Falun

Falun

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Falun



image_caption = Stora torget, the Great Square in central Falun
image_shield = Falun vapen.svg
pushpin_

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Sweden
subdivision_type1 = Municipality
subdivision_name1 = Falun Municipality
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Dalarna County
subdivision_type3 = Province
subdivision_name3 = Dalarna
established_title3 = Charter
established_date3 = 1641
area_footnotes = cite web |title=Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2000 och 2005 |publisher=Statistics Sweden |url=http://www.scb.se/statistik/MI/MI0810/2005A01B/T%E4torternami0810tab1.xls |format=xls |language=Swedish |accessdate=2008-05-15]
area_total_km2 = 26.40
population_as_of = 2005-12-31
population_footnotes =
population_total = 36,447
population_density_km2 = 1380
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd=60 |latm=36 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=15 |longm=38 |longs= |longEW=E
website =
Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun


State Party = SWE
Type = Cultural
Criteria = ii, iii, v
ID = 1027
Region = Europe and North America
Year = 2001
Session = 25th
Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1027

Falun (pronounced|ˈfɑːlʉn) is a city in Dalarna, central Sweden, the seat of Falun Municipality and the capital of Dalarna County. The city is the home of 36,500 of the municipality's 55,000 inhabitants

Falun forms, together with Borlänge, a metropolitan area with close to 100,000 inhabitants.

Falun is still today an important service and industrial city even though the mine is closed (since 1992).

History

The town of Falun is known to have existed in the 14th century as a market place for the surrounding lands. Mining for copper had been a local business since the mid-1200s and the organisation for the extracting of copper and gold from the Great Copper Mountain (Stora Kopparberg) is believed to be the oldest still existing enterprise in the world, proved active since 1347, when its charter was granted by King Magnus IV of Sweden. The first share in the company is dated as early as 1288.

However, one has to remember that an enterprise at that time was nothing more than a cooperation among the owners, each contributing with a share of money for constructions, tools, etc. necessary to run the organisation. And depending on the contribution they could utilise the facilities and share the profit equal to the relative share they contributed with.

The city of Falun received its privileges in 1641. By then Falun was already one of the largest cities in Sweden.

Falun is located in the Bergslagen district, and the mining area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Stora Kopparberg ("Great Copper Mountain"), which also was the name of the mining company of Falun, is today a part of Stora Enso.

Today

For education, the city holds part of the University College of Dalarna ("Högskolan Dalarna").

In sports, Falun hosts the annual Swedish Ski Games at its skiing arena Lugnet, Falun. The city's most successful sport team is the bandy team Falu BS which has played in the Swedish top division for many years. Also, IBF Falun, the floorball team, have been very successful on both the male and female side.

Lugnet, Falun Stadion has also hosted the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships three times: 1954, 1974, and most recently in 1993.

The city lost out to Calgary, Canada in 1981 for the 1988 Winter Olympics. Again, Falun applied for the 1992 Winter Olympics but lost out to Albertville, France in 1986. The city lost despite the best efforts of one of ABBA's singers who recorded a single in support of the bid.

Falun is the hometown of The Battle, one of the world's most famous snowboard competitions.

Iron and Copper byproducts from the mine are still used as a paint ingredient, in the production of the nationally well known and culturally important Falu Red paint, particularly used for wooden houses.

Natives from Falun

* Georg Stiernhielm, civil servant, linguist and poet
* Ferdinand Boberg, architect
* Ernst Rolf, actor and singer
* Mattias Flink, Mass murderer
* Thomas Quick, Serial murderer
* Gunnar Säve-Söderbergh, palaeontologist
* Putte Wickman, jazz clarinetist
* Tomas Jonsson, ice hockey player
* Susanna Kallur, Athlete holding the world indoor record on 60 m hurdles
* Jenny Kallur, Athlete, Susanna's sister
* Maria Hjorth, golfer
* Marcus Ljungqvist, road bicycle racer
* Mattias Ekström, racing driver
* Ulf Stenlund, tennis player
* Björn Dixgård, musician
* Sabaton, Heavy Metal band

See also

*Biathlon World Championships
*Thomas Quick
*Mattias Flink
*Falukorv
*Sabaton

References

External links

* [http://www.falun.se/ Falun] - Official site
* [http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1027 World Heritage profile]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Falun — Falun …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Falun — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Zona minera de la Gran montaña de cobre de Falun1 …   Wikipedia Español

  • falun — [ falœ̃ ] n. m. • 1720; mot dial. d o. i. ♦ Roche sédimentaire formée d amas de coquilles enrobées dans une matrice d argile et de sable. ⇒aussi lumachelle. Utilisation des faluns pour l amendement des terres pauvres en calcaire. Mine de falun… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Falun — Falun,   Hauptstadt des schwedischen Verwaltungsbezirks Kopparberg, Mittelpunkt der Bergbaulandschaft Bergslagen und der Landschaft Dalarna, 54 800 Einwohner; Kupferabbau seit etwa 1000 n. Chr., seit dem 13. Jahrhundert durch die heutige Stora… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • falun — FALÚN, falune, s.n. (geol.) Depozit necimentat format (în zona litorală a mărilor) din resturile cochiliilor de moluşte. – Din fr. falun. Trimis de LauraGellner, 05.05.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  falún s. n., pl. falúne Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Falun — Falun, so v.w. Fahlun …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Falun — Falun, Bergstadt und Hauptort des schwed. Falu oder Kopparberg Läns, in einem weiten Talgrund zwischen den Seen Warpan, Tisken und Runn am Flüßchen Faluå, Knotenpunkt der Eisenbahnen Gefle Mora und F. Gotenburg. Sie ist seit dem Brande von 1761… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Falun — Falun, Hauptstadt des schwed. Län Kopparberg und von Dalekarlien, (1903) 10.329 E., Bergakademie; Kupfergruben …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Falun — Falun, auch Gamla Kopparberget, d.h. der alte Kupferberg, schwed. Stadt 22 M. von Stockholm, mit 5700 E., Sitz eines Landes u. Berghauptmanns, einer Schule für prakt. Bergwissenschaften, weltbekannt durch s. Kupferbergwerk; hat auch Bergbau auf… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Falun — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Géologie et chimie 2 Ancienne agriculture céréalière …   Wikipédia en Français

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