. Barratt.

  1. ^ http://www.spacefacts.de/english/e_tis.htm
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Astronaut Bio: Michael Reed Barratt". NASA. http://www11.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/barratt-mr.html. 
  3. ^ Barratt, Mike (October 2010). "The Ultimate 'Offshore' Passage". Cruising World: 82–87. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Michael R. Barratt, M.D." (PDF). ISS Phase 1 History Project. NASA. 1998-04-14. http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/history/shuttle-mir/people/oral-histories/barratt.pdf. Retrieved 2009-05-16. 
  5. ^ a b c Burrough, Bryan (1998). Dragonfly: NASA and the Crisis Aboard Mir. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-88730-783-3. 
  6. ^ NASA (2004-10-13). "NEEMO 7". NASA. http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/shuttle/support/training/neemo/neemo7/. Retrieved 2011-09-23. 
  7. ^ Canadian Space Agency (2004-08-09). "CSA - Neemo 7 Mission". Canadian Space Agency. http://www.asc-csa.gc.ca/eng/missions/neemo7/backgrounder_0809.asp. Retrieved 2011-09-23. 
  8. ^ "NASA Assigns Crews for STS-127 and Expedition 19 Missions". NASA. 2008. http://www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2008/feb/HQ_08052_Crew_Announcements.html. Retrieved 2008-02-11. 
  9. ^ "Expedition 20". NASA. 2009-05-06. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/expeditions/expedition20/. Retrieved 2009-05-17. 

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Michael Barratt — may refer to: Michael Barratt (television presenter) (born 1928), British television presenter Michael Barratt (astronaut) (born 1959), American astronaut See also Michael Barrett (disambiguation) This disambiguation page lists articles… …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Barratt (television presenter) — For the astronaut, see Michael Barratt (astronaut) Michael Barratt (born 3 January 1928) is an English television presenter and announcer. He is mainly known for his lengthy period as the main presenter on Nationwide. His father was a civil… …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Barratt (disambiguation) — Michael Barratt is the name of: * Michael Barratt (b. 1928), British television presenter * Michael R. Barratt (b. 1959), American astronaut * Shakin Stevens (b. 1948), stage name for Welsh singer born Michael Barratt;See also * Michael Barrett… …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Barratt — Michael Reed Barrat Land (Behörde): USA (NASA) Datum der Auswahl: 26. Juli 2000 (18. NASA Gruppe) Anzahl der Raumflüge …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Michael Reed Barratt — Michael Reed Barrat Land (Organisation): USA (NASA) Datum der Auswahl: 26. Juli 2000 (18. NASA Gruppe) Anzahl der Raumflüge: 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Barratt — is a surname, and may refer to:* Brian Barratt Boyes, Heart surgeon. * Fred Barratt, Cricketer. * Julian Barratt, Musician. * Ken Barratt, Poet. * Michael Barratt, TV announcer. * Michael R. Barratt, Astronaut. * Thomas Barratt, Victoria Cross… …   Wikipedia

  • Michael T. Good — NASA Astronaut Nationality American Status Active …   Wikipedia

  • Barratt — ist der Familienname von: Sir Brian Gerald Barratt Boyes (1924–2006), neuseeländischer Herzchirurg Bronte Barratt (* 1989), australische Schwimmerin Julian Barratt (* 1968), britischer Komödiant, Musiker und Schauspieler Michael Reed Barratt, (*… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Michael R. Barratt — infobox Astronaut name =Michael Reed Barratt, M.D. type =Astronaut nationality =American date birth =birth date and age|1958|6|21 place birth = Vancouver, Washington occupation = rank = selection = time = mission = insignia =|Michael Reed Barratt …   Wikipedia

  • NASA Astronaut Group 18 — (The Bugs). The group saw the training of seven pilots and ten mission specialists to become NASA astronauts. These 17 astronauts began training in August 2000. Contents …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”