- Gainesville, Texas
official_name = Gainesville, Texas
imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Gainesville in 1883
mapsize1 = 250px
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 44.1
area_land_km2 = 44.0
area_water_km2 = 0.1
area_total_sq_mi = 17.0
area_land_sq_mi = 17.0
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 15538
population_density_km2 = 352.9
population_density_sq_mi = 914.1
timezone = Central (CST)
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
elevation_m = 229
elevation_ft = 751
latd = 33 |latm = 37 |lats = 49 |latNS = N
longd = 97 |longm = 8 |longs = 25 |longEW = W
1920 Olympic Champion
Charlie Paddockwas born in Gainesville, as were exotic animal trapper Frank Buck and Country music singer and poet Red Steagall. Air Force Chief of Staff Lew Allengraduated from high school in Gainesville. Atlanta Falcons football player Kevin Mathisgraduated from Gainesville High School in 1992.
Gainesville is located at coor dms|33|37|49|N|97|8|25|W|city (33.630360, -97.140323).GR|1
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.0 square miles (44.1 km²), of which, 17.0 square miles (44.0 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.18%) is water.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 15,538 people, 5,969 households, and 4,005 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 914.1 people per square mile (352.9/km²). There were 6,423 housing units at an average density of 377.9/sq mi (145.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.77% White, 6.00% African American, 1.33% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 9.09% from other races, and 2.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.47% of the population.
There were 5,969 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 88.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,571, and the median income for a family was $37,137. Males had a median income of $30,480 versus $21,459 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $15,154. About 17.0% of families and 20.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.5% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.
The City of Gainesville is served by the
Gainesville Independent School District. Gainesville High School boasts a 15.3 student to teacher ratioFact|date=February 2007. Enrollment figures for the 2005–2006 school year stand at 800 students attending the high school. On the state administered reading proficiency tests, GISD grades 10 and 11 scored substantially lower than the state averageFact|date=February 2007.
The main campus for
North Central Texas Collegeis located on the west side of Gainesville.
Things of note
Gainesville is home to a
courthousewith an octagonal rotunda topped by stained glass, erected in 1910. "The 1912 Cooke County Courthouse was designed by the Dallas firm of Lang & Witchell. The courthouse was designed in the Beaux Arts style with some Prairie Style features and influences from famed Chicago architect Louis Sullivan. The courthouse in the center of Gainesville features black and white marbled interiors and a tall central atrium capped by a stained glass skylight under the tower." [cite web
title = Historic Courthouses in Texas
Texas Historical Commission
url = http://www.thc.state.tx.us/courthouses/chlistpages/cooke.html
accessdate = 2007-07-23 ]
The courthouse grounds feature one of the most impressive Confederate soldier memorials in
Texas, erected in the early 20th century by the United Daughters of the Confederacy(UDC), topped by a Confederate soldier facing northward, and bearing the following poetic inscription honoring Confederate casualties of war:
"God holds the scales of justice;""He will measure praise and blame;""And the South will stand the verdict,""And will stand it without shame.""Oh, home of tears, but let her bear""This blazoned to the end of time;""No nation rose so white and fair,""None fell so free of crime."
Other memorials on the courthouse grounds honor veterans of other U.S. wars.
The presence of these monuments praising the Confederacy is ironic, given that Gainesville was the site of a notorious massacre of Texans by Confederate forces. The Confederacy had promised that Texans would not be drafted to fight the United States outside Texas. When it broke this promise Confederate officials feared that Cooke County, known to be loyal to the United States, would be the site of protests and would possibly secede back to America as several counties in Tennessee already hadFact|date=February 2007.
Confederate soldiers rounded up over 200 Texans, and on October 1, 1862 hanged 42 after a mock trial. This event sparked a reign of terror in which dozens of Texans suspected of being loyal to America were lynched by Confederate soldiers. [cite web
last = McCaslin
first = Richard
title = Great Hanging at Gainesville
accessdate = 2007-08-09 ] [ cite book
last = McCaslin
first = Richard
title = Tainted Breeze: The Great Hanging at Gainesville, Texas 1862
publisher = Louisiana State University Press
isbn = 0807118257 ]
Gainesville was once home to Camp Howze, one of the largest infantry replacement training centers during
World War II.
Gainesville is also home to a large
outlet mall(The Gainesville Factory Shops) attracting visitors from north Texas as well as southern Oklahoma. This mall continues to remain open although many shops are closed. Gainesville also boasts state championships in High School Football (3A-I 2003) and High School Basketball (3A 2002).
On one of
Germany's biggest commercial television station there is a weekly docu-soapabout the Reimann family, which emigrated to Gainesville, Texas, in 2004. They opened a bed and breakfast business at Moss Lakein 2007.
On June 18, 2007, thunderstorms moved through Gainesville, resulting in intense flooding. Over 7 inches fell in Gainesville and nearby Sherman. On June 20 around 5:00 A.M., straight lines winds hit and Wichita Falls had winds up to 94 mph.
1920 Olympicsgold medal sprinter Charles Paddockwas immortalized in the film Chariots of Fire.
Aurelian Smith, known as Jake "the snake" Roberts.
Gainesville, Texas (Amtrak station)
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