Timeline of Glasgow history

Timeline of Glasgow history

This article is intended to show a timeline of the history of Glasgow, Scotland, up to the present day.


543: The 12th century Bishop Jocelyn will later claim Glasgow's monastic church was founded by Saint Kentigern, also known as Saint Mungo, in this year; he also claimed that Kentigern found at Glasgow a cemetery which Saint Ninian had hallowed [Citation
title=The Roman See in the Early Church
publisher=Longmans, Green, & Co
page=406 (footnote)

560: Jocelyn claims Mungo/Kentigern made his first bishop in this year


1114: Glasgow is a farming village, with a monastic church and water mill; the reach of Glasgow's bishops extends to Cumbria; the church is elevated to temporary cathedral status by young David of Strathclyde, later David I 1123: A cathedral is built over Saint Kentigern's grave, near the site of a Celtic monastery

1134: The churches of Saint John and the Holy Sepulchre are in the city; the church of Saint James is dedicated

1136: The cathedral is consecrated in the presence of David I

c1150: The Glasgow Fair is an eight-day event

c1174/c1178: William the Lion makes Glasgow an burgh of barony, and grants Bishop Jocelyn a charter

1179?-1199?: Bishop gives abbot and convent of Melrose a plot of land in Glasgow


1220s: Early trades in the town include fishermen, millers, bakers, cobblers, painters, and blacksmiths; wooden merchant's houses replace peasant huts

1233: Cathedral still under reconstruction 1240: Diocesan authorities deeply in debt to bankers from Florence; church over Saint Kentigern's grave being added

1246: Dominican order (Blackfriars) building their own church.

1258: Work on Kentigern's church complete

1274: Diocese includes Teviotdale in Dumfries

1286: Glasgow Bridge, made of timber, spans the River Clyde

1293: Saint Mary's church is in the town

1295: Saint Enoch's church is also in the town, and there is a second water mill beside the Gallowgate


1301: Edward I of England visits Saint Kentigern's tomb in the town. Edward forces the townspeople to make a giant wooden siege tower and supply 30 wagons to transport it to Bothwell Castle to besiege it, along with tools, iron and coal; the town has trade in salmon and herring

1320: There is a St Thomas's Church in the town, with a Florentine Dean

c1330-1350: The west end of the cathedral is completed

1350: The Black Death hits the town


c1400: Population estimate: 1,500-2,000

1410: The wooden bridge across the River Clyde is replaced by an arched stone bridge.

1431: William Elphinstone is born. He later obtained a papal bull for the University of Aberdeen in 1494, and introduced printing to Scotland in 1507

1438: Bishop's Palace is built

1450: Glasgow is a "burgh of regality"

1451: the University of Glasgow is established by bull of Pope Nicholas V, and founded by Bishop Turnbull, beside Blackfriars monastery

1453: John Stewart, Glasgow's first Provost, gives a grant of privileges to the university

1460: There is a Grammar School in the city; "fulling" is carried on; an extension to the college is begun (finished 1660)

1464: St Nicholas Hospital is in the city

1471: Provands Lordship, Glasgow's oldest dwelling-house, is built

1475: The Greyfriars (Franciscans)are granted a tenement and lands on the High Street; St Ninian's Hospital is established

1478: Other stone houses are built in Glasgow

1492: Pope Innocent VIII makes the See of Glasgow an Archbishopric - Robert Blackadder is the city's first archbishop


c1500: Population estimate is 2,500 - 3,000

1504: Plague hits Glasgow; the city is eleventh among Scottish burghs for taxation revenue

c1510: The Bishop's Palace is extended

1516-1559: The city's craft guilds are incorporated

1518: The university becomes more active

1520: The archdiocese now includes the former diocese of Argyll

1525: James Houston founds the Tron Church

1535-1556: Glasgow pays 1.5% - 3% of total Scottish burgh taxes

1544: Siege of castle; estimated population is 3,000

1556: Estimated population c4,500

1560: The burgh of Glasgow is now represented in the Parliament of Scotland

1570: Andrew Melville rejuvenates the university

1574: Plague hits the city again

c1576: The council mill is rebuilt

1579: The city's cathedral is saved from demolition by craftsmen threatening to riot

1581: Glasgow pays 66% of upper Clyde customs tax

1584: Plague

1589: Golf is played on Glasgow Green

1593: Glasgow a presbytery in new self-governing church

1594: Glasgow is now fifth in ranking of Scottish burghs, paying 4.5% of export customs


1600: Population estimates for the city vary between 5000 and 7500

1604: 361 craftsmen work in fourteen trades, including two surgeons and 213 merchants

1605: The Trades House and Merchants House combine to form the first town council

1610: The General Assembly approves the restoration of diocesan episcopacy in Scotland

1611: Glasgow becomes a royal burgh, with a population of about 7600

1615: The Jesuit John Ogilvy is hanged for saying Mass

1621: Glasgow pays 3%-10% of Scottish customs duties

1625: The first quay is built at Broomielaw

1626: The Tolbooth is constructed

1636: There are 120 students at the university

1638: Covenanters at the General Assembly plan to abolish bishops

1639: Glasgow the 3rd richest burgh in Scotland, one-fifth as rich as Edinburgh; Hutcheson's Hospital is founded

1641: Hutchesons' Grammar School is founded for orphan boys; 50 buildings erected in Trongate

1645: Montrose enters city, celebrates victories

1645-1646: Plague hits city

1649: Glasgow displaces Perth as Scotland's 4th trading centre; pays 6.5% of customs duties

1652: Major fire makes about a thousand families homeless; an early fire engine from Edinburgh helps put out the blaze

1655: Glasgow trades in coal, hoops, meal, oats, butter, herring, salt, paper, prunes, timber, and hides: goat, kid, and deerskins

1656: Glasgow is described as a "flourishing city", with "strong stone walls"

1659-1665: Bridgegate merchants' house is rebuilt

1660: A coal pit is reported in the Gorbals

1661: Several pits reported

1662: A post office opens

1663: Alexander Burnet is appointed archbishop

1668: Land is purchased for a new harbour - later Port Glasgow

1669: Burnet resigns the archbishopric, objects to Act of Supremacy

1670: Glasgow displaces Aberdeen and Dundee to become Scotland's second trade city

1673: Colonel Walter Whiteford opens city's first coffee house

1675: Magistrates take action against unauthorised prayer meetings

1677: Another major fire hits the city

1678: First stagecoaches run to Edinburgh

1680: The city's population is perhaps around 12,000, with 450 traders, 100 trading overseas

1688: Broomielaw Quay is reconstructed following dredging of the River Clyde

1690 Glasgow is re-chartered as a royal burgh; the city has an early Bank of Scotland branch


1702: the University of Glasgow has around 400 students

1706: Anti-unionists riot; Glasgow is a major smuggling port

1707: Act of Union

1710: The city's population is estimated to be 13,000; over 200 shops are open; much of the city is liable to flooding

1712: Glasgow owners own 4% of Scottish fleet, 46 vessels

1715: "Glasgow Courant" newspaper appears

1718: Possible date for first Glasgow vessel to sail to America

1719: Cotton printing has begun

1720: Glasgow's estimated population is 15,000

1721-1735: James Anderson builds "Andersontown" (modern-day Anderston) village

1725: Glasgow occupied by General Wade's army; protests and street violence against liquor tax

1726: Daniel Defoe describes Glasgow as "The cleanest and best-built city in Britain"; 50 ships a year sail to America

1729: The "Glasgow Journal" newspaper is published

1730: The Glasgow Linen Society is formed

1735: The city's ship-owners own 67 ships

1736: The first history of Glasgow is published by John McUre

1737-1760: A new Town Hall is built west of the Tollbooth

1738: The Anderston Weavers' Society is formed

1740: Approximately 685,000 m of linen is made in Glasgow, some of which is sent to London

1740-1741: The Foulis brothers begin printing

1742: Delft pottery is manufactured in the city

1743: The Foulis brothers become printers to the university

1745: Tennents open a new brewery in Glasgow

1749: A stage coach service opens between Edinburgh and Glasgow

1750: There are five sugar refineries in the city

1751: The John Smith bookshop is established

1753: Foulis Academy is established at the university to promote art and design; turnpiking of main roads from Glasgow; the city's involvement in the tobacco trade is reflected in the naming of Virginia Street 1755: The estimated population of Glasgow is 23,500

1757: 2.2 million metres of linen are produced in the city

1760: Glasgow enjoys a wave of prosperity; there are 13 professors at Glasgow University

1763: David Dale opens a draper's shop in the city; regular coaches run from Glasgow to Greenock

1765: Joseph Black discovers latent heat

1769: Tennents brewers is now a large industry; James Watt patents his steam engine condenser

1771: The Scottish economy is boosted by trade through Glasgow

1775: Trade with America in tobacco, sugar, and cotton - the city's prosperity is at its height

1776: Adam Smith, a professor at Glasgow University, publishes "Wealth of Nations"

1779: Mobs protest against the Catholic Relief Act

1780: The construction of the Forth and Clyde Canal is completed 1781: Vessels of over 30 tons can now reach Broomielaw Quay

1782-1783: The Forth and Clyde Canal enables grain from London to ease famine in Glasgow

1783: Glasgow Chamber of Commerce is founded by Patrick Colquhoun - the first in Britain

1785: A hot air balloonist flies from Glasgow to Hawick in the Borders; the firm of Thomsons is formed as bankers

1796: The Royal Technical College (which will later become The University of Strathclyde) is founded

1798: The Merchant Banking Company of Glasgow fails

1799: Demonstrations over bread prices; trade in tobacco and rum declines


1800: The River Clyde is 14ft (3.1m) deep, and supports 200 wharves and jetties; there is a large Gaelic community in the city

1800: The Glasgow Police Act is passed by Parliament allowing the creation of the first modern preventative police force

1803: Dorothy Wordsworth visits Glasgow

1807: Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery opens off the high street, adjacent to the then campus of Glasgow University

1809: General Association of Operative Weavers is formed

1810-1814: Glasgow Asylum for Lunatics is built in Dobbies Loan

1813: Weavers fail in bid for fair wages

1814: Glasgow Green is Europe's first public park

1815: The Glasgow Herald is published twice-weekly

1818: Public supply of gas begins in the city

1820: Radical insurrection

1825: the University of Glasgow, still located in the High Street, has over 1200 students and about 30 professors; 10 coaches run to Edinburgh daily

1827: The Argyll Arcade opens

1828: James Beaumont Neilson makes breakthrough in iron-smelting technology; a total abstinence society is formed

1832: The city benefits from increased representation under the Great Reform Bill

1835-1874: The Liberals represents Glasgow in Parliament

1836: The Forth and Clyde Canal has increased traffic in goods and passengers

1837: Violent cotton-spinners strike; the leaders are sentenced to transportation

1841: Chartist demonstration is addressed by Fergus O'Connor

1842: Glasgow slums "the filthiest in Britain"

1843: Disruption of the Church of Scotland

1844: Glasgow Stock Exchange opens

1846: Burgh boundaries are more than doubled to convert|5063|acre|km2

1848: 100,000 people gather on Glasgow Green to support Chartists

1851: Glasgow is Scotland's largest city, with a population of 329,096; over 18% are Irish-born; Portland St suspension footbridge is built

1851-1854: Victoria Bridge is built at Stockwell

1858-1859: St Vincent St Church is built by Alexander "Greek" Thomson.

1859: Loch Katrine water supply is opened by Queen Victoria

1863: Dr Henry Littlejohn becomes the city's first medical officer

1865: Edward Pritchard is hanged for killing his wife and mother-in-law

1866: The City Improvement Trust clears slums and constructs new roads and buildings

1867: Queen's Park F.C. is founded

1868-1870: the University of Glasgow buildings at Gilmorehill are built to designs by George Gilbert Scott

1873: Rangers F.C. is founded

1876: Partick Thistle F.C. is founded

1883: The Boys' Brigade is founded

1888: Celtic F.C. is founded


1902: 20 football fans die in the first Ibrox disaster; magistrates ban barmaids

1903: Charles Rennie Mackintosh builds Miss Cranston's Tearooms 1904: The Kings' and Pavilion Theatres open

1905: Theatre Royal opens

1905-1907: The Caledonian Railway extends the Central Hotel

1907-1911: New buildings for the Mitchell Library are constructed

1909: Charles Rennie Mackintosh's Glasgow School of Art opens

1910: Emigration leads to 20,000 housing vacancies in Glasgow

1911: International Exposition at Kelvingrove; Glasgow's population is 785,000

1914: Tramcars cover wide routes around Glasgow

1919: Large strike for a 40-hour week

1921: Sinn Féiners murder policeman

1923: Glasgow railways are grouped as part of the new London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS)

1925: There are approximately convert|200|mi|km of tramlines and 1100 trams in and around the city

1926: Violence during General Strike

1929: Hogmanay cinema fire causes stampede which kills 69 children in Glen Cinema; Glasgow has nearly 100 cinemas

1931: The Glasgow population peaks at 1,088,000 thus becoming Britain's 2nd biggest city.

1932: The Dental Hospital in Sauchiehall Street is built

1934: Unemployed "Hunger marchers" shunned by Ramsay MacDonald; RMS "Queen Mary" launched

1935: Glasgow's subway becomes electric

1936: Overcrowding exists in 29% of Glasgow's houses

1937: Citywide automatic telephone dialling becomes available

1938: Glasgow hosts Empire Exhibition, Scotland 1938 at Bellahouston Park

1939: World War II: Glasgow naval base HMS "Spartiate" opens

1940: Bomb hits Merkland Street subway station, closes underground for four months

1941: Bombing raids on Clydebank, 500 killed

1944: Glasgow trams carry about 14 million passengers

1946: Glasgow naval base "HMS Spartiate" closes

1949: Trolley buses introduced, condemned by pedestrians as the "whispering death"

1950: Eye infirmary demolished

1951: Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama (RSAMD) is formed by merger

1952-1955: Union Bank of Scotland absorbed by Bank of Scotland

1958: William Burrell dies, bequeaths Burrell Collection; Lanarkshire County Council moves its headquarters from Ingram Street to Hamilton

1960: Duke Street prison closed

1962: Trams stopped running

1964: University of Strathclyde established; Beeching closes low-level (Argyle) line

1966: Buchanan Street and St Enoch railway stations close

1967: Celtic F.C. first British winners of European Cup; RMS "QE2" launched; trolley-buses withdrawn

1969: Last daily steamers from Bridge Wharf

1970: M8 motorway and Kingston Bridge open

1971: 66 football fans die in the second Ibrox disaster; Government refuse to save Upper Clyde Shipbuilders

1975: British Army tackle rubbish caused by dustmans strike; Glasgow becomes the home of Strathclyde Region's headquarters; the city sees the start of Britain's first mass-circulation daily newspaper workers' cooperative when the "Scottish Daily News" opens in Albion Street in May, as well as the country's first newspaper work-in when it folds after six months.

1979-1980: Low level Argyle Line re-opens

1982: Roy Jenkins wins Hillhead by-election for the newly-formed Social Democratic Party

1983: Burrell Collection opens

1985: Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre opens; Glasgow population is 734,000

1988: The Glasgow Garden Festival hosts this year's National Garden Festival and attracts 4.3 million visitors.

1989: High number of poll tax arrears; St Enoch Centre opens

1990: Cultural city of Europe; McLellan Galleries re-opens; Glasgow Royal Concert Hall completed; the "QE2" returns to the river Clyde to mark the 150th anniversary of the beginning of the Cunard Steam Ship Company.

1993: Opening of the new St Mungo’s Museum, the UK’s only Museum of Religion, next to the city’s 13th century cathedral.

1996: Glasgow Festival of Visual Arts; opening of the Gallery of Modern Art in the former Stirling’s Library; first Glasgow International Festival of Design

1996-1999: Festival of Architecture and Design

1997: Opening of new £38 million Clyde Auditorium at the Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre.

1999: Glasgow is UK City of Architecture and Design; Buchanan Galleries open; millennium celebrations


2002: Final of UEFA Champion's League held at Hampden Park. Real Madrid beat Bayer Leverkusen 2-1.

2002: 2002 Glasgow floods

2004: Stockline Plastics factory explosion, Nine people dead, 37 injured, 15 seriously.

2005: The city launches a bid to host the 2014 Commonwealth Games.

2006: Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum reopens after its three-year, £27.9million restoration

2007: Final of UEFA Cup held at Hampden Park on 16 May, Scotland's first terrorist attack after the Lockerbie bombing fails at Glasgow Airport, Glasgow awarded 2014 Commonwealth Games

ee also

*History of Scotland
*Timeline of Scottish history


*"The Oxford Companion to Scottish History", ed. Michael Lynch, Oxford University Press, 2001
*"The Making of Scotland", Robin Smith, Canongate Books, 2001
*"The Hutchinson Encyclopedia", 1997 ed., Helicon Publishing Ltd, 1996
*"Chronicle of Britain", Chronicle Communications Ltd, 1992
* [http://www.glasgowguide.co.uk/info-timeline.html Glasgow Guide]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Timeline of Edinburgh history — This article is intended to show a timeline of the history of Edinburgh, Scotland, up to the present day. It shows its rise from an early hill fort and later royal residence to become the bustling city and capital of Scotland that it is today.1… …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of Scottish history — This timeline outlines the main events in Scottish history.1st century 7th century* c.84: Romans defeat Caledonians at the Battle of Mons Graupius. * c.143: Romans construct the Antonine Wall. * c.163: Romans withdraw south to Trimontium and… …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of golf history (1353–1850) — See also Timeline of golf history 1851 1945, Timeline of golf history 1945 1999 and Timeline of golf 2000 present. The following is a partial timeline of the history of golf:*1354 The first recorded reference to chole , the probable antecedent of …   Wikipedia

  • Glasgow city centre — is the central business district of Glasgow, Scotland. Is bounded by the High Street to the east, the River Clyde to the south and the M8 motorway to the west and north which was built through the Townhead, Charing Cross, Cowcaddens and Anderston …   Wikipedia

  • History of Glasgow — This article deals with the history of the city of Glasgow, Scotland. See also Timeline of Glasgow history. Founding of the cityThe area around Glasgow has hosted communities for millennia, with the River Clyde providing a natural location for… …   Wikipedia

  • Glasgow — Glaswegian redirects here. For the Scots dialect spoken in Glasgow, see Glasgow patter. This article is about the original Glasgow in Scotland. For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). Coordinates: 55°51′29″N 4°15′32″W /  …   Wikipedia

  • Glasgow Museum of Transport — The main entrance of the Museum of Transport at the Kelvin Hall …   Wikipedia

  • Glasgow City Halls — For the City of Glasgow s municipal buildings, see Glasgow City Chambers. Exterior of the City Halls in Candleriggs. Glasgow s City Halls and Old Fruitmarket is a concert hall and old fruitmarket in the Merchant City, Glasgow, Scotland …   Wikipedia

  • Glasgow Green — The Doulton Fountain at People s Palace, Glasgow Green. Glasgow Green is a park situated in the east end of Glasgow on the north bank of the River Clyde. It is the oldest park in the city dating back to the 15th century. In 1450, King James II… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Scotland — The history of Scotland begins around 10,000 years ago, when humans first began to inhabit Scotland after the end of the Devensian glaciation, the last ice age. Of the Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Iron Age civilization that existed in the country,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”