George Landis Arboretum

George Landis Arboretum

The George Landis Arboretum consists of 80 ha (200 acres), 16 ha (40 acres) of which are devoted to the collections and gardens overlooking the Schoharie Valley near Esperance, New York, USA. It contains approximately 2,000 labeled specimens, with plantings of trees, shrubs, and herbaceous perennials from around the world. The other areas consist of natural areas, woodlands and open fields, with 13 km (8 miles) of trails. The Arboretum is open free to the public, from dawn to dusk every day of the year.

History

Today's Arboretum dates back to 1928, when Fred Lape started planting trees in collaboration with plant collector George Landis. They collected plants from the wild, and by seed exchange with other nurseries, arboreta, and botanical gardens. Lape's propagation gave rise to a number of widely known cultivars including "Rhododendron" x 'Esperance', "Syringa vulgaris" 'Schoharie' (lilac), "Chaenomeles speciosa" 'George Landis' (quince), and some unnamed cultivars of "Malus pumila" var. "niedzwetzkyana" (crabapples). The 5000 sheet Baim Herbarium joined the Arboretum in 1990, with collections from the Adirondacks, northeastern and southeastern American states, and the South Pacific. It includes an almost complete flora of Schenectady County.

Collection

Landis collections include: beeches, "Buckleya distichophylla", clematis, crab apples, firs, lilacs, oaks (14 species), pines, rhododendrons and azaleas, spruce, and dwarf conifers. The fir ("Abies") collection is one of the most complete groupings of mature firs in the east, with sixteen species.

A detailed list of the species in its collections includes:
* "Abies alba, A. amabilis, A. balsamea, A. cephalonica, A. concolor, A. fraseri, A. grandis, A. holophylla, A. homolepis, A. lasiocarpa, A. nephrolepis, A. nordmanniana, A. pinsapo, A. procera, A. recurvata, A. sachalinensis"
* "Acer campestre, A. cappadocicum, A. carpinifolium, A. diabolicum, A. ginnala, A. griseum, A. negundo, A. nikoense, A. palmatum, A. pensylvanicum, A. platanoides, A. rubrum, A. saccharinum, A. saccharum, A. spicatum, A. tataricum, A. truncatum"
* "Actinidia arguta"
* "Aesculus glabra, A. hippocastanum, A. parviflora, A. pavia"
* "Akebia quinata"
* "Alnus hirsuta"
* "Amelanchier canadensis, A. laevis"
* "Amorpha fruticosa"
* "Ampelopsis brevipedunculata"
* "Aralia spinosa"
* "Arctostaphylos uva-ursi"
* "Aronia arbutifolia, A. melanocarpa"
* "Asimina triloba"
* "Berberis amurensis, B. koreana, B. sieboldii, B. thunbergii"
* "Betula alleghaniensis, B. papyrifera, B. pendula, B. populifolia"
* "Buckleya distichophylla"
*"Buxus microphylla, B. sempervirens"
*"Callitropsis nootkatensis"
*"Campsis radicans"
*"Caragana" sp
*"Carpinus betulus, C. caroliniana"
*"Carya ovata"
*"Caryopteris x clandonesis"
*"Castanea crenata, C. dentata"
*"Catalpa ovata, C. speciosa"
*"Celastrus orbiculata"
*"Celtis occidentalis"
*"Cephalanthus occidentalis"
*"Cercidiphyllum japonicum"
*"Cercis canadensis, C. chinensis"
*"Chaenomeles speciosa"
*"Chamaecyparis obtusa, C. pisifera, C. thyoides"
*"Chamaedaphne calyculata"
*"Chionanthus virginicus"
*"Cladrastis kentuckea"
*"Clematis" sp.
*"Clethra alnifolia"
*"Cornus alternifolia, C. amomum, C. florida, C. kousa, C. mas, C. racemosa, C. rugosa, C. sericea"
*"Corylus americana, C. colurna"
*"Cotinus coggygria"
*"Cotoneaster adpressus, C. apiculatus, C. horizontalis, C. wardii"
*"Crataegus chrysocarpa, C. crus-galli, C. laevigata, C. mollis, C. phaenopyrum, C. viridis"
*"Daphne cneorum, D. mezereum"
*"Deutzia gracilis, D. scabra"
*"Diospyros virginiana"
*"Enkianthus campanulatus"
*"Euonymus alatus, E. atropurpurea, E. europaea, E. kiautschovicus, E. oxyphylla, E. yedoensis"
*"Exochorda racemosa"
*"Fagus grandifolia, F. sylvatica"
*"Forsythia x intermedia, F. ovata"
*"Fothergilla major"
*"Fraxinus america, F. excelsior, F. nigra, F. ornus, F. oxycarpa, F. pennsylvanica, F. quadrangulata, F. sieboldiana"
*"Genista tinctoria"
*"Ginkgo biloba"
*"Gleditsia triacanthos"
*"Gymnocladus dioicus"
*"Halesia carolina"
*"Hamamelis mollis, H. virginiana"
*"Hibiscus syriacus"
*"Hippophae rhamnoides"
*"Hydrangea anomala, H. arborescens, H. paniculata, H. petiolaris, H. quercifolia"
*"Ilex crenata, I. glabra, I. macropoda, I. opaca, I. verticillata, I. yunnanensis"
*"Juglans cinerea, J. nigra, J. sieboldiana"
*"Juniperus chinensis, J. communis, J. procumbens, J. rigida, J. squamata, J. virginiana"
*"Kalmia latifolia"
*"Kerria japonica"
*"Koelreuteria paniculata"
*"Larix decidua, L. gmelini, L. kaempferi, L. laricina, L. sibirica"
*"Lespedeza cyrtobotrya, L. thunbergii"
*"Leucothoe fontanesiana"
*"Ligustrum amurense"
*"Lindera benzoin"
*"Liquidambar styraciflua"
*"Liriodendron tulipifera"
*"Lonicera dioica, L. korolkowii, L. quinquelocularis, L. ramosissima, L. serotina, L. syringantha"
*"Lyonia ligustrina"
*"Maackia amurensis"
*"Maclura pomifera"
*"Magnolia kobus, M. stellata, M. virginiana"
*"Mahonia aquifolium"
*"Malus baccata, M. floribunda, M. hupehensis, M. ioensis, M. pumila, M. sargentii, M. spectabilis, M. toringoides"
*"Menispermum canadense"
*"Metasequoia glyptostroboides"
*"Morus alba"
*"Myrica gale"
*"Neillia sinensis"
*"Nemopanthus mucronatus"
*"Nyssa sylvatica"
*"Orixa japonica"
*"Oxydendrum arboreum"
*"Parrotia persica"
*"Paxistima canbyi"
*"Penstemon davidsonii menziesii"
*"Periploca graeca"
*"Phellodendron amurense"
*"Philadelphus" sp
*"Photinia villosa"
*"Physocarpus opulifolius"
*"Picea abies, P. alcoquiana, P. engelmannii, P. glauca, P jezoensis, P. mariana, P. obovata, P. omorika, P. orientalis, P. pungens, P. rubens, P. schrenkiana, P. sitchensis, P. torano, P. wilsonii"
*"Pieris japonica"
*"Pinus armandii, P. attenuata, P. banksiana, P. cembra, P. contorta, P. densiflora, P. echinata, P. flexilis, P. heldreichii, P. jeffreyi, P. koraiensis, P. mugo, P. nigra, P. parviflora, P. ponderosa, P. resinosa, P. rigida, P. strobus, P. sylvestris, P. tabuliformis, P. virginiana"
*"Platanus occidentalis"
*"Platycladus orientalis"
*"Populus alba, P. deltoides, P. grandidentata, P. nigra, P. tremuloides"
*"Potentilla fruticosa, P. villosa"
*"Prunus americana, P. fruticosa, P. glandulosa, P. incisa, P. mahaleb, P. sargentii, P. serotina, P. spinosa, P. subhirtella, P. virginiana"
*"Pseudolarix amabilis"
*"Pseudotsuga menziesii"
*"Ptelea trifoliata"
*"Pyracantha coccinea"
*"Pyrus calleryana, P. communis, P. salicifolia"
*"Quercus acutissima, Q. alba, Q. bicolor, Q. coccinea, Q. imbricaria, Q. macrocarpa, Q. marilandica, Q. mongolica, Q. palustris, Q. petraea, Q. prinoides, Q. prinus, Q. robur, Q. rubra, Q. shumardii, Q. stellata, Q. velutina"
*"Rhamnus cathartica, R. frangula, R. japonica"
*"Rhododendron arborescens, R. bakeri, R. brachycarpum, R. brachycarpum, R. calendulaceum, R. canadense, R. carolinianum, R. catawbiense, R. dauricum, R. fauriei, R. fortunei, R. japonicum, R. kaempferi, R. keiskei, R. luteum, R. metternichii, R. mucronalatum, R. mucronulatum, R. schlippenbachii, R. smirnowii, R. sutchuenense, R. vaseyi, R. viscosum, R. yakusimanum, R. yedoense"
*"Rhus typhina"
*"Ribes odoratum"
*"Rosa blanda, R. palustris, R. rubrifolia"
*"Rubus odoratus"
*"Salix alba, S. babylonica, S. caprea, S. helvetica, S. matsudana, S. melanostachys, S. purpurea"
*"Sassafras albidum"
*"Sciadopitys verticillata"
*"Securinega suffruticosa"
*"Sorbus alnifolia, S. americana, S. aria, S. aucuparia, S. discolor, S. matsumurana, S. scopulina"
*"Spiraea bullata, S. japonica, S. thunbergii"
*"Staphylea bumalda, S. colchica, S. trifolia"
*"Stuartia pseudocamellia, S. sinensis"
*"Styrax japonica"
*"Symplocos paniculata"
*"Syringa josikaea, S. komarowi, S. oblata, S. patula, S. pekinensis, S. reflexa, S. reticulata, S. sweginzowii, S. villosa, S. vulgaris, S. wolfi, S. yunnanensis"
*"Tamarix parviflora"
*"Taxodium distichum"
*"Taxus baccata, T. cuspidata"
*"Thuja koraiensis, T. occidentalis, T. plicata"
*"Tilia americana, T. cordata"
*"Tsuga canadensis, T. caroliniana"
*"Ulmus americana, U. fulva, U. parvifolia, U. pumila"
*"Vaccinium corymbosum"
*"Vancouveria hexandra"
*"Viburnum bitchiuense, V. cassinoides, V. dentatum, V. dilatatum, V. farreri, V. fragrans, V. hupehense, V. lantana, V. lentago, V. opulus, V. plicatum, V. rhytidophyllum, V. sargentii, V. trilobum"
*"Weigela" sp.
*"Zelkova serrata"

External links

* [http://www.landisarboretum.org/ Landis Arboretum website]

See also

* List of botanical gardens in the United States
* North American Plant Collections Consortium


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