- Aviation Medical Examiner
An Aviation Medical Examiner (AME), in the
United Statesand other countries, is a physiciandesignated by the local aviation authority given the authority to perform physical examinations and issue aviation medical certificates.
International Civil Aviation Organisationhave established basic medical rules for determining whether a pilot is fit to act in that capacity, and they are codified in Annex 1 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation. However, most countries' aviation authorities have developed their own specific details and clarifications to be used in addition to - frequently more stringently than - the high-level standards prescribed by ICAO.cite web|url=http://www.caa.co.uk/default.aspx?categoryid=49&pagetype=90&pageid=1179|publisher=UK Civil Aviation Authority|title=Medical certification following illness]
AMEs in the United States
AMEs are private physicians, not employees of the FAA, and are selected, trained, and authorized by local offices of the FAA. A pilot can go to [http://FlightPhysical.com any examiner from a list] of designated doctors and undergo the examination at any time. New AMEs are designated based upon the local demand for aeromedical certification services.
All AMEs may issue second-class or third-class certificates. Some AMEs are designated "Senior Aviation Medical Examiner", and may issue first-class certificates, which are required for pilots flying in air carrier operations. An AME may also issue combined medical/student pilot certificates.
2008, the FAA had approximately 3,927 civilian AME's located in 9 regions, 291 international AMEs located in 81 countries, and 350 federal AMEs (military, U.S. Coast Guard, NASA, and other agencies).
AMEs in the JAA area
Member countries of the
Joint Aviation Authoritiesin Europe issue their own medical certificates. Most now do so according to the established guidance provided by JAR-FCL 3 (Medical), in a similar arrangement to the US whereby the local aviation authority in each country appoints AMEs.
The JAA regulations prescribe two standards of medical certificate. Class 2 is required for private flying on a PPL and the more stringent class 1 is for professional pilots (CPL or ATPL). An initial Class 1 medical examination must be performed by the
Aeromedical Centre(AMC) of the country which will issue the license, but may be renewed by any suitably authorised AME.
Medical regulation in the JAA area is expected to gradually change in or after
2008as the European Aviation Safety Agencytakes over responsibility.cite web|url=http://www.caa.co.uk/default.aspx?categoryid=49&pagetype=90&pageid=526|publisher=UK Civil Aviation Authority|title=General Information on JAA Requirements]
Aerospace Medicine Specialists
* [http://www.asma.org/index.php Aerospace Medical Association]
* [http://flightphysical.com AME Locator and Expanded information on FAA Flight Physicals]
* [http://www.faa.gov/licenses_certificates/medical_certification/ FAA information on medical certification]
* [http://ame.cami.jccbi.gov/ Aviation Medical Examiner Directory]
* [http://www.caa.co.uk/default.aspx?categoryid=49 Medical branch] of the Safety Regulation Group of the [http://www.caa.co.uk/ UK Civil Aviation Authority]
* [http://www.icao.int/icao/en/med/pub.htm ICAO Aviation Medicine publications]
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