Temporal range: Lower Cretaceous[1] or Eocene-Recent[2]
A live individual of Red-rimmed melania, Melanoides tuberculata, crawling on the glass of an aquarium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda

clade Sorbeoconcha

Superfamily: Cerithioidea
Family: Thiaridae
Gill, 1871 (1823)
about 110 extant species[3]

Melaniidae Children, 1823[4]
Hemisininae P. Fischer & Crosse, 1891
Melanoididae Ihering, 1909[5]
Pyrguliferidae Delpey, 1941 (n.a.)
Aylacostomatinae Parodiz, 1969[6]
Pachymelaniidae Bandel & Kowalke, 1999[7]

Thiaridae, common name thiarids, is a family of tropical freshwater snails with an operculum, aquatic gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Cerithioidea.

According to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi (2005) the family Thiaridae has no subfamilies.[8]



Many species of freshwater snails that are characterized by a turreted shell were originally placed within the genus Melania Lamarck, 1799. This genus as delimited by authors of the late 19th and early 20th century contained hundreds of species and was successively split into different groupings.[9] Over time, infrageneric groups (subgenera) were elevated to the rank of independent genera and the genus Melania was elevated to the rank of a family, Melanidae.[10] However, the genus name Melania Lamarck, 1799 was demonstrated to be a junior synonym of the genus name Thiara Röding, 1798. Consequently, the family had to be renamed Thiaridae. Moreover, the Melanidae as traditionally circumscribed were found to be polyphyletic containing species from many different groups, which were successively recognized as distinct families, such as the Pachychilidae, Semisulcospiridae, Pleuroceridae, Melanopsidae, and Paludomidae. Therefore, the Thiaridae as currently circumscribed contain fewer species than the Melaniidae.[11]


This family of snails is found worldwide and are particularly diverse in the tropics and subtropics.[1]


They are freshwater inhabitants of temperate and warm zones.[1]

Thiaridae are partly viviparous, partly ovoviviparous.[1] Many, but not all species are parthenogenetic.[11]


Genera in the family Thiaridae include:

  • Aylacostoma Spix, 1827[8]
  • Balanocochlis Fischer, 1885 [1]
    • Balanocochlis glans
  • Hemisinus Swainson, 1840[8][12]
  • Melanoides Olivier, 1804[8][2]
  • Melanotarebia Bandel & Kowalke, 1997[2]
  • Pachymelania E. A. Smith, 1893[8]
  • Plotia Röding, 1798[citation needed]
  • Pyrgulifera Meek, 1877[8]
  • Stenomelania Fischer, 1885 [2]
  • Sermyla Adams, 1854[2]
    • Sermyla riquetii
  • Tarebia H. Adams & A. Adams, 1854[2]
  • Thiara Röding, 1798 - type genus of the family Thiaridae,[8] synonym: Melania Lamarck, 1799


This article incorporates public domain text from the reference[1]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Family summary for Thiaridae". AnimalBase, last modified 5 September 2006, accessed 14 April 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e Bandel K. & Kowalke T. (1997). "Eocene Melanotarebia n.g. and its relation among modern Thiaridae (Caenogastropoda: Cerithioidea)". N. Jb. Geol. Paläont. Mh., Stuttgart 11: 683-695, 10 figs. abstract.
  3. ^ Strong E. E., Colgan D. J., Healy J. M., Lydeard C., Ponder W. F. & Glaubrecht M. (2011). "Phylogeny of the gastropod superfamily Cerithi­oidea using morphology and molecules". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 162(1): 43-89. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2010.00670.x.
  4. ^ Children (1823). Quarternary Journal of Science, Literature & Arts 15: 243.
  5. ^ Ihering (1909). Journal de Conchlyliologie 57(4): 296.
  6. ^ Parodiz (1969). Annals of the Carnegie Museum 40: 141.
  7. ^ Bandel & Kowalke (1999). Helgoland Marine Research 53: 133.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Bouchet P., Rocroi J.-P., Frýda J., Hausdorf B., Ponder W., Valdés Á. & Warén A. (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology (Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks) 47 (1-2): 1–397. ISBN 3925919724. ISSN 0076-2997. 
  9. ^ Brot A. (1874-79). Die Melaniaceen (Melanidae) in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Nürnberg, Bauer & Raspe.
  10. ^ Thiele J. (1929). Teil 1. Loricata; Gastropoda: Prosobranchia. Handbuch der Systematischen Weichtierkunde. Jena, Gustav Fischer Verlag. 1: 1-376.
  11. ^ a b Glaubrecht M. (1996). Evolutionsökologie und Systematik am Beispiel von Süß- und Brackwasserschnecken (Mollusca: Caenogastropoda: Cerithioidea): Ontogenese-Strategien, paläontologische Befunde und historische Zoogeographie. Leiden, Backhuys.
  12. ^ Vázquez A. A. & Perera S. (2010). "Endemic Freshwater molluscs of Cuba and their conservation status". Tropical Conservation Science 3(2): 190-199. HTM, PDF.

Further reading

  • Glaubrecht M., Brinkmann N. & Pöppe J. (2009). "Diversity and disparity down under: Systematics, biogeography and reproductive modes of the marsupial freshwater Thiaridae (Caenogastropoda, Cerithioidea) in Australia". Zoosystematics and Evolution 85(2): 199-275. doi:10.1002/zoos.200900004

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thiaridae — Thiaridae …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thiaridae — Kronenschnecken Melanoides tuberculatus Systematik Unterklasse: Orthogastropoda …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thiaridae — Thi·ar·i·dae (thi arґĭ de) a family of fresh water snails of the subclass Streptoneura, order Mesogastropoda, found in warm regions of Africa, Asia, and various Pacific islands. It includes the genera Hua and Thiara …   Medical dictionary

  • thiaridae — thi·ar·i·dae …   English syllables

  • thiaridae — ˈarəˌdē noun plural Usage: capitalized Etymology: New Latin, from Thiara, type genus + idae : a family of Old World operculate freshwater snails (suborder Taenioglossa) see hua, semisulcospira, thiara …   Useful english dictionary

  • Red-rimmed melania — Malaysian trumpet snail Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Kronenschnecken — Melanoides tuberculatus Systematik Klasse: Schnecken (Gastropoda) Unterklasse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prosobranchia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Prosobranchia Prosobranchia , de Ernst Haeckel en Artforms of Nature, 1904 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Melanoides admirabilis — Conservation status Near Threatened (IUCN 3.1)[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Melanoides — live Melanoides tuberculata …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”