- Hanover, New Hampshire
official_name = Hanover, New Hampshire
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in
Grafton County, New Hampshire
settlement_type = Town
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Grafton
Board of Selectmen
leader_name = Brian F. Walsh, Chairman
William R. Baschnagel
Peter L. Christie
Katherine S. Connolly
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1761
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_km2 = 130.0
area_total_sq_mi = 50.2
area_land_km2 = 127.1
area_land_sq_mi = 49.1
area_water_km2 = 2.9
area_water_sq_mi = 1.1
area_water_percent = 2.23
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 10850
population_density_km2 = 85.3
population_density_sq_mi = 221.0
timezone = Eastern
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = Eastern
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 43 |latm = 42 |lats = 08 |latNS = N
longd = 72 |longm = 17 |longs = 22 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 161
elevation_ft = 528
website = [http://www.hanovernh.org/ www.hanovernh.org]
postal_code = 03755
area_code = 603
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 33-33860
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0873619
Hanover is a town along the
Connecticut Riverin Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 10,850 at the 2000 census. It is best known as the home of Dartmouth College. Hanover borders the towns of Lyme, Canaan, and Enfield, New Hampshire; Norwich, Vermont; and the city of Lebanon, New Hampshire. Norwich and Hanover share the first and one of the few inter-state school districts in the nation. In 2007, CNNand "Money" magazine rated Hanover as the second best place to live in America. [http://money.cnn.com/galleries/2007/moneymag/0707/gallery.BPTL_top_100.moneymag/2.html retrieved on July 17, 2007]
The primary settlement in Hanover, where over 75% of the town's population resides, is defined as the Hanover
census-designated place(CDP) and contains the areas around Dartmouth College and the intersections of New Hampshire Routes 10, 10A, and 120.
Hanover is one of the small number of towns that travellers must pass through while hiking the
Appalachian Trail. The town is also the home of the US Army Corps of Engineers Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory(CRREL).
Hanover, New Hampshire, was chartered in 1761, and its first inhabitants arrived in 1765. At one point in its history, the southwest corner of Hanover was known as Dresden, and in the 1780s, Dresden was one of a group of neighboring New Hampshire communities that briefly defected to
Vermont, when the Republic of Vermontwas independent. For a time, Dresden was the capital of the Republic [ [http://www.dartmo.com/buildings/cdbldg.html Dartmouth] ] . This status was short-lived after various political posturing. [ [http://www.flowofhistory.org/themes/american_republic/western.php The Western Rebellion] ] As a result, Vermont rejected the communities' defections, and they were returned to New Hampshire in the US. One remnant of this era is that the name "Dresden" is still used in the Dresden School District, an interstate school district serving both Hanover and Norwich, Vermont. Hanover has been home to Dartmouth Collegesince 1769.
Al Barr, lead singer of Irish-American rock band Dropkick Murphys
Barbara Bedford, Olympic gold medalist swimmer
* George Bissell, considered the father of the American
Philip Booth, poet
C. Loring Brace, anthropologist
* The Rev. Francis Brown, American
Bill Bryson, American-born British authorof humorous books on travel(resident from 1995 to 2003)
James Freeman Clarke, American preacher and author
Charlie Clouser, music producerand former keyboardist for Nine Inch Nails
Richard Eberhart, poet
Thomas C. Kinkaid, Admiralof the United States Navyduring World War II
C. Everett Koop, Surgeon Generalfrom 1982-1989
Jodi Picoult, fiction author
Jon Spencer, bluesand punk rockmusician
Armstrong Sperry, Newbery Medal-winning author, 1941-1976
Daniel Webster, statesman
Eleazar Wheelock, founder of Dartmouth College
Leonard Wilcox, United States Senatorfrom 1842-1843
Geography and climate
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of convert|50.2|sqmi|km2, of which convert|49.1|sqmi|km2|abbr=on is land and convert|1.1|sqmi|km2|abbr=on is water, comprising 2.23% of the town. The village of Hanover, or census-designated place(CDP), has a total area of convert|5.0|sqmi|km2|abbr=on, of which convert|4.6|sqmi|km2|abbr=on is land and convert|0.4|sqmi|km2|abbr=on is water.
The highest point in Hanover is the north peak of Moose Mountain, at convert|2305|ft|m above
sea level. Hanover lies fully within the Connecticut Riverwatershed.cite book |title=Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers |url=http://nh.water.usgs.gov/Publications/nh.intro.html |last=Foster |first=Debra H. |coauthors=Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; and Medalie, Laura |publisher=U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey |year=1995]
Inside the limits of Hanover are the small rural villages of Etna and Hanover Center.
The tap water of downtown Hanover is supplied by several local reservoirs. In recent years, the town has spent over $20 million to upgrade main water lines, and will undergo another $6 million project to build a new water treatment plant. Because some of the older, smaller pipes in town are still made of cast-iron, some tap water is discolored and fishy smelling, but nonetheless potable. Outside the downtown area, residents rely on private wells that are not maintained by the town.
There are a great many trails and nature preserves in Hanover, and the majority of these trails are suitable for
snow shoes and cross-country skis.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 10,850 people, 2,832 households, and 1,761 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 85.3 people per km² (221.0/sq mi). There were 2,989 housing units at an average density of 23.5/km² (60.9/sq mi). The racial makeup of the town was 87.98% White, 1.74% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 6.76% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 2.09% from two or more races. 2.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,832 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the town the population was spread out with 15.1% under the age of 18, 37.6% from 18 to 24, 16.6% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $72,470, and the median income for a family was $99,158. Males had a median income of $63,409 versus $35,771 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $30,393. About 0.6% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 8,162 people, 1,829 households, and 967 families residing in the town's central settlement, or census-designated place(CDP). The population densitywas 1,792.2 people per square mile (692.6/km²). There were 1,891 housing units at an average density of 415.2/sq mi (160.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 85.27% White, 2.25% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 8.18% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.13% from other races, and 2.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.17% of the population.
There were 1,829 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.1% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 11.1% under the age of 18, 49.0% from 18 to 24, 14.5% from 25 to 44, 12.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.6 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $62,143, and the median income for a family was $90,548. Males had a median income of $56,667 versus $35,682 for females. The
per capita incomefor the CDP was $26,426. About 1.0% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.
There are 3 public schools, 1 private school, 1 college, and 2 libraries in Hanover, including:
* Hanover High School
* [http://members.valley.net/~rms/ Frances C. Richmond Middle School]
* [http://www.valley.net/~ray/index.html Bernice A. Ray Elementary School]
* [http://www.hanovernh.org Town website]
* [http://www.nh.gov/nhes/elmi/htmlprofiles/hanover.html New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile]
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