Holstein-Glückstadt

Holstein-Glückstadt
Duchy of Holstein
Herzogtum Holstein
State of the Holy Roman Empire
Member of the German Confederation

1474–1866

Coat of arms

Ducatus Holsatiæ, ed. by Willem and Joan Blaeu, 1645
Capital Glückstadt (government), Itzehoe (parliament)
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
Early modern Europe
 - Christian I of Denmark
    Count of Holstein
1460
 - Duchy established 1474
 - Joined
    Lower Saxon Circle
1500
 - Split off
    Holstein-Haderslev
    and Holstein-Gottorp
1544
 - Duchy reunited 1773
 - Member of
    German Confederation
1815
 - Annexed by Prussia 1866

The Duchy of Holstein in Glückstadt was the northernmost state of the Holy Roman Empire. It consisted of the part of Holstein that was ruled by the king of Denmark; its capital was Glückstadt (founded in 1617) on the River Elbe.

History

Adolf VIII, the last Count of Holstein-Rendsburg and Duke of Schleswig had died without heirs in 1459. As Schleswig had been a fief of the Danish Crown it had to fall back to King Christian I of Denmark, who, himself a nephew of Adolf, also sought to enter into possession of Holstein. He was backed by the local nobility, who supported the continued common administration of both lands and by the 1460 Treaty of Ribe proclaimed him as the new Count of Holstein. Nevertheless the county south of the Eider River remained a subfief of Saxe-Lauenburg, itself a fief of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1474 Emperor Frederick III elevated Christian to Duke of Holstein, thus gaining imperial immediacy.

In 1544 Christian's grandson Christian III of Denmark divided the Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein into a royal Danish part and two subdivisions held by his younger half-brothers, who had to renounce the Danish throne:

In 1640 the County of Holstein-Pinneberg, whose ruling house was extinct, was merged in the Duchy of Holstein, royal part. From 1648 the royal Danish parts of Schleswig and Holstein under Frederick III of Denmark were administered out of Glückstadt, known as the Duchy of Schleswig-Holstein-Glückstadt. Before 1773 its Holstein territory consisted of the following Ämter: Rendsburg, South Dithmarschen, Steinburg, Segeberg, and Plön. In addition, significant parts of Holstein were jointly administered by Holstein-Glückstadt and the Dukes of Holstein-Gottorp, mainly on the Baltic Sea coast.

After the 1815 Congress of Vienna the Holstein duchy of the Danish crown became a member of the German Confederation, resulting in several diplomatic and military conflicts about the so-called Schleswig-Holstein Question. Denmark managed to defend its rule over Holstein in the First Schleswig War of 1848-51 against the Kingdom of Prussia, however when in the course of the 1864 Second Schleswig War Prussian and Austrian troops crossed the Eider and conquered Schleswig, Christian IX of Denmark had to renounce both Schleswig and Holstein in the 1864 Treaty of Vienna. Holstein was put under Austrian administration until in the aftermath of the Austro-Prussian War it was finally annexed by Prussia in 1866.

See also


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  • Glückstadt — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Holstein — For other uses, see Holstein (disambiguation). Coat of arms of Holstein: a stylised nettle leaf; similar to the coat of arms of Schaumburg Holstein (German pronunciation: [ˈhɔlʃtaɪn]) (Northern Low Saxon: Holsteen, Danish: Holst …   Wikipedia

  • Holstein — Para otros usos de este término, véase Holstein (desambiguación). Jutlandia y el extremo meridional de Alemania donde puede apreciarse Schleswig y Holstein en el actual Estado federado alemán de Schleswig Holstein …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gluckstadt — Glückstadt Glückstadt …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Glückstadt — Glückstadt …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Holstein [1] — Holstein, Herzogthum in Norddeutschland, begrenzt von der Eider, Ostsee, einem Theil des oldenburgischen Fürstenthums Lübeck, dem lübeckschen Gebiet, dem Herzogthum Lauenburg, dem Amte Bergedorf, dem hamburgischen Gebiet, der Elbe u. der Nordsee; …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Glückstadt — Glückstadt, Stadt in Holstein am Ausflusse des Rhin in die Elbe, Sitz mehrerer Landesbehörden, Zuchthaus für Schleswig Holstein u. Lauenburg, Schifffahrt, durch einen guten Hafen begünstigt; 6200 Ew. – König Christian IV. erbaute die Stadt 1620 u …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Glückstadt — Glückstadt, holstein. Stadt an der Elbe unterhalb Hamburg mit 6200 E., Hafen, Seehandel, Fischerei; von G. nannte sich die herzogl. Linie Holstein G., welche die königl. Würde in Dänemark erhielt …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Glückstadt — Glückstadt, Stadt im preuß. Regbez. Schleswig, Kreis Steinburg, an der Elbe und der Staatsbahnlinie Elmshorn Hvidding, hat eine evangelische und eine kath. Kirche, ein Rathaus (1642 erbaut, 1873–1874 restauriert), Hafen (für Schiffe von höchstens …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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