official_name = Falun
image_caption = Stora torget, the Great Square in central Falun
image_shield = Falun vapen.svg
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Municipality
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_type3 = Province
established_title3 = Charter
established_date3 = 1641
area_footnotes = cite web |title=Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2000 och 2005 |publisher=
Statistics Sweden|url=http://www.scb.se/statistik/MI/MI0810/2005A01B/T%E4torternami0810tab1.xls |format=xls |language=Swedish |accessdate=2008-05-15]
area_total_km2 = 26.40
population_as_of = 2005-12-31
population_total = 36,447
population_density_km2 = 1380
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd=60 |latm=36 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=15 |longm=38 |longs= |longEW=E
website = Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun
State Party = SWE
Type = Cultural
Criteria = ii, iii, v
ID = 1027
Region = Europe and North America
Year = 2001
Session = 25th
Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1027
Falun (pronounced|ˈfɑːlʉn) is a city in
Dalarna, central Sweden, the seat of Falun Municipalityand the capital of Dalarna County. The city is the home of 36,500 of the municipality's 55,000 inhabitants
Falun forms, together with
Borlänge, a metropolitan areawith close to 100,000 inhabitants.
Falun is still today an important service and
industrial cityeven though the mine is closed (since 1992).
The town of Falun is known to have existed in the 14th century as a market place for the surrounding lands. Mining for copper had been a local business since the mid-1200s and the organisation for the extracting of copper and gold from the Great Copper Mountain (
Stora Kopparberg) is believed to be the oldest still existing enterprise in the world, proved active since 1347, when its charter was granted by King Magnus IV of Sweden. The first share in the company is dated as early as 1288.
However, one has to remember that an enterprise at that time was nothing more than a cooperation among the owners, each contributing with a share of money for constructions, tools, etc. necessary to run the organisation. And depending on the contribution they could utilise the facilities and share the profit equal to the relative share they contributed with.
The city of Falun received its privileges in 1641. By then Falun was already one of the largest cities in Sweden.
Falun is located in the
Bergslagendistrict, and the mining area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Stora Kopparberg("Great Copper Mountain"), which also was the name of the mining company of Falun, is today a part of Stora Enso.
For education, the city holds part of the
University College of Dalarna("Högskolan Dalarna").
In sports, Falun hosts the annual
Swedish Ski Gamesat its skiing arena Lugnet, Falun. The city's most successful sport team is the bandyteam Falu BS which has played in the Swedish top division for many years. Also, IBF Falun, the floorballteam, have been very successful on both the male and female side. Lugnet, FalunStadion has also hosted the FIS Nordic World Ski Championshipsthree times: 1954, 1974, and most recently in 1993.
The city lost out to
Calgary, Canadain 1981for the 1988 Winter Olympics. Again, Falun applied for the 1992 Winter Olympicsbut lost out to Albertville, France in 1986. The city lost despite the best efforts of one of ABBA's singers who recorded a single in support of the bid.
Falun is the hometown of The Battle, one of the world's most famous snowboard competitions.
Ironand Copperbyproducts from the mine are still used as a paint ingredient, in the production of the nationally well known and culturally important Falu Redpaint, particularly used for wooden houses.
Natives from Falun
Georg Stiernhielm, civil servant, linguist and poet
Ferdinand Boberg, architect
Ernst Rolf, actor and singer
Mattias Flink, Mass murderer
Thomas Quick, Serial murderer
Gunnar Säve-Söderbergh, palaeontologist
Putte Wickman, jazz clarinetist
Tomas Jonsson, ice hockey player
Susanna Kallur, Athlete holding the world indoor record on 60 m hurdles
Jenny Kallur, Athlete, Susanna's sister
Maria Hjorth, golfer
Marcus Ljungqvist, road bicycle racer
Mattias Ekström, racing driver
Ulf Stenlund, tennis player
Björn Dixgård, musician
* Sabaton, Heavy Metal band
Biathlon World Championships
* [http://www.falun.se/ Falun] - Official site
* [http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1027 World Heritage profile]
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