List of minerals (synonyms)

List of minerals (synonyms)

It is currently not possible to have a "complete list of minerals". The International Mineralogical Association (IMA) is the international group that recognises new minerals and new mineral names, however minerals discovered before 1959 did not go through the official naming procedure, although some minerals published previously have been either confirmed or discredited since that date. This list contains a mixture of mineral names that have been approved since 1959 and those mineral names believed to still refer to valid mineral species (these are called "grandfathered" species).

The list is divided into groups:

  • Intro(Main synonyms)
  • A • B • C • D–E • F–G • H–J • K–L • M–O • P–R • S • T • U–Z

The data was exported from on April 29, 2005.

The minerals are sorted by name with the IMA approval, followed by the year of publication (if it's before an IMA approval procedure) and the Nickel–Strunz code. The first link is to, the second link is to, and the third is to the Handbook of Mineralogy (Mineralogical Society of America).

  • Abbreviations:
    • "*" – discredited (IMA/CNMNC status).
    • "?" – questionable/doubtful (IMA/CNMNC status).
    • N – published without approval of the IMA/CNMNC.
    • G – a name used to designate a group of species.
    • I – intermediate member of a solid-solution series.
    • H – hypothetical mineral (synthetic, anthropogenic, etc.)
    • ch – chemical analysis incomplete. Published without approval and discredited or not approved, yet.
    • no – no link available.
    • red. – redefinition of ...
    • Y: 1NNN – year of publication.
    • Y: old – known before publications were available.


List of main synonyms

Mainly renamed minerals and synonyms used by the Handbook of Mineralogy.[1]


Andorite IV: Quatrandorite;



Chrysotile: Bostonite, Cyphoîte, Karystiolite, Krysolith, Kuphoite, Kupholite, Lefkasbestos, Picrosmine, Pikrosmin, Schweizerite, Ishkildite (var.); Clinozoisite-(Sr): Niigataite;


  • D
  • E
    • Epidote-(Pb): Hancockite;


  • F
    • Fraipontite: Zinalsite
  • G
    • Gagarinite-(Ce): Zajacite-(Ce)


  • H
    • Helvite: Helvine; Hinsdalite: Orpheite; Hydrokenoelsmoreite: Alumotungstite, Ferritungstite;
  • I
  • J
    • Johnbaumite-M: Fermorite;


  • K
  • L
    • Litidionite: lithidionite


  • M
  • N
  • O
    • Osmium: Iridosmine (var.);


  • P
  • Q
    • Qingheiite: Qinghelite; Qitianlingite: Qitianglinite; Quartz: Azetulite, Azeztulite, Dragonite, Konilite, Lodolite, Quartz-alpha, Quertz; Quarz varieties: Agate, Amberine, Amethyst, Ametrine, Apricotine, Aventurine, Azurchalcedony, Basanite, Bayate, Beekite, Binghamite, Bloodstone, Buhrstone, Carnelian, Chalcedony, Chert, Chrysojasper, Citrine, Cotterite, Creolite, Cubosilicite, Dallasite, Damsonite, Darlingite, Diackethyst, Eisenkiesel, El Doradoite, Flint, Haytorite, Herbeckite, Irnimite, Jasper, Kinradite, Myrickite, Onyx, Pastelite, Prase, Prasiolite, Quartzine, Quetzalitztli, Ribbonstone, Sard, Sardonyx, Schwimmstein, Seftonite
  • R
    • Rutile: Cajuelite, Crispite, Dicksbergite, Edisonite, Gallitzinite, Paraedrite, Rutilite, Titankalk, Titanschorl; Rutile varieties: Ilmenorutile, Lusterite, Nigrine, Struverite;




  • U
    • Uzonite: Usonite;
  • V
  • W
  • X
    • Xanthoconite: Rittingerite, Xanthocone; Xonotlite: Calcium-Pectolite, Eakleite, Xenotlite, Xonaltite, Xonolite
  • Y
  • Z

Mineral varieties in the Handbook of Mineralogy

  1. Iridosmine*, Osmium variety, 01.AF.05 [1] [2] [3]
  2. Plagioclase solid solution series:
    1. An0: Albite; An20: Oligoclase; An40: Andesine; An60: Labradorite; An80: Bytownite; An100: Anorthite
    2. Oligoclase, Albite variety, 09.FA.35 [4] [5] [6]
    3. Andesine, Albite variety, 09.FA.35 [7] [8] [9]
    4. Labradorite, Anorthite variety, 09.FA.35 [10] [11] [12]
    5. Bytownite, Anorthite variety, 09.FA.35 [13] [14] [15]
  3. Incaite*, Franckeite variety, 02.HF.25b [16] [17] [18]
  4. Potosiite*, Franckeite variety, 02.HF.25b [19] [20] [21]
  5. Ilmenorutile, Rutile variety, 04.DB.05 [22] [23] [24]
  6. Struverite*, Rutile variety, 04.DB.05 [25] [26] [27]

Discredited minerals


Based on Nickel (1993).[2]

Arrojadite group 08.BF.05

Pyrochlore supergroup

  • Pyrochlore group (D atom is Nb): oxycalciopyrochlore (red. stibiobetafite), hydropyrochlore (red. kalipyrochlore), hydroxycalciopyrochlorech, fluornatropyrochlorech, fluorcalciopyrochlorech, fluorstrontiopyrochlorech, fluorkenopyrochlorech, oxynatropyrochlorech, oxyplumbopyrochlorech, oxyyttropyrochlore-(Y)ch, kenoplumbopyrochlorech
  • Microlite group (D atom is Ta): hydroxykenomicrolite (red. cesstibtantite), oxystannomicrolite (red. stannomicrolite), oxystibiomicrolite (red. stibiomicrolite), fluornatromicrolite (1998-018), fluorcalciomicrolitech, oxycalciomicrolitech, kenoplumbomicrolitech, hydromicrolitech, hydrokenomicrolitech
  • Romeite group (D atom is Sb): hydroxycalcioromeite (red. lewisite (mineral)), fluornatroromeitech, fluorcalcioromeitech, oxycalcioromeitech, oxyplumboromeitech. lists partzite (cuproroméite) as well.
  • Betafite group (D atom is Ti): oxycalciobetafitech, oxyuranobetafitech
  • Elsmoreite group (D atom is W): hydrokenoelsmoreite (red. elsmoreite; alumotungstite/ferritungstite)
  • The following mineral names are now discarded: alumotungstite, bariomicrolite, bariopyrochlore, bindheimite, bismutomicrolite, bismutopyrochlore, bismutostibiconite, calciobetafite, ceriopyrochlore-(Ce), cesstibtantite, ferritungstite, jixianite, kalipyrochlore, monimolite, natrobistantite, partzite, plumbobetafite, plumbomicrolite, plumbopyrochlore, stannomicrolite, stetefeldtite, stibiconite, stibiobetafite, stibiomicrolite, strontiopyrochlore, uranmicrolite, uranpyrochlore, yttrobetafite-(Y), and yttropyrochlore-(Y).[6]

See also

Further reading

  • Hawthorne, Frank C., Oberti, Roberta (October 2007). "Classification of the Amphiboles". Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry 67 (1): 55–88. doi:10.2138/rmg.2007.67.2. 
  • Subcommittee on zeolite minerals of the IMA/CNMNC
    • Coombs D S, Alberti A, Armbruster T, Artioli G, Colella C, Galli E, Grice J D, Liebau F, Mandarino J A, Minato H, Nickel E H, Passaglia E, Peacor D R, Quartieri S, Rinaldi R, Ross M, Sheppard R A, Tillmanns E, Vezzalini G (1997). "Recommended nomenclature for zeolite minerals: report of the subcommittee on zeolites of the international mineralogical association, commission on new minerals and mineral names". The Canadian Mineralogist 35: 1571–1606. 
  • Subcommittee on amphiboles of the IMA/CNMNC
    • Leake B E, Woolley A R, Arps C E S, Birch W D, Gilbert M C, Grice J D, Hawthorne F C, Kato A, Kisch H J, Krivovichev V G, Linthout K, Laird J, Mandarino J A, Maresch W V, Nickel E H, Rock N M S, Schumacher J C, Smith D C, Stephenson N C N, Ungaretti L, Whittaker E J W, Youzhi G (1997). "Nomenclature of amphiboles: Report of the subcommittee on amphiboles of the International Mineralogical Association, commission on new minerals and mineral names". The Canadian Mineralogist 35: 219–246. 
    • Leake B E, Woolley A R, Birch W D, Burke E A J, Ferraris G, Grice J D, Hawthorne F C, Kisch H J, Krivovichev V G, Schumacher J C, Stephenson N C N, Whittaker E J W (2003). "Nomenclature of amphiboles: additions and revisions to the International Mineralogical Association’s 1997 recommendations". The Canadian Mineralogist 41: 1355–1362. 
    • Burke, Ernst A.J., Leake, Bernard E. (December 2004). "Named amphiboles: A new category of amphiboles recognized by the International Mineralogical Association (IMA), and the proper order of prefixes to be used in amphibole names". The Canadian Mineralogist 42 (6): 1881–1884. doi:10.2113/gscanmin.42.6.1881. 
    • Leake B E, Woolley A R, Birch W D, Burke E A J, Ferraris G, Grice J D, Hawthorne F C, Kisch H J, Krivovichev V G, Schumacher J C, Stephenson N C N, Whittaker E J W (2004). "Nomenclature of amphiboles: additions and revisions to the International Mineralogical Association's amphibole nomenclature". American Mineralogist 88: 883–887. 

External links


  1. ^ IMA Database of Mineral Properties
  2. ^ Nickel, E H (1993). "Standardization of polytype suffixes". Mineralogical Magazine 57: 756-756. 
  3. ^ Rieder, Milan, Cavazzini, Giancarlo, D'yakonov, Yurii S., Frank-Kamenetskii, Viktor A. (1998). "Nomenclature of the micas (IMA Mica Group Subcommittee Report)". Canadian Mineralogist 36: 905–912. 
  4. ^ Cámara, F., Oberti, R., Chopin, C., Medenbach, O. (2006). "The arrojadite enigma: I. A new formula and a new model for the arrojadite structure". American Mineralogist 91: 1249–1259. 
  5. ^ Chopin, C., Oberti, R., Cámara, F. (2006). "The arrojadite enigma: II. Compositional space, new members and nomenclature of the group". American Mineralogist 91: 1260–1270. 
  6. ^ Atencio, D., Andrade, M.B., Christy, A.G., Gieré, R., Kartashov, P.M. (2010). "Nomenclature of the pyrochlore supergroup of minerals". Canadian Mineralogist 48: 673–698. 

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