Province flowers of Sweden

Province flowers of Sweden

Province flowers are species of plants selected to represent each province of Sweden. The origin of province flowers came from the American idea of state flowers, and was brought to Sweden by August Wickström and Paul Petter Waldenström in 1908. Waldenström published the proposal to introduce province flowers in the May 288, 1908 edition of the newspaper Stockholms Dagblad, and requested suggestions of species from the country's botanics. A list was put together on June 7, 1908, by professor Veit B. Wittrock from the Botanical Garden in Stockholm.[1] Scania and Hälsingland violently opposed the plants that were selected to represent them; Scania was given European Beech but wanted oxeye daisy, while Hälsingland was given Scots Pine but wanted flax. Erik E:son Hammar, a pastor and politician in Sweden, granted the two provinces' wish to change their province flowers in 1909.[2] There is still debate amongst several other provinces over which species should represent them and they have therefore been given two province flowers.[1]

List

Province Image Local name Scientific name
Blekinge
Quercus robur
Ek Quercus robur
Verbascum thapsus
Kungsljus Verbascum thapsus
Bohuslän
Lonicera periclymenum
Vildkaprifol Lonicera periclymenum
Dalarna
Campanula rotundifolia
Blåklocka Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula patula
Ängsklocka Campanula patula
Dalsland
Myosotis scorpioides
Förgätmigej Myosotis scorpioides
Gotland
Hedera helix
Murgröna Hedera helix
Gästrikland
Convallaria majalis
Liljekonvalj Convallaria majalis
Halland
Genista pilosa
Hårginst Genista pilosa
Hälsingland
Linum usitatissimum
Lin Linum usitatissimum
Härjedalen
Pulsatilla vernalis
Mosippa Pulsatilla vernalis
Viola biflora
Fjällviol Viola biflora
Jämtland
Gymnadenia nigra
Brunkulla Gymnadenia nigra
Lappland
Dryas octopetala
Fjällsippa Dryas octopetala
Medelpad
Picea abies
Gran Picea abies
Trollius europaeus
Smörboll Trollius europaeus
Norrbotten
Rubus arcticus
Åkerbär Rubus arcticus
Närke
Primula veris
Gullviva Primula veris
Skåne
Leucanthemum vulgare
Prästkrage Leucanthemum vulgare
Småland
Linnaea borealis
Linnea Linnaea borealis
Södermanland
Nymphaea alba
Vit näckros Nymphaea alba
Uppland
Fritillaria meleagris
Kungsängslilja Fritillaria meleagris
Värmland
Trientalis europaea
Skogsstjärna Trientalis europaea
Västerbotten
Pedicularis sceptrum-carolinum
Kung Karls spira Pedicularis sceptrum-carolinum
Västergötland
Calluna vulgaris
Ljung Calluna vulgaris
Västmanland
Viscum album
Mistel Viscum album
Ångermanland
Viola tricolor
Styvmorsviol Viola tricolor
Öland
Helianthemum oelandicum
Ölandssolvända Helianthemum oelandicum
Östergötland
Centaurea cyanus
Blåklint Centaurea cyanus

References

  1. ^ a b Nilsson, Ulf (May 10, 2009). "Den 100-åriga liljekonvaljen" (in Swedish). Arbetarbladet. http://arbetarbladet.se/merlasning/ulfivarshistoria/1.1028255. Retrieved 2009-06-20. 
  2. ^ Hamrin, Örjan (2003). "Vilken är Dalarnas landskapsblomma?". In Raihle, Jan; Ståhl, Elisabeth (in Swedish). Dalarnas hembygdsbok. 73. Falun: Dalarnas fornminnes- och hembygdsförbund. ISBN 91-87466-66-X. 

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